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EXERCISE I

I.

Indicate the subject, copula, predicate, and modifiers in the following sentences by diagrams similar to the models given below.

(Deduct one per cent for each error.) Order is Heaven's first law. 2. Great men study diligently. 3. The bamboo is a graceful tree. 4. Chinese homes are bare and comfortless. 5. Loess is a fine clay. 6. It is a fertile soil. 7. King Alfred was a sublime character. 8. Porto Rico is a valuable acquisition. 9. Seeing is believing. 10. Truth is divine. 11. The long winter nights are approaching.

Those ripe, rosy apples are delicious. 13. Socrates was a Greek philosopher. 14. John Greenleaf Whittier was an eminent American writer. 15. Hercules was a mythological Greek god. 16. The Holy Bible is the Christian's guide. 17. Diligent pupils learn rapidly. 18. Gracefully bends the willow.

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EXERCISE 2

Classify the following sentences in the blank spaces below. Note particularly the punctuation of each sentence. (Deduct ten per cent for each error.)

1. Give me of every language, first my vigorous English.
2. Oh, how full of briers is this working-day world!
3. Two women placed together make cold weather.
4. Ill blows the wind that profits nobody.
5. O, he was gentle, mild and virtuous !
6. Think of that, Master Brook.
7. If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
8. O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo ?
9. What's aught but as 'tis valued ?
10. Lo! as he turned to depart, Priscilla stood beside him.

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LESSON II

PARTS OF SPEECH

The words of the English language are divided into eight classes, called parts of speech.

NOUNS AND PRONOUNS 1. The Hudson is an important river of New York. 2. The river was deepened by dredging. 3. Help me to understand you. 4. Her strength lies in her navy. 5. The growth of America's industries has been enormous. 6. Who is he? 7. A crowd of immigrants reached New York. 8. The singing of the nightingale is a great treat.

QUESTIONS 1. What words in the foregoing sentences express objects of thought by naming them?

2. What words in the foregoing sentences express objects of thought without naming them?

DEFINITIONS

A noun (Latin nomen-name) is a word used to express an object of thought by naming it.

A pronoun (Latin profor, and nomen-name) is a word used to express an object of thought without naming it.

VERB

1. Shakespeare was a poet.
2. Sugar tastes sweet.
3. James was struck by Dick.
4. Niagara Falls looks sublime in winter.
5. The weather continues cold.
6. Columbus discovered America in 1492.
7. Yachting is pleasant.
8. The table feels hard.

QUESTIONS

I.

What words in the foregoing sentences assert relation between the subject and the predicate?

What words, in addition to asserting relation between the subject and the predicate, express action?

2.

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