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Insert in each blank space the noun that expresses the exact meaning:

(Deduct three per cent for each error.)

Ability-capacity 1. To make a success, a man must have the

to stick to a task until it is finished. 2. The general displayed great

in the management of his army. 3. Many men have the

for managing the concerns of others, who would not have the

for conducting a concern of their own.-Crabb. 4 The student did not have the

to grasp the subject. 5. The explanation of these words will be very clear to a student of good 6. is the gift of nature,

of education.-Taylor. 7. is requisite to devise and

to execute a great enterprise. -Taylor.


1. We applied for 2. He gained .... 3. Illinois secured 4. He was denied

... at the gate.
to the room through the open door.
as a state in 1818.

to the society.


1. His

was free and easy. 2. The professor's

on “Political Economy" was carefully prepared before it was delivered to his class. 3. The man who cannot put fire into his

... should put his into the fire.—Mathew's. 4. The member of Parliament made a


1. I am young, a 2. No one but

in the trade.

will be admitted to the contest.

Answer-reply 1. Every is an (a)

is not a

though every reply.-Graham. 2. An (a) ...

should be plain, an (a) 3. The attorney

to the objection. 4. I shall ....

your letter to-morrow.



1. The eyes of the 2. The ..

were filled with dust. applauded the words of the speaker.


1. The ...... of the land shall be divided between the two boys. 2. Armed like the

the Trojan prince appears.-Dryden. 3. The youth had to be content with the small 4. This state held the

of power. 5. The bookkeeper could not get his

for the month. 6. We spent the

of the evening at home.

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Insert in each blank space the noun that expresses the exact meaning:

(Deduct three per cent for each error.)


1. The ..
2. We arrived at the

with all its stores, was burned.

two minutes late.



1. At first I thought the man an old acquaintance, but on discovering my

I immediately apologized for my apparent rudeness. 2. The judge made a (an)...

in overruling the objection. 3. The bookkeeper found a (an). ... in his books. 4. His

in introducing the speaker created a general laugh.

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Lady-woman-gentleman-man 1. In England the title .......... is correlative to lord, but in this country it is a name

that may be given to any well-bred or well-dressed 2. In England

is a title applied to every

above the rank of yeoman, but in this country a

is a

of good breeding and character. 3. This table is reserved for 4. The ... will please remove their hats.

[blocks in formation]

1. "B" received 400 votes.

“C” received 500 votes.

“D” received 250 votes.




of the

2. A candidate for the United States Senate must have a votes of the State Legislature in order to be elected.

Neglect-negligence 1. Young people should beware of 2. The soldier was charged with

of duty.-Taylor.


1. In time of war the public is eager for

and persons who have friends or relatives in the war are anxious to have

from them. 2. The letter brought me good 3.

is conveyed by letter, word, or mouth, And comes from North, East, West, or South.



MISUSED NOUNS (continued)

Part, portion.-A part is something less than the whole. A portion means a part allotted or assigned. I have only a part of the money. The father's portion was divided between his two sons.

Party, person.- Do not use party for person except in legal work. We speak of the party of the first part, the party of the second part, etc., but we should say, "I know a person (not party) that will do the work.”

Patron, customer.-The use of the word patron for customer is purely a commercialism and should be avoided. We speak of the patrons of art and of useful undertakings, but of a merchant's customers.

Pretence, pretension.- A pretence is something set forth to conceal that which is real. A pretension is something advanced to display that which is good. Men sometimes make a pretence of religion for the credit or advantage they gain by it. “It is often charged among writers, that, with all their pretensions to genius and discoveries, they do little more than copy one another." -Johnson.

Principal, principle.—Principal means chief; highest in rank; most important or considerable; one who takes the lead. Principle means a fundamental or primary truth. We speak of the principal of the note; the principal of the firm or the school; the principles of law, of grammar, of shorthand.

Progress, progression, advance, advancement.- Progress and progression imply an onward movement that may close only with life, while advance or advancement imply a moving forward to certain objects or limits that may end within life. Progress and advance are applied to that which is past, while progression and advancement are applied to that which is going on at the present time. The United States has made great progress in the past, and is still in a state of progression. The studious pupils are in advance of the idle ones. He is making rapid advancement in his work, and will soon have it finished.

Proposition, proposal.—A proposition is something presented for discussion. A proposal is something presented for acceptance or rejection. A proposition for a bond issue was presented to the city council. He made her a proposal of marriage.

Pupil, student, scholar.— Pupil signifies one under the close supervision or instruction of a teacher or tutor. Student suggests less of personal supervision than pupil. Scholar, in the primary sense, signifies one that is being schooled. In its general acceptation, however, the word signifies one that is

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