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LESSON XXXVI

QUOTATION MARKS

1. Exact Words of Speaker or Writer

Inclose within quotation marks the exact words of a speaker or writer; as, 1. We have wired you this a. m. thus: “Wire mill to rush Omaha paper immedi

ately; answer if ready,” and now confirm same. 2. "Primary market reports and business news” is our motto.

3. Congreve said, "There is a great deal in the first impression.” 2. Quotations Consisting of More Than One Paragraph

When a quotation consists of more than one paragraph, the quotation marks should be placed at the beginning of each paragraph and at the end of the last one. 3. Name of Author after Quotation

When the name of the author is given after a quotation, the quotation marks are not necessary. 4. Free Use of Quotation Marks

It is a reflection upon the reader's knowledge of literature to inclose within quotation marks every well-known quotation. 5. Titles of Books, Articles, and Plays

Titles of books, articles and plays should be inclosed within quotation marks. It is not necessary to inclose names of the leading periodicals and newspapers; as,

1. I am sending you a copy of Lew Wallace's “Ben Hur." 2. We are sending you a circular of "An Index to Recitations, Readings, and

Dialogues," which we hope you will read carefully. 3. We went last night to see "Hamlet." 6. Quotation within a Quotation

When one quotation occurs within another, indicate the second one by single quotation marks; as, 1. The following is a quotation from the works of Edwin Hay: "The last speech of

the fallen leader ended with these words: 'Ye who put your trust in princes, instead of swearing allegiance to the reigning twin should pause awhile and

look ahead.'” 2. "Yes,” he said, "I know it's true that 'Chickens come home to roost.'” 7. Special Words, Objectionable Words, Slang

When special attention is invited to any word, it should be inclosed within quotation marks; as,

1. The words "sold by" are in these proofs.

2. His fondness for the big or unusual words and phrases "empyrean,” "nadir,"

"capriccio," "cui bono," "coup d'état,” shows that he has been to a feast of

languages and stolen the scraps.
3. You can depend on our being "strictly in it."
4. We are "up against” a “stiff" proposition.

Observation.—Single quotation marks might be used in the foregoing illustration, but it is preferable to limit the use of single marks to the quotation within a quotation. 8. Words Used Aside from Their Ordinary Meaning

A word or expression used aside from its ordinary meaning should be inclosed within quotation marks; as, 1. This young man will not give up his efforts for success until he has come "under

the wire."
2. This house is strictly “on the square."
3. The stenographer is sometimes allowed to "edit" what he transcribes.
4. I passed over to the "silent majority"-I got married.
5. The novels he wrote were "novel" indeed.

6. This particular man had a fondness for the "home plate.” 9. Technical Words and Trade Names

Technical words and trade names are frequently inclosed within quotation marks; as,

1. We have about 40,000 lbs. of "Oriental Package" New Mexico wool on hand.
2. We have some "St. Charles Evaporated Cream” in stock.
3. A trader "hedges” to avert a loss.
4. Though “short" trading is sometimes called “fictitious,” it is by no means different

from the practices that prevail in every business. 10. Names of Vessels

It is not necessary to quote the names of vessels, although it is an old custom. 11. Quotation Marks with Other Marks

Compositors usually place the period, comma, and semicolon before the quotation marks as they appear isolated when they are placed after them, especially in the case of the period at the end of the sentence. As the interrogation point and exclamation point are full-size characters, they should be placed before the quotation marks if they belong to the quoted part only, and after, if they belong to the entire sentence; as,

1. He said, “I shall go.”
2. "I shall go," said the speaker.
3. The apostrophe is used to denote the intentional elision of a letter or letters; as,

"doesn't" for "does not ;" "aren't” for “are not;" etc.
4. He asked, "Where are you going?"
5. Did he ask, “Where are you going"?
6. We heard the cry, "Fire! fire! fire!"
7. Hark! I hear the cry "Fire"!

Name...

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EXERCISE 75

Insert all necessary punctuation marks in the following sentences :

(Deduct two per cent for each error.) 1. If the Bucket Shop makes money, it must follow that the customers lose money. 2. The prices were given to the telegraph operator to be put on the ticker. 3. The letter was returned indorsed Pays no attention to notices. 4. Referring to quotations, when boxing is covered by f. o. b. we say, boxed f. o. b.,

which means free of cartage. 5. Please send me a subscription of allotment blank by early mail. 6. This magazine will be about the size of the Ladies' Home Journal. 7. One barrel was marked Port and the other was marked Claret. 8. The cheese was marked full cream. 9. Please hand me exhibit A. 10. I came over on the steamship Narragansett. 11. This house is known as the Henry House. 12. The cylinder on our Jack of all Trades is cracked. 13. Thank God for tea What would the world do without tea how did it exist I am glad

I was not born before tea. Sydney Smith. 14. The world looks far less he said than it did when she was with us. 15. It is his sister Elizabeth, who had so lately left him whom he Whittier names so

tenderly as our youngest and dearest. 16. Sir

Referring to the following provision contained in the Indian Appropriation Act, approved March 3, 1903 That the time for the opening of the unallotted lands to public entry on said Uintah Reservation, as provided by the act of May 27, 1902, be and the same is hereby extended to Oct. 1, 1904. I have the honor to transmit herewith a copy of a report of the 4th inst., from the commissioner of the General Land

Office. 17. Diogenes lighted a candle in the daytime, and went about saying, I am looking for an

honest man. • 18. The words shall and will are often misused. 19. As for that, said Waldenshare, sensible men are all of the same religion. Pray, what

is that inquired the Prince. Sensible men never tell. Disraeli. 20. Why may not a goose say thus All the parts of the universe I have an interest in

the earth serves me to walk upon the sun to light me the stars have their influ, ence upon me. I have such an advantage by the winds and such by the waters there is nothing that yon heavenly roof looks upon so favorably as me. I am the

darling of Nature Is it not man that keeps and serves me Montaigne. 21. The mother said to the daughter, Daughter, bid thy daughter tell her daughter that

her daughter's daughter hath a daughter. Hakewill. 22. Within a few years the commerce of the West the speaker here named a dozen or more States will equal that of the States on the Atlantic.

23. Yes, I think I will no I won't under any circumstances. 24. Though the mills of God grind slowly,

Yet they grind exceeding small. Longfellow. 25. Robert Burns 1759 1796 occupies a singular position in literature. 26. One afternoon I had been there a week we saw a horseman come galloping over

the hill. 27. Now, he said, you have said you believe that Honesty is the best policy. 28. The Sun comments very favorably upon Richard Mansfield's production of the play,

Julius Cæsar. 29. Gentlemen, I know senator Baker Lincoln had known him for over thirty years we

were boys together in Illinois.

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30.

DEALS DEFENSE A BLOW

The hopes of the defense were dealt a blow when Judge Baker interrupted the argument of Attorney Miller with this question

You will admit that the president of a national bank cannot give away $50,000 without the knowledge of the bank, without its being a misappropriation, don't you

Yes, replied Mr. Miller.

But you would say that the banker could take this position Tlie man who wanted the money could go to the banker and the banker say to him Well, I can't give you that amount of money, but if you come in with a blank piece of paper and put somebody's name on it make it a forged note and bring with it some security, I will let you have the money

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