Page images




Underscore each word in the following sentences that should begin with a capital letter.

(Deduct one per cent for each error.)

1. The company has made rapid progress. 2. The gregg publishing company is located on wabash avenue. 3. There was no other avenue of escape. 4. Whittier wrote the "corn song." 5. Sing a song to me. 6. Both the democrats and the republicans will hold their convention in june. 7. Jefferson was a man of democratic principles. 8. The countries of south america have been hindered in their progress by many revolu

tionary wars. 9. The revolutionary war began in earnest after the signing of the declaration of

independence. 10. The tyranny of the king led the people to a declaration of their independence. 11. The gymnasium will be built during the spring and summer. 12. When spring smiles, we forget winter's frown. 13. President madison was the fourth president of the united states. 14. The wind is from the west. 15. He was brought up in the west. 16. Daniel webster was a great statesman. 17. Where are the daniel websters of to-day? 18. “Our father which art in heaven." 19. The boy's father gave him the money. 20. I refer to mr. r. c. jones, cashier of the corn exchange bank. 21. Mr. cannon is speaker of the house of representatives. 22. We were talking with speaker cannon. 23. The bill was passed by the house and the senate, and signed by the president. 24. This is a power that congress possesses but the secretary of war does not possess. 25. Thanksgiving day in the united states is an annual festival of thanksgiving for the

mercies of the closing year. It is a national harvest festival, fixed by proclamation of the president and the governors of states. Since 1817 the day has been observed annually in new york, and since 1863 the presidents have always issued proclamations appointing the last thursday in november as thanksgiving day.




Ability, capacity.— In general, capacity signifies the power to receive and retain, while ability signifies the power to do. Ability may be either mental or physical, while capacity, when applied to persons, is always mental. Napoleon had great capacity as a general, as well as ability to direct the movements of his armies. A man may have unusual capacity for acquiring knowledge, and but little ability to make use of his knowledge.

Admittance, admission.-Admittance refers to place; admission refers also to position, privilege, favor, etc. A man may gain admittance to the rooms of a college, who would not be allowed admission as a student.

Address, speech, talk.-- An address is formal and may be either written or spoken. A speech is less formal and is presumed to be spoken. Addresses and speeches are usually delivered on some special subject, while a talk is usually made at random and may denote a mere utterance of words with little thought. His talk was mainly made up of oaths and curses. His talk was empty.

Amateur, novice.- An amateur is one versed in, or a lover and practicer of, any particular pursuit, art, or science, but not engaged in it professionally. “A novice is one who is new or inexperienced in any art or business—a beginner, a tyro. An amateur may be an artist of great experience and extraordinary skill."-Ayres.

Answer, reply.- “An answer is given to a question; a reply to an assertion. We answer letters and reply to any arguments, statements, or accusations they may contain. We very properly write, “I have now, I believe, answered all your questions and replied to all your arguments.'"-Ayres.

Audience, spectators.— An audience is an assembly of hearers. Spectators are on-lookers. The speaker held the attention of his audience. The ball game was watched by thousands of spectators.

Balance, remainder, rest.-Balance is the difference between two sides of an account—the amount that is necessary to make one equal to the other. Rest signifies that which remains behind. It is used of any part, large or small, and is applicable to both persons and things. Remainder usually signifies the smaller part after the greater part has been taken, and is applicable only to things. I still have a balance at the bank. We attended the convention in the morning, and the rest of the day was spent in sight-seeing. A few of the men gained admittance to the building, but the rest remained outside. After providing for his wife and children, the testator left the remainder of his estate to his nephew.

Depot, station.—“A depot is a place where stores and material are deposited for safe keeping. A station is a place where trains and passengers stand for each other.”Richard Grant White. The goods were hauled from the Illinois Central freight depot. The train arrived at the La Salle street station.

Error, mistake, blunder.- An error is any unintentional deviation from the standard of right; a mistake is an crror of judgment. A blunder is an inexcusable error committed through glaring ignorance, heedlessness, or awkwardness. The stenographer made many errors in typewriting the letter. She made a mistake in transcribing her notes, and blundered by copying the name and address incorrectly.

Evidence, testimony.- Evidence is that which convinces; testimony is that which is intended to convince. The testimony in the case showed no cvidence of the man's guilt.

Hesitation, hesitancy.- Hesitation signifies a pausing or delay in forming an opinion or beginning action. Hesitancy signifies habit of hesitation. I have no hesitation in recommending this young man for a position, although he has a hesitancy in his speech.

Lady, woman, gentleman, man.— Avoid the use of lady and gentleman where man and woman will do.

Lunch, luncheon.—Lunch is a verb. Luncheon is a noun. "Gents wear pants and eat lunch; men wear trousers and eat luncheon." We lunch each day at 12:00 M. A luncheon was given for him at the Auditorium Annex.

Majority, plurality.-A majority means more than half, while a plurality means a greater number. In an election a man has a plurality if he has more votes than any one else; he has a majority if he has more than half of the votes cast.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

Neglect, negligence.- Neglect signifies the omission to do the thing that ought to be done. Negligence denotes the habit of neglecting. The switchman's neglect caused the wreck. The employee was dismissed on account of his negligence.

News, tidings.- News is general, while tidings are personal. We receive news of the battle, tidings of friends engaged in it.

« PreviousContinue »