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Rewrite the following sentences, changing the active verbs to the passive form:
(Deduct ten per cent for each error.)
1. Columbus discovered America.
Indicate the mode of the italicized verbs in the following sentences by writing them in the form below:
(Deduct five per cent for each error.)
1. I watched the little circles die.
2. I dare do all that may become a man.
6. Let me serve you.
7. Lift up your heads, O ye gates! 8. Let us not, I beseech you, deceive ourselves longer. 9. Were it the wish of the Czar to promulgate peace, he would disarm his large army. 10. Planting perennials is the work of the gardener. 11. If it were necessary, we could liave sent him some of the oil.
Tense is that modification of the verb that indicates the time of the action or being; as, "I sec." "I saw." "I shall scc." There are three primary tenses corresponding to the three divisions of time: present, past, and future. Each of these primary tenses has a perfect tense: present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect. The present tense indicates present action or being; as,
I do write
I did write
I shall write
I shall be writing The present perfect tense indicates action or being as completed at or before some stated past time; as,
I have written
I have been writing The past perfect tense indicates action or being as completed at or before some stated past time; as,
I had written
I had been writing The future perfect tense indicates action or being to be completed at or before some stated future time; as,
I shall have written
Although there are only six tenses, there are more than six tense forms. It will be seen from the following diagram that the present tense has three forms; the present perfect two forms; the future tense two forms, and the future perfect tense two forms. Note also that the past indefinite form is the only one formed by inflection, the rest being formed by the aid of auxiliaries, called the signs of the tenses.