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LESSON XVIII

NUMBER (Continued)

FOREIGN NOUNS

Many nouns of foreign origin have been introduced into the English language. Some of them have been given English plurals, others still retain their foreign plurals. The student should learn the meaning and application of each word in the following list, as well as all the different forms:

SINGULAR

FOREIGN PLURAL

ENGLISH PLURAL

alumnus (masc.) alumna (fem.)

arena

arenas

formulas
larvas

dogmas

fibula
formula
larva
nebula
vertebra
dogma
amanuensis
analysis
antithesis
axis
basis
crisis
ellipsis
hypothesis
metamorphosis
oasis
thesis
parenthesis
synopsis
synthesis
focus
fungus
hippopotamus
radius
nucleus
prospectus
stimulus
terminus
criterion
desideratum
erratum

alumni
alumnae
arenae
fibulae
formulae
larvae
nebulae
vertebrae
dogmata
amanuenses
analyses
antitheses
axes
bases
crises
ellipses
hypotheses
metamorphoses
oases
theses
parentheses
synopses
syntheses
foci
fungi
hippopotami
radii
nuclei

focuses
funguses
hippopotamuses
radiuses
nucleuses
prospectuses

stimuli
termini
criteria
desiderata
errata

criterions

SINGULAR

FOREIGN PLURAL

ENGLISH PLURAL

gymnasiums mediums memorandums

rostrums stratums indexes vortexes

gymnasium medium memorandum phenomenon rostrum stratum index vortex matrix bandit beau cherub madame monsieur Mr. seraph stamen

gymnasia media memoranda phenomena rostra strata indices vortices matrices banditti beaux cherubim mesdames messieurs Messrs. seraphim stamina

bandits beaus cherubs

seraphs

stamens

Name......

Grade...

EXERCISE 36

Write each of the following words in sentences to show their meaning:

Desiderata, memoranda, beau, thesis, strata, seraph, data, errata, synopsis, alumnus, radius, amanuensis, analysis, axis, basis, ellipsis, hypothesis, oasis, synthesis, parenthesis.

(Deduct five per cent for each error.)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

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