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Insert the proper preposition in each blank space in the following sentences:
(Deduct two per cent for each error.)
1. The father is reconciled
his son. 2. The valiant never taste
death but once. 3. They will acquit him .... stealing. 4. The teacher had an abhorrence
cheating. 5. This composition was adapted
this purpose. 6. He was adapted
his position. 7. The machine was adapted
this purpose. 8. He will be absolved .....
this crime. 9. The boy was ......
.... his instructor. 10. We will appropriate
this money. 11. The Mayor appropriated a large sum
the small park. 12. Mr. Carnegie will bestow millions
worthy boys who desire an education. 13. He has bestowed large sums
Pittsburg 14. I will attend carefully ..... the lecture. 15. I will attend ........ the king. 16. This date corresponds
the previous one. 17. I correspond
her. 18. The committee will confer
him a gold medal. 19. The general will confer
the emperor. 20. The child will confide
her mother. 21. I will confide the purse
.. you. 22. He entered ..... business
any capital. 23. The attorney will take an exception
the court. 24. You should familiarize yourself ...
the business. 25. He died a martyr ........ his country. 26. I have great need
the money. 27. He would rather part
his friends than 28. We should profit ....
the mistakes of others. 29. The mother is dependent ........ her son
support. 30. The report was derogatory
his advancement. 31. This apple differs ..
that one. 32. I differ
you on these questions. 33. We were disappointed ..... the play. 34. I am employed
a large salary. 35. I shall enter
my duties next Monday. 36. There is close affinity
the substances. 37. I cannot agree
... the subject. 38. Did you agree
a plan of action ?
39. A person should bathe
water daily. 40. Please comply ...
our request. 41. If you wish to conform ... our custom, we will ship you the goods. 42. He is conversant
the law. 43. The butter tastes 44. I am studying shorthand with a view teaching it.
MODIFICATIONS OF NOUNS AND PRONOUNS-NUMBER
Modifications of the parts of speech are changes in their form, meaning, and use. Nouns and pronouns are modified for number, person, gender and case.
NUMBER Number is that modification of the noun or pronoun that denotes whether one or more than one object is meant; as, boy, boys; man, men; 1, we; he or she, they.
RULES FOR FORMING PLURAL OF NOUNS 1. Most nouns form their plurals by adding s or es to the singular form; as, book, books; table, tables; for, fores; church, churches.
2. Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant form their plurals by dropping y and adding ics; as, lady, ladics; city, cities.
3. Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel add s only; as, boy, boys; monkey, monkeys.
4. Nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel add s only; as, folio, folios; caico, cameos.
5. Nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant usually add s, but sometimes cs; as, piano, pianos; potato, potatoes.
6. Some nouns ending in f or fe drop the f and add ves; others are regular; as, self, sclics; knife, knitcs; gulf, gulfs.
7. Letters, marks, and signs form their plurals by adding an apostrophe and s; as, 2's; r's; t's.
8. Compound nouns pluralize the base; as, step-son, step-sons; brotherin-law', brothers-in-law.
9. Compounds of “man” form their plurals by changing "man” to “men." This rule does not include "Mussulman," "German," "cayman,” and “talisman," as they are not compounds of "man."
10. The nouns "spoonful," "cupful,” etc., form their plurals by adding s, as in the case of "pint," "quart," etc. Note that to add s to "spoon" and “cup" would give to the words different meanings.
11. Complex nouns sometimes pluralize the title and sometimes the name. The following forms are correct:
Messrs. Foote, or The two Mr. Footes
12. A great many nouns form their plurals irregularly; as mouse, mice;
13. Some nouns have double plurals; as:
bricks (individuals) brick
brother brick (collective)
brothers (by blood) brethren (of some society)
14. Some nouns and pronouns have the same form in both numbers; as,
pains (care-usually singular)
politics (usually singular)
15. When used with numerals, the following nouns have the same form in both numbers; otherwise they add s: couple
16. The following nouns are always singular : milk
measles (disease) means (instrument) acoustics
statistics (science) gallows music phonetics
ethics Observation.—The names of other sciences ending in ics also come under this ruling.
Note.—“Athletics," "calisthenics," "gymnastics," are more frequently plural than singular, because each is commonly understood to include several sports or exercises.-Hill.
17. The following nouns are always plural :
alms (originally singular)