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COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois, Chairman
CHET HOLIFIELD, California

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan
JOHN W. McCORMACK, Massachusetts R. WALTER RIEHLMAN, New York
JACK BROOKS, Texas

CECIL M. HARDEN, Indiana
L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

CHARLES B. BROWNSON, Indiana
PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia

GEORGE MEADER, Michigan
JOHN A. BLATNIK, Minnesota

CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio
ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California
EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

VICTOR A. KNOX, Michigan
JOHN E. MOSS, California

WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
JOE M. KILGORE, Texas

EDWIN H. MAY, Connecticut
DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
MARTHA W. GRIFFITHS, Michigan

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey
HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

JACK WESTLAND, Washington
OVERTON BROOKS, Louisiana
ELIZABETH KEE, West Virginia
KATHRYN E. GRANAHAN, Pennsylvania

CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Staff Director

ORVILLE S. POLAND, General Counsel
JAMES A. LANIGAN, Associate General Counsel
HELEN M. BOYER, Minority Professional Staff

J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel

MILITARY OPERATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE

CHET HOLIFIELD, California, Chairman
EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

R. WALTER RIEHLMAN, New York
JOE M. KILGORE, Texas

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California,
DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
MARTHA W. GRIFFITHS, Michigan

MEMBERS EX OFFICIO

WILLIAM L, DAWSON, Illinois

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan
HERBERT ROBACK, Staff Administrator

EARL J. MORGAN, Chief Investigator
CAREY BREWER, Senior Defense Specialist

PAUL RIDGELY, Investigator
ROBERT J. McELROY, Investigator

II

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CONTENTS

94

Part I-Atomic Shelter Tests

Statement of -

Corsbie, Robert, Director, Civil Effects Test Group, Atomic Energy Page

Commission

2

Facci, Hugo, Office of Director of Construction, Office of Secretary of

Defense (properties and installations); accompanied by Allen Fore,

Office of Director of Construction, Office of Secretary of Defense

(properties and installations); Col. J. E. McHugh, Office of Emerg-

ency Planning, Office of Secretary of Defense (manpower and per-

sonnel); Capt. David Lambert, Department of the Navy; Lt. Col.

Ellis E. Pickering, Department of the Army; Capt. Ferd E. Ander-

son, Jr., Department of the Army; Maj. Roy C. Weidler, Depart-

ment of the Air Force; and Lt. Col. Sven Bach, Department of the

Army, members of the Armed Forces special weapons project----- 271

Gallagher, Gerald, Assistant Administrator, Research and Develop-
ment, Federal Civil Defense Administration.

95, 193

Greene, Jack, Director, Physical Sciences Offices, Federal Civil De-

fense Administration --

192, 193

Harris, Dr. Payne S., Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, and Direc-
tor, CETG Project_39.7,-

17, 55

Howe, Comdr. G. B., Head of Passive Defense Branch, Office of Chief

of Naval Operations-

301

Johnson, Dr. Ellis A., Director, Operations Research Office, Johns

Hopkins University-

241

Kirkpatrick, M. D., Chief, Protective Branch, Office of the Chief of

Engineers, Department of the Army -

288

Murphy, Comdr. H. L., Civil Engineer Corps, United States Naval

Reserve, Director, Passive Defense Division, Bureau of Yards and

Docks..

301

Newmark, Dr. M. Nathan, University of Illinois -

182

Prickett, Col. Donald I., Únited States Air Force, Directorate of Re-

search and Development, Guidance and Weapons Division; accom-

panied by R. G. Tuttle, Assistant Operations Analysis; and S. L.

Ely, Directorate of Installations.--

314

Saunders, Edward, Director, Test Operations Federal Civil Defense

Administration

100

Spencer, Louis V., consultant, National Bureau of Standards.

217
Taylor, Benjamin, Director, Engineering Research and Development
Office, Federal Civil Defense Administration -

153

Taylor, Lauriston, Chief, Atomic and Physics Radiation Division,

National Bureau of Standards.--

213

Tompkins, Dr. Paul C., Scientific Director, United States Naval

Radiological Defense Laboratory, and Director, CETG Project 32 -

23,

71, 203

Vortman, Luke, Director, CETG Program 34, Sandia Corp.

24, 53

White, Dr. Clayton S., Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education

and Research, and Director, CETG Project 33.

80

White, William L., Assistant Director of Economics Research, Stan-

ford Research Institute.

226

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by

Corsbie, Robert, Director, Civil Effects Test Group, Atomic Energy

Commission: Letter from C. L. Dunham, M. D., Director, Division

of Biology and Medicine, Atomic Energy Commission, to Hon.

Chet Holifield, May 12, 1958 -

19

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194

196
200

295

296

21

302

303

308

Gallagher, Gerald R., Assistant Administrator, Research and Develop-

ment, Federal Civil Defense Administration: Letter from Gerald R.

Gallagher, to Hon. Chet Holifield, May 22, 1958.-

Shelter costs.

Greene, Jack, Director, Physical Sciences Offices, Federal Civil Defense
Administration:
Excerpt from pamphlet prepared by the Special Subcommittee

on Radiation of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy en-

titled, "The Need for Operational Information”.
Slide No. 61-Chart, Federal Civil Defense Administration,

Research and Development, radiological defense research.

Slide No. 62-Chart, radiological defense research program..
Harris, Dr. Payne S., Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory: Slide, table-

fallout shelter cost, rural and urban.--

Kirkpatrick, M. D., Chief, Protective Branch, Office of the Chief of

Engineers, Department of the Army: Corps of Engineers investi-

gations and tests to develop atomic weapon-resistant structures.
Michaelis, Maj. Gen. J. H., Chief of Legislative Li'ison, Department

of the Army: Letter from Maj. Gen. J. H. Michaelis, to Hon. Chet

Holifield, June 4, 1958-
Minshall, Hon. William E., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Ohio: Excerpt from statement of Robert Corsbie-
Murphy, Comdr. H. L., Civil Engineer Corps, United States Naval

Reserve, Director, Passive Defense Division, Bureau of Yards and
Docks:

Excerpt from an article published in BuDocks Technical Digest -
Table 1.-Peak overpressures related to distances from ground

zero for contact surface hurst of several weapon yields -
Table II.-Bureau of Yards and Docks-Selected atomic warfare

defense research projects #..

Prickett, Col. Donald I., United States Air Force, Directorate of Re-

search and Development Guidance and Weapons Division: Answers

to questions asked by the subcommittee re shelters for military

personnel

Saunders, Edward, Director, Test Operations, Federal Civil Defense

Administration:

Types of structures tested:

Slide No. 1-Covered trench-type shelter...

Slide No. 2-Corrugated metal-arch structure prior to and

after being exposed to blast..

Slide No. 3-Basement corner room shelter tested in the

house at 2 and 5 pounds per square inch.---

Slide No. 4-Basement exit shelters..

Slide No. 5--Basement lean-to type structures-

Slide No. 6—Typical frame house before and after being

exposes to 5 pounds per square inch..

Slide No. 7-Corner room shelters..

Slide No. 8-Lean-to type shelters.-

Slide No. 9—Sketch of basement concrete room shelter.

Slide No. 10—Sketch of reinforced concrete bathroom

shelter.

Slide No. 11--Family underground shelter.

Slide No. 12-Above ground dual-purpose family shelter--

Slide No. 13--Expandable blast shelter (25 to 100 persons) -

Slide No. 14-Photograph of detonation under which most

shelters were tested...

Slide No. 15 Cost breakdown of FCDA programs.

Slide No. 16-Dome-type structure.

Slide No. 17Dome-type structure at the 20 pounds per

square inch range.

Slide No. 18—-Dome-type structure at the 70 pounds per

square inch range after the blast.--

Slide No. 19---Prototype door structure

Slide No. 20—Door hinged to bottom

Slide No. 21-Damaged door --

Slide No. 22——Family blast shelter (4 to 6 persons).

123

124

125

126

127

Letters, statements, etc., submitted-Continued
Saunders, Edward, Assistant Director—Continued
Types of structures tested— Continued

Slide No. 23—Completed structure which shows the steel

rectangular door, the main entrance, and two ventilation

pipes.

Slide No. 24-Damage to structure.

Slide No. 25—-Five types of doors designed for industrial

and general use..

Slide No. 26-Damage to five types of doors at the 7 pounds

per square inch range.

Slide No. 27—Test prototype antiblast valve with weather-

proof hood.

Slide No. 28—Valves after test_

Slide No. 29—Reinforced building which suffered no damage

when exposed to over 5 pounds per square inch.

Slide No. 30Clay masonry walls designed to resist blast

effects.

Slide No. 31–Cutaway view of dual purpose underground

garage and shelter..

Slide No. 32--Construction view of underground garage and

shelter..

Slide No. 33—Damage to garage--

Slide No. 34–Blast resistant test vault.

Slide No. 35—Completed test vault -

Slide No. 36--Damage to vault after blast.

Slide No. 37-German and French structure locations.-

Slide No. 38-French circular shelter under construction..

Slide No. 39-Preshot view of French rectangular shelter.

Slide No. 40--Postshot view of French rectangular shelter..

Slide No. 41-Typical West German shelter under construc-

tion --

Slide No. 42-Damage to close-in German structure.

Slide No. 43—Comparison of early test structure with dome

in Operation Plumbbob---

Shephard, Prof. Ronald W., faculty investigator, Project Civil: State-

ment.

Taylor, Benjamin, Director, Engineering Research and Development

Office, Federal Civil Defense Administration:

Shelter planning:

Slide No. 44-Map of the Baltimore-Washington area_

Slide No. 45— Improvised basement fallout shelter..

Slide No. 46- Temporary basement fallout shelter.

Slide No. 47---Permanent basement family fallout shelter (4

to 6 persons).--

Slide No. 48—Permanent type of outside family underground

fallout shelter (4 to 6 persons).

Slide No. 49—Family fallout Shelter incorporated into

garden house

Slide No. 50—-Family fallout Shelter incorporated into

garage.

Slide No. 51--Group fallout shelter for 240 persons.

Slide No. 52-Family blast shelter (4 to 6 persons).

Slide No. 53—Expandable blast shelter (25 to 100 persons) -

Slide No. 54--School shelter with cafeteria.

Slide No. 55— Underground garage shelter

Slide No. 56-Highway fill shelter-

Slide No. 57-Subway-tunnel shelter...

Slide No. 58-The Island of Manhattan lifted into the air

to expose the proposed layout of shelters deep in the rock

underneath

Slide No. 59-Cutaway portion of Manhattan with the shel-

ter layout at the 800-foot level in the rock.

Slide No. 60--Artist's concept of an interior view of shelter

under Manhattan Island.--

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