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Letters, statements, etc., submitted-Continued

Tompkins, Dr. Paul C., Scientific Director, United States Naval Radio-
logical Defense Laboratory:
Report on project 32.3 ČETG:

Slide No. 1–Entrance ramp, showing tunnel opening-----
Slide No. 2- Interior of the shelter near the door.--
Slide No. 3—Time sequence of the arrival of the fallout-
Slide No. 4 Residual number contours for first interior sur-

vey, Shot Diablo -
Supplementary statement-
Vortman, Luke, director, CETG program 34, Sandia Corp.:

Information re 1955 and 1957 cost for shelters.-
Information re Plumbbob project 34.2-

Letter from Luke J. Vortman, to Hon. Chet Holifield, May 12,

1958.--
Chart-Shelter cost per person, excluding land and equip-

ment on Operation Plumbbob 1957 and 1955.-

Results of Civil Effects Test Group (CETG) program, 34 Plumb-

bob experiments:

Figure 1-Reinforced concrete slabs reinforced half with

rail steel and half with intermediate grade---

Figure 2-Table 3.1. Station 8–34.2–8017.01 postshot.

Figure 3—Table 3.4. Summary of slab deflections.

Figure 4-Army test structures project 3.1.-

Results summarized.---

Figure 5–Operation Teapot, project 341, test of above-

ground, utility-type, personnel shelters_-

Figure 6%-Structure after a peak overpressure of 11.6 pounds

per square inch...

Figure 7-Reinforced-concrete bathroom shelter with blast-

resistant door and window shutters designed to withstand

5 pounds per square inch, before the shot-

Figure 8-Reinforced-concrete bathroom shelter with blast-

resistant door and window shutters opened, after the shot.-

Figure 9— Personnel shelter.--

Figure 10—25- by 48-foot semicircular arch of 8-gage mul-

tipleplate corrugated steel showing damage by a shock

Figure 11-Predicted and actual final profiles of semicircular

arch.

Figure 12—Underground group shelter sponsored by FCDA

on Operation Teapot (1955), planned view sections.

Figure 13—Interior view of underground group shelter spon-

sored by FCDA on Operation Teapot (1955)--

Figure 14—Weapons effects radii for various yields.

Table-Fallout shelter cost, nationwide program..

Table-Fallout shelter, cost per person.-

Table-Fallout shelter program, towns of less than 25,000 people.

Table-Fallout shelter, time scale and cost-----

Table-Fallout shelters for urban residents in towns of less than

25,000 people (cost and time required to build).

White, Dr. Clayton S., Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education

and Research: Bibliography—blast biology, CETG Project 33.--

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92

Finan, William F., Assistant Director for Management and Organiza-

tion, Bureau of the Budget; accompanied by Fred E. Levi, assistant

chief, Office of Management and Organization, Bureau of the Page

Budget; and John J. Corson, director, McKinsey & Co.-

325

Gray, Gordon, Director, Office of Defense Mobilization.

365

Hoegh, Leo A., Administrator, Federal Civil Defense Administration. 377

Johansen, Hon. August E., á Representative in Congress from the

State of Michigan..

363

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Finan, William F., Assistant Director for Management and Organiza-

tion, Bureau of the Budget:

Excerpt from message of the President in transmitting Reorgani-

zation Plan No. 1 of 1958..

329

Excerpt from the Reorganization Act of 1949 (sec. 9 (b)).

343
Letter from Maurice H. Stans, Director, Bureau of the Budget,
to Hon. Chet Holifield, May 13, 1958..

356

Griffiths, Hon. Martha W., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Michigan: Excerpt from statement of Gordon Gray-

380

Holifield, Hon. Chet, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California, and chairman, Military Operations Subcommittee:

Excerpt from House Report No. 2946, 84th Congress.

401

Excerpt from House Report No. 839, 85th Congress.

382

Excerpt from the McKinsey study-

386

Excerpt from message of the President in transmitting Reorgani-
zation Plan No. 1 of 1958_-

338
Excerpt from Reorganization Act of 1949 (sec. 5 (a)).

346
Excerpt from statement of Gordon Gray-

372, 378
Letter from Maurice H. Stans, Director, Bureau of the Budget,
to Hon. Chet Holifield, May 6, 1958.

321

Levi, Fred E., assistant chief, Office of Management and Organiza-

tion, Bureau of the Budget: Excerpt from Reorganization Plan

No. 1 of 1947.-

Roback, Herbert, staff administrator, Military Operations Subcom-
mittee: Excerpt from statement of Gen. W. M. Wyman..-

378

CIVIL DEFENSE

Part 1-Atomic Shelter Tests

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1958

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON MILITARY OPERATIONS,
OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met in room 1501-B, House Office Building, pursuant to adjournment, at 10:05 a. m., Hon. Chet Holifield (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Holifield, Riehlman, Lipscomb, and Minshall.

Also present: Herbert Roback, staff administrator; Carey Brewer, senior defense specialist; Paul Ridgely, and Robert McElroy, investigators. Mr. HOLIFIELD The hearing will be in order.

For the past several years this subcommittee has been engaged in studies and investigations concerning the civil defense needs of the United States. In July 1956 this subcommittee issued a report entitled “Civil Defense for National Survival.”

In July 1957 we issued a report entitled “Status of Civil Defense Legislation.”

Our 1956 report was based on exhaustive testimony received from distinguished scientists, doctors, engineers, and other professional persons; responsible public officials in Federal, State, and local government; the Chairman and members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and other military spokesmen; and informed private citizens, civic leaders industrialists, and representatives of national organizations.

Our 1957 report was based on hearings held in connection with civil defense legislation introduced by members of this subcommittee and other Members of Congress.

An important feature of the legislation introduced last year is a provision calling for a nationwide system of civil defense shelters for protection against the multiple effects of nuclear weapons.

The hearings beginning today will examine the technical data developed in the atomic shelter tests conducted in Nevada during the past year. Today, tomorrow, and Friday, testimony will be received from scientific and technical experts associated with the Atomic Energy Commission and the Federal Civil Defense Administration in the shelter-testing program. Subjects to be discussed include the radiological, biological, and physical blast aspects of the shelter tests, as well as the costs of the different shelter designs tested.

1

Some of the members of the subcommittee have a firsthand knowledge of the matters to be discussed, having observed the explosion effects on the shelters tested during the past year.

Besides bringing together the latest authoritative technical information concerning atomic shelter designs and structures, we plan in these hearings to review the basic policy considerations in a nationwide shelter system.

On Monday, May 5, Dr. Ellis Johnson, director of the Operations Research Office of Johns Hopkins University, will present his views on the role of atomic shelters in the national defense program. The operations research office, under Dr. Johnson's direction, recently concluded a comprehensive study for the Army on defense against nuclear attack.

After our hearings were scheduled, the President submitted Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1958, which would create a new Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization, merging the functions of the Federal Civil Defense Administration and the Office of Defense Mobilization. This reorganization plan bears directly on a phase of the legislation before the subcommittee.

Two years ago, in our basic civil-defense report, we criticized the overlapping functions and diffused authority of these agencies and proposed that their civil-defense functions be merged. This provision is contained in section 302 of H. R. 2125, which is before the subcommittee.

In considering that legislation, of course, the subcommittee will have to take account of the President's plan and to determine how it relates to our legislation. Accordingly, we will ask representatives of the Bureau of the Budget, which drew up the plan, as well as the Federal Civil Defense Administrator and the Defense Mobilization Director, who are the parties affected by the plan, to explain it and justify it before the subcommittee.

Representatives of the Budget Bureau will appear before the subcommittee on Tuesday, May 6. ODM Director Gordon Gray and FCDA Administrator Leo Hoegh will appear on Wednesday, May 7. These officials will also be asked to testify on administration policy with respect to broader civil-defense matters, including a possible shelter construction program.

On Thursday, May 8, the subcommittee will receive testimony from representatives of the Department of Defense and the three military departments concerning shelter studies and other personnel protection programs sponsored or undertaken by those agencies.

This morning we are pleased to receive testimony from representatives of the Atomic Energy Commission. Mr. Robert Corsbie, Diector of the Civil Effects Test Group, will discuss the joint AECFCDA test program in general terms, after which he will introduce the other witnesses associated with the Atomic Energy Commission.

Mr. Corsbie, you may proceed.

STATEMENT OF ROBERT CORSBIE, DIRECTOR, CIVIL EFFECTS TEST

GROUP, ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

Mr. CORSBIE. Mr. Chairman, I have a statement which has been handed to you.

From its inception every phase of atomic energy development, from mining of ore to weapons tests or operation of reactors and

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