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Subparts 101-40.5–101-40.6

[Reserved]

Subpart 101-40.7-Reporting and

Adjusting Discrepancies in
Government Shipments

SOURCE: 32 FR 8965, June 23, 1967, unless otherwise noted.

§ 101-40.700 Scope of subpart.

This subpart prescribes regulations and procedures for reporting and adjusting overages, shortages, losses, damages, and other discrepancies between the quantity or condition of property in shipments received from commercial carriers and the quantity or condition of that property as shown on the covering bill of lading or other transportation document. (Specific additional requirements for reporting discrepancies in shipments received from GSA or DOD are set forth in the GSA handbook, Discrepancies

Deficiencies in GSA or DOD Shipments, Material, or Billings, issued pursuant to subpart 101-26.8.)

or

the following actions shall be taken in checking and documenting delivery conditions:

(a) When a shipment is received in a closed conveyance, a notation shall be made on the carrier's delivery receipt or freight bill and on the consignee's copy of the delivery receipt or freight bill of the number and condition of any seals; i.e., intact, broken, or missing, on the carrier's conveyance and whether the shipment was properly loaded, stowed, blocked, and braced.

(b) On shipments other than in bulk, the number of pieces or packages in the shipment shall be physically counted and recorded by means of a stroke tally or other appropriate method.

(c) A notation shall be made on the carrier's delivery receipt, if available, and the consignee's copy of the delivery receipt or freight bill of the condition of the railcar, motor vehicle, container, or other conveyance with particular attention to any circumstance that might contribute to loss or damage; e.g., loose flooring or sides or protruding nails or bolts. When there is suspicion or evidence of damage to an ocean shipment, the ocean carrier or his agent shall be requested to furnish details concerning the manner of stowage of the shipment aboard the vessel.

(d) If a shipment is received in apparent bad order; e.g., if the load is shifted or jumbled or containers are broken or leaking, photographs of the damaged freight and/or of conditions of loading which might have contributed to the damage shall be made, whenever possible, for use as documentary evidence in the event of a claim. Each photograph shall be marked indelibly with the Government or commercial bill of lading number, the ocean or international air bill of lading number and/ or the carrier's delivery receipt number, the vehicle identification number or vessel's name, and the date the photograph was taken. Photographs of damaged shipments delivered by ocean carriers shall be made at the ocean carrier's terminal prior to accepting the shipment.

[42 FR 25858, May 20, 1977)

§ 101-40.701 Receipt of shipment from

carrier. When accepting delivery of a shipment from the carrier, a careful inspection and check shall be made of the quantity and condition of the property received, and an accurate record shall be made and kept of any discrepancies or variations between the data shown on the covering bill of lading or other transportation document and the quantity and condition of property actually received. When an overage, shortage, loss, damage, or other discrepancy is noted upon receipt of shipment, a discrepancy report shall be prepared as required in $101-40.702-3. A damaged ship ment shall not be rejected regardless of the degree of damage or the contract delivery terms, except as indicated in 8101-40.704-1(c). The consignee shall take reasonable precautions to protect the damaged property in order to mitigate the losses to the carrier. Care shall be taken to preserve the contents, the original package, and the packing material pending completion of inspection by the carrier. Where applicable,

(38 FR 28679, Oct. 16, 1973, as amended at 42 FR 25859, May 20, 1977)

101-40.702 Documenting and report

ing discrepancies.

8 101-40.702-1 Exception on carrier's

delivery receipt. (a) Before signing the carrier's delivery receipt, the Government consignee (or representative) shall note on the receipt specific details regarding the nature and extent of all apparent overages, shortages, losses, damages, or other discrepancies between the quantity and condition of the property as received and as shown on the covering bill of lading or other transportation document. Any notation placed on the carrier's delivery receipt shall also be shown on the consignee's copy of the delivery receipt or freight bill. The consignee shall sign and date these notations and request the carrier's driver or representative also to sign the notations.

(b) In the instance of an ocean shipment, placing an exception on the carrier's delivery receipt is not necessary if the condition of the shipment has been the subject of a joint survey or inspection; that is, if representatives of the carrier and the consignee jointly surveyed or inspected the shipment while it was still in the possession of the carrier, and a copy of the joint report signed by both representatives is in the possession of the consignee (46 U.S.C. 1303 (6)).

available, on the consignee's copy of the delivery receipt.

(b) When a discrepancy occurs in a shipment made on a Government bill of lading, appropriate notations shall be made on the delivery receipt as required in $ 101-40.702-1 and a discrepancy report shall be prepared as required in § 101-40.702-3.

(c) The agency responsible for payment of freight charges, as identified in the “Charges to be billed to” space on the Government bill of lading, is usually also responsible for determining carrier liability (see $ 101–40.707–2) and processing claims (see $ 101-40.710). The consignee shall forward a discrepancy report and copies of supporting documents; e.g., delivery receipts, photographs, and carrier's inspection reports, to that agency, to the shipper at the address shown on the Government bill of lading, and to any other addresses as may be required by the agency's regulations. In addition, copies of discrepancy reports and supporting documents relating to special categories of property shall be forwarded to appropriate offices as required in 8101-40.7023 (c), (d), and (e).

[42 FR 25859, May 20, 1977, as amended at 51 FR 24341, July 3, 1986]

(38 FR 28679, Oct. 16, 1973, as amended at 42 FR 25859, May 20, 1977)

§ 101-40.702–2 Discrepancies in Gov

ernment bill of lading shipments. (a) When a shipment is made on a Standard Form 1103, U.S. Govenment Bill of Lading, or on a Standard Form 1203, U.S. Government Bill of LadingPrivately owned Personal Property, the consignee shall make certain the Government bill of lading number is shown on both the carrier's delivery receipt and the consignee's copy of the delivery receipt. When a shipment is made on a commercial bill of lading to be converted to a Government bill of lading, in which case the Government bill of lading number would not normally be known at the time of delivery, the consignee shall sign the delivery receipt and enter the Government bill of lading number, when it becomes

$ 101-40.702-3 Preparation of a dis

crepancy report. (a) When the total value of the loss, damage, shortage, or other discrepancy, or the value of repairs or replacement, including unearned freight charges, where applicable, on a single bill of lading or other transportation document, does not exceed $50, Government agencies are authorized, but not required, to observe a minimum of $50 or less in processing loss and damage claims against carriers or forwarders and to absorb losses of $50 or less.

(b) When the total value of the loss, damage, shortage, or other discrepancy, or the value of repairs or replacement, including unearned freight charges, where applicable, on a single bill of lading or other transportation document exceeds $50 or the minimum (i.e., $50 or less) set by the agency, the receiving activity shall prepare Standard Form 361, Transportation Discrepancy Report, as soon as possible, but not later than 45 calendar days after protected (sensitive) material; e.g. small arms, which are highly pilferable and have a ready use during civil disturbances or a sale potential in illicit markets, or (3) protected (controlled) material; e.g., money, negotiable instruments, precious metals, or alcoholic beverages, shall be reported by telephone within 24 hours after discovery to the agency responsible for the shipment. In addition, a written discrepancy report shall be prepared and distributed immediately.

(42 FR 25859, May 20, 1977, as amended at 43 FR 24063, June 2, 1978; 51 FR 24341, July 3, 1986; 51 FR 27539, Aug. 1, 1986; 52 FR 21034, June 4, 1987]

§ 101-40.703 Notification of carrier.

§ 101-40.703-1 (Reserved]

receipt of the shipment or discovery of the discrepancy. Every effort shall be made to reconcile overages or shortages within 15 calendar days after discovery. (Suspected pilferage, theft, or loss during transit of narcotics, hazardous articles, or sensitive materials, regardless of dollar value, shall be reported to the appropriate agencies within 24 hours in accordance with paragraphs (c), (d), and (e) of this section.) Any photographs taken as documentary evidence (see $ 101-40. 701(d)) should be attached to the discrepancy report to support claim action. Standard Form 361 (SF 361) (see $ 101-40.4901) is approved by the Office of Management and Budget under OMB reports control number 3090-0093. Guidelines for the preparation of SF 361 are contained in $101–40.4901–361–1. (See the GSA handbook, Discrepancies or Deficiencies in GSA or DOD Shipments, Material, or Billings (subpart 101-26.8) for specific requirements for reporting discrepancies in shipments from GSA or DOD.)

(c) Pilferage, theft, or loss, regardless of dollar value, occurring in a shipment of narcotics or other controlled substances (as identified in 21 CFR 1308.11 through 1308.15), shall be reported by telephone within 24 hours after discovery to the agency or activity responsible for the shipment, and SF 361 shall be prepared and distributed immediately to any addressees as may be required by the agency's regulations. In addition, persons who are registered with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) pursuant to 21 CFR part 1301 are required to complete DEA Form 106, Report of Theft or Loss of Controlled Substances, as prescribed in 21 CFR 1301.74(c).

(d) Pilferage, theft, or loss regardless of dollar value, occurring in a shipment of ammunition, explosives, or other hazardous articles (as identified in 49 CFR part 172) shall be reported by telephone within 24 hours after discovery to the agency or activity responsible for the shipment. In addition, SF 361 shall be prepared and distributed immediately to any addressees as may be required by the agency's regulations.

(e) Pilferage, theft, or loss, regardless of dollar value, occurring in a shipment of (1) security classified material, (2)

8 101-40.703–2 Notice of visible loss,

damage, or shortage. (a) Usually, it is sufficient to notify the last line-haul or delivering carrier (not a drayage or switching carrier) of a shipment discrepancy by annotating the carrier's delivery receipt. This notation shall be entered on the consignee's copy of the delivery receipt. When the carrier's delivery receipt is not available at the time of delivery of the shipment, notification shall be made within 24 hours by telephone to the nearest office of the delivering carrier to provide the carrier an opportunity, if desired, to verify the loss, damage, or shortage. Except as provided in $101–40.702–3(a), in every instance of damage or shortage, the agency shall notify the carrier on SF 361 within 7 calendar days of receipt of the shipment and invite the carrier to perform an inspection, except in those instances where it is known that the total amount of damage or shortage, or the value of repairs or replacement, including unearned freight charges, on a single bill of lading or other transportation document, does not exceed $50. If the carrier waives the opportunity to perform an inspection, the responsible Government employee receiving the shipment shall make a written record of the waiver, including the date the request for inspection was made and the name of the carrier representative

who was contacted and waived inspection. In the instance of an international shipment by an ocean or air carrier, SF 361 shall be furnished the carrier before the property is removed from the carrier's possession, except as provided in $ 101-40.702–1(b).

(b) If the damaged property is of a perishable nature or is in such a condition as to be potentially injurious to life, health, or property, prompt notification to the carrier shall be made by telephone and confirmed in writing. If the carrier fails to perform a timely inspection and to participate in the disposition proceedings, necessary steps shall be taken to dispose of the property in a manner which will mitigate the loss to the carrier and avoid injury to other property or persons.

(c) In the instance of a domestic shipment, if the lost or damaged shipment involves nonperishable material, the property shall be held for a reasonable time (usually 5 workdays after notification) to allow the carrier time to complete inspection.

(d) When an entire shipment is lost, the consignee shall notify the origin carrier by telephone and use SF 361 to confirm the notification.

the name of the carrier's representative who was contacted. A copy of the notification and request for inspection shall be retained for possible claim purposes. Wrappings, packing materials, and any unopened packages shall be retained for the carrier's inspection. A copy of the carrier's inspection report shall be requested for use in determining liability or preparing a claim. If the carrier fails to make an inspection within a reasonable time as stated in $101–40.703-2(c), or if the carrier waives the opportunity to perform an inspection, the carrier shall furnish an oral or written waiver as provided in SF 361.

(b) International shipments. When loss, damage, or shortage that was not apparent at the time of removal of the property from the carrier's possession is subsequently discovered when the packages are opened, the carrier shall be notified promptly in writing using SF 361. When an ocean carrier is involved, the written complaint shall be given to the carrier or its agency at the port of discharge within 3 calendar days of delivery (46 U.S.C. 1303(6)). When an international air carrier is involved, a written complaint to the carrier shall be given within 14 calendar days of receipt of the property (Article 26 of the Warsaw Convention, 49 Stat. 3020, as interpreted and applied by the Civil Aeronautics Board in its Order 788-10 of August 3, 1978). Written notice to ocean and international air carriers shall indicate a reasonable period of time for inspecting concealed loss or damage.

[42 FR 25860, May 20, 1977, as amended at 51 FR 24341, July 3, 1986; 51 FR 27539, Aug. 2, 1986]

(51 FR 24342, July 3, 1986; 51 FR 27539, Aug. 2, 1986, as amended at 52 FR 21034, June 4, 1987)

$ 101-40.704 Disposition of damaged

property.

§ 101-40.703-3 Notice of concealed loss,

damage, or shortage. (a) Domestic shipments. When loss, damage, or shortage that was not apparent at the time of delivery is subsequently discovered, and the total amount of loss, damage, or shortage, including unearned freight charges, where applicable, on a single bill of lading or other transportation document, is known to exceed $50 or the amount ($50 or less) set by the agency pursuant to $ 101-40.702.3(a), the delivering carrier (not a drayage or switching carrier) shall be notified by telephone and requested to inspect the property involved. Unless there are extenuating circumstances, the notification and request for inspection shall be made by telephone not later than 15 calendar days from the date of receipt of the shipment and confirmed on SF 361. SF 361 shall include the date the telephone request for inspection was made and

§ 101-40.704–1 Transportation for ac

count of the Government. (a) Repair and utilization. Where damaged property can be repaired economically and satisfactorily, arrangements shall be made by the Government agency paying the transportation charges, or its authorized representative, to have the repairs effected and to claim against the carrier for the costs thereof. Alternatively, the carrier may be allowed to perform the repairs or make to the carrier, regardless of the extent of damage.

[32 FR 8965, June 23, 1967, as amended at 51 FR 24342, July 3, 1986)

the necessary arrangements therefor, subject to inspection and acceptance by Government agency inspectors or other designated representatives. However, in no case shall property subject to security regulations be released to the carrier or to any unauthorized personnel for repair.

(b) Allowance for damage. When the agency finds it not desirable or feasible to make repairs immediately, and the carrier does not make repairs, the amount of damage or the cost of making repairs in the future may be determined by appropriate means (e.g., by mutual agreement of representatives of the carrier and the Government or by estimates obtained from qualified and disinterested parties).

(c) Rejection. (1) Property may be rejected to the carrier and claim made for its full value only when it has been damaged to the extent that it has no salvage value or it is not economically repairable; that is, the cost of repairs would exceed the appraised value of the repaired item (see exception in paragraph (c)(3) of this section).

(2) When it is determined that property has been damaged to the extent that it has no salvage value or is not economically repairable, and that it can be abandoned, the carrier shall be notified promptly of the location of the rejected property and shall be requested to make appropriate disposition of it.

(i) If the carrier refuses to accept the rejected property, the agency shall request, in writing, that the carrier furnish a written statement of the reason for refusing the property. Upon receipt of the written refusal, the agency shall take appropriate action to dispose of the rejected property; or

(ii) If the carrier fails to make appropriate disposition of the rejected prop erty within a reasonable length of time, the agency shall notify the carrier, in writing, that the property will be disposed of by the agency without further delay.

(3) Property which is designated Top Secret, Secret, or Confidential, or property which, for any reason, cannot be abandoned in the best interests of the Government, shall not be rejected

§ 101-40.704–2 Transportation for ac

count of the supplier. When the transportation is performed by the carrier for the supplier rather than for the Government (e.g., when property is purchased f.o.b. destination), accurate notations of discrepancies shall be made on the carrier's delivery receipt and the consignee's copy of the carrier's delivery receipt or freight bill to assist the supplier in filing claims for transportation losses. The carrier's driver or representative shall be requested to sign the notations of discrepancies. Prompt notification on SF 361 shall be furnished to the supplier or to the agency contracting officer as individual agency regulations may provide. The notification shall include supporting documents; i.e., a copy of the annotated delivery receipt, photos, carrier's inspection report, or written waiver. (See Discrepancies or Deficiencies in GSA or DOD Shipments, Material, or Billings (FPMR 101-26.8) with regard to damage to stock or nonstock items procured from GSA for direct delivery.)

(51 FR 24342, July 3, 1986)

§ 101-40.705 Disposition of overages

and astray or misconsigned shipments.

(a) When the number of packages offered for delivery is more than that shown on the applicable bill of lading or other transportation document and when all packages are marked for the consignee, the overages shall be accepted. The consignee shall attempt to reconcile overages and astray freight with corresponding shortages associated with other shipments received at that activity

(b) If excess freight on one bill of lading is identical with a reported shortage on another bill of lading, the excess or overage shall be used to offset the reported shortage. If excess freight cannot be identified or used to offset other shortages within 7 calendar days

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