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(3) Senior Air Safety Investigator (SASI). A Senior Air Safety Investigator (SASI) shall have over 5 years experience in accident investigations and be able to direct and lead teams investigating the most complex accidents involving high technology aircraft, under the most difficult conditions, worldwide.
(b) The following factors involved in an aircraft accident that affect the difficulty of the investigation are listed in (generally) increasing complexity. These factors should be considered when assigning an investigator to an accident and are presented as guidance only to the convening authority within the investigating agency.
(1) Aircraft type. (Fixed-wing) General aviation single-engine, general aviation multi-engine, commercial multiengine, commercial turbo-prop, commercial jet, 1st generation air carrier, 2nd generation air carrier, 3rd generation air carrier, fighter, research aircraft. (Helicopter) Light helicopter, medium helicopter, large helicopter.
(2) Environment. Visual flight conditions, instrument flight conditions, restrictions to visibility, high velocity or cross winds, thunderstorms, windshear, or unusual weather phenomena; i.e., tornadoes, hurricanes, etc.
(3) Segment. Taxi, visual flight rules (VFR), instrument flight rules (IFR), en route, takeoff, approach/landing, air traffic control zones, restricted areas.
(4) Type. (Injury) Non-injury, serious injury, fatality. (Damage) Minor/no aircraft damage, substantial aircraft damage, aircraft destroyed, in-flight breakups. (Fire) No fire, post.
(5) Location. Rural, suburban, urban, municipal airport, military base, international airport, large metropolitan area.
(6) Public interest. General aviation, business, commercial, commuter, air carrier, collisions, any of the above with a public figure on board.
NTSB, commercial contractors, etc., should prepare reports for all accidents/incidents involving agency aircraft that such agency or entity investigates.
(b) The factual report and the evaluative report are the responsibility of the operating agency. Agencies may establish agreements for the preparation of the factual and evaluative reports with the qualified in-house resources, commercial contractors, and/or another agency pursuant to an interagency agreement.
(1) Factual report. The purpose of this report is to assemble all available facts about an accident/incident so that conclusions as to probable cause(s) can be made, and secondarily for use in other proceedings outside the area of accident/incident prevention. This report does not contain opinions, conclusions, or recommendations of the investigator(s) concerning any aspect of the accident/incident and should be made available to any government agency and/or private individuals or groups. When agencies conduct investigations, a copy of the narrative summary will be provided to the NTSB. This report includes only a factual narrative summary prepared by the investigator(s), all factual material collected by the investigator(s), and a list of all known witnesses. Privileged material such as proprietary material of manufacturers shall be attached in sealed addenda and released only as appropriate. The factual summary prepared by the investigator(s) should give an overview of the pertinent facts contained in the factual report. Normally, the summary should include, but is not limited to:
(i) Accident/incident identification, including aircraft number and type, date, and time of accident incident;
(ii) History of flight/operation, including the flight's origin, course, destination, time of departure, and time of termination;
(iii) Purpose of flight;
(iv) Briefing and pre-flight, including crew rest, description of any briefing and pre-flight procedures;
(v) Flight, including flight plan, communications, navigation, aircraft parameters (altitude, speed, etc.), and weather;
(57 FR 48331, Oct. 23, 1992]
8 101-37.1108 Accident and incident in.
vestigation reports. The policies governing aircraft accident/incident investigation reports are as follows:
(a) The operating agency or its designated investigating entity; e.g.,
(vi) Impact, including description of courages aircraft accident/incident wittime, date, aircraft altitude, airspeed, nesses, investigator(s), and endorsers of angle of attack, and related facts at aircraft evaluative reports and attachtime of impact;
ments to provide complete, open, and (vii) Personal and survival equip forthright information, opinions, conment, and survivability;
clusions, and recommendations regard(viii) Rescue/crash response;
ing the accident/incident investigated. (ix) Maintenance;
If aircraft accident/incident investiga(x) Airframe;
tor(s) and endorsers believed that their (xi) Crew qualifications;
deliberations, opinions, and rec(xii) Medical, including use and func- ommendations could be used for other tion of restraint systems;
than safety purposes, they might be re(xiii) NAVAIDS and facilities; and luctant to develop or include in their
(xiv) Results of on-sight and off-sight reports and endorsements information testing.
which would be vital for safety and for (2) Evaluative report. The purpose of the prevention of future loss of life, this report is to improve safety by pre- bodily injury, and/or property damage. venting accidents/incidents. This re- (e) Investigators. Consistent with the port is used to assist agencies to build policies and procedures contained in or enhance an effective aviation safety paragraphs (a) through (e) of this secprogram. This report contains the con- tion, all investigators, including but clusions, opinions, and recommenda- not limited to investigators-in-charge, tions of the investigator(s) and certain may testify as to the factual informadesignated witness' statements. Except tion they obtained during the course of for the aforementioned witness state- the accident investigation, including ments, no factual information and/or factual evaluations embodied in the material not available in the factual factual report. report should be referred to or relied
[57 FR 48331, Oct. 23, 1992] upon in this report. Evaluative notes of the agency's investigator(s), to the ex
Subpart 101-37.12-Federal tent they may be retained, should be attached to this report.
Agency Aviation Safety Program (i) The utility of the evaluative report depends in part on candid state- SOURCE: 59 FR 27486, May 27, 1994, unless ments and observations by witnesses or
otherwise noted. those directly involved in the accident incident. (See paragraph (d) of this sec
8 101-37.1200 General. tion.) Therefore, the investigator-in- (a) This subpart sets forth guidance charge should inform witnesses that to agencies for establishing aviation their statements are #intended to be safety programs in accordance with the used only for safety evaluation and im- direction given to GSA in OMB Cirprovement purposes.
cular A-126, but the subpart is not (ii) If the investigator-in-charge, in binding on other agencies. consultation with agency counsel, has
(b) The aviation safety program obdetermined that a witness' statement jective is the safe accomplishment of may be privileged, it should be at- the agency mission, and is a direct retached only to the evaluative report. sult of effective management which
(c) Limited use and protection of the should include attention to detail suffievaluative report. The evaluative re- cient to preclude the occurrence of an port, attachments, and report endorse- accident. Each agency should establish ments are exempt from disclosure to appropriate key management positions the extent covered by 5 U.S.C. 552 and define their responsibilities and (b)(5). Agency counsel can determine qualifications. Agencies should ensure the extent of such coverage. The eval- these positions are staffed with propuative report should be used only for erly qualified personnel. safety purposes. (d) Preventing use of information
8 101-37.1201 Applicability. contained in the evaluative report for As prescribed in this subpart 101– other than its intended purposes en- 37.12, the requirement to develop and
operate an aviation safety program which addresses all program facets including, but not limited to, flight, ground, and weapons environments, is applicable to all Federal aviation programs.
(a) Aviation safety council;
(d) Aircraft accident and incident investigation;
(e) Education and training;
(g) Aviation qualification and certification; and
(h) Awards program.
8 101-37.1202 Agency aviation safety
responsibilities. Agencies operating aviation programs are responsibilities for establishing and conducting a comprehensive aviation safety program. Agencies should appoint qualified aviation safety managers at both the national and operational program level.
8 101-37.1206 Aviation safety council.
(a) Each agency should establish aviation safety councils at the appropriate aircraft operations level. The purpose of the council is to promote safety by exchanging ideas, reviewing, and discussing hazard reports and accident and incident reports, and assessing the threat to safe operation inherent in mission operations plans. The council should function to recommend changes to agency policies, rules, regulations, procedures, and operations based upon such discussions, reviews, and assessments. The council should meet regularly and should consist, at a minimum, of those individuals within the organization responsible for the following areas:
(1) Operations/mission planning;
(b) Safety meetings for operations and maintenance personnel are used to increase the education and awareness of agency personnel regarding the hazards associated with aviation and to discuss mishap prevention. Meetings should be scheduled and conducted on a regular basis.
8 101-37.1203 Aviation safety manager
qualifications. (a) Aviation safety manager positions may be full time or additional duty, based on program mission requirements. In general, an aviation safety manger should, regardless of management level:
(1) Be knowledgeable in agency aviation program activities within his/her purview;
(2) Have experience as a pilot, crew member, in aviation operations management; and
(3) Be a graduate of a recognized aviation safety officer or accident prevention course, or qualified within 1 year through attendance at formal courses(s) of instruction.
(b) These standards should be used as a guide to ensure that qualified personnel are selected as safety managers. However, they do not supersede those job classifications prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management or other appropriate authority.
§ 101-37.1207 Inspections and evalua.
8 101-37.1204 Program responsibilities.
Agencies will ensure that policies, objectives, and standards are established and clearly defined to support an effective aviation accident prevention effort. The aviation Safety manager should develop and implement an agency aviation safety program which integrates agency safety policy into aviation related activities.
The purpose of any inspection or evaluation is to prevent aviation accidents and to foster aviation safety.
(a) Each agency should establish and maintain an inspection and evaluation program for all aviation activities. All operational elements of the aviation activity should be regularly inspected and evaluated based on standardized criteria established by the agency. The purpose of this program is to ensure that the agency mission is being carried out in accordance with Federal
8 101-37.1205 Program elements.
As a recommendation, aviation safety program elements should include, but not be limited to, the following:
8 101-37.1212 Aircrew
and agency safety regulations and directives.
(b) Records should be kept and will identify the function or work area involved, date(s), hazard(s) identified, and recommended corrective action(s). All agencies will ensure appropriate resolution and close-out.
Minimum standards for aircraft operations are established by OPM Position Classification Series GS-2181. Agencies should periodically review operational requirements to establish or revise aircrew standards. Such standards should ensure that aircrew members meet the minimum qualification and certification necessary for the continued safe operation of aircraft.
8 101-37.1213 Aircraft accident and in
8 101-37.1208 Hazard reporting.
Each agency safety program should include an aviation hazard reporting and resolution tracking system. Hazards are identified as conditions, practices, or procedures that constitute an immediate or potential threat to the safe conduct of aviation operations and may be reported by any person. Reports may be submitted on any event, procedure, practice, or condition that adversely affects safety of aviation operations. Prompt resolution of hazards, by safety threat priority, should be the goal of the agency.
8 101-37.1209 Aircraft accident and in
cident investigation and reporting. Each agency aviation safety program should have an aircraft accident and incident investigation and reporting capability (see subpart 101–37.11).
Each agency should establish an aircraft accident and incident data collection system to support an effective aviation safety and accident prevention program. The database should include:
(a) Owner and operator of the aircraft;
(b) Federal Aviation Administration registration number or assigned tail number;
(c) Aircraft make, model, and serial number;
(d) Location of occurrence; (e) Date of mishap (month/day/year);
(f) Type of mishap, accident, or incident (see $ 101–37.1101, Definitions);
(8) Estimated damage to the aircraft;
(h) Type of injury; no injury, serious injury, or fatal injury (see $ 101-37.1101, Definitions);
(i) Brief description of the circumstances; and
(j) Name of the investigator as it appears on the factual report (see $10137.1108).
8 101-37.1210 Education and training.
Each aviation operations program should develop and conduct aviation safety training within applicable OPM guidelines. Identification, development, and presentation of training needs that are unique to respective programs should be accomplished as required. Training frequency, duration, and currency requirements should be developed for each safety discipline, and should consist of initial and recurring training.
8 101-37.1211 Aviation protective
equipment. Each agency should establish an aviation protective equipment program. Such a program should ensure that all personnel flying aboard agency aircraft are equipped with, or have at their disposal, appropriate aviation life support equipment.
§ 101-37.1214 Aviation safety awards
program. Each agency should establish aviation safety awards program to recognize individuals and organizations for exceptional acts or service in support of the organizational aviation safety program. Such a program should provide for awards in flight, ground, and weapons safety, if applicable.
Subpart 101-37.13 [Reserved]
101-38.001-15 Tag. 101-38.001-16 Fleet average fuel economy. 101-38.001-17 Acquired. 101-38.001-18 Law enforcement vehicle. 101-38.001-19 Light truck.
Subpart 101-38.1-Fuel Efficient Motor
§ 101-37.1400 General.
This subpart provides the necessary information to obtain forms prescribed or available for use in connection with the subject matter covered in part 101– 37. These forms are designed to provide a uniform method of requesting and transmitting aviation management information and uniform documentation of transactions among Government agencies.
101-38.100 Scope and applicability. 101-38.101 Acquisition of motor vehicles. 101-38.102 Classification of passenger auto
mobiles. 101–38.103 Mandatory provisions affecting
the acquisition and use of motor vehi
cles. 101-38.104 Fuel efficient passenger auto
mobiles and light trucks. 101-38.105 Agency purchase and lease of
Subpart 101-38.2- Registration, Identification, and Exemptions
§ 101-37.1401 GSA forms availability,
Copies of the forms identified in paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section may be obtained from the General Services Administration (FBX), Washington, DC 20406.
(a) GSA Form 3549, Governmentowned Leased Maintenance, Storage, Training, Refueling Facilities (Per Facility).
(b) GSA Form 3550, Government Aircraft Inventory (Per Aircraft).
(c) GSA Form 3551, Contract/Rental/ Charter Aircraft Cost and Utilization.
(d) GSA Form 3552, Government Aircraft Cost and Utilization (Per Aircraft).
(e) GSA Form 3554, Aircraft Contract, Rental/Charter and Support Services Cost Data Form.
101-38.200 General requirements. 101-38.201 Registration and inspection. 101-38.201-1 In the District of Columbia. 101-38.201-2 Outside the District of Colum
bia. 101-38.202 Tags. 101-38.202–1 In the District of Columbia. 101-38.202-2 Outside the District of Colum
bia. 101-38.202-3 Records. 101-38.2024 Numbering and coding. 101-38.202-5 Requests for additional code
designations. 101_38.202-6 Display of tags. 101-38.202-7 Lost or stolen tags. 101–38.203 Agency identification. 101–38.203-1 Civilian agencies. 101–38.203–2 Department of Defense. 101-38.203-3 Removal of legend and agency
identification. 101-38.204 Exemptions. 101-38.204–1 Unlimited exemptions. 101_38.204-2 Special exemptions. 101-38.204-3 Requests for exempted motor
vehicles in the District of Columbia. 101-38.2044 Report of exempted motor vehi
PART 101-38—MOTOR VEHICLE
Sec. 101-38.000 Scope of part.
Subpart 101–38.0-Definition of Terms
Subpart 101-38.3–Official Use of
Government Motor Vehicles
101-38.001 Definitions. 101–38.001-1 Head of executive agency. 101–38.001–2 Acquired for official purposes. 101-38.001-3 Commercial design motor vehi
cle. 101–38.001-4 Military design motor vehicle. 101-38.001-5 Identification. 101-38.001-6 Owning agency. 101–38.001–7 Using agency. 101-38.001-8 Vehicle lease, 101–38.001-9 Vehicle rental. 101-38.001-10 Reportable vehicles. 101-38.001-11 Large fleet. 101-38.001–12 Small fleet. 101-38.001-13 Domestic fleet. 101-38.001–14 Foreign fleet.
101-38.300 Scope. 101–38.301 Authorized use. 101-38.301-1 Contractors' use. 101-38.301–2 Violations. 101-38.301-3 Violation of State and local
motor vehicle traffic laws.
Subpart 101–38.4–Use and Replacement
101-38.400 Applicability. 101-38.401 Use standards.