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1962

1963

1964

551

In addition to funds appropriated annually by Congress,

Descriplion

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimate
there are also available a number of gift and trust funds, Deposit by virtue of law:

526
585

615
working funds, and allocations.

Copyright

411
423

435
Estimates for the physical equipment, maintenance and Other..

720
725

730
operation of the Library buildings are carried under the Transfer from Federal agencies.

1,926 1,950 2,000
request of the Architect of the Capitol.

Official donation from State and local
agencies..

115
120

125
General and special funds:

Exchange.

485
600

650
Gift from individual and unofficial sources. 738 1,000 1,000
SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Total..

4,922 5,403 5.555
For necessary expenses of the Library of Congress, not otherwise
provided for, including development and maintenance of the Union
Catalogs; custody, care, and maintenance of the Library Buildings;

2. Organization of the collections.-Library materials are
special clothing; and expenses of the Library of Congress Trust Fund cataloged, classified, marked and arranged; Library of
Board not properly chargeable to the income of any trust fund held Congress catalogs and the main National Union Catalog
by the Board; [$9,810,430: Provided, That not to exceed $67,000 (card catalog) are maintained; special collections are
of the unobligated balance of the appropriation under this head for
the fiscal year 1962 is hereby continued available until June 30, 1963:

organized for use; and binding operations are controlled.
Provided further, That not to exceed $1,100,000 shall be available The objectives for this activity in 1964 are the cataloging
for reimbursement to the General Services Administration for altera on a current basis of all important materials received
tions, including air conditioning, of space to be occupied by the during the year, the reduction of cataloging arrearages,
Library of Congress in the Naval Weapons Plant) $10,405,000: and improved cataloging methods and procedures to
(2 U.S.C. 131-166; 5 U.S.C. 150; 17 U.S.C. 1-215; 20 U.S.C. 91;
Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1963.)

assure the usefulness of the collections.

Selected performance data for 1962 and estimated for
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

1963 and 1964 (not including processing activities per-

formed by the Reference Department and the Law
actual estimate estimate

Library) are as follows (in thousands):
Descriplion

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimate
Program by activities:

Volumes fully cataloged and added to the
1. Acquisition of library materials.

449 519
classified collections.--

154
160

200
2. Organization of the collections.

2,495 2,646 3,415 Items otherwise organized for use (with-
3. Reader and reference services.
3,165 3,535 3,781 out full cataloging)

20
20

22
4. Maintenance and protective services. 1,053 1,091 1,136 Cards filed in catalogs.

1,556 1,600 1,800
5. Executive direction and general admin-

Volumes bound..

111
85

85
istrative services ----
1,104 2,394 1,522 Items repaired, cleaned, mounted, etc..

210
215

265
Cards received by the National Union
Total obligations-

8,266 10,185 10,405
Catalog.

1,338 1,450 1,600
Serial parts processed..

1.730 1,800 1,850
Financing:
Unobligated balance lapsing-

189

3. Reader and reference services.-Books and other Li-

brary materials are provided inside and outside of the
New obligational authority ---

8,455 10,185 10,405

Library, reference and bibliographic assistance is rendered,

and custody of the collections is maintained. The objec-
New obligational authority:

tive of this activity for 1964 is to improve circulation and
Appropriation...

8,455 9,810

10,405 reference services, and to organize more material for use.
Reappropriation

67

The workload in all major activities is expected to increase
Proposed supplemental due to pay increases.

308

in 1963 and 1964 as follows (in thousands):
Description

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimate
Personal services and incidental expenses for basic Reader and reference services:

Materials served..

1,864 1,900

1,910
operations are financed from this appropriation.

Units issued on loan..

215
220

225
1. Acquisition of library materials.-The Library's

Reference inquiries answered in person.

348
350

355
collections are developed in accordance with established Reference requests by telephone.

186
195

200
acquisition policies: materials are procured by purchase,

Reference letters.---

85
85

90
gift, exchange, copyright deposit, transfer and official Law Library reader and reference services:

Books and pamphlets served.

238 275

300
deposit; and materials are selected for addition to the

Reference inquiries answered..

52
55

58
permanent collections. The objective for 1964 is: intensi-
fication of acquisitions activities and continued improve 4. Maintenance and protective services.-A staff of 197,
ment in acquisitions procedures and in exchange relations including 82 part-time charwomen, preserves, cleans, and
with institutions in the more important areas of the world. | maintains the two Library buildings, collections, and
The collections totaled 41,880 thousand items as of June grounds; operates telephone switchboards, elevators, check
30, 1962, and consisted of 12,534 thousand books and stands, and motor vehicles; procures and maintains furni-
pamphlets; 17,989 thousand manuscript pieces and 11,356 ture, office supplies, housekeeping materials, and miscel-
thousand maps, pieces of music, reels of microfilm, photo-laneous equipment; assigns space; and operates the receiv-
graphs and other miscellaneous items. Of the items ing and stock rooms. The Guard Force staff of 75 is
received, about one million are added to the permanent necessary to prevent fire and theft, to maintain order, and
collections annually. Those received from various sources to provide regular inspections of all areas in both buildings
in 1962 and estimated for 1963 and 1964 are as follows in which is assembled one of the greatest accumulations
(in thousands):

of national treasures in the world.

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS-Continued

and indexed catalogs for each class of copyright entries.

The Office is conducted for the most part on a self-sustain-
General and special funds-Continued

ing basis. The amount requested is substantially counter-
SALARIES AND EXPENSES-Continued

balanced by fees received for services rendered and the

value of books and other library materials deposited in
Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

accordance with the Copyright Act and transferred to the

Library of Congress. The income and costs for 1962 and
1962 1963 1964
actual estimate estimate

estimates for 1963 and 1964 are as follows (in thousands of

dollars):
11 Personnel compensation:

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimele
Permanent positions...

6,732 7,476 8, 487 Income:
Positions other than permanent..

122
137

137
Fees applied...

1,044 1,075 1,107
Other personnel compensation..

163
49 117 Estimated value of materials deposited. 581

598

616
Total personnel compensation... 7,017 7,662 8,740

Total income...

1,624 1,673 1,723
12 Personnel benefits...

506 572 638
21 Travel and transportation of persons.

8
6

6

Costs:
22 Transportation of things...

2
1

1
Salaries..

1,396 1,476 1,583
23 Rent, communications, and utilities.

127
233 383
Other costs.

198
206

211
24 Printing and reproduction..

540 544 569
25 Other services.

8
8
8
Total costs...---

1,594 1,682 1,794
Services of other agencies.

9 1,111
26 Supplies and materials..

49
49

49

The program and performance under each of the activi-
Total obligations....

8,266 10,185 10,405 ties described are predicated on an estimated 270 thousand

copyright registrations during 1964, an estimated 262
Personnel Summary

thousand during 1963, and an actual 255 thousand during
1962.

1. Receiving and accounting for applications, fees, and
Total number of permanent positions.-

1,169 1,211 1,309
Full-time equivalent of other positions.

42
42

42

correspondence.-Materials received by the Copyright
Average number of all employees ..

1,178 1,242 1,341 Office are assembled and routed; accounts are maintained
Number of employees at end of year.

1,314 1,344 1,442 for all moneys received; records relating to the registra-
Average GS grade.

6.6 6.7 6.8

tion of copyrights are filed; and materials are deposited
Average GS salary.

$6,120 $6,519 $6,594

in accordance with the Copyright Act. Performance data
for 1962 and estimates for 1963 and 1964 are as follows

(in thousands):
COPYRIGHT OFFICE

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimate
Registrations.

255
262

270
SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Mail received and dispatched.

553
569

586
For necessary expenses of the Copyright Office, including publica-
tion of the decisions of the United States courts involving copyrights, 2. Examining copyright applications.--All applications
[$1,619,700] $1,794,000. (17 U.S.C. 1-215; Legislative Branch and deposits are examined before issuance of registration
Appropriation Act, 1963.)

certificates or recording of documents to determine
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

whether the provisions of the Copyright Act have been

satisfied. Performance data are as follows (in thousands):
1963 1964
estimate estimate

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimate
Cases and documents examined.

283
291

300

Registrations and recordation of docu-
Program by activities:

ments..--

268
277

285
1. Receiving and accounting for applications,

Letters written.

34

35
fees, and correspondence...
376 381 408

36
2. Examining copyright applications,

416

426 447
3. Indexing and cataloging materials re-

3. Indexing and cataloging materials received.The
ceived...

365 407 434 Register of Copyrights is required to print complete and
4. Reference services.--

171 188 198 indexed catalogs of all items registered. The catalog
5. Printing the catalog of copyright entries

entries prepared by the Copyright Office are made avail-
and bulletins of decisions...

72 65

65
6. General supervision and legal services.-

194 215 242

able in part to the Library for its general operations.

There were 255 thousand registrations cataloged in 1962
Total obligations-

1,594 1,682 1,794 and estimates for 1963 and 1964 are 262 thousand and

270 thousand respectively.
Financing:
Unobligated balance lapsing..

6

4. Reference services. --The Copyright Office makes

available to the public information concerning the pro-
New obligational authority.

1,600 1,682 1,794 visions of the Copyright Act, including procedures, poli-

cies, and rulings; information concerning registrations is
New obligational authority:

furnished on a fee basis. Obtaining compliance with
Appropriation

1,600 1,620

1,794 registration requirements is also part of this activity.
Proposed supplemental due to pay increases..

62
Performance data are as follows (in thousands):

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimate
The Copyright Office is responsible for recording copy- Letters and search reports written.

Titles searched..

92
95

98
23

24
right claims, assignments, and renewals, for supplying
copyright information to the public, for collecting and 5. Printing the catalog of copyright entries and bulletins
accounting for copyright fees, and for printing complete of decisions.- Catalogs for each class of copyright entries

1962
actual

24

1963

1964

1962 actual

1

and bulletins of copyright decisions are printed and made The Legislative Reference Service prepares research available to the public.

reports, digests, etc., and supplies information in answer to 6. General supervision and legal services. The work of inquiries from Members and committees of Congress. the Copyright Office includes legal services relating to the 1. Research and analysis.-The Legislative Reorganizastatus and improvement of copyright law in its foreign as tion Act of 1946 lists 19 specific fields of congressional well as domestic aspects. For the next several years, a concern in which top-level research by senior specialists is major effort of the Copyright Office will be directed toward authorized. These fields correspond in general to the the preparation, introduction, and enactment of legislation areas of committee responsibility. The following. 13 revising the entire copyright statute.

fields are now covered by one or more senior specialists: Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

International economics, international relations, taxation and fiscal policy, American government and public ad

ministration, conservation, American public law, labor, estimate estimate engineering and public works, agriculture, price economics,

national defense, social welfare, and science and tech11 Personnel compensation:

nology. The senior specialists provide authoritative Permanent positions....

1,380 1,471

1,566 research and consultative services. Other personnel compensation

In addition, 6 16

17

subject matter divisions, upon request, furnish to Members Total personnel compensation..

1,396 1,476 1,583

and committees information on, or analysis of, public 12 Personnel benefits.-

102

116 affairs problems in report form or otherwise, charts, 21 Travel and transportation of persons..

4
7

7 23 Rent, communications, and utilities.

translations, and bibliographies, and answers to spot 9 9

9 24 Printing and reproduction --

72
67

67

reference questions. In 1962, 99 thousand congressional 25 Other services...

1

inquiries were answered. The number answered in 1961 Services of other agencies.

1
1

was 84 thousand. The number of inquiries in 1963 is 26 Supplies and materials..

7
8

8 estimated at 105 thousand; and in 1964, 110 thousand. 31 Equipment: Books and other library materials.

2
2

2 2. Preparation of indexes and digests.- The Digest of

Public General Bills covers all public bills and resolutions. Total obligations.-

1,594 1,682

1,794 It is expected that there will be about the same number of

bills to be digested during the first session of the EightyPersonnel Summary

eighth Congress as were digested for the first session of

the Eighty-seventh Congress. Total number of permanent positions..

247 253 3. Reference files, bibliographic and congressional reader Average number of all employees...

242 247 253 services.-Reference files, containing clippings, pamphlets, Number of employees at end of year.

250 253 259 Average GS grade..

6.0
6.1

6.1

and documents, are maintained as the basis for reply to Average GS salary.-

$5,718 $6,042 $6,106 a high percentage of inquiries; researchers are supplied

with bibliographic and reference tools; selective and

comprehensive bibliographies are prepared for Members LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE SERVICE

and committees of Congress; and reader services are

provided by the congressional reading room. During SALARIES AND EXPENSES

1962, 107 thousand reference file items were processed, For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 203 15 thousand bibliographic citations prepared, 125 thousand 166), ($1,870,000] $2,143,000: Provided, That no part of this appro- published items acquired and processed, and 4 thousand priation may be used to pay any salary or expense in connection readers served. with any publication, or preparation of material therefor (except the Digest of Public General Bills), to be issued by the Library of

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars) Congress unless such publication has obtained prior approval of either the Committee on House Administration or the Senate Com

1962

1964 mittee on Rules and Administration. (2 U.S.C. 166; Legislative

estimate estimate Branch Appropriation Act, 1963.) Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

11 Personnel compensation:
Permanent positions.

1,609 1,771 1,907 Positions other than permanent.

25
25

25
1964
Other personnel compensation..

3
6

22
actual estimate estimate
Total personnel compensation.

1,637 1,803 1,954 Program by activities:

12 Personnel benefits..

113 127 135 1. Research and analysis.---1,498 1,625 1,772 21 Travel and transportation of persons.

4

4 2. Preparation of indexes and digests...

67
84
88 24 Printing and reproduction. ---

26
24

30 3. Reference files, bibliographies, and congres

25 Other services: Services of other agencies.

1
1

1 sional reader services..

147 166 182
26 Supplies and materials...

17 13 19 4. Administration...

86 97 101
Total obligations.

1,798 1,972 2,143 Total obligations...

1,798 1,972 2.143

247

1963

actual

1962

1963

4

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SALARIES AND EXPENSES

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS-Continued

Filmstrips (quarterlies with ann

Music and Phonorecords (issued or General and special funds-Continued

annual cumulation). There were 1

for all issues in calendar year 196 DISTRIBUTION OF CATALOG CARDS

that there will be 1,200 subscriptio

for 1963. Included under this ac For necessary expenses for the preparation and distribution of Library of Medicine Catalog. catalog cards and other publications of the Library, [$2,700,700] 5. Preparation, printing, and dis $2,977,000. (2 U.S.C. 150; Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1969.)

Catalog.—This catalog is issued in th

with an annual cumulation. Ther Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)

scriptions for calendar year 1961.

there will be 475 paid subscription estimate estimate 500 in 1963.

1963

1962 actual

1964

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The card division sells copies of the Library's printed Total number of permanent positions. catalog cards and publications. It maintains a stock of Average number of all employees. over 104 million catalog cards representing approximately

Number of employees at end of year 4 million titles, and fills orders from over 14 thousand

Average GS grade.

Average GS salary regular subscribers-mostly libraries in the United States and abroad. In fiscal 1962, 119% of this appropriation was recovered in the form of receipts from card and publication sales. Receipts of $2,792 thousand were

BookS FOR THE GENERAL ( deposited in miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury in 1962. The objectives for 1964 are: meeting the increased demand

For necessary expenses (except persona

of books, periodicals, and'newspapers, and for catalog cards and maintaining a reasonable level of increase of the Library, [$570,000] $670 service and economy; providing older series of cards by a until expended. (2 U.S.C. 131, 132, more economical and quicker reproduction process thereby Appropriation Act, 1963.) conserving space and providing fuller service; and the

Program and Financing (in thousa continued development of the National Union Catalog as the country's major bibliographic and locational tool.

1. Supplying cards for the Library of Congress. The number of cards supplied to the Library of Congress in fiscal 1962 was 4,862 thousand; estimated for 1963, Program by activities: 4,900 thousand; and for 1964, 5,100 thousand.

Purchase of books and library materials

(obligations) 2. Supplying cards for other libraries.-The number of cards sold in 1962 was 42,386 thousand; estimated for Financing: 1963, 47 million; and for 1964, 50 million.

Unobligated balance brought forward (-). 3. Preparation, printing, and distribution of publications

Unobligated balance carried forward.. related to cataloging.—These publications are an integral New obligational authority (appropriation) part of the cataloging activities of the Library of Congress and include the Classification Schedules, lists of Subject Headings, Rules for Descriptive Cataloging, Cataloging This appropriation is used to Service Bulletins, and similar publications.

foreign trade publications, both cur 4. Preparation, printing, and distribution of the National

The publications acquired by purch Union Catalog:- This catalog (a cumulative author list) important part of the Library's is issued monthly and cumulated quarterly and annually.

they represent only a small portion of Subscribers also receive issues of Motion Pictures and annually. The objectives for 1964

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program for procurement of important research materials to strengthen the Library's collections; to acquire selected important foreign newspapers and periodicals; to increase the acquisition of important materials from critical areas, particularly from Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia; tó increase the acquisition of materials in the fields of science and technology; to continue the purchase of selected current titles on microfilm as an economy measure in lieu of binding; and to continue the microfilming of deteriorating materials as a necessary preservative and spacesaving measure.

Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)

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Program by activities:

New obligational authority: Purchase of books and other library materials

Appropriation..--

1,786 1,885 1,902 (obligations)

88 113 110
Proposed supplemental due to pay increases..

10
Financing:
Unobligated balance brought forward (-) -- - 1 -3

The division for the blind is responsible for adminisUnobligated balance carried forward...

3

tering a national program to provide reading material for New obligationalauthority (appropriation) 90 110 110

the blind of the United States, U.S. territories and insular possessions. It has two closely related operations.

1. Procurement and distribution. It provides books in This appropriation constitutes the only means of embossed characters, and talking books with their assoacquiring law books published in the regular domestic ciated reproducers. The books are distributed through trade (except for copyright deposits) and many foreign 31 regional libraries which assume responsibility for their law books published in countries all over the world. The custody and circulation. The reproducers are distributed legal publications acquired by purchase constitute a most through 54 State agencies. The maintenance and proimportant part of the law library's acquisitions, although curement of these books are shown in the following table: a substantial part of the annual receipts is received by

Description

1962 actual 1963 estimate 1964 estimate means other than purchase. The special objectives for Talking books purchased: 1964 are: to improve the procurement of current foreign (a) New titles and magazines.

325
315

355 legal materials by placing purchase orders for certain

(b) Old titles-rerecorded.--

35
30

45 necessary publications now received only irregularly Embossed books and magazines: Press

269 245

245 through exchange or gift; to increase procurement of both Talking book machines: current and noncurrent materials needed to strengthen Purchased..

11,250 12,500 10,000 the law library's already comprehensive coverage of

Repaired.

18,800 11,000 10,000 critical areas in Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa; to

Salvaged scrapped

1,467 10,000 5.000 Records replaced

25,637 15,000 15,000 acquire photoduplicates of important research items, especially those from critical areas, which are no longer Objectives for 1964 are: (1) the sustained procurement obtainable in the original; and to initiate a program for of braille books, (2) procurement of more titles and copies the microfilming or acquiring of microreproductions of of talking books together with the development of a servdeteriorating legal materials as a necessary preservative ice of books on magnetic tape, (3) procurement of a and space-saving measure.

sufficient number of machines to equip newly registered

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