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GENERAL RECORDS, 1915-34. 94 ft.

47 Letters received, copies of letters sent, memoranda, postal inspectors' reports, cost reports, orders, statements, instructions, petitions, and occasional maps relating to the establishment, extension, and discontinance of rural mail routes and to the administration of the Division of

rranged in four groups: (1) by classification number, 192238 (seo appendix V); (2) alphabetically by name of State and thereunder alphabetically by name of county, 1915-18; (3) alphabetically by name of State and the rounder alphabetically by name of post office, 1930-31; and (4) alphabetically by name of State, 1932-34.


48 An index on 6" x 8m cards showing the following information on the individual rural-free-delivery routes: date and number of the Postmaster General's order of establishment, name of the Congressman in whose district the route was located, length and terminals, a summary of the postal inspector's recommendation, date and type of changes, and date of discontinuance. The names of the first rural mail carriers are occasionally given. Arranged alphabetically by name of State and thereunder alphabetically by name of the post office from which the rural route began.



1912-Mar. 1917. 10 in.

Correspondence with the Department of Agriculture and State and county governments, concerning the distribution of funds and plans for the construction, improvement, and relocation of roads; surveys and studies relating to post roads in Alabama, Iowa, and Texas; and a chart showing "Operations on Post Roads Designated for Improvement Under Act of August 24, 1912." Unarranged.

Federal aid for the construction and improvement of post roads was provided under the Post Office Department Appropriation Acts of August 24, 1912, and March 4, 1913, and the Federal-Aid Road Act of July 11, 1916.

FORMS. 1902-10. 2 ft.

50 Forms used for letters, inter-office memoranda, serial memoranda, general orders, instructions, questionnaires, and lists, and posting media used by the Office of the General Superintendent of Delivery System and the Division of Rural Free Delivery. Arranged in three groups: (1) 190610, numerically by form numbers; (2) 1902-7, chronologically; and (3) 1909, unarranged.


51 Petitions, reports, and correspondence related to proposed rural mail routes in Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, and Minnesota. Arranged alphabetically by name of State and thereunder alphabetically by name of county.


Letters received, copies of letters sent, applications and petitions relating to the eligibility, appointment, reinstatement, transfer, promotion, bonding, efficiency, recommendations, and complaints of rural mail carriers; and correspondence concerning the establishment, changes, schedules, and discontinuance of rural mail routes. In two groups: (1) arranged alphabetically by name of post office, 1901-17, and (2) "State Files-Appointment Section, * arranged alphabetically by name of State and thereunder chronologically, 1913-20.

ACCOUNTING RECORDS. 1906-19. 4 vols. 4 in.

53 Records retained to illustrate the accounting records of the period, consisting of (1) accounts of rearrangements, amendments, and discontinuances in the Rural-Delivery Service, 1906-8; (2) accounts of various items paid (service, substitutes, clerks in rural stations, tolls, and ferriage) from the general appropriation for Rural-Delivery Service, village-Delivery Service, and Star Service, 1908-16; (3) accounts for travel and miscellaneeous expenses in the postal-service office of the Fourth Assistant Postmaster General, clerks in charge of substations, rural carriers, and toll and ferriage, 1906-7; and (4) accounts of star payments by the New York, Chicago, and San Francisco sub treasuries, 1917-19. Arranged in the order mentioned.


The compilation of audits and the settlement of accounts for the General Post Office were placed within the jurisdiction of the Office of the Comptroller of the Treasury by an act of September 2, 1789 (1 Stat. 66). The se accounting functions were transferred to the Fifth Auditor of the Treasury on March 3, 1817 (3 Stat. 366), and to the Sixth Auditor on July 2, 1836 75 Štat. 81).

The functions remained within the Treasury Department until the Bureau of Accounts was established in the Post Office Department in accordance with the Budget and Accounting Act of June 10, 1921 (42 Stat. 24), to perform the duties formerly assigned to the Sixth Auditor. The Bureau, comprising a Headquarters Office (also known as the Office of the Comptroller) and the several Divisions of Accounts, Cost Ascertainment, and Methods and Procedures performed the following: (1) examined all accounts of salaries and incidental expenses, all postal and money-order accounts of postmasters, and accounts relating to the transportation of mail; and (2) certified quarterly to the Postmaster General an accounting of postmasters' funds and of the gene ral expenses of the postal service. The General Accounting Office audited and preserved these accounts in compliance with legislation regarding the fiscal operations of the Government.

The Bureau of Accounts was terminated by the Postmaster General on June 12, 1953. Its functions were then transferred to a newly established Bureau of the Controller, which was itself terminated on November 1, 1954. The functions are now assigned to the Bureau of Finance.

GENERAL RECORDS. 1889-1924. 23 ft.

54 Letters received, copies of letters sent, memoranda, reports, statements, bulletins, and lists relating to the operation of the bureau. Arranged

alphabetically by subject and thereunder chronologically.


OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE. 1904-18. 20 vols. 2 ft.

Press copies of outgoing letters of the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office Department containing mainly information about personnel and audits of postal accounts. Interspersed among the letters are lists of employees, the indebtod postal accounts of postmasters, requisitions for repairs and supplies, and inventories of equipment. Arranged chronologically.


From the beginning of the Post Office Department, the Postmaster General employed the Assistant Postmasters General as special agents to investigate the operations of post offices. As early as June 14, 1790, the Postmaster General prepared de tailed instructions for reporting on irregularities discovered during visits to post offices. The supervision of this activity was assigned, at about this time to the Office of Instructions, within, the Office of the Postmaster General. In 1830 the Office of Instructions was redesignated the Office of Instructions and Mail Depredations and was assigned to the Office of the Second Assistant Postmaster General,

From 1835 to 1939 the responsibility for the supervision of investigations of mail de predations was transferred by the Postmaster General successively to the following organizational units: Miscellaneous Division, Office of the Postmaster General; Contract Division, Office of the Second Assistant Postmaster General; Office of Mail Depredations, Office of the Postmaster General; Division of Special Agents and Mail Dopredations, Office of the Postmaster General; Division of Post Office Inspectors and Mail Depredations, first in the Office of the Postmaster General and later in the Office of the Fourth Assistant Postmaster General; and the Division of Post Office Inspectors, Office of the Postmaster General.

On February 2, 1939, the Postmaster General established the Bureau of the Chief Inspector, comprising an Office of the Chief Inspector, and three divisions, namely, Administrative Investigations, Mail Investigations, and Financial Investigations. The Bureau was authorized to investigato all matters relating to de predations upon the mails; consider complaints of criminal offenses against the postal services; handle claims for rewards granted for the prosecution of offenders against postal laws; supervise the Post Office Inspection Service; and inspect the finances, property, and equipment of the Post Office Department.

The director of the inspection agents of the Post Office Department was known during various periods as the Chief Post Office Inspector, Division Superintendent, Division Chief, Chief Special Agent, and Chief Inspector. When the Bureau of the Chief Inspector was organized in 1939, its functions included the general supervision of the departmental Bureau and the field Post Office Inspection Service; the development and administration of inspection policies and programs; the selection, assignment,

and separation of departmental and field personnel of the Bureau; and the maintenance of liaison with the National Archives, the Army, and the Navy.

LETTERS SENT BY THE CHIEF SPECIAL AGENT. May 21, 1875-July 11, 1877. 1 vol. 2 in.

56 Press copies of letters sent by the Chief Special Agent, Office of Mail De predations, to special agents of the Inspection Division in the field, to postmasters, and to other postal officials relating to irregularities in receiving, handling, and dispatching mail. Arranged chronologically. The volume is indexed by name of person, post office, and State.

REGISTER OF ARRESTS FOR OFFENSES AGAINST POSTAL LAW. Aug. 1864-Jan. 1875; Jan. 1878-May 1897. 13 vols. 2 ft.

57 Shows the date of arrest, name of prisoner, official position, where and by whom arrested, alleged offense, and remarks. In some cases the disposition of the case is written in over the entry. Arranged chronologically with a name index for each volume.


INDEX TO ARRESTS. Jan. 1, 1888-Dec. 31, 1891; Jan. 1, 1895-June 30, 1899.

3 vols. 6 in.

An index of arrests, showing the names of the prisoner and arresting agent and date and place of arrest. Each volume is divided into two parts: the first is arranged alphabetically by the first letter of the surname, and the second, alphabetically by division (field office).

CASE FILE OF INVESTIGATIONS. Nov. 1877-Dec. 1903. 157 ft.

59 Correspondence, reports, memoranda, and other papers relating to individual violators of postal laws and regulations. A typical file includes the report of arrest, a photograph of the violator, correspondence with post-office inspectors explaining the nature of the violation, the report of indictment, exhibits, newspaper clippings, and a report of the result of the trial and final disposition. The records from November 1877 to June 1899 are arranged chronologically, and from June 1899 to December 1903, numerically, 1 to 6339. A name index is retained by the Office of the Chief Inspector. A case file relating to a mail robbery in 1838 is filed at the beginning of the series.


STATEMENTS OF ARRESTS. Jan. 1881-Dec. 1890. 1 vol. 2 in.

Printed statements of arrests of post-office employees by post office inspectors and others for violations of the postal laws. Lists the data of arrest, name, official position of the violator, where and by whom arrested, offense, and remarks. Arranged chronologically by month.

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1925. 1 ft.

Mainly correspondence and reports of an investigation of the 15 divisions of the Railway Mail Service, conducted in April and May 1925 in response to a request of February 3, 1925, from the Second Assistant Postmaster General to the Chief Inspector. The reports pertain to the status of work, methods of operation, and morale of employees and include suggestions for improving the service. Unarranged. A copy of the letter of Feb. 3, 1925, and a memorandum embodying instructions to inspectors are filed at the beginning of the series.

ROSTERS. 1898-1909. i ft.

Rosters of post-office inspectors and clerks at division headquarters, showing the date of original appointment, dates of promotions, salary, State, method of appointment, and (where applicable) travel commission number. Arranged chronologically.


Letters received, copies of letters sent, and related material per taining to the issuance of travel commissions by the Postmaster General. Included are reports on lost or canceled commissions, acknowledgments of receipt and requests for issuance of new commissions, and a list of commissions canceled between 1872 and 1912. Arranged chronologically.

LISTS OF TRAVEL COMMISSIONS. 1898–1902, 1904–1924, 1933–1939. i ft.

64 Lists of travel commissions that were issued annually by the Postmaster General to agents of the Inspection Office, the Railway Mail Service, and certain officials of the Post Office Department. These lists show the travel commission number, name and title of the individual, and the date issued. Arranged chronologically.

ANNUAL REPORTS. 1905-35. 2 ft.

Copies of the annual reports of the Office of the Chief Inspector to the Postmaster General, with related correspondence and exhibits pertaining to the preparation of the reports. Arranged chronologically.

PRESS REPORTS. Nov. 1918-Jan. 1921, Mar. 1921-May 1922. 1 ft. 66

Bimonthly General Intelligence Press Reports of the Justice Department on the activities of the radical press in the United States. Each report is indexed by name of publication or organization mentioned. Arranged chronologically. RECORDS OF THE INSPECTION OFFICE, ST. LOUIS, MO. Sept. 28, 1876-June 3,

1878. 2 vols, 4 in.

Press copies of letters and reports sent by the Special Agent in Charge to the Chief Special Agent, Inspection Office, Washington, D. C., and other post-office officials concerning mail depredations, post-office personnel, and administrative matters. Arranged chronologically. Each volume is indexed by name of post office.

RECORDS OF THE INSPECTION OFFICE, DENVER COLO. Dec. 20, 1879-May 8, 1907. 32 vols. 5 ft.

68 Press copies of records sent by the Post Office Inspector in Charge to the Chief Postal Inspector, Washington, D. C., and by special agents of Nebraska, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming to the Post Office Inspector in Charge of the Denver Division. They comprise (1) evaluations of

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