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are to titles of the Act. All terms defined tures for departmental research but exin section 801 of the Act shall have the cluding separately organized or sepasame meaning as given them in the Act. rately budgeted research; All references to sections are to sections (3) "Library expenditures" includes of this part, unless otherwise indicated. all expenditures for separately organized

(b) “Assignable area" means square libraries, both general and departmental, feet of area in facilities designed and including those for salaries, wages, other available for assignment to specific func- operating expenses, books, and binding tional purposes, as distinguished from costs; area in a building used either for jani (4) "Expenditures for operation and torial and building maintenance services maintenance of the physical plant" inor for nonassigned use (e.g., public cludes salaries, wages, supplies, other exwashrooms and general service areas). pense, and equipment for operation and

(c) "Audiovisual center" means a fa- maintenance of the institutional plant, cility controlled and operated by one except those expenditures appropriately or more institutions of higher educa chargeable to "auxiliary enterprises," or tion, for: (1) The collection, production, to “organized activities relating to educustody, cataloguing, maintenance, or cational departments;' distribution of audiovisual materials for (5) All other terms and account clasuse in providing instruction in such in sifications used herein shall have the stitutions of higher education; or (2) same meaning as given them in College the use by students of special audiovisual and University Business Administration, or other programed instructional equip Volume I, American Council on Educament on an individual basis for self tion, Washington, D.C., 1952. instruction purposes; or (3) a com (e) "Branch campus" means a cambination of such purposes.

pus of an institution of higher education (d) “Basic educational and general which is located in a community differexpenditures" means the total of all ex ent from that in which its parent instipenditures (including the estimated value tution is located. A campus shall not of nonsalaried or contributed personal be considered to be located in a comservices) no matter by whom made, for munity different from that of its parent a particular institution or branch campus institution unless it is located beyond & of such institution, for: General admin- reasonable commuting distance from the istration and general expense; instruc main campus of the parent institution. tion and departmental research; librar (f) “Capacity/enrollment ratio" ies; and operation and maintenance of means the ratio of square feet of assignthe physical plant. For purposes of this able area of instructional and libr definition:

facilities (as defined in paragraph (m) (1) "Expenditures for general admin- of this section) to the total student istration and general expense" includes clock-hour enrollment divided by 100. all expenditures of the general executive For purposes of this definition, “student and administrative offices serving the in clock-hour enrollment” means the ag. stitution (or branch campus) as a whole, gregate clock hours (sometimes called expenditures for deans of students and contact hours) per week in classes or their staffs, and for the counseling and supervised laboratory or shop work for guidance program, the placement bu which all resident students (i.e., students reau, the student loan service, the stu taking residence credit, irrespective of dent health service (where not an the time of day or workload of the stuauxiliary enterprise intended to be self dent) are enrolled as of a particular supporting), and other expenditures date. Where formally established inwhich are of a general character not re dependent study programs exist, systemlated to any specific division of the insti atically determined equivalents of class tution (other than libraries, and opera- or laboratory hours may be included tion and maintenance of the physical under "student clock-hour enrollment." plant, as separately defined in subpara- subject to verification and adjustment by graphs (3) and (4) of this paragraph); the State commission.

(2) "Expenditures for instruction and (g) "Classroom" means, for pur departmental research" includes all ex- of eligibility of projects under this part, penditures of instructional departments a "general classroom," "instructional (e.g., salaries, office expense and equip laboratory or shop," "other teaching ment, laboratory expense and equipment, facility," or "service area for teaching and other expenses), including expendi- facilities," as such terms are defined in

paragraph (m) (1), (2), (3), and (4) of this section. The term does not include faculty offices, Ubrary facilities, or any facilities under the categories of "instruction-related facilities" or "related facilities" or "related supporting facilities” as defined in $ 170.1(d) (i) and (iii) of this chapter.

(h) "Commissioner" means the U.S. Commissioner of Education or his designee.

(1) "Eligible subjects" means courses at the undergraduate level (as defined in paragraph (y) of this section) in science, mathematics, foreign languages, history, geography, government, English, other humanities, the arts, and education. As used herein:

(1) "Science" includes the physical, biological, engineering and social sciences, and subjects which are interdisciplinary within the sciences.

(i) "Biological sciences" means the division of the natural sciences which deals with life, including such fields as Agriculture, Biology, Botany, Zoology, Bacteriology, Cytology, Ecology, Embryology, Entomology, Anatomy, Genetics, Microbiology, Nutrition, Pathology, Virology, Physiology, Morphology, Marine Biology, Hydrobiology, and the biological aspects of Anthropology and Psychology.

(ii) "Physical sciences" means the division of the natural sciences which deals primarily with nonliving matter, including such fields as Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Paleontology, Astronomy, Meteorology, Metallurgy, Mineralogy, and branches of these fields.

(iii) "Engineering” means the applied sciences in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature. Included in this definition, for the purposes of the Act, are the "engineering sciences" such as engineering physics, mechanics, and “engineering technology” such as aeronautical engineering technology, civil engineering technology, and electronic engineering technology.

(iv) “Social sciences" means the branch of science that deals with the institutions and functioning of human society and with the interpersonal relationships of individuals as members of society, including such fields as Anthropology, Area Studies (including American Civilization and Culture), Business and Commerce, Economics (including Agricultural Economics), Industrial Re

lations, Linguistics, Psychology, and Sociology. Fields such as History, Government, and Education, while considered branches of Social Science, are given separate, special emphasis in the Act and are separately defined below.

(v) Fields which are interdisciplinary or overlapping within the sciences, include such as the following: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Astrophysics, Geophysics, Geochemistry, Forestry, Oceanography, Home Economics, Library Sciences, and Information Sciences.

(2) "Mathematics” means the logical study of shape, arrangement, and quantity; the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, transformations, and generalizations. Included under this definition are all fields dealing with mathematical and statistical theory and methodology as distinguished from fields of study or research the principal content of which is a natural, social or engineering science.

(3) "Foreign languages" means: (1) Any languages other than English; and (ii) English, as a foreign language.

(4) "History" means the study of past and contemporary events in relation to peoples and civilizations.

(5) "Geography" means the study of the spatial distributions and relationships on the earth's surface of those elements that give character to places.

These include natural phenomena (such as land, water, air), biotic phenomena (plant and animal life), and human phenomena (such as population, occupations, transportation, and communications). The term includes the study of physical, political, social, economic, and historical geography.

(6) "Government," or "political science" means the study of political and governmental institutions and processes. This definition includes the study of American government, comparative government, international organization, and public administration.

(7) "English" means the study of the English language in its spoken and written forms, and training and practice in the communication skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. It includes speech, grammar, literature, language arts, journalism, creative writing, and remedial or supplemental reading training (when given to undergraduate students) in the English language.

(8) "Other humanities" includes such fields as jurisprudence and philosophy.

(9) “The arts" includes such fields as music, drama, dance, folk art, architecture and allied fields, painting, sculpture, photography, graphic arts, Industrial design, fashion design, motion pictures, television, and similar major art forms.

(10) "Education" means the study of the learning process and of subjects related to teaching and to the organization and administration of education, including the history and philosophy of education, curriculum development, and programs to prepare students for specialized teaching fields such as physical education, education of the physically, mentally, or emotionally handicapped, agriculture education, business or commercial education, trade and Industrial vocational education, music or art education.

(j) “Equipment” means any instrument, machine, apparatus, or set of articles which meets the following conditions: (1) It retains its original shape and appearance with use; and (2) it is nonexpendable; that is, if the article is damaged or some of its parts are lost or V

worn out, it is usually more feasible to repair it than to replace it with an entirely new unit.

(k) "Full-time equivalent number of students” means, for purposes of determining State allotments, the number of full-time students enrolled in programs which consist wholly or principally of work normally creditable toward & bachelor's or higher degree plus onethird of the number of part-time students enrolled in such programs, plus 40 percent of the number of students enrolled in programs which are not chiefly transferable toward a bachelor's or higher degree plus 28 percent of the remaining number of such students. Student enrollment figures for each fiscal year for the purpose of this computation shall be those listed in the most recent edition of the Office of Education public cation Opening Fall Enrollment in Higher Education.

(1) "Institutional fiscal year" means for a particular institution or branch campus a period of 1 year, not necessarily corresponding with the school year, at the end of which financial accounts are closed and reports made, usually June 30 or December 31.

(m) "Instructional and library facilities" means all rooms or groups of rooms used regularly for instruction of students, for faculty ofices, or for library purposes. A room intended and equipped for any

of the purposes listed below should be counted in the appropriate category, regardless of the building (e.g., administrative building, library building, or field house) in which it is located. Instructional and library facilities are subdivided into the following categories:

(1) "General classrooms” means all instructional rooms used or intended and equipped to be used chiefly for lectures, recitations, and seminar types of class meetings, regardless of the size of the room. The seating area of an auditorium or theater, if regularly used for scheduled class meetings, should be classified and counted as a general classroom.

(2) "Instructional laboratories or shops" means all instructional rooms equipped for special purposes such as chemistry experiments, language practice, food preparation and service in home economics, shopwork in industrial arts, painting, etc. (Adjoining areas such as a balance room, supply room. dark room, or projection room, are considered to be "service areas for teaching facilities” and are not to be counted with instructional laboratories and shops.)

(3) "Other teaching facilities" means all other rooms and areas regularly used or intended for scheduled class meetings or individual instruction, such as: Music practice rooms (for individual practice) and music studios (where an instructor's office serves also as a studio, the room should be counted under "faculty of fices"); playing floors, wrestling and boxing rooms, indoor swimming pools, and indoor track and field areas used regularly for instructional purposes. Storage rooms for musical Instruments, seating areas, locker and shower rooms, and equipment issue and storage rooms used in connection with scheduled classes and located in the gymnasium are considered to be "service areas for teaching facilities" and are not to be counted with other teaching facilities.

(4) "Service areas for teaching facilities" means all service areas which adjoin and are used in conjunction with any general classrooms, instructional laboratories or shops, or other teaching facilities. Examples of service areas for teaching facilities are: Closets in general classrooms or in instructional laboratories or shops; rooms adjoining and used in conjunction with instructional laboratories or shops, such as a balance room, a storeroom, supply room, dark room, or projection room; seating areas, locker and shower rooms, and equipment issue

and storage rooms located in a gym fined in paragraph (j) of this section, nasium; instrument storage areas ad and "materials,” as defined in paragraph joining a music studio.

(p) of this section, which are suitable for (5) "Library facilities" means rooms use in providing instruction in instituor groups of rooms used for the collec tions of higher education, and includes: tion, storage, circulation, and use of (1) Audiovisual equipment, such as probooks, periodicals, manuscripts, and jectors, recording equipment, and teleother reading and reference materials, vision receivers which are not part of including the general library, depart closed-circuit television systems; (2) mental libraries, and rooms for special devices (other than those used for printcollections of documents, rooms for stor ing, such as printing presses and offset age of films, records, and other audio printing machines) to be used for prepavisual equipment and materials, rooms ration of audiovisual and other instrucfor the use by students of special audio tional materials; (3) equipment for the visual and other programmed instruc maintenance and repair of materials in tional equipment on an individual basis audiovisual centers; and (4) storage for self-instruction purposes, library equipment to be used solely for the care reading and listening rooms, acquisition and protection of the foregoing items rooms, cataloguing rooms, document when used in classrooms. Not included reproduction rooms, circulation and ref under the term are such items as generence desks, and any other similar li eral-purpose furniture, radio or televibrary service area and the library ad sion broadcast apparatus, public address ministrative ofices. Rooms used for any systems, computers, or items for the such purposes should be counted under maintenance and repair of equipment. library facilities. Library science labora (p) "Materials" means those items tories and lecture classrooms located in which with reasonable care and use may a library building are to be counted as be expected to last for more than one either general classrooms or instruc year and are suitable for and are to be tional laboratories and shops.

used in providing instruction in institu(6) "Faculty offices" means all rooms tions of higher education. The term inor groups of rooms with office-type equip cludes such items as audio and video ment, which are assigned to one or more tapes; discs; slides and transparencies; faculty members for the performance of films and filmstrips; books; models and administrative, clerical, or faculty duties mock-ups; pamphlets; periodicals for other than meeting of classes. A studio indefinite retention in reference collecroom in a department of music or fine tions, and other printed and published arts, assigned to one or more facuity materials such as maps, globes, and members for their own work, even though charts. The term does not include such occasionally used for a student lesson, items as textbooks (as defined in parashould be counted as a faculty office. graph (x) of this section); or chemicals, Service areas for faculty offices (e.g., glassware and other supplies which are walting rooms, office files and supply consumed in use. rooms, Interconnecting corridors within (q) "Minor remodeling” means those & suite of offices, private toilets and minor alterations in a previously comclothes closets) should be counted to pleted building in space used or to be gether with the offices themselves. used as a classroom (as defined in para

(n) "Instructional television fixed graph (g) of this section) or as an audioservice" (ITFS), as defined by the Fed visual center or as a closed-circuit teleeral Communications Commission (47 vision facility, which are needed to make CFR 74.901 et seq.), means a fixed sta effective use of equipment in providing tion operated by an educational organi instruction. The term may also include zation and used primarily for the trans the extension of utility lines, such as mission of visual and aural instructional, water and electricity, from points beyond cultural, and other types of education the confines of the spaces in which the material to one or more fixed receiving minor remodeling is undertaken but locations. Instructional television fixed within the confines of such previously service stations operate in the portion completed building. The term does not of the microwave spectrum from 2500 to include building construction, structural 2690 megacycles.

alterations to buildings, building mainte(0) "Laboratory and other special nance, repair or renovation. equipment and materials" means items (r) "Pertinent expenditures for equipof bullt-in or movable equipment, as de ment, materials and minor remodeling"

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means: (1) In connection with projects (u) "State commission” means the for laboratory and other special equip State agency designated or established ment and materials (and directly asso pursuant to section 603 of the Act. ciated minor remodeling) for improve (v) “State plan" means the document ment of undergraduate instruction in submitted by the State commission and the eligible subjects, the total of all ex approved by the Commissioner, which penditures for such purposes, from both sets forth the standards, methods, and current funds and plant funds (as de administrative procedures whereby the fined in College and University Business State commission shall review projects Administration, Volume I, American proposed by applicants in the State for Council on Education, Washington, D.C., Federal assistance under this part and 1952), for the institution or branch shall determine and recommend the campus for which the project applica relative priority of each such project and tion is submitted; and (2) in connection the Federal share of the costs eligible for with projects for television equipment Federal financial participation. and materials (and directly associated (w) “Television equipment for closedminor remodeling) for closed-circuit di circuit direct instruction" means fixed rect instruction in the eligible subjects, or movable equipment items which are the total of all expenditures for such suitable for use in originating, distributpurposes, from both current funds and ing, and receiving programs or units of plant funds, for the institution or branch instruction by closed-circuit television, campus for which the project application in institutions of higher education. The is submitted.

term includes studio equipment, control (s) "Project" means a separate pro and recording equipment, transmitters, posal for improvement of undergraduate receivers and associated distribution instruction in one or more of the eligible equipment, antennas, and supporting subjects through either: (1) The acquisi towers for instructional television fixed tion (by purchase, lease-purchase, or service as defined by the Federal Comlease) and use of laboratory and other munications Commission and for pointspecial equipment and materials (and di to-point microwave relay equipment, but rectly associated minor remodeling); or

does not include towers, antennas or (2) the acquisition (by purchase, lease

broadcast transmitters designed to oppurchase, or lease) and use of televi erate on VHF or UHF frequencies in the sion equipment and materials for closed standard broadcast band. "Closed-circircuit direct instruction (and directly cuit direct instruction" includes all uses associated minor remodeling).

of television equipment involving the (t) "Semester credit hour" means the

distribution of television instruction unit of credit which the institution from any source (such as television camawards to a student for a class meeting

eras, film chains, video-tape recording one hour per week for a semester or a or playback apparatus, monoscope delaboratory meeting two or three hours vices or receiving antenna) to one or per week for a semester. For purposes

more television monitors or receivers at of this definition the term "semester” one or more viewing locations. The term means a period of approximately 15 weeks does not include closed-circuit installaof instruction. Where credits


tions for any noninstructional uses, such recorded at an institution or branch as monitoring for security purposes. campus on the basis of some other length (x) "Textbook” means a book or workof term, such as a “quarter” or where book, or manual, which is used as a princredits are not normally recorded, the cipal source of study materials for a credit hours of other units of accom given class or group of students, a copy plishment so recorded are to be converted of which is expected to be available for to semester hour equivalents for purposes

the individual use of each student in such of reporting in applications submitted

a class or group. under this part. Any such conversions to

(y) "Undergraduate level" programs

of instruction means all courses of regusemester credit hour equivalents shall be

lar length which are intended primarily supported by definitive explanations,

for meeting program requirements for satisfactory to the State commission, of

students pursuing bachelor's degrees or the basis on which the conversions are

first-professional degrees in programs calculated and shall in all cases be sub which do not require 3 or more years ject to adjustment by the State commis of previous college work for entry and sion.

do not extend beyond the fifth year of

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