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the United States Government. The State or local funds or both, and that all State board shall submit, as a part of its other fiscal conditions of the acts have annual fiscal report, a statement show- been met. Expenditures of State and ing the amounts of Federal funds re- local funds which meet the requirements ceived under the acts during the fiscal of the acts, regulations, and State plan year covered by the report, and the and are therefore eligible for Federal amount of interest earned on such funds financial participation are to be included. during such year. Checks in the amount Such information shall be forwarded on of interest earned must be made payable forms furnished to the State board by to the U.S. Office of Education and the U.S. Office of Education. mailed to the Fiscal Management Sec- (2) The statistical report includes suption or reported as an unexpended porting data with respect to vocational balance in the annual fiscal report. educational classes for which expendi

tures are reported in the fiscal report. 8 104.55 State annual reports.

Such data shall be forwarded on forms (a) Annual estimate of projected pro

furnished to the State board by the U.S. gram plans-(1) Content. The State

Office of Education, board, in accordance with procedures

(3) The descriptive report is a narraestablished by the Commissioner, shall

tive account of the program of vocasubmit an annual estimate containing a

tional education within the State during description of the activities to be carried

the fiscal year, describing conditions and on under the plan during the ensuing

situations in the program for which fisfiscal year, including information re

cal or statistical data have been reported. garding the use to be made of transferred The U.S. Office of Education will provide funds pursuant to $ 104.28. Such de

a suggested outline of this report for the scription shall include the estimated an

States. nual receipts and expenditures for activ

Subpart E-Smith-Hughes and ities under the plan, indicating the estimated receipts and expenditures for

George-Barden Acts; Special Proeach semi-annual fiscal period and the

visions amount of State and local funds avail

GENERAL able to pay the non-Federal share of the amount estimated. Such information

104.56 Applicability of regulations to shall be forwarded on forms furnished

existing programs under the Smith. to the State board by the U.S. Office of

Hughes, George-Barden, and suppleEducation.

mentary acts. (2) Effect of estimates. Subsequent In addition to the general requirepayment of Federal funds to the States ments in subparts A to D governing vocawill not be precluded because of devia- tional education under all the acts, the tions in actual State expenditures during provisions in Subpart E govern vocathe fiscal year from those submitted in tional education under the Smiththe estimate for such fiscal year, pro- Hughes, George-Barden, and supplevided that they are otherwise made in mentary acts as amended by subsections accordance with the approved State plan (b),(c), (d), and (e) of section 10 of the and the acts and regulations.

1963 Act. (b) Annual report of program activ- (a) The provisions in Subparts A to ities. On or before September 1 of each D (but not Subpart E) shall apply to year, each State board shall submit in vocational education under the State accordance with procedures established plan in those States which receive allotby the Commissioner, an annual report ments under the 1963 Act and transfer describing the activities carried out un- all funds allotted under the Smithder the State plan and setting forth the Hughes, George-Barden, and supplemen. total receipts and expenditures of funds tary acts to the allotment under section for the previous fiscal year. This report 3 of the 1963 Act pursuant to $ 104.28. shall consist of three parts: Fiscal, sta- (b) The provisions in Subpart A to tistical, and descriptive.

D and Subpart E shall apply to voca(1) The fiscal report shows the ex- tional education under the State plan in penditures for each of the several pur- those States which either poses provided for in the acts, that the (1) Receive no allotment under the Federal funds expended for each pur- 1963 Act but transfer all or part of the pose in the State have been matched by funds allotted under the Smith-Hughes,

George-Barden, and supplementary acts Hughes Act for training of teachers of to the allotment under section 3 of the home economics subjects. 1963 Act; or

8 104.58 Interrelationships among the (2) Receive allotments under the 1963

various vocational education fields. Act but transfer no funds or only part of the funds allotted under the Smith Funds may be used to develop and opHughes, George-Barden, and supple

erate vocational programs that draw on mentary acts to the allotment under

knowledge and skills from two or more section 3 of the 1963 Act.

vocational education fields provided for (c) The regulations in 45 CFR Parts

in separate allotments to the States 102 and 103, shall continue to apply to

under the Smith-Hughes and Georgeprograms in States which neither receive

Barden Acts and this subpart. an allotment under the 1963 Act nor

§ 104.59 Minimum age of enrollment. transfer any funds allotted under the Smith-Hughes, George-Barden, and sup

Except as indicated in $ 104.72, Smith

Hughes and title I George-Barden funds plementary acts to the allotment under section 3 of the 1963 Act. In such cases

may be used only for such vocational ina State may

struction as is designed to meet the needs (1) Retain its current State plan un

of persons over 14 years of age. Since

this requirement is in terms of the age der the Smith-Hughes, George-Barden,

level for which the education is “deand supplementary acts, amending it to

signed,” enrollment of persons who have the extent it chooses to take advantage

attained a 9th grade status, as well as of the amendments to the Smith-Hughes,

those who have attained the age of 14, George-Barden, and supplementary acts

is permitted. in subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e) of section 10 of the 1963 Act, and

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION (2) Transfer funds from one allot

& 104.60 Vocational education in agriment under the Smith-Hughes, George

culture. Barden, and supplementary acts to another such allotment as provided for in

Vocational education in agriculture section 10(a) of the 1963 Act and in

under the State plan shall be designed

to meet the needs of persons over 14 years $ 104.28.

of age who have entered upon or are pre8 104.57 Condition for payment of Fed

paring to enter: (a) Upon the work of eral funds under Smith-Hughes Act. the farm or farm home, or (b) any oc(a) Payment of a State's allotment of cupation involving knowledge and skills Federal funds for salaries of teachers, in agricultural subjects, whether or not directors, and supervisors of agricultural such occupation involves work of the subjects under section 2 of the Smith farm or of the farm home. Hughes Act is subject to the condition

§ 104.61 Agricultural occupations dethat the State accepts and makes full

fined. use of at least the minimum share (20 percent) of the State's teacher training

An agricultural occupation means an allotment under section 4 of the Smith

occupation involving knowledge and Hughes Act for training of teachers,

skills in agricultural subjects, which supervisors, and directors of agricultural

has the following characteristics: subjects.

(a) The occupation Includes the (b) Payment of a State's allotment of

functions of producing, processing, and Federal funds for salaries of teachers of

distributing agricultural products and

includes services related thereto. trade, home economics, and industrial subjects under section 3 of the Smith

(b) The occupation requires compe

tencies in one or more of the primary Hughes Act is subject to the condition that the State accepts and makes full

areas of plant science, soll science, ani

mal science, farm management, agriculuse of (1) At least the minimum share (20

tural mechanization and agricultural percent) of the State's teacher training leadership. allotment under section 4 of the Smith

§ 104.62 Plan requirements for agricul. Hughes Act for training of teachers of

tural education. trade and industrial subjects, and (2) At least the minimum share (20

In addition to the general State plan percent) of the State's teacher training requirements for vocational Instruction allotment under section 4 of the Smith in § 104.13 the State plan shall describe

how the following essential character- VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN HOME istics of the program of instruction are

ECONOMICS to be met: (a) The instruction deals with prac

§ 104.66 Vocational education in home

economics. tical agricultural problems and includes subject matter and learning experience Vocational education in home economnecessary in the production and market- ics under the State plan shall be designed ing of plants or animals or their for persons over 14 years of age who have products.

entered upon or who are preparing to (b) Preparatory programs of instruc- enter upon (a) useful employment in tion shall provide for:

the home (hereinafter referred to as (1) Directed or supervised practice in homemaking) or (b) gainful employagriculture on a farm for those persons ment in an occupation involving knowlwho are engaged in or preparing for edge and skills of home economics farming.

subjects. (2) Practical field, laboratory or cooperative work experience as provided in

§ 104.67 Home economics defined. $ 104.13(h) (5) for those training for

(a) Homemaking. Vocational educaother occupations involving knowledge

tion in homemaking means education and skills in agricultural subjects.

which provides instruction which will DISTRIBUTIVE EDUCATION

enable families to improve their family

life through more effective development $ 104.63 Vocational education in dis- and utilization of human resources. tributive occupations.

(b) Home economics directed toward Vocational education in distributive gainful employment. Vocational educaoccupations under the State plan shall tion in home economics directed toward be designed to meet the needs of persons

gainful employment provides instruction over 14 years of age who have entered or that qualifies individuals to engage in are preparing to enter a distributive occupations involving knowledge and occupation.

skills in home economics subject-matter

areas, i.e., child development, clothing § 104.64 Distributive occupations de- and textiles, food and nutrition, home fined.

and institutional management, home A distributive occupation means an

furnishings and equipment, etc. In occupation that is followed by propri

cluded are such occupations as those etors, managers, or employees engaged

which provide services to families in the

home and similar services to others in primarily in marketing or merchandising of goods or services. These occupations

group situations; those which provide

assistance to professional home econoare commonly found in various business establishments such as retailing, whole

mists and professionals in fields related saling manufacturing, storing, trans

to home economics in business, agencies,

and organizations, and other occupaporting, financing, and risk bearing.

tions directly related to one or more 8 104.65 State plan requirements; dis- home economics subject-matter areas. tributive education.

& 104.68 State plan requirements for In addition to the general State plan home economics. requirements for vocational instruction in 104.13, the State plan shall describe

In addition to the general State plan how the following requirements for in

requirements for vocational instruction struction in distributive education are

in § 104.13, the State plan shall describe to be met:

how the following special requirements (a) The content of the program of for instructions are to be met: instruction shall be derived from the

(a) Instruction in homemaking shall functions of marketing and a knowledge

meet the following standards and reof products and services in reference to quirements: the occupational objective of the student. (1) The curriculum is concerned with

(b) Preparatory instruction shall be fundamental values and problems in the provided either in preparatory classes several aspects of homemaking, and utilizing participation activities or in deals with these in such a way as to decooperative classes utilizing on-the-job velop needed skills, understandings, attraining through part-time employment. titudes, and appreciations.

(2) The nature and content of instruction are derived from the needs and concerns of individuals and families served, taking into consideration the maturity and experience of individuals enrolled.

(3) The total program of instruction is sufficiently intensive and extensive to enable the individual served to develop competencies necessary for effective participation in homemaking and in community activities affecting the home.

(4) The program of instruction for youths provides a variety of kinds of learning experiences in all of the major phases of homemaking, including participation in directed home and community experience.

(b) Smith-Hughes funds allocated by the States for salaries of home economics teachers in part-time classes pursuant to $ 104,42(c) (1) (ii) may be used to reimburse instruction in part-time classes only if they provide 144 clock hours of classroom instruction per year for persons who have already entered gainful employment or the work of the home. (See $ 104.73(b) for definition of 144-hour requirement.)

(c) When Smith-Hughes funds allocated by the States for salaries of home economics teachers in other than parttime classes pursuant to $ 104.42(c) (1) (11) are used to reimburse preparatory instruction in full-time day school classes for persons who have not entered upon employment, such classes shall extend over not less than nine months per year and thirty hours per week and shall have at least one-half of the total time of instruction devoted to practical work on a useful or productive basis, 1.e., field, laboratory, home, cooperative work, or other occupational experience, except that in cities and towns with less than 25,000 population, the State board, with the approval of the Commissioner, may modify the conditions as to the length of the course and the hours per week in order to meet the particular needs of such cities and towns. TRADE

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION & 104.69 Vocational education in trades

and industries. Vocational education in trades and industries under the State plan shall be designed for persons over 14 years of age who have entered upon or are preparing to enter upon the work of a trade or industrial occupation.

$ 104.70 Trade and industrial education

defined. (a) Trade and Industrial education means education which includes any subject which is necessary to develop the manipulative skills, technical knowledge, and related information such as job attitudes, safety practices and trade judgment necessary for employment in a trade and industrial occupation.

(b) Such an occupation shall include:

(1) Any craft, skilled trade, or semiskilled occupation which directly functions in the designing, producing, proce essing, fabricating, assembling, testing. modifying, maintaining, servicing, or repairing of any product or commodity.

(2) Any other occupation, including & service occupation, which is not covered in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph but which is usually considered to be technical or trade and industrial in nature. $ 104.71 State plan requirements for

trade and industrial education. In addition to the State plan requirements for vocational instruction in § 104.13, the State plan shall provide that funds available for trade and Industrial education be used only for instruction in pre-employment classes for those who are preparing for employment and parttime and evening classes for those who have entered upon employment. These classes will meet the conditions and requirements as set forth in $$ 104.72 to 104.75. § 104.72 Evening classes.

An evening class is defined as a class conducted during the non-working hours of the enrollees. Evening classes may enroll only workers 16 years of age or over who are employed in a trade and industrial occupation. Instruction must be confined to that which is supplemental to the daily employment of those enrolled. To be considered supplemental to the daily employment, the instruction must be such as to increase the skill or knowledge of the worker in the trade or industrial occupation in which the person is employed. Such classes may include instruction for apprentices as provided in $ 104.15. $ 104.73 Part-time classes.

(a) A part-time class is defined as & class for persons who have entered upon employment which is conducted during what would be the usual working hours

AND

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN HOME

ECONOMICS

or

how the following essential characteristics of the program of instruction are to be met:

(a) The instruction deals with practical agricultural problems and includes subject matter and learning experience necessary in the production and marketing of plants or animals their products.

(b) Preparatory programs of instruction shall provide for:

(1) Directed or supervised practice in agriculture on a farm for those persons who are engaged in or preparing for farming.

(2) Practical field, laboratory or cooperative work experience as provided in $ 104.13(h) (5) for those training for other occupations involving knowledge and skills in agricultural subjects.

DISTRIBUTIVE EDUCATION $ 104.63 Vocational education in dis

tributive occupations. Vocational education in distributive occupations under the State plan shall be designed to meet the needs of persons over 14 years of age who have entered or are preparing to enter a distributive occupation. $ 104.64 Distributive occupations de

fined. A distributive occupation means an occupation that is followed by proprietors, managers, or employees engaged primarily in marketing or merchandising of goods or services. These occupations are commonly found in various business establishments such as retailing, wholesaling manufacturing, storing, transporting, financing, and risk bearing. & 104.65 State plan requirements; dis

tributive education. In addition to the general State plan requirements for vocational instruction in g 104.13, the State plan shall describe how the following requirements for instruction in distributive education are to be met:

(a) The content of the program of instruction shall be derived from the functions of marketing and a knowledge of products and services in reference to the occupational objective of the student.

(b) Preparatory instruction shall be provided either in preparatory classes utilizing participation activities or in cooperative classes utilizing on-the-job training through part-time employment.

§ 104.66 Vocational education in home

economics. Vocational education in home economics under the State plan shall be designed for persons over 14 years of age who have entered upon or who are preparing to enter upon (a) useful employment in the home (hereinafter referred to as homemaking) or (b) gainful employment in an occupation involving knowledge and skills of home economics subjects. 8 104.67 Home economics defined.

(a) Homemaking. Vocational education in homemaking means education which provides instruction which will enable families to improve their family life through more effective development and utilization of human resources.

(b) Home economics directed toward gainful employment. Vocational education in home economics directed toward gainful employment provides instruction that qualifies individuals to engage in occupations involving knowledge and skills in home economics subject-matter areas, i.e., child development, clothing and textiles, food and nutrition, home and institutional management, home furnishings and equipment, etc. Included are such occupations as those which provide services to families in the home and similar services to others in group situations; those which provide assistance to professional home economists and professionals in fields related to home economics in business, agencies, and organizations; and other occupations directly related to one or more home economics subject-matter areas. f 104.68 State plan requirements for

home economics. In addition to the general State plan requirements for vocational instruction in § 104.13, the State plan shall describe how the following special requirements for instructions are to be met:

(a) Instruction in homemaking shall meet the following standards and requirements:

(1) The curriculum is concerned with fundamental values and problems in the several aspects of homemaking, and deals with these in such a way as to develop needed skills, understandings, attitudes, and appreciations.

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