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(c) Persons are eligible for enrollment tive occupation as defined in $ $ 102.46 1 a part-time cooperative class provided and 102.56. Instruction in such classes ney are at least 16 years of age and em must be supplemental to the daily emloyed during the school year for as much ployment of those enrolled. me as they attend school. State plans

§ 102.62 Classes conducted in business re to provide that such persons be em

establishments. loyed for an average of not less than 5 hours per week during the school year

Funds may be expended for part-time he major portion of such employment to

or evening classes conducted in a busile during the normal day school hours.

ness establishment for distributive emThis would preclude a student attending

ployees of that establishment provided chool full time and meeting the require

the course meets the requirements of the nent for employment outside the normal

acts, including public supervision or coniay schools hours. The total hours per

trol as defined in $ 102.6, and provided week in school and at work and the

the class is open to or the training serymonetary wage paid the student-learners

ice is available to workers in other busimust conform to State and Federal laws

ness establishments in the community. governing employment.

Induction training and instruction in (d) Cooperative classes are to con systems, policies, and practices peculiar form to one of the following plans:

to one establishment may not be paid for (1) Plan A. A program covering two under the plan. school years providing an average of at § 102.63 Coordinating activities. least one regular class period a day of

Funds may be expended for the time vocational instruction in classes limited to the cooperative group.

spent in coordinating activities by a (2) Plan B. A program covering one

part-time or evening teacher of distribu

tive occupations subjects. Coordination school year providing an average of at

of the instruction with job experience least two regular class periods a day of vocational instruction in classes limited

is necessary for efficient instruction in to the cooperative group.

both part-time or evening classes. Co(3) Plan C. A program covering one

ordination involves visiting students on school year providing an average of at

the job, conferring with supervisors or

employers to determine student training least one regular class period a day of

needs, making analyses of the duties of vocational instruction in distribution taught by a qualified teacher coordi

workers to be trained, preparing course nator. Instruction in these classes shall

outlines and selecting instructional mabe conducted on a cooperative basis en

terials. Coordinating activities may prerolling: (1) Those who have completed

cede the actual organization of a class. one year preparatory instruction in dis

If the coordination is to be done by sometributive subjects taught by a qualified

one other than the teacher, the State is teacher coordinator, (ii) those who have

to set forth in its State plan how the cocompleted at least two years of instruc

ordination is to be done. Expenditures tion in a vocational program approved

for this purpose are to be supported by

evidence that coordination activities under the State plan, or (iii) those who have completed at least two years

have been performed. of occupationally oriented subjects

HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION which have a direct application to a distributive occupation, provided the State

§ 102.64 Vocational education in home plan sets forth the qualifications of the

economics. teacher and the nature and sequence of

(a) Vocational education in home ecothe subjects. Distributive funds may be nomics under the State plan is designed used only for the year in which the voca for persons over 14 years of age who have tional instruction in distribution is on a entered upon or are preparing to enter cooperative basis.

upon the work of the home. (23 F.R. 1031, Feb. 18, 1958, as amended at

(b) Vocational education in home eco28 F.R. 6271, June 19, 1963)

nomics provides instruction which will

enable families to improve the quality § 102.61 Evening classes.

of their family life through the more Evening classes are those conducted effective development and utilization of during the non-working hours of the human and material resources. enrollees. Persons enrolled in such (c) Vocational education in home ecoclasses must be employed in a distribu- nomics under the George-Barden Act is

subject to the conditions and limitations for a full unit of credit for other school applicable to the appropriation for agri subjects in the local school. cultural purposes under the Smith (b) Under the Smith-Hughes Act the Hughes Act, except that the requirement specific time requirement that at least for six months of supervised practice half of the time for instruction be given does not apply. Home economics edu to practical work shall be met, except cation under the Smith-Hughes Act is in cities under 25,000 population, in to be operated under conditions of the which case the time given to home ecoAct which apply to trade and industrial nomics may not be less than one-half of education.

the time per week for which the school (d) In addition to the general provi

is in session. sions for the expenditure of funds,

§ 102.67 Out-of-school youth and adults. $$ 102.65 to 102.69 apply to home economics education.

Funds may be used, under the acts, for

programs for out-of-school youth and $ 102.65 Plan requirements for home adults. See § 102.42 for activities of the economics education.

teacher for which funds may be exThe State plan is to describe how the pended. See § 102.77 for the 144 hour statutory provisions and the following requirement of the Smith-Hughes Act. essential characteristics of the program

§ 102.68 Child development laboratory. are to be met: (a) The curriculum for both youth

Funds may be used for a teacher and adults is concerned with funda in a child development laboratory or mental values and problems in the nursery school only when developed and several aspects of home living and home

maintained as an integral part of homemaking, and deals with these in such a making education for youth or adults, way as to develop needed skills, under and only for the time the teacher devotes standings, attitudes, and appreciations.

to directing the child development lab(b) Problems studied are derived from

oratory or nursery school while it is bethe needs and concerns of individuals

ing used for the directed observation and and families served, taking into consid

participation of homemaking students eration their maturity and experience.

and for work with other homemaking (c) The total program is suficiently

teachers. Standards for such programs, intensive and extensive to enable the

including the qualifications of child deindividual served to develop abilities nec

velopment laboratory teachers, are to be essary for effective participation in

set forth in the State plan. homemaking and in community activities § 102.69 Pre-service teacher education. affecting the home.

The State plan is to describe how (d) The program includes a sufficient

the following standards are to be mainvariety of experiences to give students

tained in approving institutions for preac learning experiences in all of the

service teacher education in home major phases of homemaking, includ

economics. ing directed home and community

(a) Cooperative relations are main. experiences.

tained between the State supervisory (e) Administrative relationships and

staff in home economics education and arrangements, including provisions for the institution. space and equipment are of a kind that

(b) Directed teaching centers are facilitate maximum development of the

selected by the representatives from the program.

teacher training institution in coopera(f) Supervision of home and commu tion with the State supervisory staff. nity experience is provided.

(c) The responsibility for the supervi. (g) Continuous evaluation of the pro sion of the student teaching rests with gram is carried on and is used as a basis the home economics teacher education for changes in the program.

staff and the supervising teacher in the

local school. § 102.66 In-school youth.

(d) Each home economics faculty (a) Under the George-Barden Act member has the necessary background funds may be expended only for pro of training and the experience (at both grams available for not less than 2 years the under-graduate and graduate levels) and for classes requiring class time in for teaching in the area to which she is any one year not less than that required assigned; the faculty as a whole is

adequate in number to give prospective (b) Other occupations which are teachers the preparation they need for usually considered technical and in which teaching effectively the several areas of workers such as nurses, laboratory homemaking instruction.

assistants, draftsmen, and technicians, (e) The facilities, including space, up are employed and which are not classito-date equipment, and library, are ade fied as agricultural, distribution and quate for all areas of home economics other business, professional or homeand for teacher education.

making. (f) The undergraduate program pro (c) Service occupations which are vides basic general education and the trade and industrial in nature. technical and professional education

§ 102.72 Trade and industrial subjects. needed for teaching home economics and flexibility in requirements to permit stu

Instruction for trade and Industrial dent choice in terms of individual needs

pursuits for which funds may be used and interests.

may include instruction in any subject (g) Provision is made for supervised

which is planned to develop basic experiences to enable prospective teach

manipulative skills, safety practices, ers to function adequately with all age

trade morale, and trade judgment and groups in the home, the school and

give technical knowledge or related incommunity.

dustrial Information essential to employ(h) Periodic evaluation of the teacher

ment in a trade and industrial occupa

tion. education program is made. TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION

$ 102.73 Plan requirement for trade and

industrial education. & 102.70 Vocational education in trades

The State plan is required to describe and industries.

how the requirements set forth in section (a) Vocational education in trades 11 of the Smith-Hughes Act for trade and industries under the plan is designed and industrial education are to be met. for persons over 14 years of age who have entered upon or are preparing to

8 102.74 Types of classes in trade and

industrial education. enter upon the work of a trade or industrial pursuit. Among groups served are (a) Funds may be expended in trade the following: Journeymen, technicians, and industrial education for day classes and other industrial workers; appren for those who are preparing for employtices and other learners; out-of-school ment, and for part-time and evening youth and in-school youth. Instruction classes for those who are employed in & may also be provided for industrial trade or industrial pursuit, as provided supervisors and supervisory personnel in this part. representing both management and la- (b) An evening class is defined as a bor who may need training to assist in class conducted during the non-working special phases of their work including: hours of the enrollees. A part-time the training of workers; job organization class is defined as a class conducted durand improvement; the development of ing the usual working hours of the enskills, knowledge, and judgment; provi- rollees. sions for safety and safe working prac (c) The following terminology is used tices; and the study of Federal and State in classfying the various types of partlegislation affecting workers.

time and day classes that have developed (b) In addition to the general condi- in trade and industrial education: tions for the expenditure of funds (1) Part-time extension classes. Part$3 102.71 to 102.82 apply to trade and time classes for workers who have left Industrial education.

the full-time day school and are enrolled $ 102.71 Trade and industrial pursuits.

for instruction which is supplemental to

their employment. As used in this part "trade and in (2) Part-time cooperative classes. dustrial pursuits" may include:

Part-time classes conducted for students (a) Any industrial pursuit, skilled or who are still enrolled in day school and semi-skilled trade, craft, or occupation who, through a cooperative arrangement which directly functions in the design between the school and the employer, reing, producing, processing, assembling, ceive part-time instruction in the day maintaining, servicing, or repairing of school and receive on-the-job training any product or commodity.

through part-time employment in a

trade or industry. (See § 102.79 for the special provisions affecting this type of class.)

(3) Part-time general continuation classes. Part-time classes for workers who have left the full-time day school and are enrolled for instruction which is designed to increase their civic intelligence rather than to develop specific occupational competence.

(4) Day trade classes, Type A. Classes for students who have not entered upon employment and are regularly enrolled in a full-time day school, where the related instruction is given as separate units outside the practical work in the shop or laboratory. (See § 102.80.)

(5) Day trade classes, Type B. Same as Type A except that the related instruction is given by the shop or laboratory instructor as an integral part of the shop or laboratory work, rather than as separate units. (See $ 102.80.)

(6) Day trade classes, Type C. Preemployment classes organized for persons over eighteen years of age or who are over fourteen and have left the full-time school. (See § 102.81.) § 102.75 Classes for apprentices.

(a) Funds may be used for training programs for apprentices. Special evening and part-time extension classes may be conducted for apprentices only, to provide technical and other related instruction which is supplemental to their training on the job. Apprentices may also enroll in evening and parttime extension classes established for other workers.

(b) The term “apprentice" as used for the purpose of reporting means a worker who is learning a recognized apprenticeable trade in accordance with an expressed, implied, or written apprentice training agreement that specifies a given length of planned work experience training through employment on the job, supplemented by

by appropriate related instruction.

(c) Apprentices classified as follows:

(1) Registered. (1) Where the program or the apprentice or both are registered under the apprenticeship law of the State in which the apprentice is employed.

(ii) Where the program or the apprentice, or both, are registered by a State apprenticeship agency operating under

powers vested in it by legally responsible State authority.

(iii) Where the program or the apprentice, or both, are registered by the Bureau of Apprenticeship, U.S. Department of Labor, under "standards" or "fundamentals” approved by the Federal Committee on Apprenticeship. Such registration or recognition exists only where neither conditions in subdivision (i) nor subdivision (ii) of this subparagraph exist.

(2) Non-registered. Where the program or the apprentice, or both, is not registered under any of the three conditions in subparagraph (1) (i), (ii), and (iii) of this paragraph and the training of the apprentice is conducted under an implied or written agreement between the apprentice and an individual employer, a group of employers, a joint group of employers and employees, or a governmental agency. § 102.76 Evening classes.

(a) Evening classes may enroll only workers 16 years of age and over who are employed in a trade and industrial occupation. (See § 102.46.) Instruction must be confined to that which is supplemental to the daily employment of those enrolled. To be considered supplemental to the daily employment, the instruction must be such as to increase the skill or knowledge of the worker in the trade or industrial occupation in which the person is employed.

(b) Evening classes that meet the foregoing requirements may be reimbursed from that portion of GeorgeBarden trade and industrial funds "which shall, if expended, be applied to part-time schools or classes” regardless of whether 144 hours of instruction per year is provided. $ 102.77 Part-time classes--time re

quirements under the Smith-Hughes

Act. The Smith-Hughes Act requires that part-time schools or classes shall provide for not less than one hundred and forty-four hours of classroom instruction per year. This refers to the yearly educational opportunity which a community offers to an individual worker rather than the period of attendance required of any one person, or the period of employment of teachers. The requirement is satisfied when either of the following conditions is met during a period


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of any twelve consecutive months or less:

(a) A class is organized and conducted for at least 144 hours.

(b) Two or more classes or a series of short units of instruction which total at least 144 hours are organized and conducted so the schedule of the meetings and the content of each of the units are such that an individual may enroll in the entire series with profit. $ 102.78 Part-time classes-age of ad

mission. (a) Enrollment in classes under the Smith-Hughes Act is limited to workers over 14 years of age.

(b) Enrollment in part-time classes under the George-Barden Act is limited to workers 16 years of age of over.

(c) Part-time classes under either the Smith-Hughes or George-Barden Acts, may be conducted without upper age limit, except that part-time general continuation classes are limited to those under 18 years of age. $ 102.79 Part-time cooperative classes.

The following provisions apply to the use of funds under the plan for part-time cooperative classes (as defined in § 102.74):

(a) The class must be organized through voluntary cooperative agreements (preferably in writing) between the school and employers, which provide for legal employment of the students, an organized program of training on the job, and supplemental vocational instruction in school.

(b) The class must be composed entirely of persons meeting the minimum age requirement who are enrolled in a day school and legally employed in a trade or industrial pursuit. Those enrolled must have trade and industrial objectives in line with their employment on the job. Such persons enrolled in part-time cooperative classes are called "student-learners". The class may be composed of student-learners allemployed in the same, or in different trade or industrial occupations. However, an individual student-learner may be employed and receive training in only one such occupation.

(c) For a student to be considered legally employed for the purpose of this section, his employment must be in conformity with Federal, State, and local employment laws and regulations.

When employment is in establishments engaged in interstate commerce or in the production of goods for interstate commerce, such employment must be at least at the legal minimum wage, except where authorization is granted by the appropriate Regional Office of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions by certificate for employment at a special minimum wage. In some occupations declared to be hazardous by the U.S. Department of Labor, student-learners must be 18 years of age unless exemption is secured by appeal to the Secretary, U.S. Department of Labor. Studentlearners in any case must receive a monetary wage at a rate commensurate with wages paid other employees doing similar work.

(d) Provision must be made for adequate coordination and supervision of the program, and sufficient time must be provided for a coordinator to visit employers and student-learners on the job.

(e) State plans are to provide that the student-learners be employed for an average of not less than 15 hours per week during the school year, the major portion of such employment to be during the normal day school hours. This precludes a student attending school full. time and meeting the requirement for employment outside the normal day school hours.

(f) In a program covering two school years, an average of at least one regular class period a day must be devoted to related vocational instruction in classes limited to the cooperative group. In a program covering only one school year, an average of at least two regular class periods a day must be devoted to related vocational subjects in classes limited to the group. Sectional cooperative classes meeting these requirements are permitted as provided in § 102.47. § 102.80 Day trade classes Types A

and B. The following provisions apply to the use of funds under the plan for day trade courses, Types A and B (as defined in $ 102,74):

(a) The instruction is to extend over not less than nine months per year and not less than thirty hours per week except that for towns of less than 25,000 population the State board, with the approval of the Commissioner, may modify the conditions as to length of

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