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(3) Providing in-service training in $ 102.37 Eligibility to enroll in a teacher. the professional field to improve the training course. work of employed vocational teachers.
Vocational teacher training may be (4) Conducting follow-up on the work
given only to persons who have adequate done in teacher-training courses.
vocational experience or contact in the (5) Developing instructional material
line of work for which they are preparing and aids for the use of vocational
th mselves as teachers, supervisors, or teachers.
directors, or who are acquiring such ex(6) Conducting studies and research
perience or contact as a part of their dealing with the selection, training, and
training. This is interpreted as requirwork of vocational teachers, and work
ing that a person who, at the time of done in vocational courses.
enrollment in a teacher-training course, (7) Coordinating the work of the
does not qualify fully with respect to the members of the teacher-training staff.
occupational experience requirements in (b) It will not be permissible to use
the State plan for the position for which funds under the plan for the cost of
he is being trained must mees such reinstruction of teachers or prospective
quirements by the time he has completed teachers in any of the following courses:
the other qualification requirements of (1) Technical subject-matter courses. the State plan for such position. This Exception-short intensive courses does not preclude the occasional enplanned for qualified teachers or super rollment in teacher-training courses of visors.
school administrators, supervisors, or (2) Courses conducted to supply oc
teacher trainers, who are preparing cupational experience needed by pro
themselves for responsibility in Voc&
tional education. spective teachers.
(See also $ 102.30.) (3) Professional education courses $ 102.38 Designation of teacher-training which are non-vocational in nature and
institutions. are generally required for the certifica
Teacher training is required to be tion of teachers in the State.
under the supervision of the State (4) Elective professional education board. The State board is responsible courses which are non-vocational in for the designation of the agencies which nature and are planned to meet the needs are to train teachers as well as for the of non-vocational teachers.
supervision of their teacher-training (c) See $ 102.22 for provisions as to
work. In designating institutions for the
teacher-training programs, or in approrating salaries when a person is en
proving such institutions in connection gaged in both reimbursable and non-re
with determining the qualifications of imbursable activities. Factors to be
the graduates thereof, the State plan is taken into consideration in computing
to establish standards for the facilities, the reimbursement that may be allowed
curriculum, and the staffs which are to on salaries of teacher trainers include: provide the training. For all programs (1) The recognized load in hours per except trades and industries, the State week of a faculty member giving full plan is to include provisions for adequate time to teaching in the institution; (2) technical instruction as well as profesthe number of hours per week de
sional education subjects, even though voted to reimbursable teacher-training
funds are not available for such tech
nical courses. courses; and (3) assignments in voca
See $ 102.69 for special
standards governing teacher training In tional education, other than classroom
home economics. instruction.
$ 102.39 Director of teacher-training. § 102.36 Short intensive technical
Funds may be used for a director of
teacher training, whose duties are to Short intensive technical courses may
direct and coordinate teacher training be provided for employed teachers when
programs in two or more fields of vocathe subject matter in such courses is of tional education if the duties and qualifi. immediate value to teachers enrolled cations of such position are set forth in and the course is not a part of the reg the State plan. As a minimum, such & ular curriculum of a teacher training director must meet the qualifications of institution within the State.
a teacher trainer in one of the fields for
which he has responsibilities. See (3) Follow-up activities, at home, on § 102.22 for provisions as to proration of farms, or in places of employment, of salaries in such cases.
pupils enrolled in vocational classes or of § 102.40 Payments to graduate students.
former pupils from such classes.
(4) Promoting and organizing classes. (a) The administrative costs of a
(5) Preparing curriculum and teachteacher-training program may include ing materials, teaching, and coordinating salaries paid to graduate students for vocational classes for youth and adults. time devoted to clerical or statistical (6) Making studies for the purpose of services, provided that:
planning or developing vocational pro(1) The pay is not in excess of that grams. which would be paid by the institution to (7) Supervising the activities of stuother individuals for such service.
dent organizations, recognized in the (2) The clerical or statistical service State plan as a part of the vocational is not in connection with a problem or programs. study which the individual is doing for (8) Working with professional, trade college credit or to meet the requirements and other occupational groups in the for a degree.
promotion and further development of (3) The service performed is for the vocational education. employing department and is under the (b) When Vocational teachers teach direction of the teacher-training staff. non-vocational classes or are assigned
(b) Funds are not available for schol responsibilities for continuing extraarships or fellowships.
curricular activities, it is necessary that
such teachers' salaries be prorated in ac§ 102.41 Program of vocational instruction.
cordance with $ 102.22. This does not
mean that such reductions are required The acts provide for vocational in merely because a teacher of vocational struction in agriculture, trades and in subjects carries his fair share of over-all dustries, home economics, distributive non-teaching responsibilities of the
occupations and the fishery occupations, school. ! and in area vocational education programs. Funds may be used for instruc
8 102.43 Apprentice teachers. !tion only when it is vocational in nature, Funds may be used for the salaries of | as defined in this section, except in the apprentice teachers (as defined in | case of part-time general continuation $ 102.1) under the conditions of $ 102.42
classes (see § 102.74(c)(3)). To be vo for regular teachers, and subject to the [cational for the purposes of the acts,
following conditions: | instruction must be designed to fit for (a) They shall give full time to the I useful employment, and must be espe duties of the apprentice-teaching posi| cially and particularly suited to the tion throughout the period of their ap
needs of those engaged or preparing to prenticeship, but not less than a quarter I engage in a particular occupational field. of the school year. During such period i Subjects which are of a general educa the apprentice teacher may not enroll in ; tional nature and not directed toward a teacher-training institution for more
any specific occupational field would credit courses, other than the apprentice not be considered vocational in this
teaching course, than are allowed regular sense.
teachers in the school in which they are (24 F.R. 8229, Oct. 9, 1959)
(b) They shall be employees of and 102.42 Salaries of teachers.
their salaries shall be paid by a local (a) Funds may be used for the salaries board of education and shall be under the of vocational teachers meeting the quali immediate supervision of a supervising fications in the State plan for time spent
teacher who is qualified in the special in activities in their respective fields
vocational field in which the apprentice which are part of the approved voca
teachers are employed. tional program of their school. Such $ 102.44 Special teacher training exactivities may include:
penditure requirement. (1) Teaching vocational classes.
Under the Smith-Hughes Act funds (2) Holding conferences of pupils en- may be used for the salaries of teachers rolled in vocational classes.
of a vocational field only if the State uses
the minimum amount (20 percent) available for teacher training in that field. (See $ 102.33.) 8 102.45
Use of funds for equipment and supplies for vocational instruc
tion. (a) Under the George-Barden Act funds may be used for the purchase or rental of equipment and supplies for vocational instruction: Provided, however, That under title I, not more than 10 percent of the amount appropriated for each of the fields may be used for the purchase or rental of equipment.
(b) “Equipment or supplies for vocational instruction" means equipment or supplies used by vocational teachers and teacher trainers in instructing, or by their students in learning, in an instructional situation in the classroom, laboratory, shop, or field. It may not include supplies to be made into equipment or products to be sold, or to be used by pupils, teachers, or other persons for individual, family, general school, or business purposes; except that supplies made into equipment for vocational instruction may be considered as equipment for instruction under the same conditions as apply to purchased equipment.
(c) “Equipment”, as distinguished from “supplies” shall, for the purposes of this section, mean those items costing more than $10 which may be expected to last with reasonable care and use for more than one year. “Supplies" shall mean all other items meeting the definition in paragraph (b) of this section.
(d) The Federal Government has a continuing interest in the use and disposition of property in the cost of which it has participated (whether purchased with funds derived from Federal grants or matching funds). Whenever such property is sold or no longer used for the purposes permitted under the acts, the Federal Government is to be credited with its share, 50 percent, of the value of the property at that time, the value being determined on the basis of the sale price in the case of a bona fide sale or on the fair value in the case of discontinuance of use or other diversion. In the case of equipment purchased under title III, no accountability with respect to any Federal interest is required after the termination of the Federal-State program established under such title.
(e) Inventories are required to be kept for all equipment in which there is
a Federal interest. Although the title to this equipment may rest with either the State board for vocational education or a local school board, the state board has the responsibility for having available in the State office full information regarding such equipment so that it can readily be determined that the Federal interest is maintained. (23 F.R. 1031, Feb. 18, 1958, as amended at 24 F.R. 8229, Oct. 9, 1959) § 102.46 Employment.
(a) Enrollment in part-time and evening classes in trade and industrial education and distributive education is limited to persons who are employed.
(b) For the purposes of this section & person is considered employed in a distributive or trade and industrial occupation when he:
(1) Is lawfully employed in such occupation; or has been lawfully employed in such occupation and is temporarily without employment, but has a promise of employment in such occupation; or can give satisfactory evidence of going into business for himself; or is employed by parents who are self-employed; and
(2) Receives th going rate of pay of the business in which he is employed or he participates in the earnings of the business in lieu of a wage or salary. In the latter case, working for a living in a family business without pay will be accepted as satisfactorily meeting the requirement. In order to be considered employed, cooperative part-time students must receive, for the time employed, & monetary wage comparable to that paid other beginning employees or studentlearners performing similar duties.
(c) Employment in a distributive or trade or industrial business does not in itself qualify a person for enrollment; such employment must be in a distributive, trade or industrial occupation, as defined in $$ 102.56 and 102.71. § 102.47 Sectional cooperative classes.
Funds may not be used for classes covering more than one vocational field, except that funds may be used for cooperative classes (as defined in $ 102.1) enrolling persons employed in either a distributive or trade and Industrial occupation, if the State plan shows how the State board will assure itself that:
(a) The teacher-coordinator will meet the qualifications in the State plan for such position in both fields.
(b) Such classes will be organized shall be borne by the State and local only:
communities and no part of the cost (1) In schools in communities of 5,000 thereof shall be borne out of the appropopulation or less or
priations under the Acts. (2) In schools serving communities in
$ 102.51 Organization of vocational stu. which there are too few students and/or
dents. work stations available for student placement to justify a separate class in dis
(a) Under the George-Barden Act, tributive occupations and a separate
supervisory functions may include suclass in trade and industrial occupations.
pervision by the vocational agriculture (C) Such classes will be divided into
teachers of the activities related to vocatwo sections for instructional purposes;
tional education in agriculture, of the one consisting of those employed in dis
Future Farmers of America and the New tributive occupations and the other sec
Farmers of America. tion consisting of persons employed in
(b) The organization of State groups trade and industrial occupations.
in this and other vocational fields is left (d) Each such class operating on a to the determination of the State board. one year basis will meet for at least an
AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION average of two periods a day and each such class organized on a two-year basis
& 102.52 Vocational education in agriwill meet for at least an average of one
culture. period per day.
(a) Vocational education in agri(e) The funds for the salary and travel culture under the State plan is to be of the teacher-coordinator will be pro designed to meet the needs of persons : rated equitably between the distributive over 14 years of age who have entered and trade and Industrial funds.
upon or are preparing to enter upon the $ 102.48 Age limitations for enrollment.
work of the farm or farm home.
(b) This training may be provided in: Under the Smith-Hughes Act and title
(1) Day classes for in-school youth I of the George-Barden Act funds may
who are preparing for farming; be used only for such vocational educa
(2) Young farmer classes for out-oftion as is designed to meet the needs of
school youth who are establishing thempersons over 14 years of age. Since this
selves in farming, and; requirement is in terms of the age level for which the education is "designed," It
(3) Adult farmer classes for those is interpreted to permit enrollment in
who are improving their proficiency in classes under the plan of persons who
farming. have attained a 9th grade status as well § 102.53 Supervised practice. as those who have attained the age of
(a) Schools must provide for at least 14. See the relevant sections of this part
six months of directed or supervised for the age requirements for particular
practice in agriculture each year on a types of classes.
farm, for all persons enrolled. (24 F.R. 8230, Oct. 9, 1959)
(b) In addition to the general rules $ 102.49 Training and work-experience for the use of funds, $ 102.54 applies to
training programs for out-of-school vocational education in agriculture. youth.
§ 102.54 Plan requirements for agriculUnder the George-Barden Act funds tural education. may be used for training and work-experience training programs for out-of
The State plan is required to describe
how the statutory provisions and the folschool youths. Expenditures for such
lowing essential characteristics of the programs from any of the various allotments under the George-Barden Act are
program are to be met:
(a) The instruction deals with pracsubjected to the same conditions as other
tical farm problems of those enrolled and expenditures made from the same
is sufficiently flexible to adjust to the allotment.
types of farming in the community that (24 F.R. 8230, Oct. 9, 1959)
the program serves. $ 102.50 Well-rounded program of in (b) The nature and content of the instruction.
struction is based on the farming proThe cost instruction necessary to grams (directed or supervised farm build a well-rounded course of training practice) of the individuals enrolled.
(c) Provision is to be made to assure knowledge, skill and ability of persons that the directed or supervised practice employed in a distributive occupation. is on a farm and is adequently supervised This may include subjects designed to by the local teacher of vocational train persons employed in a distributive agriculture.
occupation for changing to a related kind (d) Facilities are adequate to provide of work in another distributive occupathe kind of instructional program tion or for promotion to distributive poneeded.
sitions of a higher level. (e) Sufficient time for instruction is
§ 102.58 Plan requirements for distribprovided to allow for:
utive education. (1) Classroom, laboratory, shop and field instruction in all applicable aspects
(a) The State plan is to describe how of the training program.
the pian requirements set forth in the (2) Class sessions of such length as to
acts for distributive education are to be
met. provide for effective teaching and learn
(b) Distributive education funds ing.
may be expended only for part-time and (3) Programs of sufficient duration to
evening classes, under the same condiprovide for the development of abilities
tions as apply to such classes for trades and skills needed for success in farming:
and industries under the Smith-Hughes Programs for day students enrolled in
Act, except as qualified by the George
Barden Act. the secondary school to be provided for not less than two years; programs for § 102.59 Nature of instruction. young and/or adult farmer classes to be
Courses are to contain subject matter provided for not less than 10 meetings
needed in one or several distributive ocand a total of not less than 20 clock hours
cupations and may be taught to classes of group instruction for each class during
composed of workers from one or several any one year.
such occupations. Classes composed of DISTRIBUTIVE EDUCATION
workers employed in distributive occupa
tions and workers employed in other oc$ 102.55 Vocational education in distributive occupations.
cupations or persons who are not em
ployed may not be reimbursed under the Vocational education in distributive
plan except as provided in § 102.47. occupations under the State plan is for
$ 102.60 Part-time classes. persons over 16 years of age who are employed in such occupations. In addi
(a) Part-time classes are those contion to the general conditions for the ducted during the working hours of the
enrollees. expenditure of funds, $$ 102.56 to 102.63
Persons enrolled in such apply to distributive education. (See
classes must be employed in distributive $ 102.46 for the meaning of employ
occupations. Such classes are of the ment.)
(1) Classes for persons at least 16 $ 102.56 Distributive occupations de.
years of age who have left the full-time fined.
school. Distributive occupations are those fol (2) Cooperative classes conducted on lowed by proprietors, managers, or em a school and employment schedule which ployees engaged primarily in marketing combine vocational instruction with regor merchandising goods or services. ular on the job training in the distribuSuch occupations may be found in tive occupational field in which the various business establishments, includ trainee expects to become a full-time ing, without being limited to, retailing, worker. The class must be organized wholesaling, manufacturing, storing, through voluntary cooperative agreetransporting, financing, and risk bear ments (preferably in writing) between ing. Distributive occupations do not the schools and employers, which proinclude trade, industrial, or office occu vide for legal employment of the stupations.
dents, an organized program of training
on the job, and the supplemental voca8 102.57 Distributive occupations sub
tional instruction in school. jects.
(b) Provision must be made for adeVocational education in distributive quate coordination and supervision of occupations for which funds may be the program, and sufficient time must be expended may include subjects which provided for a coordinator to visit emcontribute directly to increasing the ployers and student-learners on the job.