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shall specifically identify all informa- istrator when filing a report, unless pretion that they consider not to be sub- viously furnished. ject to public disclosure under the terms
$ 908.17 Suspension or waiver of rules. of Public Law 92–205 and provide reasons in support thereof. A determination In an extraordinary situation, any reas to whether or not reported informa- quirement of these rules may be sustion is subject to public dissemination pended or waived by the Administrator shall be made by the Administrator. on request of the interested party, to the
extent such waiver is consistent with the § 908.13 Address of letters.
provisions of Public Law 92–205 and subLetters and other communications in- ject to such other requirements as may tended for the Administrator, in connec- be imposed. tion with weather modification reporting
$ 908.18 Matters not specifically proor activities, shall be addressed to: The
vided for in rules. Administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of
All matters not specifically provided Environmental Modification, Rockville,
for or situations not specifically adMd. 20852.
dressed in these rules will be decided in
accordance with the merits of each case $ 908.14 Business to be transacted in
by or under the authority of the Adminwriting.
istrator, and such decision will be comAll business transacted with the Na- municated in writing to all parties intional Oceanic and Atmospheric Admin
volved in the case. istration with regard to reports of
Publication of notice of proweather modification activities should be
posed amendments. transacted in writing. Actions of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admin
Whenever required by law, and in istration will be based exclusively on the other cases whenever practicable, notice written record.
of proposed amendments to these rules
will be published in the FEDERAL REG$ 908.15 Times for taking action; ex- ISTER. If not published with the notice, piration on Saturday, Sunday, or
copies of the text of proposed amendholiday.
ments will be furnished to any person Whenever periods of time are specified requesting the same. All comments, sugin these rules in days, calendar days are gestions, and briefs received within the intended. When the day, or the last day, time specified in the notice will be confixed under these rules for taking any sidered before adoption of the proposed action falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or amendments, which may be modified in on a Federal holiday, the action may be the light thereof. Informal hearings may taken on the next succeeding day which be held at the discretion of the is not a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal Administrator. holiday.
8 908.20 Effective date. $ 908.16 Signature.
These rules are effective November 1, All reports filed with the National 1972. Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra- (a) Any person engaged in a weather tion must be dated and signed by or on modification activity on the effective behalf of the person conducting or in- date shall furnish the initial report retending to conduct the weather modifi- quired under $ 908.4 within 30 days from cation activities referred to therein by the effective date, appropriately modified such person, individually or, in the case as circumstances may require. of a person other than an individual, by (b). Any person intending to engage a partner, officer, or other person having in a weather modification activity schedcorresponding functions and authority. uled to commence less than 40 days from For this purpose “officer” means a pres- the effective date of these rules may furident, vice president, treasurer, secre- nish the required report under $ 908.4 as tary, or comptroller. Notwithstanding late as 30 days following such effective the foregoing, such reports may also be date. signed by the duly authorized agent or (c) The explanatory statement reattorney of the person whose activities quired by $ 908.4(c), pertaining to late are being reported. Proof of such author- reports, need not be submitted with the ization shall be furnished to the Admin- initial reports in the above cases.
8 908.21 Report form.
mental sensor platform and the satellite, Public Law 92–205 and these rules
and any unique equipment/communicashould be studied carefully prior to re
tions required to receive the data at the porting. Reports required by these rules
user's facility. shall be submitted on forms obtainable
(e) Design characteristics of the enon request from the Administrator, or on
vironmental data collection system on an equivalent format. In special situa
the spacecraft require that users conform tions, such alterations to the forms as
to technical standards established by the circumstances thereto may render
NOAA. A use agreement will be required
between NOAA and the using agency. necessary may be made, provided they do not depart from the requirements of
This agreement will contain, but will not these rules or of Public Law 92-205.
be limited to, statements as to (1) the period of time the agreement in valid
and procedures for canceling it, (2) conPART 911—THE U.S. GEOSTATION
formance with ITU agreements and reguARY OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMEN
lations, (3) required equipment standTAL SATELLITE DATA COLLECTION ards, (4) standards of operation, (5) SYSTEM
priorities for use, (6) reporting times
and frequencies, (7) data formats, (8) Availability of System
data delivery systems and schedules, and § 911.1 General.
(9) user-borne costs. (a) With the advent of the United
(5 U.S.C. 552) (37 F.R. 21806, Oct. 14, 1972) States of America Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, oper
PART 920— COASTAL ZONE MANAGE
MENT PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT ated and controlled by the National
GRANTS Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra
Subpart A-General tion (NOAA) of the U.S. Department of Sec. Commerce, a satellite environmental 920.1 Policy and objectives. data collection capability will become 920.2 Definitions. available to meet national requirements.
920.3 Applicability of air and water pol(b) The environmental data collection
lution control requirements. system includes the NOAA Command Subpart B—Content of Management Programs and Data Acquisition (CDA) Station 920.10 General. (Wallops, Va.) and the spacecraft which 920.11 Boundaries of the coastal zone. collects information from radio equipped
920.12 Permissible land and water uses.
areas 920.13 Geographic
of environmental sensor platforms, and
concern. conforms to applicable standards and
920.14 Means of exerting State control over regulations established by NOAA and
land and water uses. the International Telecommunications
920.15 Designation of priority uses within Union (ITU).
specific geographic areas through(c) The use of the data collection sys
out the coastal zone. tem of the operational environmental 920.16 Organizational structure to implesatellites operated and controlled by
ment the management program. NOAA will be limited to the collection Subpart C-Research and Technical Support of environmental data in accordance 920.20 General. with applicable ITU regulations con- 920.21 Approaches to research activities. cerning use of the allocated frequency
Subpart D-Public Participation bands. Environmental data are defined
920.30 General. as observations and measurements of the
920.31 Public hearings. physical, chemical, or biological prop- 920.32 Additional means of public particierties of the oceans, rivers, lakes, solid
pation. earth, and atmosphere (including space).
Subpart E-Applications for Development Grants (d) Users of the environmental data
920.40 General. collection system-Government agencies,
920.41 Administration of the program. academic institutions, industry—will be 920.42 State responsibility. responsible for the costs of the environ- 920.43 Allocation. mental sensors and platform, the radio
920.45 equipment required to provide the com
Application for initial grant.
920.46 Approval of applications. munications link between the environ
920.48 Application for second year grants. 2 Filed as part of the original document. 920.49 Application for third year grants.
AUTHORITY: Sec. 305, Coastal Zone Manage- States consisting of the Great Lakes, ment Act of 1972 (Pub. L. No. 92-583; 86 their connecting waters, harbors, roadStat, 1280).
steads, and estuary-type areas such as SOURCE: 38 FR 33045, Nov. 29, 1973, unless bays, shallows, and marshes. otherwise noted.
(d) “Coastal State” means a State of Subpart A--General
the United States in, or bordering on,
the Atlantic, Pacific, or Arctic Ocean, the $ 920.1 Policy and objectives.
Gulf of Mexico, Long Island Sound, or (a) This part establishes guidelines one or more of the Great Lakes. For the on the procedures to be utilized by purposes of these guidelines, the term coastal States to obtain development
also includes Puerto Rico, the Virgin Isgrants under section 305 of the Coastal lands, Guam, and American Samoa. Zone Management Act of 1972, Pub. L. (e) “Estuary” means that part of a 92–583, 86 Stat. 1280, and sets forth poli
river or stream or other body of water cies for the development of coastal zone having unimpaired connection with the management programs.
open sea, where the seawater is meas(b) Coastal zone management pro
urably diluted with freshwater derived grams developed by the States shall com- from land drainage. The term includes ply with the policy of the Act; that is, estuary-type areas of the Great Lakes. the program must give full considera- (f) "Secretary” means the Secretary tion to ecological, cultural, historic, and
of Commerce or his designee. esthetic values, as well as to needs for
(g) "Management program” includes, economic development.
but is not limited to, a comprehensive
statement in words, maps, illustrations, $ 920.2 Definitions.
or other permanent media of communiAs used in this part, the following cation, prepared and adopted by the terms shall have the meanings indicated State in accordance with the provisions below:
of these guidelines, setting forth objec(a) The term “Act" means the Coastal tives, policies, and standards to guide and Zone Management Act of 1972, Pub. L. regulate public and private uses of lands 92-583, 86 Stat. 1280.
and waters in the coastal zone. (b) “Coastal zone" means the coastal (h) “Water use" means activities waters (including the lands therein and which are conducted in or on the water thereunder) and the adjacent shore- within the coastal zone. lands (including the waters therein and (i) “Land use" means activities which thereunder), strongly influenced by each are conducted in or on the shorelands other and in proximity to the shorelines within the coastal zone. of the several coastal States, and includes transitional and intertidal areas, salt
§ 920.3 Applicability of air and water marshes, wetlands, and beaches. The zone
pollution control requirements. extends, in Great Lakes waters, to the Notwithstanding any other provisions international boundary between the of this part, nothing in this part shall in United States and Canada and, in other any way affect any requirement (a) esareas, seaward to the outer limit of the tablished by the Federal Water Pollution U.S. territorial sea. The zone extends in- Control Act, as amended, or the Clean land from the shorelines only to the ex
Air Act, as amended, or (b) established tent necessary to control shorelands, the by the Federal Government or by any uses of which have a direct and signifi- State or local government pursuant to cant impact on the coastal waters. Ex- such Acts. Such requirements shall be cluded from the coastal zone are lands incorporated in any program developed the use of which is by law subject solely pursuant to these guidelines and shall to the discretion or which is held in be the water pollution control and air trust by the Federal Government, its of - pollution control requirements applicaficers or agents.
ble to such program. (c) “Coastal waters" means (1) those
Subpart B-Content of Management waters, adjacent to the shorelines, which
Programs contain a measurable quantity or percentage of seawater, including but not
$ 920.10 General. limited to, sounds, bays, lagoons, bayous, (a) The guidelines for section 305 of ponds, and estuaries; and (2) in the the Act have been structured to parallel Great Lakes area, the waters within the the language and sequence of requireterritorial jurisdiction of the United ments in the Act. This approach has been
followed to facilitate references to the Act. It is not required that this sequence be rigorously followed in developing the management program and in carrying out the specific tasks contained therein. It is anticipated and acceptable that the approach taken for development of programs will vary. These guidelines should not be interpreted as limiting State approaches or the contents of their management development grant applications.
(b) Section 305(b) required the inclusion of six elements in the initial development of State coastal zone management programs. These minimum requirements are set forth below with accompanying commentary that is designed to guide State responses to these key provisions of the management program development grant effort.
(c) It is anticipated that an environmental impact statement will be prepared and circulated on a State's management program prior to its approval by the Secretary of Commerce, in accordance with the terms of the National Environmental Policy Act and its associated administrative regulations. The Secretary will prepare and circulate an environmental impact statement on the basis of an environmental impact assessment and other relevant data, prepared and submitted by the individual States. 8 920.11 Boundaries of the coastal zone.
Section 305(b) (1) requires the management program to include "an identification of the boundaries of the coastal zone subject to the management program.” The definition of the coastal zone in the Act recognizes that no single geographic definition will satisfy the management needs of all coastal States, because designation of the coastal zone for management purposes must take into account the diverse natural, institutional, and legal characteristics that are subject to decisions made in fulfillment of other requirements of the Act and this subpart. Determination by a State of the extent of the coastal zone of that State landward from the shoreline presents a very important conceptual and operational issue for State study, analysis, and decision. The following factors should be considered:
(a) In order to develop an orderly and effective management program, States my wish initially to delineate a planning area which generally is larger than, and
encompasses the area ultimately identified as the coastal zone. Such a two-step procedure would enable a State to undertake planning studies and policy development for a relatively broad region aimed at a later final determination of the smaller coastal zone where specific land and water use controls, regulations, and active management activities will be applied. Demographic, economic, developmental, and biophysical factors and their analysis, which will largely determine State management activities in coastal waters and the landward and seaward areas and uses affecting them, are likely to be based upon data, programs, and institutional boundaries (such as counties or areawide agencies) that encompass geographic areas larger than the coastal zone designation. Specific coastal zone programming and regulation must take into account current developmental, political, and administrative realities, as well as biophysical processes, that may be external to the restricted zone eventually selected for direct management control.
(b) The coastal zone for management purposes extends inland only "to the extent necessary to control shorelands, the uses of which have a direct and significant impact on the coastal waters." However, the States are encouraged to take early and continuing account of existing Federal and State land/water use and resource planning programs. In addition, States may wish to anticipate a national land-use policy, including its application in their State, unless the State coastal zone management program applies to the entire State. States may also wish to anticipate the desired coordination between the coastal zone and proposed land use or broad resource management programs. Examples of some related statewide policies and programs which will affect and should be considered in making determinations under the Act include: Energy policy, siting of power plants and other major water-dependent facilities, surface and subsurface mineral extraction controls, overall land and water conservation policies, and many others.
(c) Lands the use of which are by law subject solely to the discretion of, or which are held in trust by the Federal Government, its officers or agents are excluded from the coastal zone. However, section 307(c) of the Act requires
uses on the identified coastal environments;
(b) Categorizing the nature, location, scope, and conflicts of current and anticipated coastal land and water use or classes of uses;
(c) A continuing compilation, verification, and assessment of the general characteristics, values, and interrelationships within coastal land and water environments. In establishing permissible uses, States must also be cognizant of the requirement in section 306(c) (8) of the Act that the management program must provide "for adequate consideration of the national interest involved in the siting of facilities necessary to meet requirements which are other than local in nature." The State must have adequate processes for providing such adequate consideration. § 920.13 Geographic areas of particular
Federal agencies conducting or supporting activities in the coastal zone to conduct or support those activities in a manner which is, to the maximum extent practicable, consistent with approved State management programs. Furthermore, before the Secretary can approve a management program, he is required under section 307(b) to consider the views of Federal agencies principally affected by the management program. States having excluded Federal lands in coastal zone must indicate the manner in which they will coordinate with Federal officials administering such lands in the development of their management program. 920.12 Permissible land and
uses which have a direct and signifi
cant impact on coastal waters. Section 305(b) (2) of the Act requires that the management program include "a definition of what shall constitute permissible land and water uses within the coastal zone which have a direct and significant impact on coastal water.” In determining permissible uses, States should give consideration to “requirements for industry, commerce, residential development, recreation, extraction of mineral resources and fossil fuels, transportation and navigation, waste disposal, and harvesting of fish, shellfish, and other living marine resources.” As stated in the declaration of congressional policy, these uses are to be managed "giving full consideration to ecological, cultural, historic, and esthetic values as well as to needs for economic development." Developing indices for determining environmental and economic impact-beneficial, benign, tolerable, adverse—is the first essential analytical and policy step needed to give substance and clarity to those uses which are “permissible.” Some of the factors involved in this determination include location, magnitude, the nature of impact upon existing natural or man-made environments, economic, commercial, and other "triggering” impacts, and land and water uses of regional benefit. In responding to this requirement, therefore, the following general types of study and evaluation should be undertaken utilizing existing data and available analysis where possible:
(a) Determining criteria and measures to assess the impact of existing, projected, or proposed uses or classes of
Section 305(b) (3) of the Act requires that the management program include "an inventory and designation of areas of particular concern.” The inventory and analysis of the States' total costal zone in § 920.12 should provide the basic data analysis, and criteria necessary to identify specific geographic areas of particular concern. It should be noted that geographic areas of particular concern are likely to. encompass not only the more-often cited areas of significant natural value or importance, but also: (a) Transitional or intensely developed areas where reclamation, restoration, public access and other actions are especially needed; and (b) those areas especially suited for intensive use or development. In addition, immediacy of need should be a major consideration in determining particular concern. While the States will vary in their perceptions of what areas are of particular concern, criteria derived from assessing the following representative factors will assist in these designations:
(1) Areas of unique, scarce, fragile, or vulnerable natural habitat, physical feature, historical significance, cultural value, and scenic importance;
(2) Areas of high natural productivity or essential habitat for living resources, including fish, wildlife, and the various trophic levels in the food web critical to their well-being;