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eign language shall be accompanied by an accurate translation.

(d) The Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 vests certain responsibilities in the Secretary of the Treasury in connection with the duty-free entry of scientific instruments and apparatus. Regulations of the Bureau of Customs pertaining to receipt and processing of applications, exclusion of certain articles from duty-free entry, procedures for entry and liquidation, disposition of articles entered dutyfree, and other relevant matters are set forth in 19 CFR 10.114–10.119.

701.2 Definitions.

For the purposes of the regulations in this part and the forms issued to implement them:

(a) “Deputy Assistant Secretary" means the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Resources of the Department of Commerce, or such official as may be designated by him to act in his behalf.

(b) “Instruments and apparatus" embraces only instruments and apparatus classifiable under the tariff items specified in headnote 6(a) of part 4 of Schedule 8. A combination of a basic instrument or apparatus and additional components shall be treated as a single instrument or apparatus provided that, under normal commercial practice, such combination is considered to be a single instruiment or apparatus and provided further that the applicant has ordered or, upon favorable action on its application, firmly intends to order the combination as a unit.

(c) “Accessory" has the meaning 'which it has under normal commercial usage. An accessory for which duty-free entry is sought under item 851.60 shall be the subject of a separate application when it is not an accompanying accessory.

(d) “Accompanying accessory" means an accessory for a foreign instrument that is listed as an item in the same purchase order and that is necessary for accomplishment of the purposes for which the foreign instrument is intended to be used.

(e) "Article" means a foreign instrument and its accompanying accessories, unless context indicates otherwise.

(f) "Foreign instrument" means an instrument, apparatus, or accessory for which duty-free entry is sought under

item 851.60. However, “foreign instrument” does not include repair components, which enter under item 851.65.

(g) "Domestic instrument” means an instrument, apparatus, or accessory which is manufactured in the United States.

(h) “United States" includes only the several States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

(i) "Produced for stock" means an instrument, apparatus, or accessory which is manufactured, on sale and available from a stock.

(j) “Produced on order" means an instrument, apparatus, or accessory which a manufacturer lists in a current catalog and is able and willing to produce and have available without unreasonable delay to the applicant.

(k) “Custom-made" means an instrument, apparatus or accessory, which a manufacturer makes to purchaser's specifications.

(1) "Same general category” means the category in which an instrument, apparatus or accessory is customarily classified in trade directories and product-source lists, e.g., electron microscopes, mass spectrometers, light microscopes, X-ray spectrometers, and the like.

(m) "Most closely comparable instrument” means the domestic instrument that most closely fulfills the applicant's technical requirement described in response to question 7 of the application form, without regard to differences in cost, design or structural characteristics.

(n) "Pertinent specifications” of an instrument, apparatus, or accessory means those structural, operational, performance, and other characteristics specified for the instrument, apparatus, or accessory that are necessary for the accomplishment of the purposes described by the applicant in response to question 7 of the application form, excluding from consideration those purposes excluded by headnotes 1 or 6(a) to Part 4 of Schedule 8. The term does not extend to such characteristics as size, durability, complexity, ease of operation, ease of maintenance and versatility, unless the applicant can demonstrate that they are necessary for accomplishing the purposes for which the article is intended to be used. The term does not include cost differences between the domestic and foreign instrument, apparatus or accessory.

(0) "Guaranteed specifications” means those pertinent specifications for the foreign article and comparable domestic instruments, whereby the respective manufacturers define as an explicit part of the contractual agreement with the purchaser, for each related capability, the minimum performance level that the user may routinely expect to achieve as well as the conditions under which the specified minimum level was established by the manufacturer. (37 F.R. 3892, Feb. 24, 1972; 37 F.R. 4325, Mar. 2, 1972) $ 701.3 Application for duty-free entry.

(a) Any public or private nonprofit institution established for educational or scientific purposes desiring obtain duty-free entry of an instrument or apparatus under item 851.60 shall file an application in seven copies on Form OIPF-768, “Request for duty-free entry of scientific instrument or apparatus.” Applications and attachments shall comply with the language requirement and other provisions of $ 701.1(c). Application forms may be obtained from the Deputy Assistant Secretary, from field offices of the U.S. Department of Commerce, or from U.S. Customs ports. For a period of 60 days from date of publication of this revision in the FEDERAL REGISTER, Form BDSAF-768, “Request for duty-free entry of scientific instruments and apparatus,” may be used if Form OIPF-768 is not yet available.

(b) The applicant should answer all applicable questions appearing on Form OIPF-768 in accordance with the instructions set forth on the form and in this part. Unless otherwise indicated from context, terms used in the form have the meanings defined in $ 701.2. Questions 5, 7, 8, and 9, together with the certification on the reverse of the form, shall be completed by the person in the applicant institution under whose direction and control the foreign instrument will be used and who is thoroughly familiar with the specific program requiring an instrument, apparatus or accessory having the pertinent specifications of the foreign instrument. Two of such forms shall be executed in original by the aforementioned person, and five shall be true copies. The seven completed copies of the form, with the attachments required to complete the form fully, should be mailed or delivered to:

Bureau of Customs, Attention: Tariff Classification Rulings, Washington, D.C. 20226.

(c) Only one application shall be required for a foreign instrument and its accompanying accessories. A single application may be submitted for any quantity of the same type or model of the foreign instrument, apparatus or accessory, provided that all of that quantity are intended to be used for all of the purposes described in the response to question 7. If the purchase order includes different types or models of the same general category of the foreign instrument, and its accompanying accessories, a separate application shall be submitted for each type or model although all may be intended for the same purposes. $ 701.4 Description of article.

The specifications provided by the manufacturer of the foreign instrument or facsimile thereof shall be included in the response to question 5 of the application form. These specifications shall be in a form that permits comparison with the specifications for comparable domestic instruments, apparatus, or accessories. If the technical nature of the foreign instrument, apparatus, or accessory is such that the specifications for a performance capability may vary according to variations in test procedures, sample material, sample size, and other parameters, the specifications for the article shall identify the relevant parameters. In the case of produced on order or custom-made instruments, apparatus, or accessories, the response to question 5 shall include a statement from the manufacturer of the foreign instrument attesting to the degree of compliance with purchaser's specifications. $ 701.5 Intended purposes.

The response to question 7 of the application form shall describe the intended purposes of the article in sufficient detail to permit identifying each specification of the article that is alleged to be pertinent with the particular purpose(s) and the related objective(s) for the accomplishment of which the specification is claimed to be necessary. If the article is intended to be used in both research and educational programs, the purposes and relevant objectives of each program shall be described separately. Programs that may be undertaken in some unspecified future period shall not be considered in the comparison.

8 701.6 Justification for duty-free entry.

In response to question 8 of the application form, the applicant shall justify the request for duty-free entry of the article and accompanying accessories on the basis of either scientific equivalency or excessive delivery time.

(a) Scientific equivalency. (1) The justification shall include a statement that an instrument, apparatus, or accessory of the same general category as the article is or is not being manufactured in the United States. If any instrument, apparatus, or accessory of the same general category is being manufactured in the United States, without regard to the degree of comparability with the article, the applicant shall justify the nonequivalency of such instrument, apparatus, or accessory.

(2) The applicant shall further justify that an instrument, apparatus, or accessory being manufactured in the United States, whether or not of the same general category, is of equivalent scientific value to the article for such purposes as described in response to question 7.

(3) In justifying nonequivalency, the comparison of the alleged pertinent specifications of the article shall be made with similar specifications of the most closely comparable instrument being manufactured in the United States. In making the comparison only the article and accompanying accessories described in response to question 5 and the purposes described in response to question 7 shall be considered. The planned purchase of additional accessories or the planned conversion of the article at some unspecified future time, for programs that may be undertaken in some unspecified future period, shall not be considered in the comparison.

(b) Excessive delivery time, without regard to the scientific equivalency of an available domestic instrument. The applicant should set forth the shortest delivery times quoted by the manufacturer of the foreign article and the manufacturer(s) of the equivalent domestic instrument or apparatus from the place of shipment to the site where the instrument or apparatus is to be delivered. The applicant should also state how the difference in such delivery times will seriously impair the purposes described in response to question 7. (37 F.R. 3892, Feb. 24, 1972; 37 F.R. 4325, Mar. 2, 1972)

$ 701.7 Availability of domestic instru

ment. The response to question 9 of the application form should indicate the efforts made by the applicant to ascertain whether there was being manufactured in the United States an instrument, apparatus, or accessory of equivalent scientific value to the foreign article for the purposes described in response to question 7, as well as the reasons for the applicant's selection of the particular type or model for comparison with the article in response to question 8c when more than one type or model of the same manufacturer was available. If one or more manufacturers of domestic instruments were afforded an opportunity to bid, the response to question 9 should indicate the manner in which such opportunity was offered, such as a formal invitation to bid that included a description of applicant's technical requirements. Copies of any correspondence between the applicant and domestic manufacturers (including invitations to bid and replies thereto) should be attached to the application form. [37 F.R. 3892, Feb. 24, 1972; 37 F.R. 4325, Mar. 2, 1972) $ 701.8 Denial without prejudice to re

submission. The Deputy Assistant Secretary may, at any stage in the processing of an application, deny an application without prejudice to its resubmission, if the application contains a deficiency which, in his opinion, prevents its consideration on its merits. The Deputy Assistant Secretary shall state the deficiencies of the application in writing when making such a denial. A copy of the notice of such denial shall be transmitted to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Commissioner of Customs. A copy shall also be transmitted to the district director of Customs for the port of entry concerned, if the information requested in question 10 of the application form has been furnished by the applicant by the time the notice of denial without prejudice to resubmission was being prepared. The applicant shall on or before the 20th day following the date of such notice, inform the Deputy Assistant Secretary whether it intends to resubmit another application for the same article for the same intended purposes to which the denied application relates. The applicant shall then resub

mit the new application on or before the 90th day following the date of the notice of denial without prejudice to resubmission, unless an extension of time is granted by the Deputy Assistant Secretary in writing prior to the expiration of the 90-day period. The resubmitted application shall indicate in the space provided the docket number of the original application. If the applicant fails, within the applicable time periods specified above, to either (a) inform the Deputy Assistant Secretary whether it intends to resubmit another application for the same article to which the denial without prejudice to resubmission relates, or (b) resubmit the new application, the prior denial without prejudice to resubmission shall have the effect of a final decision by the Deputy Assistant Secretary on the application within the context of $ 701.11. In such a case, the Deputy Assistant Secretary shall transmit a summary of the prior denial without prejudice to resubmission to the FEDERAL REGISTER for publication, to the Commissioner of Customs, and to the applicant. At the same time, he shall make a copy of the record available for public review. $ 701.9 Public notice and opportunity

to present views. (a) Publication of notice. Upon receipt from the Commissioner of Customs of an application that has been found by him to be in accordance with applicable regulations, the Deputy Assistant Secretary shall assign it a docket number and, unless application is denied without prejudice to resubmission under $ 701.8, cause an appropriate notice to be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER to afford reasonable opportunity for presentation of views with respect to the question "whether an instrument or apparatus of equivalent scientific value for the purposes for which the article is intended to be used is being manufactured in the United States.” (Headnote 6(c) to part 4 of schedule 8.) The complete notice shall include the date on which the Commissioner of Customs received the application, the docket number and applicant's answer to questions 1, 2, 5, and 7 of the application form. The date of the last day of the period for comment shall be 20 days after the date on which the notice of the application is published unless a later date for such last day is published in the notice. As soon as the notice of an application is filed with the FEDERAL REG

ISTER, the Deputy Assistant Secretary shall make a copy of the application available for public review during ordinary business hours.

(b) Additional requirements applicable to comments. Persons who are authorized by headnote 6(e) to part 4 of schedule 8 to appeal an adverse finding upon a question or questions of law to the U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals (hereinafter called "parties”) and who wish to comment must submit their views and comments in one of the formats stated in paragraph (c) of this section. Views and comments from other interested persons and Government agencies will be received in any written form complying with § 701.1(c); however, one of the formats of paragraph (c) of this section should be used if feasible. Any comment, to be placed upon the record, must be submitted in three copies and must state the name and address of the person submitting the comment and the docket number of the application to which the comment applies. Since each application file must be complete in itself, a separate set of copies of a comment must be furnished for each application to which the comment pertains, even though the sets of copies pertaining to two or more applications may be identical. Comments should be addressed to the Deputy Assistant Secretary.

(c) Format for comments. Comments favoring the granting of an application should be in the form of supplementary answers to the applicable questions on the application form, and should avoid duplication on the content of the application insofar as is practicable. Comments opposing the granting of an application should be in the following form:

(1) State name and address of the party commenting.

(2) State the docket number of the application to which the comment applies.

(3) List instruments or apparatus considered by the party to be scientifically equilavent to the foreign instrument and its accompanying accessory(ies). Provide pertinent specifications for instruments or apparatus manufactured by the party.

(4) Direct the comments to the applicant's response to question 8 and, with respect to each specification of the article listed as pertinent therein, demonstrate

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(i) That the specification can be ended as offers to provide additional inequaled or exceeded with the instru- formation (see paragraph (c) of this ment or apparatus described in subpara- section) to the extent that they contain graph (3) of this paragraph; or

factual information, as contrasted with (ii) That although the instrument or arguments, explanations or recommenapparatus differs in design from the ar- dations. ticle, it is nonetheless scientifically equiv- (b) The Deputy Assistant Secretary alent because it is as capable as or better may add to the record such additional than the article in fulfilling the pur- written factual information available pose(s) relevant to the specification; or within the executive branch of the Gov

(iii) The specification is not pertinent ernment, and such printed information because it does not relate to one or more generally available to the public, as he purposes described by the applicant in deems appropriate and pertinent. He response to question 7, being rather a may also obtain for the record an opinconvenience or representing personal ion on any issue before him and reasons preferences, cost factors and the like. therefor from any agency of the Govern(5) Where the comments regarding

ment which he regards as having parsubparagraph (4) (i) or (ii) of this para- ticular competency in the field in graph relate to a particular accessory or question. optional device offered by the domestic (c) If it appears to the Deputy Assistmanufacturer, cite the type, model, or ant Secretary that the information in other catalog designation of the acces- the record is not sufficient to enable him sory or device and include the specifica- to render a decision, if the action of detions therefor in the comments.

nial without prejudice to resubmission (6) Where the justification for duty

appears to be inappropriate, and if it furfree entry is based on excessive delivery

ther appears that certain additional time, show whether

factual information will cure the insuf(i) Such instrument or apparatus are

ficiency of the record, the Deputy Assistas a general rule either produced for

ant Secretary, in his discretion, may stock, produced on order, or are cus

request and place in the record such adtom-made; and

ditional factual information as he feels (ii) An instrument or apparatus of

will enable him to render a decision from equivalent scientific value to the article,

the party or those parties that appear for the purposes described in response

best suited to provided the information.

The Deputy Assistant Secretary may atto question 7 could have been produced and delivered to the applicant within

tach appropriate conditions and time a reasonable time following the receipt

limitations upon the provision of such of the order.

information, and may draw appropriate

inferences from the failure of a party to (7) Indicate whether the applicant afforded the domestic manufacturer an op

provide the information requested from

him. The Deputy Assistant Secretary portunity to furnish an instrument or

shall not, under this procedure, place apparatus of equivalent scientific value to the article for the purposes described

arguments, explanations or recommen

dations upon the record. The Deputy Asin response to question 7 and, if such be the case, whether the applicant sub

sistant Secretary may also, in his

discretion, request from any party or mitted a formal invitation to bid that in

parties to a proceeding hereunder, and cluded the technical requirements of the

place in the record, such additional afapplicant.

firmations as he deems necessary to en8 701.10 Additions to the record.

able him to render a decision. (a) The Deputy Assistant Secretary $ 701.11 Review and findings of the Deshall assemble the application, and those partment of Commerce. comments meeting the requirements of

(a) Scientific equivalency. The deter§ 701.9 into a record. After the period for comment ($ 701.9(a)) has ended, he

mination of scientific equivalency shall shall not place explanations, arguments,

be based on a comparison of the pertior recommendations, other than those

nent specifications of the foreign instruobtained from any selected Federal

ment with similar pertinent specificaagency (ies) pursuant to paragraph (b)

tions of the most closely comparable of this section, in the record in any form. domestic instrument. The guaranteed He shall treat written comments re- specifications for the foreign article will ceived after the period for comment has be considered in the comparison, includ

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