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A53 1949 a copy2

JOINT COMMITTEE ON THE ECONOMIC REPORT

man

(Created pursuant to sec. 5 (a) of Public Law 304, 79th Cong.) UNITED STATES SENATE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming, Chair- EDWARD J. HART, New Jersey, Vice Chair

man FRANCIS J. MYERS, Pennsylvania

WRIGHT PATMAN, Texas JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

WALTER B. HUBER, Ohio PAUL H. DOUGLAS, Illinois

FRANK BUCHANAN, Pennsylvania ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio

JESSE P. WOLCOTT, Michigan RALPH E. FLANDERS, Vermont

ROBERT F. RICH, Pennsylvania
ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah

CHRISTIAN A. HERTER, Massachusetts
THEODORE J. KREPs, staf Director
GROVER W. ENSLEY, Associate Staf Director

John W. LEHMAN, Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON LOW-INCOME FAMILIES
UNITED STATES SENATE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

WALTER B. HUBER, Ohio RALPH E. FLANDERS, Vermont

FRANK BUCHANAN, Pennsylvania

ROBERT F. RICH, Pennsylvania
SAMUEL L. BROWN, Economist

ELIZABETH G. MAGILL, Research Assistant
II

56-60483

114

CONTENTS

Statement of —

Page

Anderson, Dewey, executive director, Public Affairs Institute --- 485-511

Blaisdell, Thomas C., Jr., Assistant Secretary of Commerce- 69–105

Bookbinder, Hyman H., economist, Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
America, CIO.-

---537-554

Boyd, Beverley Mumford, executive secretary, department of Christian

social relations, Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in

America

588-592

Brady, Dorothy S., professor of economics, University of Illinois --- 474 485
Brannan, Charles F., Secretary of Agriculture---

251-289
Burgess, Ernest W., professor of sociology, University of Chicago-- 375–400
Egan, John Taylor, Commissioner, Public Housing Administration - 151-177
Ellickson, Katherine Pollack, associate director of research, Congress
of Industrial Organizations.-

547-554

Fahy, Kathleen, executive director, American Parents Committee.- 555–569

Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding, president, National Council of Negro

Women.

457-474

Foley, Raymond M., Administrator, Housing and Home Finance

Agency-

147-177

Johnson, D. Gale, professor of economics, University of Chicago - 291-340
Lasseter, Dillard B., Administrator, Farmers Home Administration. 285-289
Liguti, L. G., Msgr., executive director, National Catholic Rural Life
Conference

513-527

Neal, Ernest E., director, Rural Life Council, Tuskegee Institute,

Alabama

209-233

Reid, Margaret, professor of economics, University of Minois 340-363
Riley, Gecrge D., national legislative representative, American Fed-
eration of Labor..

575, 577-588

Schultz, Theodore W., professor of economics, University of Chicago 291-340

Smith, Russell, legislative secretary, National Farmers Union.----- 527-537

Thurston, John L., Acting Administrator, Federal Security Agency 3-68

Tobin, Maurice J., Secretary of Labor---

106-145

Ware, Caroline F--

182-207

Whitten, E. B., executive director, National Rehabilitation Associa-

tion-

--- 364-374

Winston, Ellen B., commissioner for public welfare, North Carolina ;

vice president, American Public Welfare Association.

235-251

Round-table discussion ---

401-448

Participants :

Brown, Chester, Lt. Col., secretary, social welfare department,

Salvation Army.

Butler, Edmond D., president, National Conference of Catholic

Charities.

Creech, Margaret, director, department of information and studies,

National Traveler's Aid Association.

Gutwillig, Mildred, head worker, recreation rooms in New York,

National Federation of Settlements.

Hall, Helen, director, Henry Street Settlement.

Johnson, Reginald, field director, National Urban League.

Kruse, Arthur, executive director, United Community Services of

Washington, D. C.

Parker, Earı, associate director, Family Service Association of

America.

Zimand, Gertrude, general secretary, National Child Labor Com-

mittee.

LOW-INCOME FAMILIES

MONDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1949

CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON Low-INCOME FAMILIES,
JOINT COMMITTEE ON THE ECONOMIC REPORT,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10:20 a. m. in room 224, Senate Office Building, Senator John Sparkman (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Sparkman (chairman) and Flanders; and Representatives Huber and Rich.

Also present: Grover W. Ensley, associate staff director, Joint Committee on the Economic Report; Samuel L. Brown, economist, Subcommittee on Low-Income Families; and Mrs. Elizabeth G. Magill, research assistant, Subcommittee on Low-Income Families.

Senator SPARKMAN. Let the committee come to order, please.

A few days ago this statement was issued. I think it is just about as concise a statement as we could have regarding these hearings, and I will just read it:

Public hearings on the problem of low-income families will begin on Monday, December 12, and will continue through December 22. Materials assembled by the staff of the subcommittee and published as a joint committee print entitled "Low-Income Families and Economic Stability," indicate that 10,000,000 American families received less than $2,000 during the highly prosperous year of 1948. The members of the subcommittee will hear expert testimony from Government and private witnesses on the circumstances of these families, and on the effect of their low production and low purchasing power on the economy as a whole. Some of the broad questions of fact and policy on which information is sought are:

1. Will the low production and low purchasing power of this large group of families hinder or prevent the stabilization of the

economy at levels of maximum production and employment? Does the prosperity and progress of all depend upon raising their standards of living?

2. What can be done, in the form of long-run constructive policies, to increase the production and earning capacity of these families, thus making for a more prosperous national economy?

3. What conditions deprive these families of the opportunity to make a larger productive contribution and thus increase their purchasing power? What is the relation between low income and lack of educational opportunity? How successful are the children of low-income families in "pulling out" of that status?

Witnesses have been invited from Federal and local governmental agencies, as well as private research and other groups concerned with these problems. Hearings during the first week will be held in room 224, Senate Office Building, and in room 318, Senate Office Building, during the second week.

I may say that this particular hearing was authorized along with the other hearings that are being held by two other subcommittees of the Joint Committee on the Economic Report, under the terms of Senate Concurrent Resolution 26 adopted last summer by the Eighty

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