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States from 1789 to 1909, published as House Document 671, 61st Congress, 2d session; an earlier edition was published as House Document 562, 55th Congress, 2d session.
The more important proclamations of Presidents Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt are given in the collections of their papers cited on page 314. The Roosevelt papers contain also many of the executive orders. Complete lists of proclamations and executive orders from March 1933 to January 1937 are given on pages 515–624 of Volume 4 (1935) of the Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
There is no assembled index to all the proclamations, but citations to the Statutes at Large containing those prior to March 4, 1931, on certain subjects are given in Index to the Federal Statutes, 1789–1931, as follows:
Page Copyright privileges extended to citizens of foreign countries under acts
of Mar. 4, 1909 (35 Stat. 1075), and Mar. 3, 1891 (26 Stat. 1110), as amended
256 Prohibition of exports under acts of Apr. 22, 1898 (30 Stat. 739), Mar. 14, 1912 (37 Stat. 630), Jan. 31, 1922 (42 Stat. 361)
414 Tariff :
Changes in rates under acts of Sept. 21, 1922 (42 Stat. 941), and June
305 Minimum rates under act of July 24, 1897 (30 Stat. 203)
895 Minimum rates under act of Aug. 5, 1909 (36 Stat. 82) -
304 Reciprocal modifications under act of Oct. 1, 1890 (26 Stat. 612). 895 Suspension of discriminating duties under Sec. 4228, Revised Statutes. 334 Suspension of free entry of sugar and other products under act of Oct. 1, 1890 (26 Stat. 612)--
334 Tonnage charges and duties :
Suspension of tonnage charges under act of July 24, 1897 (30 Stat.
1046 Suspension of tonnage duties under Sec. 4228, Revised Statutes--- 1047
While treaties are proclaimed by the President, they are not included in the proclamation series. Forms of publication of treaties are discussed in Chapter 13. Appointments made by and with the advice and consent of the Senate are listed in the Congressional Record when the nomination is transmitted to the Senate. As a general rule appointments made during a recess of the Senate or those not requiring confirmation cannot be verified in any official publication. Appointments in the Foreign Service are listed in the Department of State Bulletin.
Not all the formal acts of the President are expressed in proclamations or executive orders. While the appointment of a clerk without regard to civil service rules is evidenced by an executive order, the pardon of a prisoner, the commutation of a sentence, and many other acts of the President are evidenced merely by endorsement of the recommendation and without formal publication.
Press statements issued by the White House are given in the published papers of President Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Roosevelt papers contain also many transcripts of the questions and answers at the presidential press conferences.
* Prior to July 1939 they were published in Press Releases issued by the State Department.
A list showing the places of deposit of the unpublished papers of the Presidents was inserted in the Congressional Record on July 13, 1939, during the debate on Senate Joint Resolution 118, which provides for the establishment and maintenance of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, where the manuscript papers of Franklin D. Roosevelt are deposited."
Since 1939 three presidential libraries have been established under the sponsorship of the federal government. Only two similar institutions, the Hayes Memorial Library in Ohio and the Hoover Library at Stanford University in California, had been established prior to 1939.
The Franklin D. Roosevelt Library at Hyde Park, New York, was established by a joint resolution of Congress passed in 1939, which provided for its acceptance and operation by the Archivist of the United States. Under the act of 1955, generally called the Presidential Libraries Act, the Harry S. Truman Library at Independence, Missouri, and the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library at Abilene, Kansas, have been established.
The Hoover Foundation recently announced that a library museum to house papers, books, and documents of Herbert Hoover will be built at the Hoover birthplace park in West Branch, Iowa. The documents now housed at the Hoover Library at Stanford University will be located here.
While not a presidential library, a John Foster Dulles library of diplomatic history is planned by the State Department and Princeton University as a tribute to the former Secretary of State.
Congressional Record, daily ed., July 13, 1939, p. 12646.
SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY ON EXECUTIVE ORDERS Binkley, Wilfred E., The Powers of the President: Problems of American Democ
racy-Garden City, New York, Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1937. Burns, James M., Presidential Government-Houghton Mifflin, 1973. Clark, Keith, and Lawrence Legree, The President and the Management of Na
tional Security—Praeger, 1969. Cochran, Bert, Harry Truman and the Crisis Presidency-Funk and Wagnalls,
1973. Corwin, Edward S., The President-office and Power8. 1787–1957: History and
Analysis of Practice and Opinion–4th rev. ed. New York University Press,
1957 519 pp. Cronin, Thomas E., The State of the Presidency-Brookings Institution, 1974. Cronin, Thomas E., and Sanford D. Greenberg–The Presidential Advisory Sys
tem-Harper and Row, 1969. Donovan, John C., The Policy Maker8—Pegasus, 1970. Duke University School of Law, The Presidential Office, Durham, North Caro
lina, 1956 (from Vol. 21. Law and Contemporary Problems 608). Fisher, Louis, President and Congre88—Free Press, 1972. Haltzman, Abraham, Legislative Liaison: Executive Leadership in Congress
Rand McNally, 1970. Hart, James, The Ordinance Making Powers of the President of the United
States. Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1925. Hart, James, The American Presidency in Action, 1948. Hoopes, Townsend, The Limits of Intervention-McKay, 1969. Hughes, Emmet John, The Living Presidency-Coward, McCann and Geoghegan,
1973. James, Dorothy B., The Contemporary Presidency-Pegasus, 1969. Johnson, Donald B., and Jack L. Walker, Dynamics of the American Presi
dency--Wiley, 1974. Koenig, Louis, The Chief Executive-Harcourt, Brace and Would, 1968. Laski, Harold J., The American Presidency: An Interpretation, London, C. Allen
& Unwin, Ltd., 1940. Liston, Robert, Presidential Power: How Much is too Much ?—McCraw, 1971. Milton, George F., The Use of Presidential Power, 1789–1943, New York, Octagon
Book, 1965. Moe, Ronald C., Congress and the President—Goodyear, 1971. Morgan, Ruth, The President and Civil Rights; Policy-Making by Executive
Order-St. Martin's Press, 1970. Muller, John E., Wade, Presidents and Public Opinion—Wiley, 1973. Polsby, Nelson W., Congress and the Presidency-Prentice-Hall, 1971. Polsby, Nelson W., The Modern Presidency Random House, 1973. Popper, Frank, The President's Commissions—Twentieth Century Fund, 1970. Rankin, Robert S. and Dallmayr, Winfried R., Freedom and Emergency Powers
in the Cold War, New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1964. Reedy, George E., The Presidency in Flux-Columbia University Reedy, George E., The Twilight of the Presidency-Would, 1970. Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., The Imperial Presidency-Houghton Mifflin, 1973. Small, Norman J., Some Presidential Interpretations of the Presidency. Balti
more, Johns Hopkins Press. 1932 (doctoral dissertation, pp. 142–143). Smith, John M. and Cotter, Cornelius P., Powers of the President During Crises.
Washington, Public Affairs Press, 1960. Strum, Philippa, Presidential Power and American Democracy-Goodyear, 1972. Sulzer, George, and Stanley Bach, Perspectives on the Presidency–Heath, 1974. Taft, William Howard, Our Chief Magistrate and His Powers, New York, Columbia University Press, 1938.
Thomas, Norman C., and Hans W. Baade, The Institutionalized Presidency
& Tube Co. v. Sawyer; the Steel Seizure Decision, New York, Macmillan Co.,
1958. Wildanský, Aaron, The Presidency-Little Brown, 1970. Wise, Sidney, and Richard F. Schiev, The Presidential Office-Crowell, 1968.
LAW REVIEW ARTICLES
Office: A discussion of two recent books (Corwin and Hart).
Executive Office of the President.
Without Straw. Edward S. Corwin.
forcement of Executive Orders. Fall 1964–37 Univ. of Colorado Law Review 105. Presidential Legislation by
Commit Forces To Combat.
tional Prerogative or Usurpation. W. T. Reveley III.
Congre88. W. F. Swindler.
Chief. E. P. Deutsch.
Chief: Another View. C. B. Blackmav.
the Power to Wage War. A. M. Beckel.
The War-Making Power. B. M. Goldwater.
War Powers Legislation. An addendum. J. T. Emerson. March 1972–Vill, L. Rev. 17:688. Executive Orders and the Development of
Presidential Power. March 1972—Yale Law Journal 81:672. War-making Under the Constitution, the
Original Understanding. C. A. Lofgren. May 1972–7 Law Revie 50:833. Great Cases Make Bad Law: The War
Powers Act. E. V. Rostow. Spring 1972–U. of M. J. L. Ref. 5:568. Policing the Executive Privilege. Spring 1972—Dick. L. Rev. 76:411. Proposed Legislation Curbing the War Powers
of the President. J. B. Kelly. August 1972—American Bar Asso. Journal 58:809. War Powers: An Invasion of
Presidential Prerogative. J. F. Emerson.