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Away, for your relief! and we will live

Enter SalisBURY. l'o see their day, and them our fortune give : Away, my lord, away!

[Ereunt. Sal. Now, by my sword, well hast thou fought

to-day; SCENE III. - Fields near Saint Alban's. By the mass, so did we all. — I thank you, Richard:

God knows, how long it is I have to live ; Alarum: Retreat. Flourish; then enter YORK,

And it hath pleas'd him, that three times to-day Richard PLANTAGENET, WARWICK, and Soldiers, You have defended me from imminent death. with drum and colours.

Well, lords, we have not got that which we have: York. Of Salisbury, who can report of him ; 'Tis not enough our foes are this time fled, That winter lion, who, in rage, forgets

Being opposites of such repairing nature. Aged contusions and all brush of time;

York. I know, our safety is to follow them, And, like a gallant in the brow of youth,

For, as I hear, the king is filed to London, Repairs him with occasion ? this happy day

To call a present court of parliament. Is not itself, nor have we won one foot,

Let us pursue him, ere the writs go forth: If Salisbury be lost.

What says lord Warwick ? shall we after them ? Rich. My noble father,

War. After them! nay, before them, if we can. Ihree times to-day I holp him to his horse, Now by my faith, lords, 'twas a glorious day : Three times bestrid him, thrice I led him off, Saint Alban's battle, won by famous York, Persuaded him from any further act :

Shall be eterniz'd in all age to come. -But still, where danger was, still there I met him ; Sound, drums and trumpets : - - and to London And like rich hangings in a homely house, So was his will in his old feeble body.

nliu more such days as these to ris befall! (Ereunt. But noble as he is, look where he comes.

all :




Hucu ,

King HENRY THE Sixth.

Sir John MORTIMER, ?

uncles to the Duke of York Edward, Prince of Wales, his sm. Lewis XI. King of France.

Henry, Earl of Richmond, a youth. DUKE OF SOMERSET,

Lord Rivers, brother to Lady Grey. DUKE OF EXETER,


Loris on King Sir John Montgomery.


Tutor to Rutland.

Mayor of York.

Lieutenant of the Tower. RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Duke of York.

A Nobleman.
Fdward, Earl of March, afterwards

Two Keepers.
King Edward IV.

A Huntsman.
EDMUND, Earl of Rutland,

his sons.

A Son that has killed his Father.
GEORGE, afterwards Duke of Clarence,

A Father that has killed his Son.
RICHARD, afterwards Duke of Glocester,


Lady Grey, afterwards Queen to Edward IV. Earl OF WARWICK,

of the Duke of York's Bona, sister to the French Queen. EARL OF PEMBROKE, party. Lord HASTINGS,

Soldiers, and other Attendam" on King Henry and Lord STAFFORD,

King Edward, Messengers, Watchmen, &c. SCENE, — during part of the third Act, in France; during all the rest of the Play, mn ENGLAND.


SCENE I. -- London.. The Parlianient-House. Is either slain, or wounded dangerous :

I cleft his praver with a downright blow; Drums. Some Soldiers of York's Party break in.

That this is true, father, behold his blood. Then, enter the Duke of YORK, Edward,

[Showing his bloody sword. RICHARD, NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, WARWICK, and

Mont. And, brother, here's the earl of Wiltshire's others, with white roses in their hats.


[To York, showing his. War. I wonder, how the king escap'd our hands. Whom I encounter'd as the battles join'd.

York. While we pursu'd the horsemen of the north, Rich. Speak thou for me, and tell them what I did. He slily stole away, and left his men:

[Throwing down the DUKE OF SOMERSET's heard. whereat the great lord of Northumberland,

York. Richard hath best desery'd of all my sons. Whose warlike ears could never brook retreat, What, is your grace dead, my lord of Somerset ? Cheer'd up the drooping army; and himself,

Norf. Such hope have all the line of John of Gaunt' Lord Clifford, and lord Stafford, all a-breast,

Rich. Thus do I hope to shake king Henry s hea.l. Charg'd our main baitle's front, and, breaking in, War. And so do I. - Victorious prince of York, Were by the swords of common soldiers slain. Before I see thee seated in that throne Edw. Lord Stafford's father, duke of Bucking. Which now the house of Lancaster usurps, ham,

I vow by heaven, these eyes sball never close.

lords ;

This is the palace of the fearful king,


Thou art deceivid, I am thine. And this the regal seat : possess it, York,

Exe. For shame, come down; he made thee For this is thine, and not king Henry's heirs'.

duke of York. York. Assist me then, sweet Warwick, and I will ; York. 'Twas my inheritance, as the earldom was. For hither we have broken in by force.

Exe. Thy father was a traitor to the crown. Norf. We'll all assist you ; he, that Aies, shall die. War. Exeter, thou art a traitor to the crown, York. Thanks, gentle Norfolk, - Stay by me, my In following this usurping Henry.

Clif. Whom should he follow, but liis natural And, soldiers, stay, and lodge by me this night.

king? War. And, when the king comes, offer him no War. True, Clifford; and that's Richard, duke violence,

of York. Unless he seek to thrust you out by force.

K. Hen. And shall I stand, and thou sit in my [ They relire.

throne ? York. The queen, this day, here holds her par- York. It must and shall be so. Content thyself. liament,

War. Be duke of Lancaster, let him be king. But little thinks, we shall be of her council :

West. He is both king and duke of Lancaster; By words, or blows, here let us win our right. And that the lord of Westmoreland shall maintain. Rich. Arm'd as we are, let's stay within this house. War. And Warwick shall disprove it. You War. The bloody parliament shall this be call’d,

forget, Unless Plantagenet, duke of York, be king; That we are those, which chas'd you from the field, And bashful Henry depos’d, whose cowardice And slew your fathers, and with colours spread Hath made us by-words to our enemies.

March'd through the city to the palace gates. York. Then leave me not, my lords; be resolute; North. Yes, Warwick, I remember it to my grief; I mean to take possession of my right.

And, by his soul, thou and thy house shall rue it. War. Neither the king, nor he that loves him West. Plantagenet, of thee, and these thy sons, best,

Thy kinsmen and thy friends, I'll have more lives, The proudest he that holds up Lancaster,

Than drops of blood were in my father's veins. Dares stir a wing, if Warwick shake his bells.

Clif. Urge it no more : Jest that, instead of words, I'll plant Plantagenet, root him up who dares :- I send thee, Warwick, such a messenger, Resolve thee, Richard ; claim the English crown. As shall revenge his death, before I stir.

(Warwick leads York to the throne, who War. Poor Clifford ! how I scorn his worthless seats himself.


York. Will you, we show our title to the crown? Flourish. Enter King Henry, Clifford, Nor

If not, our swords shall plead it in the field. THUMBERLAND, WESTMORELAND, EXETER, and

K. Hen. What title hast thou, traitor, to the others, with red roses in their hats.

crown? K. Hen. My lords, look where the sturdy rebel | Thy father was, as thou art, duke of York ; sits,

Thy grandfather Roger Mortimer, earl of March : Even in the chair of state ! belike, he means, I am the son of Henry the Fifth, (Back'd by the power of Warwick, that false peer,) Who made the Dauphin and the French to stoop. To aspire unto the crown, and reign as king. And seiz'd upon their towns and provinces. Earl of Northumberland, he slew thy father; - War. Talk not of France, sith thou hast lost it all. And thine, lord Clifford ; and you both have vow'd K. Hen. The lord protector lost it, and not I; revenge

When I was crown'd, I was but nine months old. On him, his sons, his favourites, and his friends. Rich. You are old enough now, and yet, methinks North. If I be not, heavens be reveng'd on me!

you lose : Clif. The hope thereof makes Clifford mourn in Father, tear the crown from the usurper's head. steel.

Edw. Sweet father, do so; set it on your head. West. What, shall we suffer this ? let's pluck him Mont. Good brother, [to York.] as thou lov'st down:

and honour'st arms, My heart for anger burns, I cannot brook it. Let's fight it out, and not stand cavilling thus.

K. Hen. Be patient, gentle earl of Westmoreland. Rich. Sound drums and trumpets, and the king Clif. Patience is for poltroons, and such as he ;

will fly. He durst not sit there, had your father liv'd.

York. Sons, peace! My gracious lord, here in the parliament

K. Hen. Peace thou! and give king Henry leave Let us assail the family of York.

to speak. North. Well hast thou spoken, cousin ; be it so. War. Plantagenet shall speak first : hear him, K. Hen. Ah, know you not, the city favours them,

lords; And they have troops of soldiers at their beck ? And be you silent and attentive too, Exe. But when the duke is slain, they'll quickly For he, that interrupts him, shall not live. fly.

K. Hen. Think'st thou, that I will leave my K. Hen. Far be the thought of this from Henry's

kingly throne, heart,

Wherein my grandsire, and my father, sat ? To make a shambles of the parliament-house ! No: first shall war unpeople this my realm ; Cousin of Exeter, frowns, words, and threats, Ay, and their colours - often borne in France; Shall be the war that Henry means to use. — And now in England, to our heart's great sorrow,

[They advance to the Duke. Shall be my winding-sheet. Why faint you, lords? Thou factious duke of York, descend my throne, My title's good, and better far than his. And kneel for grace and mercy at my feet ;

War. But prove it, Henry, and thou shalt be I am thy sovereig,.


מן M






K. Hen. Henry the Fourth by conquest got the War. Turn this way, Henry, and regard them York. 'Twas by rebellion against his king.

Exe. They seek revenge, and therefore will not k. Hen. I know not what to say; my title's

yield. weak.

K. Hen. Ah, Exeter! Tell me, may not a king adopt an heir ?


Why should you sigh, my lord. York. What then?

K. Hen. Not for myself, lord Warwick, but my K. Hen. An if he may, then am I lawful king : For Richard, in the view of many lords,

Whom I unnaturally shall disinherit. Resign'd the crown to Henry the Fourth ;

But, be it as it may: – I here entail Whose heir my father was, and I am his.

The crown to thee, and to thine heirs for ever; York. He rose against him, being his sovereign, Conditionally, that here thou take an oath And made him to resign his crown perforce. To cease this civil war, and, whilst I live,

War. Suppose, my lords, he did it unconstrain’d, 1 To honour me as thy king and sovereign; Shink you, 'twere prejudicial to his crown? And neither by treason, nor hostility,

Ere. No; for he could not so resign his crown, To seek to put me down, and reign thyself. But that the next heir should succeed and reign. York. This oath I willingly take, and will perK. Hen. Art thou against us, duke of Exeter ?


[Coming from the throne. Ere. His is the right, and therefore pardon me. War. Long live king Henry! - Plantageret York. Why whisper you, my lords, and answer

embrace him. not?

K. Hen. And long live thou, and these thy forEre. My conscience tells me, he is lawful king.

ward sons ! K. Hen. All will revolt from me, and turn to York. Now York and Lancaster are reconcil'd. him.

Ere. Accurs'd be he that seeks to make them foes! North. Plantagenet, for all the claim thou lay'st,

[Senet. . The Lords come forward. Think not, that Henry shall be so depos'd.

York. Farewell, my gracious lord; I'll to my War. Depos’d he shall be, in despite of all.

castle. North. Thou art deceiv'd : 'tis not thy southern War. And I'll keep London, with my soldiers. power,

Norf. And I to Noriolk, with my followers. Of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, nor of Kent,

Mont. And I unto the sea, from whence I came. Which makes thee thus presumptuous and proud, - (Exeunt York, and his Sons, WARWICK, NorCan set the duke up, in despite of me.

FOLK, MONTAGUE, Soldiers, and Attendants. Clif. King Henry, be thy title right or wrong, K. Hen. And 1, with grief and sorrow, to the Lord Clifford vows to fight in thy defence : May that ground gape, and swallow me alive, Where I shall kneel to him that slew my father!

Enter QUEEN MARGARET and the PRINCE OF WALES. K. Hen. 0 Clifford, how thy words revive my Ere. Here comes the queen, whose looks bewray

heart ! York. Henry of Lancaster, resign thy crown : What mutter you, or what conspire you, lords ? K. Hen. Exeter, so will I.

[Going. War. Do right unto this princely duke of York; Q. Mar. Nay, go not from me, I will follow Or I will fill the house with armed men,

thee. And o'er the chair of state, where now he sits,

K. Hen. Be patient, gentle queen, and I will Write up his title with usurping blood.

stay. [He stamps, and the Soldiers show themselves. Q. Mar. Who can be patient in such extremes ? K. Hen. My lord of Warwick, hear me but one Ah, wretched man! 'would I had died a maid, word ;

And never seen thee, never borne thee son, Let me, for this my life-time, reign as king. Seeing thou hast prov'd so unnatural a father! York. Confirm the crown to me, and to mine Hath he deserv'd to lose his birthright thus ? heirs,

Had'st thou but lov'd him half so well as I; And thou shalt reign in quiet while thou liv'st. Or felt that pain which I did for him once ;

K. Hen. I am content: Richard Plantagenet, Or nourish'd him, as I did with my blood; Enjoy the kingdom after my decease.

Thou wouldst have left thy dearest heart-blood there, Clif. What wrong is this unto the prince your Rather than made that savage duke thine heir,

And disinherited thine only son. War. What good is this to England, and himself? Prince. Father, you cannot disinherit me : West. Base, fearful, and despairing Henry ! If you be king, why should not I succeed? Clif. How hast thou injur'd both thyself and us? K. Hen. Pardon me, Margaret ; — pardon me, West. I cannot stay to hear these articles.

sweet son ;North. Nor I.

The earl of Warwick, and the duke, enforc'd me. Clif. Come, cousin, let us tell the queen these Q. Mar. Enforc'd thee! art thou king, and wilt

be forc'd ? West. Farewell, faint-hearted and degenerate king, I shame to hear thee speak. Ah, timorous wretch: in whose cold blood no spark of honour bides. Thou hast undone thyself, thy son, and me;

North. Be thou a prey unto the house of York, And given unto the house of York such head, And die in bands for this unmanly deed !

As thou shalt reign but by their sufferance. Chif. In dreadful war may'st thou be overcome! To entail him and his heirs unto the crown, Ur live in peace, abandon’d, and despis’d!

What is it, but to make thy sepulchre, [Exeunt NORTHUMBERLAND, CLIFFORD, And creep into it far before thy time? and WESTMORELAND.

Warwick is chancellor, and the lord of Chris;

her anger : I'll steal away.



thee gone.

ber son,

Stern Faulconbridge commands the narrow seas ; Rich. No; God forbid, your grace shou.d be The duke is made protector of the realm ;

forsworn. And yet shalt thou be safe? such safety finds

York. I shall be, if I claim by open war. The trembling lamb, environed with wolves.

Rich. I'll prove the contrary, if you'll hear in Had I been there, which am a silly woman,

speak. The soldiers should have toss'd me on their pikes, York. Thou canst not, son; it is impossible. Before I would have granted to that act.

Rich. An oath is of no moment, being not took But thou preferr’st thy life before thine honour : Before a true and lawful magistrate, And, seeing thou dost, I here divorce myself, That hath authority over him that swears : Both from thy table, Henry, and thy bed,

Henry had none, but did usurp the place ; Until that act of parliament be repealed,

Then, seeing 'twas he that made you to depose, Whereby my son is disinherited.

Your oath, my lord, is vain and frivolous. The northern lords, that have forsworn thy colours, Therefore, to arms. And, father, do but think, Will follow mine, if once they see them spread : How sweet a thing it is to wear a crown; And spread they shall be; to thy foul disgrace, Within whose circuit is Elysium, And utter ruin of the house of York.

And all that poets feign of bliss and joy. Thus do I leave thee : Come, son,


away ; Why do we linger thus? I cannot rest, Our army's ready ; come, we'll after them.

Until the white rose, that I wear, be dyed K. Hen. Stay, gentle Margaret, and hear me Even in the lukewarm blood of Henry's heart. speak.

York. Richard, enough; I will be king, or die. R. Mar. Thou hast spoke too much already; get Brother, thou shalt to London presently,

And whet on Warwick to this enterprise. K. Hen. Gentle son Edward, thou wilt stay with Thou, Richard, shalt unto the duke of Norfolk, me?

And tell him privily of our intent.
Q. Mar. Ay, to be murder'd by his enemies. You, Edward, shall unto my lord Cobham,

Prince. When I return with victory from the field, With whom the Kentish men will willingly rise :
I'll see your grace : till then, I'll follow her. In them I trust; for they are soldiers,
Q. Mar. Come, son, away; we may not linger thus. Witty, courteous, liberal, full of spirit. -

(Exeunt QUEEN MARGARET and the PRINCE. While you are thus employ'd, what resteth more, K. Hen. Poor queen! how love to me, and to But that I seek occasion how to rise ;

And yet the king not privy to my drift, Hath made ber break out into terms of rage ! Nor any of the house of Lancaster ? Reveng'd may she be on that hateful duke ;

Enter u Messenger Whose haughty spirit, winged with desire, Will cost my crown, and, like an empty eagle, But, stay; What news? why com’st thou in such Tire on the desh of me, and of my son ! The loss of those three lords torments my heart : Mess. The queen, with all the northern earls and I'll write unto them, and entreat them fair ;

lords, Come, cousin, you shall be the messenger,

Intend here to besiege you in your castle : Ere. And I, I hope, shall reconcile them all. She is hard by with twenty thousand men ;

(Exeunt. And therefore fortify your hold, my lord.

York. Ay, with my sword. What! think'st thcu, SCENE II. - A Room in Sandal Castle, near

that we fear them ? Wakefield, in Yorkshire.

Edward and Richard, you shall stay with me ;

My brother Montague shall post to London : Enter EDWARD, RICHARD, and MONTAGUE.

Let noble Warwick, Cobham, and the rest, Rich. Brother, though I be youngest, give me Whom we have left protectors of the king, leave.

With powerful policy strengthen themselves, Edw. No, I can better play the orator.

And trust not simple Henry, nor his oaths. Mont. But I have reasons strong and forcible. Mont. Brother, I go; I'll win them, fear it not:

And thus most humbly I do take my leave. [Erit. Enter YORK.

Enter Sir JOHN and Sir Hugh MORTIMER. York. Why, how now, sons and brother, at a strife?

York. Sir John, and Sir Hugh Mortimer, mine What is your quarrel ? how began it first ?

uncles ! Edw. No quarrel, but a slight contention. You are come to Sandal in a happy hour; York. About what ?

The army of the queen mean to besiege us. Rich. About that which concerns your grace, Sir John. She shall not need, we'll meet her in the

field. The crown of England, father, which is yours. York. What, with five thousand men ?

York. Mine, boy ? not till king Henry be dead. Rich. Ay, with five hundred, father, for a need. Rich. Your right depends not on his life, or A woman's general ; what should we fear? death.

(A march afar off Edw. Now you are heir, therefore enjoy it now: Edw. I hear their drums ; let's set our men in By giving the house of Lancaster leave to breathe, It will outrun you, father, in the end.

And issue forth, and bid them battle straight. York. I took an oath, that he should quietly reign. York. Five men to twenty !- though the odds be Edw. But, for a kingdom, any oath may be


I doubt not, uncle, of our victory.
I'd break a thousand oaths, to reign one year. Many a battle have I won in France,

post ?

and us;


order ;

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