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8 1201.102 Functions.
In order to carry out the purpose of the Act, NASA is authorized to con
duct research for the solution of probPART 1201-STATEMENT OF ORGA lems of flight within and outside the
NIZATION AND GENERAL INFOR Earth's atmosphere; to develop, conMATION
struct, test, and operate aeronautical
and space vehicles for research purSubpart 1-Introduction
poses; to operate a space transporta
tion system including the space shutSec.
tle, upper stages, space program, space 1201.100 Creation and authority.
station, and related equipment; and to 1201.101 Purpose.
perform such other activities as may 1201.102 Functions.
be required for the exploration of 1201.103 Administration.
space. The term “aeronautical and
space vehicles” means aircraft, misSubpart 2-Organization
siles, satellites, and other space vehi
cles, together with related equipment, 1201.200 General.
devices, components, and parts. It conSubpart 3—Boards and Committees
ducts activities required for the explo
ration of space with manned and un1201.300 Boards and committees.
manned vehicles and arranges for the
most effective utilization of the scienSubpart 4-General Information
tific and engineering resources of the
United States with other nations en1201.400 NASA procurement program.
gaged in aeronautical and space activi1201.401 Special document depositories.
ties for peaceful purposes. 1201.402 NASA Industrial Applications Centers.
8 1201.103 Administration. AUTHORITY: 5 U.S.C. 552.
(a) NASA is headed by an AdminisSOURCE: 55 FR 37222, Sept. 10, 1990,
trator, who is appointed from civilian unless otherwise noted.
life by the President by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate. The Subpart 1 - Introduction
Administrator is responsible, under
the supervision and direction of the 8 1201.100 Creation and authority.
President, for exercising all powers The National Aeronautics and Space and discharging all duties of NASA. Administration was established by the (b) The Deputy Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Act of NASA is also appointed by the Presi1958 (72 Stat. 426, 42 U.S.C. 2451 et dent from civilian life by and with the seq.), as amended (hereafter called the advice and consent of the Senate. The “Act”).
Deputy Administrator acts with or for
the Administrator within the full 8 1201.101 Purpose.
scope of the Administrator's responsiIt is the purpose of the National
bilities. In the Administrator's abAeronautics and Space Administration
sence, the Deputy Administrator to carry out aeronautical and space ac
serves as Acting Administrator. tivities of the United States. Such activities shall be the responsibility of,
Subpart 2-Organization and shall be directed by, the National Aeronautics and Space Administra
8 1201.200 General. tion, except that activities peculiar to (a) NASA's basic organization conor primarily associated with the devel- sists of the Headquarters, eight field opment of weapons systems, military installations, the Jet Propulsion Labooperations, or the defense of the ratory (a Government-owned, contracUnited States shall be the responsibil. tor-operated facility), and several comity of, and shall be directed by, the ponent installations which report to Department of Defense.
Directors of Field Installations. Re
sponsibility for overall planning, co- pulsion Laboratory and maintaining ordination, and control of NASA pro- contacts with the Space Science Board grams is vested in NASA Headquarters of the National Academy of Sciences, located in Washington, DC. NASA the Space Applications Board, and Headquarters is comprised of:
other science advisory boards and (1) The Office of the Administrator committees. The Office coordinates its which includes the Administrator, program with various government Deputy Administrator, Associate agencies, foreign interests, and the priDeputy Administrator, Assistant vate sector. Its objectives are accomDeputy Administrator, and the Execu plished through research and developtive Officer.
ment in astrophysics, life sciences, (2) Four Program Offices which are Earth sciences and applications, solar responsible for planning, direction, system exploration, space physics, and management of agencywide re communications, microgravity science search and development programs. Of. and applications, and communications ficials-in-Charge of these Program Of and information systems. The Office fices report directly to the Administra also utilizes the space shuttle, expendtor and they consist of:
able launch vehicles, automated space(i) The Office of Aeronautics, Explo- craft, human-occupied spacecraft, ration and Technology which is re- sounding rockets, balloons, aircraft, sponsible for conducting programs to and ground-based research to conduct develop advanced technology to enable its programs. and enhance an aggressive pursuit of (iii) The Office of Space Flight is renational objectives in aeronautics, sponsible for advancing the space space, and transatmospherics, includ- shuttle, for developing Freedom, a pering the National Aero-Space Plane manently manned space station, and Program; to demonstrate the feasibili. for carrying out space transportation ty of this advanced technology in and other associated programs, includground, flight, and in-space facilities ing the management of the Johnson to ensure its early utilization; and to Space Center, Marshall Space Flight ensure the application of agency capa Center, Kennedy Space Center, and bilities and facilities to programs of John C. Stennis Space Center. The other agencies and the United States Office plans, directs, and executes the aerospace industry. The Office is the development, acquisition, testing, and focal point for the Space Exploration operations of all elements of the Space Initiative, a long-term program of ro Transportation System; plans, directs, botic and human exploration which and manages execution of prelaunch, will include sending humans to the launch, flight, landing, postflight opMoon early in the 21st century to es- erations, and payload assignments; tablish a permanent outpost, and then maintains and upgrades the design of conducting human missions to the ground and flight systems throughout planet Mars. In addition, the Office is the operational period; procures recurresponsible for managing the Ames, ring system hardware; manages all Langley, and Lewis Research Centers. U.S. Government civil launch capabili
(ii) The Office of Space Science and ties and spacelab development, proApplications is responsible for efforts curement, and operations; develops to understand the origin, evolution, and implements necessary policy with and structure of the universe, the other government and commercial solar system, and the integrated func. users of the Space Transportation tioning of the Earth. The Office con System; and coordinates all research. ducts space application activities, such The Office is also responsible for manas remote sensing of the Earth, devel. aging and directing all aspects of the oping and understanding microgravity Space Station Freedom Program and processes, and developing and testing achieving the goals established by the advanced space communications as President. These goals include develwell as basic and applied science to fa- oping a permanently manned space cilitate life in space. The Office also is station in the mid-1990's and involving responsible for managing the Goddard other countries in the program, and Space Flight Center and the Jet Pro- promoting scientific research, technology development, and private-sector they also conduct work for the other investment in space. The Johnson program offices. Space Center, the Marshall Space (c) The NASA field installations and Flight Center, the Goddard Space a brief description of their responsibilFlight Center, and the Lewis Research ities are as follows: Center are responsible for developing (1) Ames Research Center, Moffett maior elements of the space station. Field, CA 94035. The Center manages The concept of the Space Station a diverse program of research and deFreedom Program is to privide a velopment in support of the Nation's manned base, initially accommodating aerospace program and maintains a crew of eight people.
unique research and test facilities in. (iv) The Office of Space Operations
cluding wind tunnels, simulators, suis responsible for an array of functions
percomputers, and flight test ranges. critical to operations of this Nation's
Current areas of emphasis include the space programs. They include space
development of aerospace vehicle concraft operations and control centers;
cepts through synergistic application ground and space communications;
of the Center's complete capabilities, data acquisition and processing; flight
ranging from computation and experidynamics and trajectory analyses;
mentation (in wind tunnels and simuspacecraft tracking; and applied re
lators) to flight testing; research in search and development of new tech
support of human adaptation and pro
ductivity in the microgravity environnology. The Space Transportation
ment; and research and development System, Tracking and Data Relay Sat
of human/machine interfaces and ellite System, Deep Space Network,
levels of automation to optimize the Spaceflight Tracking and Data Net
operation of future aerospace systems, work, and various other facilities currently provide the requirements for
as well as future hypersonic vehicles
and probes. Specifically, the Center's NASA's space missions. A global com
major program responsibilities are munications system links tracking
concentrated in computational and exsites, control centers, and data proc
perimental fluid dynamics and aerodyessing facilities that provide real-time
namics; fluid and thermal physics; data processing for mission control,
rotorcraft, powered-lift, and high-perorbit, and attitude determination, and
formance aircraft technology; flight routine processing of telemetry data
simulation and research; controls and for space missions.
guidance; aerospace human factors; (3) Thirteen Headquarters Offices
automation sciences, space and life sciwhich provide agencywide leadership
ences; airborne sciences and applicain management and administrative
tions; space biology and medicine; and processes. Officials-in-Charge of these
ground and flight projects in support offices report to the Administrator.
of aeronautics and space technology. (b) Directors of NASA Field Installa. In addition to these major program retions and other component installa- sponsibilities, the Center provides suptions are responsible for execution of
port for military programs and major NASA's programs, largely through agency projects such as the Space contracts with research, development, Transportation System, Space Station, and manufacturing enterprises. A and the National Aero-Space Plane. broad range of research and develop (2) Goddard Space Flight Center, ment activities are conducted at NASA Greenbelt, MD 20771. The Center confield installations and other compo- ducts Earth-orbital spacecraft and exnent installations by Government-em- periment development flight operployed scientists, engineers, and tech ations. It develops and operates track. nicians to evaluate new concepts and ing and data acquisition systems and phenomena and to maintain the capa- conducts supporting mission operbility required to manage contracts ations. It also develops and operates with private enterprises. Although spacelab payloads; space physics rethese field installations have a pri- search program; Earth science and apmary program responsibility to the plications programs; life science proprogram office to which they report, grams; information systems technology; sounding rockets and sounding the design and development of the rocket payloads; launch vehicles; bal. power generation, storage, and distriloons and balloon experiments; plane. bution system for Space Station Freetary science experiments; and sensors dom. The Center is also responsible for environmental monitoring and for conducting research and technoloocean dynamics.
gy activities in the following areas: air(3) John F. Kennedy Space Center, breathing propulsion systems, includKennedy Space Center, FL 32899. The ing those needed for the National Center designs, constructs, operates, Aero-Space Plane; turbomachinery and maintains space vehicle facilities thermodynamics and aerodynamics; and ground support equipment for fuel and combustion; aero and space launch and recovery operations. The propulsion systems; space power; Center is also responsible for pre- power transmission; tribology; internal launch operations, launch operations, engine computational fluid dynamics; and payload processing for the space materials; structural analysis; instrushuttle and expendable launch vehicle mentation; space communications, inprograms, and landing operations for cluding design and development of the the space shuttle orbiter; also recovery Advanced Communications Technoloand refurbishment of the reusable gy Satellite (ACTS); the ACTS experisolid rocket booster.
ments program; design, development, (4) Langley Research Center, Hamp- and fabrication of microgravity space ton, VA 23665. The Center performs experiments; and the procurement of research in long-haul aircraft technol. intermediate and large-class expendogy; general aviation commuter air. able launch vehicle launch services. craft technology; military aircraft and The Center also plays an important missile technology; National Aero- role in planning the Space Exploration Space Plane; fundamental aerodynam Initiative and in implementing the Exics; computational fluid dynamics; pro- ploration Technology Program. In adpulsion/airframe integration; un dition, the Center provides research steady aerodynamics and aeroelasti- and technology support to the Departcity; hypersonic propulsion; aerospace ment of Defense and assists the priacoustics; aerospace vehicle structures vate sector in identifying potential inand materials; computational structur dustrial applications and commercialal mechanics; space structures and dy- ization of NASA-developed technolonamics; controls/structures interac- gy. tion; aeroservoelasticity; interdiscipli- (6) Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, nary research; aerothermodynamics; Houston, TX 77058. The Center manaircraft flight management and oper ages the development and operation of ating procedures; advanced displays; the space shuttle, a manned space computer science; electromagnetics; transportation system developed for automation and robotics; reliable, the United States by NASA. The shutfault-tolerant systems and software; tle is designed to reduce the cost of aircraft flight control systems; ad- using space for commercial, scientific, vanced space vehicle configurations; and defense needs. The Center is readvanced space station development; sponsible for development, production, technology experiments in space; delivery, and flight operation of the remote sensor and data acquisition orbiter vehicle, that portion of the and communication technology; space space shuttle that is designed to take electronics and control systems; plane- crew and experiments into space, place tary entry technology; nondestructive satellites in orbit, retrieve ailing satelevaluation and measurements technol. lites, etc. The shuttle crew (up to ogy; atmospheric sciences; Earth radi- seven people) includes pilots, mission ation budget; atmospheric dynamics; specialists, and payload specialists. space power conversion and transmis- Crew personnel (other than payload sion; space environmental effects; and specialists) are recruited, selected, and systems analysis of advanced aero- trained by the Center. It is also respace vehicles.
sponsible for design, development, and (5) Lewis Research Center, Cleve- testing of spaceflight payloads and asland, OH 44135. The Center manages sociated systems for manned flight; for planning and conducting manned prevent and detect fraud and abuse in spaceflight missions; and for directing these programs and operations. The medical, engineering, and scientific ex. Inspector General must report expediperiments that are helping us under tiously to the Attorney General whenstand and improve the environment. ever the Inspector General has reasonFor the space station program, the able grounds to believe there has been Center provides support in the areas
a violation of Federal criminal law. of headquarters level A responsibilities
The Inspector General is responsible and project management.
for keeping the Administrator and (7) George C. Marshall Space Flight
Congress fully and currently inCenter, Marshall Space Flight Center,
formed, by reports concerning fraud AL 35812. The Center manages, devel
and other serious problems, abuses, ops, and tests the External Tank,
and deficiencies related to NASA's Solid Rocket Booster, and main en
programs and operations, for recomgines, which are major portions of the space shuttle project; oversees the de
mending corrective actions, and for revelopment of the U.S. Spacelab; man
porting on the progress in implementages the space telescope; and conducts
ing such corrective actions. The Inresearch in structural systems, materi
spector General reports to the Adminals science engineering, electronics,
istrator, but neither the Administrator guidance, navigation, and control. nor the Deputy Administrator can pre
(8) John C. Stennis Space Center, vent or prohibit the Inspector General Stennis Space Center, MS 39529. The from initiating, carrying out, or comCenter plans and manages research pleting any audit or investigation, or and development activities in the field from issuing any subpoena under auof space and terrestrial applications; thority of the Inspector General Act. space flight; research in oceanogra In carrying out the responsibilities, phy, meteorology, and environmental the Inspector General shall comply sciences. The Center coordinates re
with standards established by the search between the Administration
Comptroller General of the United and other government agencies.
States for audits of governmental or(d) The NASA Office of Inspector
ganizations, programs, activities, and General is established pursuant to Act
functions. The Inspector General reof Congress, Public Law 95-452, as
ports to Congress on a semiannual amended, 5 U.S.C. App. III. The In
basis, summarizing the activities of the spector General is appointed by the
office. These reports are available to President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, without regard
the public upon request within 60 days to political affiliation and solely on
of their transmission to the Congress. the basis of integrity and demonstrat
Anyone wishing to report instances of ed ability in accounting, auditing, fi
fraud, waste, or mismanagement in nancial analysis, law, management
NASA's programs and operations can analysis, public administration, or in
call the Inspector General Hotline at vestigations. The Inspector General
755-3402 in the Washington, DC, area appoints an Assistant Inspector Gen- or toll free (800) 424-9183 for all other eral for Auditing, who is responsible areas. The office maintains a 24-hour for supervising the performance of au- answering service. Identities of comditing activities relating to NASA's plainants can be kept confidential. programs and operations, and an As- Written complaints can be sent to the sistant Inspector General for Investi. NASA Inspector General, P.O. Box gations, who is reponsible for supervis- 23089, L'Enfant Plaza Station, Wash
the periormance of NASA's inves- ington, DC 20026. tigative activities. It is the duty and
(e) For more detailed description of responsibility of the Inspector General
NASA's organizational structure, see to provide policy direction, to conduct,
the “U.S. Government Manual.” supervise and coordinate audits and investigations related to NASA's programs and operations in order to promote economy and efficiency, and to