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FORWORD

This compilation contains the Shipping Act of 1984, the Foreign Shipping Practices Act of 1988, the Shipping Act of 1916, the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, and certain related Acts, all as amended through June 30, 2000.

Because of the significance and importance of new amendments to these laws, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure felt there was a need to publish this compilation for handy use and reference.

The Committee hopes that this latest revision will be helpful to all of those who are interested in the marine transportation programs of our Nation.

BUD SHUSTER, Chairman, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.

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SHIPPING ACT OF 1984

SHIPPING ACT OF 1984

(Public Law 98–237; Approved March 20, 1984; 98 Stat. 67)

AN ACT To improve the international ocean commerce transportation system of the

United States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, [46 App. U.S.C. 1701 note] That this Act may be cited as the “Shipping Act of 1984".

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sec. 2. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 3. Definitions.
Sec. 4. Agreements within scope of Act.
Sec. 5. Agreements.
Sec. 6. Action on agreements.
Sec. 7. Exemption from antitrust laws.
Sec. 8. Tariffs.
Sec. 9. Controlled carriers.
Sec. 10. Prohibited acts.
Sec. 11. Complaints, investigations, reports, and reparations.
Sec. 12. Subpoenas and discovery.
Sec. 13. Penalties.
Sec. 14. Commission orders.
Sec. 15. Reports and certificates.
Sec. 16. Exemptions.
Sec. 17. Regulations.
Sec. 18. Agency reports and advisory commission.
Sec. 19. Ocean freight forwarders.
Sec. 20. Repeals and conforming amendments.
Sec. 21. Effective date.
Sec. 22. Compliance with Budget Act.
Sec. 23. Surety for non-vessel-operating common carriers.
SEC. 2. (46 App. U.S.C. 1701) DECLARATION OF POLICY.
The purposes of this Act are

(1) to establish a nondiscriminatory regulatory process for the common carriage of goods by water in the foreign commerce of the United States with a minimum of government intervention and regulatory costs;

(2) to provide an efficient and economic transportation system in the ocean commerce of the United States that is, insofar as possible, in harmony with, and responsive to, international shipping practices;

(3) to encourage the development of an economically sound and efficient United States-flag liner fleet capable of meeting national security needs; and

(4) to promote the growth and development of United States exports through competitive and efficient ocean transportation and by placing a greater reliance on the marketplace.

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