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TABLE 5.-Number of employers excluded by size-of-firm restrictions of State uno

employment insurance laws, by industry division, 36 States, March 1951 1

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138, 181367

74, 931

185

48 352 (5)

37 36 632 270 159 717 399 179

Alabama.
Arizona..
Colorado
Connecticut.
Florida.
Georgia.
INinois.
Indiana.
Iowa...
Kansas
Kentucky.
Louisiana.
Maine
Michigan
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Nebraska.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New York.
North Carolina..
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee
Texas.
Vermont.
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin.

26, 349

6, 290 21, 851 25, 499 48, 764 34, 364 131, 998 54, 280 43, 450 31, 476 21, 033 20, 091 14,819 88, 315 22, 109 17, 428 59, 219 21, 713

6, 995 62, 732 224, 433 38, 018

8, 268 65, 832 29, 547 20, 764

8, 992 19, 373 10, 048 32, 320 114, 288

5, 986 37, 308 21, 470 48, 629

222
34
40
276
79

1, 389

584
2, 222
3, 380
4, 706
2, 079
10, 327
4, 743
3, 756
2, 559
1,488
1, 206
1, 299
8, 916
1. 649

971
4, 580
1, 910

801 7, 203 13, 705 2,683

577 6, 173 2, 316 1, 751 1,018 1, 204

801 2, 216 10, 803

525 3, 318 1, 317 6, 122

1, 903

162 1,021 1,057 2, 497 2, 660 6, 293 2, 540 1, 679 1, 125

686

802 1, 913 5, 121 1,469 1, 338 2, 827

748

515 2,878 13, 412 2, 796

224 2, 467 1, 025 1, 904

538 1, 273

343 1, 955 4, 224

513 2,058 1, 201 3, 184

741 125 579 499 962

794
3, 782
1, 581
1, 981
1, 127

704
615

638
2, 165
1,094

397 1, 825

736

286 1, 807 5. 464 1, 124

269 1, 833

765 881 190 476

12, 165 1, 757 6, 601
2, 555 389 2, 134
8. 776 1, 789 5, 937
10, 231 1,930 7, 180
19,113 4,066 13, 198
15. 424 2, 226 8,700
55, 088 21, 234 29, 936
25, 867 3, 892 12, 948
21, 571 2, 918 9, 320
15, 290 2, 103 7, 138
9, 377 1, 339 5, 675
9, 024 1, 251 5, 214
6, 210 801 3,060
41, 175 5,425 21, 460
12, 309 886 4, 026
8, 649 796

3, 884
27, 078 5, 862 14, 077
10, 713

1, 641 4, 928 2, 865 429 1, 746 25, 979 6, 563

15, 388 86, 902 37, 975 56, 683 16, 905

2, 004 9, 740 4, 705 533 1, 659 27, 117 5, 56120, 195 13, 128

1,952 7, 554 7, 846 1, 315 5, 311 3, 920 618 2, 268 9, 335 1, 105

4, 515 5, 347 652 2,067 15, 186 2,092 8, 166 49, 261 7, 110 29, 552

2, 447 285 1, 379 15, 625 2, 731 9, 162 9, 086 1, 367 5, 355 22, 571 3, 584

1, 608

293 1, 175 1, 204 4, 185 2, 445 4,806 2, 439 2,066 1, 417 1, 365 1,800

880 3,831

642 1, 353 2,694

958

346 2,884 9, 964 2, 718

278 1, 948 1, 791 1, 714

438 1, 449

404 1, 737 8, 133

549 2,868 1, 066 1, 483

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30 328 48

538 1,016

42

410

193 2, 340

293 1, 245

104

775 2, 865

275 1, 253

833 1, 666

10. 915

1 Estimates based on data furnished by Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance.

* Represents single-unit employers whose March 1951 BOASI employment is less than the minimum numbers of workers requiring an employer to become subject to the State unemployment insurance law, for the 35 States with size-of-firm restrictions.

3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. * Includes agriculture, forestry, and fishing, not shown separately; also data for establishments not classi! fled by industry.

5 Less than 25.

TABLE 6.—Percentage distribution of workers excluded by size-of-firm restrictions of

State unemployment insurance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951

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Alabama
Arizona
Colorado
Connecticut.
Florida.
Georgia.
Nilinois.
Indlana
Iowa
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine..
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Nebraska
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New York.
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio
Oklahoma.
Oregon..
Rhode Island.
South Carolina
South Dakota.
Tennessee..
Texas.
Vermont.
Virginia.
West Virginia
Wisconsin.

76, 507

8, 556 58, 288 41, 356 133, 753 101, 588 279, 299 143, 626 110, 443 81, 996 35, 860 35, 086 36, 161 231, 098 60, 095 50, 120 154, 839 56,268 11, 471 103, 609 369, 004 109, 707 20, 800 86, 672 79, 088 34, 736 14, 705 55, 974 25, 442 91, 599 312, 009

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

9.7 2.6 6.7 4.6 6.5 10.4 5.9 5.8 4.9 4.3 3.6 4.4 15.4 7.3 8.1 10.2 6.1 4.4 7.9 5.0 6.5 9.6 3.4 4.0 4.3 9.5 6.8 9.0 4. 5 7.8 4.6 10.8 7.0 7.2 7.4

3.0 2.1 2.6 2.0 2.1 2.5 3.3 2.9 4.4 3.6 3.5 3.1 4.5 2.5 4.5 2.3 3.0 3.3 3.9 3.1 2.6 3.2 3.3 2.6 2.8 4.2 2.3 2.7 4.0 2.4 2.7 4.9 3.4 4.0 3.4

7.3 6.4 9. 2 10.4 8.4 6.4 8.5 8.,8 11.2 11.8 6.2 8.5 7.1 10.1 8.9 8.7 11.7 7.4 7.8 8.0 11.2

46.8
41.4
44. 1
42.0
41.3
46.1
45. 2
51.8
53.9
51.2
46.8
46.4
43.5
50.1
55.6
51.0
48.7
53.2
43.4
43.2
41.0
46.8
60.1
42. 1
47.8
39.6
44. 3
49.7
56.7
49.0
45.4
45.4
44.3
44.2
48. 2

6.0 5.6 7.2 7.1 7.4 5.6 12.1 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.0 6.0 5. 3 5. 2 5.1 4.3 8.4 7.3 6.1 9.8 15.6 4.7 6. 3 8.6 6.4 6.1 7.1 5. 2 6.4 5.4 5.5 5.0 6.3 5.9 6.9

22.0 33.6 22.7 26.0 23. 7 21.7 20.8 19.9 17.5 18.9 25.0 24.7 17.0 20.6 15. 1 19.1 20.7 19.0 23. 1 23.0 23.8 21.0 16.9 30.4 21.2 24. 2 23.4 19.3 17.1 21.9 22.4 18.6 21.0 21.5 19.4

5.5 4.9 4.5 4.5 7.6 6.3 3.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 5.9 8.2 5.0 3. 5 2.9 6.5 3.9 3.6 4. 3 4. 2 4.1 6.1 2.5 1.4 4.9 7.6 4.5 6.7 3.2 4.6 6.0 6.3 6.5 4.1 2.6

.1

14,894 102, 183

56, 871 105, 799

8.6 10.4

6.8 11.9

.1 .3 .8 3.7

.2 .1 .1

.8 2. 2

.1 1.1 6.2 .2

1 Estimates of excluded employment based on data furnished by Bureau of Old-Age

and Survivors Insurance. Represents employment of single-unit employers whose March 1951 BOASI employment is less than the minimum number of workers requiring an employer to become subject to the State unemployment insurance law, for the 35 States with size-of-firm restrictions.

Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. • Includes agriculture, forestry, and fishing; also data for establishments not classified by industry.

TABLE 7.Percentage distribution of employers excluded by size-of-firm restrictions

of State unemployment insurance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951

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6.7

.8

2.6

4. 7
4.1
5.1
7. 7

4.8

2.0 2.6 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.9 2. 9 4.6 3.6 3. 3 3.1 4. 3

.

2.5

4.9

2.3

Alabama
Arizona.
Colorado.
Connecticut
Florida.
Georgia.
Illinois.
Indiana.
Iowa.
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Nebraska
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Vermont-
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin

26, 349

6, 290 21,851 25, 499 48, 764 34, 364 131, 998 54, 280 43, 450 31, 476 21, 033 20, 091 14,819 88, 315 22, 109 17, 428 59, 219 21, 713

6,995 62, 732 224, 433 38, 018

8, 268 65, 832 29, 547 20, 764

8, 992 19, 373 10, 048 32, 320 114, 288

5, 986 37, 308 21, 470 48, 629

100. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1.6
.1
.1

1
.4
.5
.4
2. 3
1.9
.9

1 .3 .2 .3 5 4 .1

1 .1 .1 .1 .8 3.4 .2

1 .1 .1 .6 2.0 .1 .8 5.8

2

9.3 10.2 13.3 9.6 6.0 7.8 8.7 8.6 8. 1 7.1 6.0 8.8 10.1 7.5 5.6 7.7 8.8 11.5 11.5 6.1 7.1 7.0 9.4 7.8 8.4 11. 3 6.2 8.0 6.9 9.5 8.8 8.9 6.1 10.5

4.7 3.9 3.6 3.3 4.0 12.9 5.8 6.6 7.7 4.8 3.4 7.4 4.6 6.0 7.4 2.7 3.7 3.5 9. 2 6.0 6.6 3.4 6.0 3.7 8.6 5. 5 5.6 6.5

3.1 3.4 4.1 2.9 2.4 3.0 3. 3 2.8 2.6 4. 2 2.1 2.5 4.1 2.4 2.5 4.6 3.4 3.9 3.4

46.2 40.6 40.2 40.1 39. 2 44.9 41.7 47.7 49.6 48.6 44.6 44. 9 41.9 46.6 55.7 49.6 45.7 49.3 41.0 41.4 38. 7 44.5 56.9 41. 2 44.4 37.8 43.6 48. 2 53.2 47.0 43. 1 40.9 41.9 42.3 46.4

6.2 8.2 7.6 8.3 6.5 16.1 7.2 6.7 6. 7 6.4 6. 2 5.4 6.1 4.0 4.6 9.9 7.6 6.1 10.5 16.9 5. 3 6.4 8.4 6.6 6. 3 6.9 5.7 6.5 6.5 6.2 4.8 7.3 6.4 7.4

25.1 33.9 27.2 28.2 27.1 25. 3 22.7 23.9 21.4 22.7 27.0 26.0 20.6 24. 3 18. 2 22. 3 23.8 22.7 25.0 24.5 25. 3 25.6 20.1 30.7 25.6 25. 6 25. 2 23.3 20.6 25. 3 25.9 23.0 24.6 24.9 22.4

6.1 4.7 5.4 4. 7 8.6 7.1 3.6 4.5 4.8 4. 5 6.5 9.0 5. 9 4. 3 2.9 7.8 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.6 4.4 7.1 3.4 • 3.0 6.1 8.3 4.9 7.5 4.0 5.4 7.1 9. 2 7. 7 5.0

3.0

1 Estimates of employers based on data furnished by Bureau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance. 2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. 3 Includes agriculture, forestry, and fishing; also data for establishments not classified by industry.

TABLE 8.Percentage increase in covered employment if, size-of-firm restrictions

are removed from State unemployment insurance laws, by industry division, 35 States, March 1951 1

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3.1

.6 10.9

3.3
1.3
5.7

1.9 3.1 2.7 5.6 24. 5 13. 2 1.2 1.2

67.3 15.4 62.3 33.6 49.8 60.7 31.1 63.8 80.6 93.4 30.4 20.7 87. 2 53. 3 17.0 63.8 51.0

Alabama.
Arizona.
Colorado
Connecticut
Florida..
Georgia.
Illinois
Indiana.
Iowa.
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maine.
Michigan.
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Nebraska.
New Hampshire..
New Jersey
New York..
North Carolina.
North Dakota..
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon
Rhode Island,
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia.
Wisconsin

17.6

7.2 27.2

6.2 28.7 17.8 11.5 14.5 30.8 29. 2 8.8 7.3 21.2 13. 2 10.9 26.0 19.0 33.1 8.8 7.5 8.3 15.7 47.6

3.8 27.2 11.0

5.9 16.4 51.3 17.5 23.6 24.1 19.0 14. 9 13. 7

4.0

.7 4.4 12.0 23.9

18.8

5.6 37.5 17.8 29.9 19.8 24. 2 32.0 57.4 29.9 9.8 4.9 72.4 40. 2 15.4 20.3 33.4 47.7 26.7 15.9 11.5 18.9 36.2

8.0 30.0 14.7 17.2 18.7 53. 2 18. 8 27.2 65.4 24. 2 27.9 38. 6

7.6 1.6 6.1 2. 7 5.9 6.5 5.6 7.3 16.9 10.7 4.5 1.7 17.2 5.9 6.2 8.1 6.7 11.0 6.3 3. 2 2.4 10.0 13.6 1.7 6.3 4.8 2.5 10.0 20.0 7.0 5.6 18.6 8.4 8.9 7.5

40.7

8.8 36.2 15. 2 33.9 35.0 22.7 41.1 54.8 55. 2 17.0 12.5 48.4 39.8 18.8 52.9 33.5 48.9 21.5 18.2 13.7 40.8 57.0

7.3 45. 5 15.8 14.1 46.8 65.6 36.6 36.7 58.8 35. 2 42.6 31.5

8.5 3.6 1.3 1.3 3.4 3.3

.9 1.1 5. 1 1.5 2. 5 5.9 2.6 5.0 1.1

.6 1.2 2.5 14.8

.3 5. 2 2.5

.6 2.3 11.6 2.8 3.8 4. 3 3.0 3.0 1.7

34.7

9.3 42. 3

8.5 46.6 27.9 29.7 34. 3 43.8 53.8 16.5 12.1 42.1 27.5 10.1 43.4 32.8 34.1 18.3 21.2 17.0 31.1 66.1 10.3 40.5 16.3 10.8 47.0 71.1 26.0 29.7 33.0 31.3 52.6 29.0

68.7.

1. 2 5.4 5.0 9.7 2.6 7.1 6.1

41.1 27.1 19.4 66.8 90.8 18.0 70.4 31.4 28.8 72. 5 106.2 53.6 63.9 96.1 59.9 68. 2 41.7

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5.1 4. 2 6.5 6.7

5.1 2.9 8.4

1 Data on employment of covered workers reported by State employment security agencies. : Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

TABLE 9.-Summary distribution of States by minimum size of firms covered under

State laws, specified dates, 1937–54

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1 In most States, specified number of workers must be employed for a stated period during a calendar year (usually 20 weeks). In some States the size of an employer's payroll is an alternative, additional, or sole factor in establishing whether or not he is subject. States with size-of-payroll requirements only are listed as covering employers of 1 or more.

2 Includes Wisconsin: Firms employing 8 or more in current year covered as of Jan. 1 of that year; firms employing 7 or more in 18 weeks during 1937 covered as of Jan. 1, 1938.

3 Includes Wisconsin: Firms employing 8 or more in current year covered as of Jan. 1 of that year; firms employing 6 or more during 1938 or subsequent years subject as of Jan. 1 of ensuing year.

* Includes Minnesota: Services for employers not subject to Federal unemployment tax and located outside the corporate limits of a city, village, or borough of 10,000 population are excluded; and New Mexico; employers with $450 quarterly payroll, or 2 in 13 weeks.

07 States cover employers of 1 or more at any time; in 4 States, coverage is based solely on size of payroll in a specified period; in remaining States, employment must extend for a specified period.

TABLE 10.—Contributions: Size-of-firm distribution of rated accounts and assigned contribution rates, 48 States," rate years beginning in 1953

(Data corrected to May 18, 1954)
NUMBER OF ACCOUNTS

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1 Excludes data for Alaska, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island since these States did not assign any reduced rates for 1953 rate year. Also excludes data for Oklahoma since data based on contribution rates effective July 1, 1953, are not available.

3 Percent of taxable payroll.

• Standard rate for all States is 2.7 percent. In Michigan seasonal employers (28 in 1953) are not rated but assigned a flat 3 percent

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