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General Statement

The Purchase of Books program is administered by the Office of the Assistant Librarian for Processing
Services, in conjunction with the Collections Development office and the Law Librarian, and provides for the
acquisition of books and other materials for use in the Library of Congress. It covers the purchase of materials
for the Library's general collections and for the Law Library. Although materials come to the Library through
copyright deposits, transfer from Federal Agencies, gift, domestic and international exchange, and by provisions
of State and Federal law, the material acquired through purchase augments these other sources of 11brary materials
both foreign and U. S. - in a fundamental way. The Library's foreign offices and arrangements with book dealers,
agents, and publishers assure the prompt acquisition of current foreign books of research value, especially from
those African, Asian, and Latin American countries, whose situation presents difficult problems in the identifica-
tion, selection, and acquisition of 11brary materials.

Management objectives for 1988 are to improve the quality of the Library's acquisitions and provide a
better selection of material, more rapidly, for Congress, scholars, and the Library's staff.

A total of $5,372,000 18 required to support this program in fiscal 1988. An increase of $856,000 1s requested to offset loss in purchasing power due to escalating book prices and the declining value of the U.S. dollar versus foreign currencies.

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$ 5,372,000

+ $

856,000

+ $ 856,000

Books and 11brary materials (GENPAC) . + $776,200
Books and 11brary materials (Law) .... + 79,800

An increase of $856,000 is requested to maintain purchasing power for books and
other materials for the general collections and for the collections of the Law Library.
$776,200 of this total is needed to recover from price escalations of 19.5 percent for
materials for the general collections, and $79,800 is needed to offset an increase of
14.9 percent in the cost of law materials. If purchasing power is not sustained at the
level existing prior to the precipitous decline in the value of the U.S. dollar, the
Library will suffer the loss to its acquisitions program of approximately 20,000 new
books and 4,000 subscriptions to current serials and periodicals per year. Such a sharp
diminution of receipts of these important research materials would critically weaken the
Library's collections and drastically reduce the Library's ability to provide the
Congress, other government agencies and the public, with essential reference service.

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Books & Library Materials (GENPAC) $3,980,500

$

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Books & Library Materials (Law)

535,500

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Purchase of Books

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(1) Permanent positions .... 1300 $42,026,215 1300 (2) Indef. positions (U.S.) (2) 50,028 (6) (3) Indef. positions (local) (135) 1,317,751 (135)

1300 $43,393,994 1300 (137)

(141)

$42,026,215 +$

203,438 (+4)+ 153,410 1,317,751 $43, 547,404 +$ 153,410

(+4)

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The Preparation of Books activity is administered by the Office of the Assistant Librarian for Processing Services and provides for the preparation of books and other library materials for the collections of the Library of Congress. It includes the receipt and processing of materials from all over the world and the creation of the bibliographic records, which not only assure access to the Library's vast collections, but also provide basic bibliographic information in standard formats for libraries throughout the United States and the world. Other 11braries benefit from the extensive cataloging knowledge, linguistic skills and subject expertise of the Library's catalogers by purchasing the catalog cards, magnetic tapes, and book and microfiche catalogs from the Cataloging Distribution Service. Costly duplication of effort is thereby eliminated and research access to knowledge facilitated in all the nation's libraries.

In addition to the Preparation of Books, Processing Services administers the Purchase of Books and
Cataloging Distribution Service programs, each described under its own heading.

In

Management objectives in fiscal 1988 are directed primarily to continuing the preparation of books at the current level, including continuation of our field operations for materials from Pakistan and Iran. addition, the Library requests support for the conversion of serials data to machine-readable form and for a three-year program to review and revise the cross reference structure in the Library of Congress Subject Headings list.

A total of $47,779,505 is required to accomplish these objectives in fiscal 1988. This represents an increase of $869,784 over fiscal 1987. of this amount, $415,634 is a transfer of funding responsibility ($88,474 for one position, $316,800 for local services, and $10,360 for non-personal services in the United States) from the Special Foreign Currency Program, including a 10 percent inflationary increase to meet rising costs in Pakistan. (This transfer concludes the Special Foreign currency program at the Library of Congress.) An increase of $200,000 18 required to support the ongoing conversion of seriale data to machine-readable form. An annual increase of $153,410 for a period of three years 1s requested to review and revise the Library's subject heading cross reference structure. The remaining $100,740 18 requested to meet inflationary increases in non-personal support services and in selected overseas programs.

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