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them that are regenerated; whereby the lust | ART. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. of the flesh, called in Greek, póunua sapkos,
Not every deadly sin, willingly committed which some do expound the Wisdom, some after baptism, is sin against the Holy GHOST, Sensuality, some the Affection, some the Desire
and unpardonable. Wherefore the grant of of the Flesh, is not subject to the law of God.
repentance is not to be denied to such as fall And although there is no condemnation for them
into sin after baptism. After we have received that believe and are baptized; yet the Apostle
the HOLY GHOST, we may depart from grace doth confess, that concupiscence and lust hath
given, and fall into sin, and by the grace of God of itself the nature of sin.
(we may) arise again, and amend our lives.
And therefore they are to be condemned, which Art. X. Of Free-Will.
say, they can no more sin as long as they live The condition of man after the fall of Adam here, or deny the place of forgiveness to such is such, that he cannot turn and prepare him as truly repent. self, by his own natural strength and good ART. XVII. Of Predestination and Election. works, to faith, and calling upon God: where. fore we have no power to do good works pleasant
Predestination to life is the everlasting pur. and acceptable to God, without the grace of
pose of God, whereby (before the foundations God by CHRIST preventing us, that we may
of the world were laid) he hath constantly have a good will, and working with us when
decreed, by his counsel, secret to us, to deliver we have that good will.
from curse and damnation, those whom he hath
chosen in CHRIST out of mankind, and to bring Art. XI. Of the Justification of Man. them by CHRIST to everlasting salvation, as
vessels made to honour. Wherefore they which We are accounted righteous before God, only
be endued with so excellent a benefit of GOD, for the merit of our Lord and Saviour JESUS
be called according to God's purpose by his CHRIST by faith ; and not for our own works
SPIRIT working in due season : they through or deservings. Wherefore, that we are justified
grace obey the calling : they be justified freely : by faith only, is a most wholesome doctrine,
they be made sons of God by adoption: they and very full of comfort, as more largely is
be made like the image of his only begotten expressed in the Homily of Justification.
Son JESUS CHRIST : they walk religiously in ART. XII. Of good Works,
good works; and at length by God's mercy
they attain to everlasting felicity. Albeit that good works, which are the fruits
As the godly consideration of predestination, of faith, and follow after justification, cannot and our election in CHRIST, is full of sweet, put away our sins, and endure the severity of
pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly God's judgment; yet are they pleasing and persons, and such as feel in themselves the acceptable to God in CHRIST, and do spring out working of the SPIRIT of CHRIST, mortifying necessarily of a true and lively faith; insomuch the works of the flesh and their earthly memthat by them a lively faith may be as evidently bers, and drawing up their mind to high and known, as a tree discerned by the fruit.
heavenly things, as well because it doth greatly
establish and confirm their faith of eternal ART. XIII. Of Works before Justification. salvation, to be enjoyed through CHRIST, as Works done before the grace of CHRIST, and
because it doth fervently kindle their love the inspiration of his SPIRIT, are not pleasant to
towards GOD : so, for curious and carnal per. GOD, forasmuch as they spring not of faith in
sons, lacking the Spirit of CHRIST, to have JESUS CHRIST, neither do they make men continually before their eyes the sentence of meet to receive grace, or (as the School
God's predestination, is a most dangerous authors say) deserve grace of congruity : yea | downfall, whereby the devil doth thrust them rather, for that they are not done as God hath
either into desperation, or into wretchlessness willed and commanded them to be done, we
of most unclean living, no less perilous than doubt not but they have the nature of sin.
Furthermore, we must receive God's proART. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. mises in such wise as they be generally set
forth to us in holy Scripture : and in our Voluntary works, besides over and above
doings, that will of God is to be followed, which God's commandments, which they call Works
we have expressly declared unto us in the word of Supererogation, cannot be taught without
of GOD. arrogancy and impiety. For by them men do declare, That they do not only render unto God ART. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Salvation as much as they are bound to do, but that they
only by the Name of CHRIST. do more for his sake than of bounden duty is required: whereas CHRIST saith plainly, When
They are also to be had accursed, that preye have done all that are commanded to you,
sume to say, that every man shall be saved by say, We are unprofitable servants.
the law or sect which he professeth, so that
he be diligent to frame his life according to Art. XV. OF CHRIST alone without sin.
that law, and the light of nature. For holy
Scripture doth set out unto us only the name CHRIST in the truth of our nature, was made of JESUS CHRIST, whereby men must be saved. like unto us in all things, sin only except, from which he was clearly void, both in his fesh,
Art. XIX. Of the Church, and in his spirit. He came to be a Lamb The visible Church of CHRIST is a congregawithout spot, who by sacrifice of himself once tion of faithful men, in the which the pure made, should take away the sins of the world ; word of God is preached, and the sacraments and sin (as St. John saith) was not in him. be duly ministered according to CHRIST's ordi But all we the rest (although baptized and born nance, in all those things that of necessity are again in CHRIST) yet offend in many things; requisite to the same. and if we say we have no sin, we deceive As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, ourselves, and the truth is not in us,
and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church
then earing the word of Gomein ministry, both
w of necessity of salvation.
of Rome hath erred, not only in their living | wholesome effect or operation : but they that and manner of ceremonies, but also in matters receive them unworthily, purchase to themof faith.
selves damnation, as St. Paul saith. Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of Minis.
The Church hath power to decree rites or ters, which hinders not the effect of the ceremonies, and authority in controversies of
Sacraments. faith : and yet it is not lawful for the Church Although in the visible Church the evil be to ordain any thing that is contrary to God's ever mingled with the good, and sometime the word written; neither may it so expound one evil have chief authority in the ministration of place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to the word and sacraments : yet, forasmuch as another. Wherefore, although the Church be they do not the same in their own name, but a witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, yet as it in CHRIST's, and do minister by his commission ought not to decree any thing against the same, and authority, we may use their ministry, both so besides the same ought it not to enforce any in hearing the word of God, and in receiving thing to be believed for necessity of salvation. the sacraments. Neither is the effect of
CHRIST's ordinance taken away by their wick. ART. XXI. Of the Authority of General
edness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished Councils. *
from such, as by faith, and rightly, do receive Art. XXII. Of Purgatory. j the sacraments ministered unto them, which The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory,
be effectual, because of CHRIST's institution and pardons, worshipping, and adoration, as well promise, although they be ministered by evil of images, as of reliques, and also invocation of saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but
of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil rather repugnant to the word of God.
ministers, and that they be accused by those
that have knowledge of their offences : and ART. XXIII. Of Ministering in the
finally being found guilty, by just judgment, be Congregation.
deposed. It is not lawful for any man to take upon him
ART. XXVII. Of Baptism. the office of public preaching, or ministering
Baptism is not only a sign of profession, and the sacraments in the congregation, before he
mark of difference, whereby Christian men are be lawfully called, and sent to execute the same.
discerned from others that be not christened : And those we ought to judge lawfully called
but it is also a sign of regeneration, or new and sent, which be chosen and called to this
birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that work by men who have public authority given
receive baptism rightly are grafted into the unto them in the congregation, to call and send |
Church : the promises of the forgiveness of sin, ministers into the LORD's vineyard.
and of our adoption to be the sons of God by ART. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congre the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed:
gation in such a tongue as the People faith is confirmed, and grace increased by understandeth.
virtue of prayer unto God. The baptism of It is a thing plainly repugnant to the word
young children is in any wise to be retained in of God, and the custom of the primitive Church,
the Church as most agreeable with the institu. to have public prayer in the Church, or to
tion of CHRIST. minister the sacraments in a tongue not under. ART. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. standed of the people.
The Supper of the LORD is not only a sign of ART. XXV. Of the Sacraments.
the love that Christians ought to have among
themselves one to another, but rather it is a Sacraments ordained of CHRIST be not only sacrament of our redemption by CHRIST'S badges or tokens of Christian men's profession; 1 death: insomuch that to such as rightly, but rather they be certain sure witnesses, and worthily, and with faith receive the same, the effectual signs of grace, and God's good will bread which we break is a partaking of the towards us, by the which ne con work | body of CHRIST ; and likewise the cup of blessinvisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but ing is a partaking of the blood of CHRIST. also strengthen and confirm our faith in him."
Transubstantiation (or the change of the There are two sacraments ordained of CHRIST substance of bread and wine) in the Supper of our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, the LORD, cannot be proved by Holy Writ ; but and the Supper of the LORD.
it is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, Those five commonly called Sacraments, that overthroweth the nature of a sacrament, and is to say. Confirmation, Penance, Orders, I hath given occasion to many superstitions. Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be! The body of CHRIST is given, taken, and counted for sacraments of the Gospel, being eaten in the supper, only after an heavenly and such as have grown, partly of the cori upt, spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the following of the apostles, partly are states of body of CHRIST is received and eaten in the life allowed by the Scriptures; but yet have 'Supper, is faith, not like nature of sacraments with Baptism and The sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any | by CHRIST's ordinance reserved, carried about, visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
ifted up, or worshipped. The sacraments were not ordained of CHRIST to be gazed upon. or to be carried about, but | Art. XXIX. Of the wicked, which eat not that we should duly use them. And in such of the Body of CHRIST in the use of the only as worthily receive the same, they have a Lord's Supper.
The wicked, and such as be void of a lively • The Twenty-first of the former Articles faith, although they do carnally and visibly is omitted, because it is partly of a local and press with their teeth (as St. Augustine saith) civil nature, and is provided for, as to the the sacrament of the body and blood of CHRIST; remaining parts of it, in other articles. yet in no wise are they partakers of CHRIST;
isibly in us, and her which he dood will / Worthily, and with that to such as CHRIST'S
thot like naid by the postles,
but rather to their condemnation do eat and 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of drink the sign or sacrament of so great a thing.
4. Of good Works : first of Fasting.
5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. The cup of the LORD is not to be denied to
6. Against Excess of Apparel. the lay-people: for both parts of the Lord's
7. Of Prayer. sacrament by CHRIST's ordinance and com
8. Of the place and Time of Prayer. mandment, ought to be ministered to all
9. That Common Prayers and Sacra. Christian men alike.
ments ought to be ministered in a ART. XXXI. of the one Oblation of CHRIST
known Tongue. finished upon the Cross.
10. Of the reverent Estimation of God's The offering of CHRIST once made, is that
Word. perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction 11. Of Alms-doing. for all the sins of the whole world, both original 12. Of the Nativity of CHRIST. and actual ; and there is none other satisfaction 13. Of the Passion of CHRIST. for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacri. . Of the Resurrection of CHRIST. fice of masses, in which it was commonly said, 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacra. that the priest did offer CHRIST for the quick
ment of the Body and Blood of and the dead, to have remission of pain or
CHRIST. guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. deceits.
. For the Rogation-days. ART. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
8. Of the State of Matrimony.
19. Of Repentance. Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not com
20. Against Idleness. manded by God's law, either to vow the estate
21. Against Rebellion. of single life, or to abstain from marriage : therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other
This Article is received in this Church, so Christian men, to marry at their own discretion,
far as it declares the Books of Homilies to be an as they shall judge the same to serve better to
explication of Christian doctrine, and instructive godliness.
in piety and morals. But all references to the
constitution and laws of England are considered ART. XXXIII. Of ercommunicate Persons, | as inapplicable to the circumstances of this how they are to be avoided.
Church, which also suspends the order for the That person which by open denunciation of reading of said Homilies in churches until a the Church is rightly cut off from the unity of revision of them may be conveniently made, the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be for the clearing of them, as well from obsolete taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as words and phrases, as from the local references.] an Heathen and publican, until he be openly Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops reconciled by penance, and received into the
and Ministers. Church by a judge that hath authority thereunto.
The Book of Consecration of Bishops, and ART. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as set forth Church.
| by the General Convention of this Church in It is not necessary that traditions and cere. | 1792, doth contain all things necessary to such monies be in all places one, or utterly like; for
consecration and ordering; neither hath it any at all times they have been divers, and may be thing that, of itself, is superstitious and ungodly : changed according to the diversity of countries,
and, therefore, whosoever are consecrated or times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordered according to said form, we decree all ordained against God's word. Whosoever,
such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consethrough his private judgment, willingly and
crated and ordered. purposely doth openly break the traditions and
ART. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil ceremonies of the Church, which be not repug.
Magistrates. nant to the word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be
The power of the civil magistrate extendeth rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the
i to all men, as well clergy as laity, in all things like) as he that offendeth against the common
temporal; but hath no authority in things order of the Church, and hurteth the authority
purely spiritual. And we hold it to be the of the magistrate, and woundeth the consciences
duty of all men who are professors of the of the weak brethren.
Gospel, to pay respectful obedience to the civil Every particular or national Church hath authority, regularly and legitimately constituted authority to ordain, change, and abolish cere ART. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's Goods, monies, or rites of the Church, ordained only
which are not common. by man's authority, so that all things be done
The riches and goods of Christians are not to edifying.
common, as touching the right, title, and pos. ART. XXXV. Of Homilies.
session of the same, as certain Anabaptists do The second Book of Homilies, the several falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, ought of such things as he possesseth, liberally doth contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, to give alms to the poor, according to his ability. and necessary for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth
ART. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath. in the time of Edward the Sixth, and therefore
As we confess that vain and rash swearing is we judge them to be read in churches by the forbidden Christian men by our Lord JESUS ministers diligently and distinctly, that they CHRIST, and James his Apostle : so we judge may be understanded of the people.
that Christian religion doth not prohibit, but
that a man may swear when the magistrate Of the Names of the Homilies.
requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it 1. Of the right Use of the Church, be done according to the prophet's teaching in 2. Ägainst Peril of Idolatry.
justice, judgment, and truth.
al; but hathod we hold it tos of the