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160.062–8 Procedures for acceptance of test
Subpart 160.064—Marine Buoyant Devices 160.064–1 Applicable specifications. 160.064-2 Types and models. 160.064-3 Requirements. 160.0644 Marking. 160.064-6 Examinations, tests and inspec
tions. 160.064–7 Recognized laboratory.
160.076–25 Approval testing. 160.076-27 [Reserved] 160.076-29 Production oversight. 160.076-31 Production tests and examina
tions. 160.076–33 Manufacturer records. 160.076–35 Information pamphlet. 160.076-37 Owner's manual. 160.076-39 Marking.
Subpart 160.077—Hybrid Inflatable
Personal Flotation Devices
Subpart 160.066—Distress Signal for Boats,
Red Aerial Pyrotechnic Flare
160.066-1 Type. . 160.066–5 Design, construction, and manu
facturing requirements. 160.066–7 Performance requirements. 160.066–9 Labeling. 160.066-10 Expiration date. 160.066-11 Approval procedures. 160.066–12 Operational tests. 160.066-13 Technical tests. 160.066-15 Production testing.
Subpart 160.071 [Reserved]
160.077–1 Scope. 160.077—2 Definitions. 160.077–3 Required to be worn. 160.077-4 Type. 160.077–5 Incorporation by reference. 160.077–6 Approval procedures. 160.077–7 Procedure for approval of design or
material revision. 160.077–9 Recognized laboratory. 160.077–11 Materials Recreational Hybrid
PFD's. 160.077–13 MaterialsType I and Commer
cial Hybrid PFD. 160.077–15 Construction and Performance
Recreational Hybrid PFD. 160.077-17 Construction and Performance
Type I and Commercial Hybrid PFD. 160.077–19 Approval Testing-Recreational
Hybrid PFD's. 160.077-21 Approval Testing—Type I and
Commercial Hybrid PFD. 160.077-23 Production tests and inspections. 160.077–25 Manufacturer records. 160.077-27 Pamphlet. 160.077-29 PFD Manuals. 160.077-30 Spare operating components and
temporary marking. 160.077–31 PFD marking.
Subpart 160.072-Distress Signals for Boats,
Orange Flag 160.072–1 Applicability. 160.072–3 General performance require
ments. 160.072–5 Accelerated weathering test. 160.072–7 Manufacturer certification and la
beling. 160.072-09 Manufacturer notification.
Subpart 160.073—Float-Free Link or Lite
Floats and Buoyant Apparatus 160.073–1 Scope. 160.073–5 Certification. 160.073–10 Construction and performance. 160.073-15 Tests. 160.073–20 Marking.
Subpart 160.151-Inflatable Liferafts
Subpart 160.076—Inflatable Recreational,
Personal Flotation Devices
160.076–1 Scope. 160.076-3 Applicability. 160.076-5 Definitions. 160.076–7 PFD Approval Type. 160.076-9 Conditional approval. 160.076–11 Incorporation by reference. 160.076–13 Approval procedures for inflatable
PFDs. 160.076-15 Suspension or termination of ap
proval. 160.076-17 Approval of design or material
changes. 160.076–19 Recognized laboratories. 160.076-21 Component materials. 160.076-23 Construction and performance re
160.151–1 Scope. 160.151–3 Definitions. 160.151–5 Incorporation by reference. 160.151–7 Construction of inflatable liferafts. 160.151–9 Independent laboratory. 160.151-11 Approval procedure. 160.151–13 Fabrication of prototype inflat
able liferafts for approval. 160.151–15 Design and performance of inflat
able liferafts. 160.151-17 Additional requirements for de
sign and performance of SOLAS A and
SOLAS B inflatable liferafts. 160.151-21 Equipment required for SOLAS A
and SOLAS B inflatable liferafts. 160.151-25 Additional equipment for inflat
able liferafts. 160.151-27 Approval inspections and tests for
inflatable liferafts. 160.151-29 Additional approval tests for
SOLAS A and SOLAS B inflatable liferafts.
160.176-17 Manufacturer records.
AUTHORITY: 46 U.S.C. 2103, 3306, 3703 and 4302; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; 49 CFR 1.46.
160.151-31 Production inspections and tests
of inflatable liferafts. 160.151-33 Marking and labeling. 160.151-35 Servicing. 160.151-37 Servicing manual. 160.151-39 Training of servicing technicians. 160.151-41 Approval of servicing facilities. 160.151-43 Conditions at servicing facilities. 160.151-45 Equipment required for servicing
facilities. 160.151-47 Requirements for owners or oper
ators of servicing facilities. 160.151-49 Approval of servicing facilities at
remote sites. 160.151-51 Notice of approval. 160.151–53 Notice to OCMI of servicing. 160.151–55 Withdrawal of approval. 160.151-57 Servicing procedure. 160.151-59 Operating instructions and infor
mation for the ship's training manual. 160.151-61 Maintenance instructions.
Subpart 160.001-Lite Preservers,
Subpart 160.171- Immersion Suits
160.171–1 Scope. 160.1713 Incorporation by reference. 160.171–5 Independent laboratory. 160.171–7 Approval procedures. 160.171-9 Construction. 160.171-11 Performance. 160.171-13 Storage case. 160.171-15 Instructions. 160.171-17 Approval testing for adult size
immersion suit. 160.171–19 Approval testing for child size im
mersion suit. 160.171-23 Marking. 160.171-25 Production testing.
Subpart 160.174—Thermal Protective Aids
$ 160.001-1 Scope.
(a) This subpart contains the general:
(1) Characteristics of life preservers (Type I personal flotation devices (PFDs));
(2) Approval procedures for life preservers; and
(3) Production oversight requirements for life preservers.
(b) Other subparts in this part specify the detailed requirements for standard type life preservers and may supplement the requirements in this subpart. (CGD 95-028, 62 FR 51209, Sept. 30, 1997) $ 160.001–2 General characteristics of
life preservers. (a) A life preserver must be of such construction, material and workmanship that it can perform its intended function in all weathers and at all temperatures which may be expected in the normal usage of the life preserver. All components used in the construction of a life preserver must meet the applicable requirements of subpart 164.019 of the chapter.
(b) A life preserver must be capable of supporting a minimum of 22 pounds in fresh water for 48 hours.
(c) Life preservers which depend upon loose or granulated material for buoyancy are prohibited.
(d) A life preserver must be: (1) Simple in design; (2) Capable of being: (i) Worn inside-out, (ii) worn clearly in only one way, or
(iii) Donned correctly without demonstration, instructions, or assistance by at least 75 percent of persons unfamiliar with the design; and
(3) Capable of being quickly adjusted for a secure fit to the body of wearers for which it is intended.
(e) A life preserver shall support the wearer in the water in an upright or slightly backward position, and shall
160.174-1 Scope. 160.174-3 Incorporation by reference. 160.1745 Independent laboratory. 160.174–7 Approval procedures. 160.174–9 Construction. 160.174-11 Performance. 160.174-13 Storage case. 160.174-15 Instructions. 160.174-17 Approval testing. 160.174-23 Marking. 160.174–25 Production testing.
Subpart 160.176—Inflatable Lifejackets 160.176-1 Scope. 160.176_2 Application. 160.1763 Definitions. 160.176-4 Incorporation by reference. 160.176-5 Approval procedures. 160.176-6 Procedure for approval of design or
material revision. 160.176–7 Independent laboratories. 160.176-8 Materials. 160.176-9 Construction. 160.176-11 Performance. 160.176-13 Approval Tests. 160.176-15 Production tests and inspections.
provide support to the head so that the face of an unconscious or exhausted person is held above the water.
(f) A life preserver shall be capable of turning the wearer, upon entering the water, to a safe flotation position as described in paragraph (e) of this section.
(8) A life preserver shall not be appreciably deteriorated or rendered unable to perform its intended function by common oils or oil products.
(h) A life preserver shall be of a highly visible color, such as Indian Orange, International Orange, or Scarlet Munsell Red.
(i) A life preserver shall be of such construction, materials, and workmanship as to be at least equivalent to a standard type life preserver described in detail by other subparts in this part.
(j) Each thread in a life preserver regulated under subparts 160.002, 160.005 and 160.055 of this part must meet the requirements of a Federal or military specification in table 164.023–5(a) of this chapter. Only one kind of thread may be used in each seam. (CGFR 66-33, 31 FR 15297, Dec. 6, 1966, as amended by CGD 78_012, 43 FR 27152, June 22, 1978; CGD 78–1745, 54 FR 50320, Dec. 5, 1989; CGD 84-068, 58 FR 29493, May 20, 1993; CGD 95028, 62 FR 51209, Sept. 30, 1997]
standard plans and specifications, including drawings, product description, construction specifications, and/or bill of materials.
(2) Need not include: The information specified in § 159.005–5(a)(2).
(d) If the life preserver is of a nonstandard design, the application must include the following:
(1) Plans and specifications taining the information required by $ 159.005–12 of this chapter, including drawings, product description, struction specifications, and bill of materials.
(2) The information specified in $ 159.005–5(a)(2) (i) through (iii) of this chapter, except that, if preapproval review has been waived, the manufacturer is not required to send a prototype PFD sample to the Commandant.
(3) Performance testing results of the design performed by an independent laboratory, that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the Coast Guard under $ 159.010–7 of this subchapter covering the in-water testing of personal flotation devices, showing equivalence to the standard design's performance in all material respects.
(4) The Approval Type sought (Type I or Type V).
(5) Any special purpose(s) for which the life preserver is designed and the vessel(s) or vessel type(s) on which its use is intended.
(6) Buoyancy and other relevant tolerances to be complied with during production.
(7) The text of any optional marking to be included on the life preserver in addition to the markings required by the applicable approval subpart.
(8) For any conditionally approved life preserver, the intended approval condition(s).
(e) The description of quality control procedures required by $ 159.005–9 of this chapter may be omitted if the manufacturer's planned quality control procedures meet the requirements of those accepted by the Commandant for the independent laboratory performing production inspections and tests.
(f) Waiver of tests. A manufacturer may request that the Commandant waive any test prescribed for approval under the applicable subpart. To request a waiver, the manufacturer must
§ 160.001-3 Procedure for approval.
(a) General. Designs of life preservers are approved only by the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard. Manufacturers seeking approval of a life preserver design shall follow the procedures of this section and subpart 159.005 of this chapter.
(b) Each application for approval of a life preserver must contain the information specified in $ 159.005–5 of this chapter. The application and, except as provided in paragraphs (c) and (d)(2) of this section, a prototype life preserver must be submitted to the Commandant for preapproval review. If a similar design has already been approved, the Commandant may waive the preapproval review under $$ 159.005–5 and 159.005–7 of this chapter.
(c) If the life preserver is of a standard design, as described by subpart 160.002, 160.005, or 160.055, the application:
(1) Must include the following: A statement of any exceptions to the
submit to the Commandant and the laboratory described in § 159.010, one of the following:
(1) Satisfactory test results on a PFD of sufficiently similar design as determined by the Commandant.
(2) Engineering analysis demonstrating that the test for which a waiver is requested is not appropriate for the particular design submitted for approval or that, because of its design or construction, it is not possible for the PFD to fail that test. (CGD 95-028, 62 FR 51209, Sept. 30, 1997)
$160.001–5 Production oversight.
(a) General. Production tests and inspections must be conducted in accordance with this section, subpart 159.007 of this chapter, and if conducted by an independent laboratory, the independent laboratory's procedures for production inspections and tests as accepted by the Commandant. The Commandant may prescribe additional production tests and inspections necessary to maintain quality control and to monitor compliance with the requirements of this subchapter.
(b) Oversight. In addition to responsibilities set out in part 159 of this chapter and the accepted laboratory procedures for production inspections and tests, each manufacturer of a life preserver and each laboratory inspector shall comply with the following, as applicable:
(1) Manufacturer. Each manufacturer must
(i) Perform all tests and examinations necessary to show compliance with this subpart and subpart under which the life preserver is approved on each lot before any inspector's tests and inspection of the lot;
(ii) Follow established procedures for maintaining quality control of the materials used, manufacturing operations, and the finished product; and
(iii) Allow an inspector to take samples of completed units or of component materials for tests required by this subpart and for tests relating to the safety of the design.
(2) Laboratory. An inspector from the accepted laboratory shall oversee production in accordance with the laboratory's procedures for production inspections and tests accepted by the
Commandant. During production oversight, the inspector shall not perform or supervise any production test or inspection unless
(i) The manufacturer has a valid approval certificate; and
(ii) The inspector has first observed the manufacturer's production methods and any revisions to those methods.
(3) At least quarterly, the inspector shall check the manufacturer's compliance with the company's quality control procedures, examine the manufacturer's required records, and observe the manufacturer perform each of the required production tests.
(c) Test facilities. The manufacturer shall provide a suitable place and apparatus for conducting the tests and inspections necessary to determine compliance of life preservers with this subpart. The manufacturer shall provide means to secure any test that is not continuously observed, such as the 48 hour buoyancy test. The manufacturer must have the calibration of all test equipment checked in accordance with the test equipment manufacturer's recommendation and interval but not less than at least once every year.
(d) Lots. A lot may not consist of more than 1000 life preservers. A lot number must be assigned to each group of life preservers produced. Lots must be numbered serially. A new lot must be started whenever any change in materials or a revision to a production method is made, and whenever any substantial discontinuity in the production process occurs. The lot number assigned, along with the approval number, must enable the PFD manufacturer to determine the supplier's identifying information for the component lot.
(e) Samples. (1) From each lot of life preservers, manufacturers shall randomly select a number of samples from completed units at least equal to the applicable number required by table 160.001–5(e) for buoyancy testing. Additional samples must be selected for any tests, examinations, and inspections required by the laboratory's production inspections and tests procedures.
1 2 3 4 6 8
TABLE 160.001-5(E)-SAMPLING FOR in waterproof ink with the independent BUOYANCY TESTS
laboratory's name or identifying mark.
(j) Lot rejection. Each nonconforming Number of
unit must be rejected. If three or more Lot size
servers in nonconforming units are rejected for sample
the same kind of defect, lot inspection 100 and under
must be discontinued and the lot re101 to 200
jected. The inspector must discontinue 201 to 300
lot inspection and reject the lot if ex301 to 500
amination of individual units or the 501 to 750
records for the lot shows noncompli751 to 1000
ance with either this subchapter or the (2) For a lot next succeeding one
laboratory's the manufacturer's from which any sample life preserver
quality control procedures. A rejected failed the buoyancy test, the sample
unit or lot may be resubmitted for shall consist of not less than ten speci
testing and inspection if the manufacmen life preservers to be tested for
turer first removes and destroys each buoyancy in accordance with para
defective unit or, if authorized by the graph (f) of this section.
laboratory, reworks the unit or lot to
correct the defect. A rejected lot or re(f) Buoyancy test. The buoyancy of the life preservers must be determined
jected unit may not be sold or offered by measuring the upward force exerted
for sale under the representation that by the individual submerged unit. The
it meets this subpart or that it is Coast buoyancy measurement must be made
Guard-approved. at the end of the 24 or 48 hours of sub- (CGD 95-028, 62 FR 51210, Sept. 30, 1997] mersion, as specified in the applicable approval subpart, during which period Subpart 160.002—Life Preservers, the pad inserts must not be disturbed. Kapok, Adult
Child (g) Buoyancy required. The buoyancy (Jacket Type), Models 3 and must meet the requirements of the ap- 5 plicable approval subpart.
(h) Lot inspection. On each lot, the § 160.002–1 Incorporation by reference. laboratory inspector shall perform a
(a) Specifications and standards. This final lot inspection to be satisfied that
subpart makes reference to the folthe life preservers meet this subpart.
lowing documents: Each lot must demonstrate
(1) Military Specifications: (1) First quality workmanship;
MIL-W-530Webbing, Textile, Cotton. Gen(2) That the general arrangement and
eral Purpose, Natural or in Colors. attachment of all components, such as body straps, closures, tie tapes, and
(2) Federal Specification: drawstrings, are as specified in the ap- L-P-375—Plastic Film, Flexible, Vinyl Chloproved plans and specifications;
ride. (3) Compliance with the marking re- (3) Federal Standards: quirements in the applicable approval No. 191—Textile Test Methods. subpart; and
No. 751A-Stitches, Seams, and Stitchings. (4) The information pamphlet speci- (4) Coast Guard specifications: fied in 33 CFR part 181 subpart G, if re
164.003—Kapok, Processed. quired, is securely attached to the device, with the PFD selection informa
(b) Plans. The following plans, of the tion visible and accessible prior to pur
issue in effect on the date life prechase.
servers are manufactured, form a part (i) Lot acceptance. When the inde
of this specification: pendent laboratory has determined
Dwg. No. F-49-6-1: that the life preservers in the lot are of
(Sheet 1) Cutting Pattern and General Ar
rangement (adult). a type officially approved in the name
(Sheet 1A) Alternate stitching of tapes and of the company, and that such life pre
webbing (adult and child). servers meet the requirements of this (Sheet 2) Pad Detail (adult). subpart, they shall be plainly marked Dwg. No. F-49-6-5: