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NATIONAL ENERGY RESEARCH

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE ENVIRONMENT

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-THIRD CONGRESS

ON
H.R. 6602 AND RELATED BILLS
BILLS TO ESTABLISH A NATIONAL PROGRAM FOR RESEARCH,
DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION OF FUELS AND ENERGY
TECHNOLOGIES, AND FOR THE COORDINATION AND FINAN-
CIAL SUPPLEMENTATION OF FEDERAL ENERGY RESEARCH

AND DEVELOPMENT

HEARINGS HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C.
MAY 16 AND 23, 1973; JUNE 13, 1973; DEC. 10 AND 18, 1973;

JAN. 31, 1974; AND FEB. 1 AND 19, 1974

Serial No. 93–19

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1974

COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

JAMES A. HALEY, Florida, Chairman
ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina

CRAIG HOSMER, California, Ranking
HAROLD T. JOHNSON, California

Minority Member
MORRIS K. UDALL, Arizona

JOE SKUBITZ, Kansas
PHILLIP BURTON, California

SAM STEIGER, Arizona
THOMAS S. FOLEY, Washington

DON H. CLAUSEN, California
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin PHILIP E. RUPPE, Michigan
JAMES G. O'HARA, Michigan

JOHN N. HAPPY CAMP, Oklahoma
PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii

MANUEL LUJAN, JR., New Mexico
LLOYD MEEDS, Washington

JOHN DELLENBACK, Oregon
ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas

KEITH G. SEBELIUS, Kansas
ROBERT G. STEPHENS, JR., Georgia RALPH S. REGULA, Ohio
JOSEPH P. VIGORITO, Pennsylvania ALAN STEELMAN, Texas
JOHN MELCHER, Montana

DAVID TOWELL, Nevada
TENO RONCALIO, Wyoming

JAMES G. MARTIN, North Carolina
JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York WILLIAM M. KETCHUM, California
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio

PAUL W. CRONIN, Massachusetts
HAROLD RUNNELS, New Mexico

DON YOUNG, Alaska
YVONNE BRATHWAITE BURKE,

ROBERT E. BAUMAN, Maryland
California

STEVEN D. SYMMS, Idaho
ANTONIO BORJA WON PAT, Guam
WAYNE OWENS, Utah
RON DE LUGO, Virgin Islands
JAMES R. JONES, Oklahoma

SIDNEY L. MCFARLAND, Staff Director and Chief Clerk
CHARLES CONKLIN, Special Counsel on Environmental Matters

LEE MCELVAIN, General Counsel
CHARLES LEPPERT, Jr., Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE ENVIRONMENT

MORRIS K. UDALL, Chairman
THOMAS S. FOLEY, Washington

PHILIP E. RUPPE, Michigan
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin CRAIG HOSMER, California
JAMES G. O'HARA, Michigan

SAM STEIGER, Arizona
JOSEPH P. VIGORITO, Pennsylvania JOHN DELLENBACK, Oregon
JOHN MELCHER, Montana

KEITH G. SEBELIUS, Kansas
TENO RONCALIO, Wyoming

ALAN STEELMAN, Texas
JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York DAVID TOWELL, Nevada
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio

JAMES G. MARTIN, North Carolina
YVONNE BRATHWAITE BURKE,

PAUL W. CRONIN, Massachusetts
California

ROBERT E, BAUMAN, Maryland
WAYNE OWENS, Utah

STEVEN D. SYMMS, Idaho
RON DE LUGO, Virgin Islands
JAMES R. JONES, Oklahoma

STANLEY E. SCOVILLE, Staff Counsel
DR. JOHN CURTIS, Special Consultant
DR. JESSICA TUCHMAN, Special Consultant

BRUCE DRIVER, Minority Staf Counsel
NOTE.-The chairman of the full committee is an ex officio voting member of this sub-
committee. The first listed minority member is counterpart to the subcommittee chairman.

(II)

CONTENTS

Page

1

113

155
206

582
269

456
527

Hearings held-

May 16, 1973:

Morning session.

May 23, 1973:

Morning session..

June 13, 1973:

Morning session.

Afternoon session.

December 10, 1973:

Morning session.-

December 18, 1973:

Morning session.

January 31, 1974:

Morning session.-

Afternoon session.--.

February 1, 1974:

Morning session.

Afternoon session..
February 19, 1974:

Morning session.

Text of H.R. 6602..

Report of the Department of the Interior..

Statements:

Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc.---

American Gas Association.-

Ancker-Johnson, Dr. Betsy, Ph. D., Assistant Secretary for Science

and Technology, Department of Commerce..

Bagge, Carl E., president, National Coal Association..
Culver, Hon. John C., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Iowa (reprint from the Congressional Record of Feb. 7, 1974).

Department of Justice on Government Patent Policy.

Eggers, Dr. Alfred J., Jr., Assistant Director of the National Science

Foundation for Research Application (plus charts) -

Charts submitted by Dr. Eggers:

NSF energy budget..

Phased project planning--

Terrestrial solar energy program.-

Schematic of solar energy system for residential building-

Potential impact of solar heating and cooling-

Solar power concept-schematic....

Percentage of solar energy converted to electrical energy-

The Claude ocean thermal differences process.--

Continuous unit for converting organic material to methane

by anaerobic fermentation --

Organization chart-research applications directorate-

Goals for impact of solar energy applications.

Freeman, S. David, director, Energy Policy Project, Ford Foundation.

Glaser, Dr. Peter, vice president and head of engineering sciences,

Arthur D. Little Co. -

Gouse, Dr. William, Director, Office of Research and Development,

Department of the Interior

Government Patent Policy, in Federal Register, vol. 36, No. 166,

dated August 26, 1971.

Jackson, Hon. Henry M., a U.S. Senátor from the State of

Washington...

Johnson, Hon. Harold (Bizz), a Representative in Congress from the

State of California.-

Kauper, Hon. Thomas E., Assistant Attorney General, Antitrust

Division, Department of Justice.

168
168
169
288

411

418

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