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(i) Any member of a Federal Home Loan Bank may convert itself into a Federal Savings and Loan Association under this Act upon a vote of its stockholders as provided by the law under which it operates; but such conversion shall be subject to such rules and regulations as the Board may prescribe, and thereafter the converted association shall be entitled to all the benefits of this section and shall be subject to examination and regulation to the same extent as other associations incorporated pursuant to this Act.
ENCOURAGEMENT OF SAVING AND HOME FINANCING
Seo. 6. To enable the Board to encourage local thrift and local home financing and to promote, organize, and develop the associations herein provided for or similar associations organized under local laws, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $150,000, to be immediately available and remain available until expended, subject to the call of the Board, which sum, or so much thereof as may be necessary, the Board is authorized to use in its discretion for the accomplishment of the purposes of this section without regard to the provisions of any other law governing the expenditure of public funds.
Sec. 7. The provisions of this Act shall apply to the continental United States, to the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii, and to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Seo. 8. (a) Whoever makes any statement, knowing it to be false; or whoever willfully overvalues any security, for the purpose of influencing in any way the action of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or the Board or an association upon any application, advance, discount, purchase, or repurchase agreement, or loan, under this Act, or any extension thereof by renewal deferment, or action or otherwise, or the acceptance, release, or substitution of security therefor, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both.
(b) Whoever (1) falsely makes, forges, or counterfeits any note, debenture, bond, or other obligation or coupon, in imitation of or purporting to be a note, debenture, bond, or other obligation, or coupon, issued by the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or an association; or (2) passes, utters, or publishes, or attempts to pass, utter, or publish, any false, forged, or counterfeited note, debenture, bond, or other obligation, or coupon, purporting to have been issued by the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or an association, knowing the same to be false, forged, or counterfeited; or (3) falsely alters any note, debenture, bond or other obligation, or coupon, issued or purporting to have been issued by the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or an association; or (4) passes, utters, or publishes, or attempts to pass, utter, or publish, as true any falsely altered or spurious note, debenture, bond, or other obligation, or coupon, issued or purporting to have been issued by the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or an association, knowing the same to be falsely altered or spurious, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than five years, or both.
(c) Whoever, being connected in any capacity with the Board or the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or an association (1) embezzles, abstracts, purloins, or willfully misapplies any moneys, funds, securities, or other things of value, whether belonging to it or pledged or otherwise intrusted to it; or (2) with intent to defraud the Board or the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or an association, or any other body politic or corporate, or any individual, or to deceive any officer, auditor, or examiners of the Board or the Home Owners' Loan Cor. poration or an association, makes any false entry in any book, report, or statement of or to the Board or the Home Owners' Loan Corporation or an association, or, without being duly authorized, draws any order or issues, puts forth, or assigns any note, debenture, bond, or other obligation, or draft, mortgage, judginent, or decree thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than five years, or both.
(d) The provisions of sections 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, and 117 of the Criminal Code of the United States (U.S.C., title 18, secs. 202 to 207, inclusive), insofar as applicable, are extended to apply to contracts or agreements of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation and an association under this Act, which, for the purposes hereof, shall be held to include advances, loans, discounts, and purchase and repurchase agreements; extensions and renewals thereof; and acceptances, releases, and substitutions of security therefor.
(e) No person, partnership, association, or corporation shall make any charge in connection with a loan by the Corporation or an exchange of bonds or cash advance under this Act except ordinary charges authorized and required by the Corporation for services actually rendered for examination and perfecting of title, appraisal, and like necessary services. Any person, partnership, association, or corporation violating the provisions of this subsection shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
Seo. 9. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the Act, and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
Approved, June 13, 1933.
(PUBLIC-No. 178—73D CONGRESS)
AN ACT To guarantee the bonds of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation, to amend the
Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) section 4(c) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 is amended to read as follows:
"(c) The Corporation is authorized to issue bonds in an aggregate amount not to exceed $2,000,000,000, which may be sold by the Corporation to obtain funds for carrying out the purposes of this section, or exchanged as hereinafter provided. Such bonds shall be in such forms and denominations, shall mature within such periods of not more than eighteen years from the date of their issue, shall bear such rates of interest not exceeding 4 per centum per annum, shall be subject to such terms and conditions, and shall be issued in such manner and sold at such prices, as may be prescribed by the Corporation, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury. Such bonds shall be fully and unconditionally guaranteed both as to interest and principal by the United States, and such guaranty shall be expressed on the face thereof, and such bonds shall be lawful investments, and may be accepted as security, for all fiduciary, trust, and public funds, the investment or deposit of which shall be under the authority or control of the United States or any officer or officers thereof. In the event that the Corporation shall be unable to pay upon demand, when due, the principal of, or interest on, such bonds, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the holder the amount thereof which is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and thereupon to the extent of the amount so paid the Secretary of the Treasury shall succeed to all the rights of the holders of such bonds. The Secretary of the Treasury, in his discretion, is authorized to purchase any bonds of the Corporation issued under this subsection which are guaranteed as to interest and principal, and for such purpose the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to use as a public-debt transaction the proceeds from the sale of any securities hereafter issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act, as amended, and the purposes for which securities may be issued under such Act, as amended, are extended to include any purchases of the Corporation's bonds hereunder. The Secretary of the Treasury may, at any time, sell any of the bonds of the Corporation acquired by him under this subsection. All redemptions, purchases, and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of the bonds of the Corporation shall be treated as public-debt transactions of the United States. The bonds issued by the Corporation under this subsection shall be exempt, both as to principal and interest, from all taxation (except surtaxes, estate, inheritance, and gift taxes) now or hereafter imposed by the United States or any District, Territory, dependency, or posses sion thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority. The Corporation, including its franchise, its capital, reserves and surplus, and its loans and income, shall likewise be exempt from such taxation; except that any real property of the Corporation shall be subject to taxation to the same extent, according to its value, as other real property is taxed. No such bonds shall be issued in excess of the assets of the Corporation, including the assets to be obtained from the proceeds of such bonds, but a failure to comply with this provision shall not invalidate the bonds or the guaranty of the same. The Corporation shall have power to purchase in the open market at any time and at any price not to exceed par any of the bonds issued by it. Any such bonds so purchased may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, bo sold or resold at any time and at any price. For a period of six months after the date this subsection, as amended, takes effect, the Corporation is authorized to refund any of its bonds issued prior to such date or any bonds issued after such date in compliance with commitments of the Corporation outstanding on such date, upon application of the holders thereof, by exchanging therefor bonds of an equal face amount issued by the Corporation under this subsection as amended, and bearing interest at such rate as may be prescribed by the Corporation with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury; but such rate shall not be less than that first fixed after this subsection, as amended, takes effect on bonds exchanged by the Corporation for home mortgages. For the purpose of such refunding the Corporation is further authorized to increase its total bond issue in an amount equal to the amount of the bonds so refunded. Nothing in this subsection, as amended, shall be construed to prevent the Corporation from issuing bonds in compliance with commitments of the Corporation on the date this subsection, as amended, takes effect.”
(b) The amendments made by subsection (a) of this section (except with respect to refunding) shall not apply to any bonds heretofore issued by the Home Owners' Luan Corporation under such section 4 (c), or to any bonds hereafter issued in compliance with commitments of the Corporation outstanding on the date of enactment of this Act.
SEO. 2. Section 4 of the Home Owners' Loan Act is further amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections:
"(1) No home mortgage or other obligation or lien shall be acquired by the Corporation under subsection (d), and no cash advance shall be made under subsection (f), unless the applicant was in involuntary default on June 13, 1933, with respect to the indebtedness on his real estate and is unable to carry or refund his present mortgage indebtedness: Provided, That the foregoing limitation shall not apply in any case in which it is specifically shown to the satisfaction of the Corporation that a default after such date was due to unemployment or to economic conditions or misfortune beyond the control of the applicant, or in any case in which the home mortgage or other obligation or lien is held by an institution which is in liquidation.
“(m) In all cases where the Corporation is authorized to advance cash to provide for necessary maintenance and to make necessary repairs it is also authorized to advance cash or exchange bonds for the rehabilitation, modernization, rebuilding and enlargement of the homes financed; and in all cases where the Corporation has acquired a home mortgage or other obligation or lien it is authorized to advance cash or exchange bonds to provide for the maintenance, repair, rehabilitation, modernization, rebuilding, and onlargement of the homes financed and to take an additional lien, mortgage, or conveyance to secure such additional advance or to take a new home mortgage for the whole indebtedness; but the total amount advanced shall in no case exceed the respective amounts or percentages of value of the real estate as elsewhere provided in this section. Not to exceed $200,000,000 of the proceeds derived from the sale of bonds of the Corporation shall be used in making cash advances to provide for necessary maintenance and necessary repairs and for the rehabilitation, modernization, rebuilding and enlargement of real estate securing the home mortgages and other obligations and liens acquired by the Corporation under this section.
Sec. 3. The sixth sentence of section 4 (d) of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 is amended to read as follows: “ The Corporation may at any time grant an extension of time to any home owner for the payment of any installment of principal or interest owed by him to the Corporation if, in the judgment of the Corporation, the circumstances of the home owner and the condition of the security justify such extension."
SEC. 4. Subsection (g) of section 4 of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 is hereby amended to read as follows:
“(g) The Corporation is further authorized to exchange bonds and to advance cash to redeem or recover homes lost by the owners by foreclosure or forced sale by a trustee under a deed of trust or under power of attorney, or by voluntary surrender to the mortgagee subsequent to January 1, 1930, subject to the limitations provided in subsection (d) of this section."
Sec. 5. Section 5 of the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsections:
“(j) In addition to the authority to subscribe for preferred shares in Federal savings and loan associations, the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized on behalf of the United States to subscribe for any amount of full paid income shares in such associations, and it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to subscribe for such full paid income shares upon the request of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board. Payment on such shares may be called from time to time by the association, subject to the approval of said Board and the Secretary of the Treasury, and such payments shall be made from the funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (g) of this section; but the amount paid in by the Secretary of the Treasury for shares under this subsection and such subsection (g), together shall at no time exceed 75 per centum of the total investment in the shares of such 'association by the Secretary of the Treasury and other shareholders. Each such association shall issue receipts for such payments by the Secretary of the Treasury in such form as may
be approved by said Board and such receipts shall be evidence