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Those portions of the following systems of records that Consist of (a) Information compiled for the purpose of identifying individual Criminal OffenderS and alleged offenders and consisting only of identifying data and notations of arrestS, the nature and disposition of Criminal charges, Sentencing, Confinement, release, and parole and probation Status; (b) information compiled for the purpose of a criminal investigation, including report.S of informant.S and investigators, and aSSOCiated with an identifiable individual; or (C) reports identifiable to an individual Compiled at any Stage of the process of enforcement of the Criminal laws from arrest or indictment through release from Supervision, are exempt from all parts of 5 U.S.C. 552a, exCept SubSections (b) (Conditions of discloSure); (c) (1) and (2) (ACCounting of Certain disclosures); (e)(4) (A) through (F) (Publication of existence and character of System); (e)(6) (Ensure records are accurate, relevant, timely, and complete before disclosure to perSon other than an agency and other than pursuant to a Freedom of Information Act, request), (7) (Restrict recordkeeping on First Amendment rights), (9) (Rules of conduct), (10) (Safeguards), and (11) (Routine use publiCation); and (i) (Criminal penalties):

A. The Investigative Records System maintained by the ASSistant Inspector General for Investigations, Office of the Inspec

tor General, Office of the Secretary (DOT/ OST 100). B. Police Warrant Files and Central Files maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration (DOT/FAA 807). C. Law Enforcement Information System, maintained by the Office of Law Enforcement and Defense Operations, U.S. Coast Guard (DOT/CG 613). D. Investigations and Security Investigative Case Systems, maintained by the Investigations and Security Division, U.S. Coast Guard (DOT/CG 611). E. The Investigative Records System maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration regarding Criminal investigations conducted by offices of Investigations and Security at headquarters and FAA Regional and Center Security Divisions (DOT/FAA 815). F. Joint Maritime Intelligence Element (JMIE) Support System, maintained by the Operations Systems, Center, US Coast Guard (DOT/CG 642). These exemptions are justified for the following reasons: 1. From SubSection (c)(3), because making available to a record subject the accounting of disclosures from records concerning him/ her would reveal investigative interest by not only DOT but also the recipient agency, thereby permitting the record subject to take appropriate measures to impede the investigation, as by destroying evidence, intimidating potential witnesses, fleeing the area to avoid the thrust of the investigation, etC. 2. From SubSections (d), (e)(4) (G) and (H), (f), and (g), because granting an individual access to investigative records, and granting him/her rightS to amend/contest that information, interfere with the overall law enforcement process by revealing a pending Sensitive investigation, possibly identify a Confidential Source, disclose information that would constitute an unwarranted invaSion of another individual’s personal privacy, reveal a sensitive investigative technique, or Constitute a potential danger to the health or Safety of law enforcement personnel. 3. From SubSection (e)(1), because it is often impossible to determine relevancy or necessity of information in the early stages of an investigation. The value of such information is a question of judgement and timing: what appears relevant and necessary when Collected may ultimately be evaluated and viewed as irrelevant and unnecessary to an investigation. In addition, DOT may Obtain information concerning the violation of laws other than those within the Scope of its jurisdiction. In the interest of effective law enforcement, DOT Should retain this information because it may aid in establishing patterns of unlawful activity and provide leads for other law enforcement, agencies. Further, in obtaining evidence during an investigation, information may be provided to DOT that relates to matters incidental to the main purpose of the investigation but that may be pertinent to the investigative jurisdiction of another agency. Such information cannot readily be identified. 4. From SubSection (e)(2), because in a law enforcement investigation it is usually Counterproductive to collect information to the greatest extent practicable directly from the Subject of the information. It is not always feasible to rely upon the Subject of an investigation as a Source for information that may implicate him/her in illegal activities. In addition, Collecting information directly from the Subject could Seriously compromise an investigation by prematurely revealing its nature and Scope, or could provide the Subject with an opportunity to conceal criminal activities, or intimidate potential Sources, in order to avoid apprehension. 5. From SubSection (e)(3), because providing Such notice to the Subject of an investigation, or to other individual Sources, could Seriously compromise the investigation by prematurely revealing its nature and Scope, or could inhibit COOperation, permit the subject to evade apprehension, or Cause interference with undercover activities.

Part II. Specific Exemptions

A. The following Systems of records are exempt from subsection (c)(3) (Accounting of Certain Disclosures), (d) (Access to Records), (e)(4)(G), (H), and (I) (Agency Requirements), and (f) (Agency Rules) of 5 USC 552a, to the extent that they contain investigatory material compiled for law enforcement, purposes in accordance with 5 USC 552a(k)(2): 1. Investigative Record System (DOT/FAA 815) maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration at the Office of Civil Aviation Security in Washington, DC; the FAA regional Civil Aviation Security Divisions; the Civil Aviation Security Division at the Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; the FAA Civil Aviation Security Staff at the FAA Technical Center in Atlantic City, New Jersey; and the various Federal Records Centers located throughout the Country. 2. FHWA Investigations Case File System, maintained by the Office of Program Review and Investigations, Federal Highway Administration (DOT/FHWA 214). 3. FHWA Motor Carrier Safety Proposed Civil and Criminal Enforcement Cases, maintained by the Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety, Federal Highway Administration (DOT/ FHWA 204). 4. Recreational Boating and Law Enforcement Cases (DOT/CG 505), maintained by the Office of Boating Safety, U.S. Coast Guard. 5. Port Safety Reporting System—Individual Violation Histories (DOT/CG 561), maintained by the Office of Marine Environment and Systems, U.S. Coast Guard.

6. Merchant, Vessel Casualty Reporting System (DOT/CG 590), maintained by the Office of Merchant Marine Safety, U.S. Coast Guard. 7. U.S. Merchant Seaman’s Records (DOT/ CG 589), maintained by the Office of Merchant Marine Safety, U.S. Coast Guard. 8. Intelligence and Security Investigative Case Systems (DOT/CG 611), maintained by the Office of Operations, U.S. Coast Guard. 9. Port Security Case System (DOT/CG 612), maintained by the Office of Operations, U.S. Coast Guard. 10. DOT/NHTSA Investigations of Alleged Misconduct Or Conflict of Interest, maintained by the Associate Administrator for Administration, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT/NHTSA 458). 11. Investigations of Violations of Marine Safety Laws (DOT/CG 587), maintained by the Office of Merchant Marine Safety, U.S. Coast Guard. 12. Civil Aviation Security System (DOT/ FAA 813), maintained by the Office of Civil Aviation Security Policy and Planning, Federal Aviation Administration. 13. Law Enforcement Information System, maintained by the Office of Law Enforcement and Defense Operations, U.S. Coast Guard (DOT/CG 613). 14. Joint Maritime Intelligence Element (JMIE) Support System, maintained by the Operations Systems, Center, US Coast Guard (DOT/CG 642). 15. Vessel Identification System, maintained by the Operations Systems Center, U.S. Coast Guard (DOT/CG 590). The purpose of this exemption is to prevent persons who are the Subjects of Criminal investigations from learning too early in the investigative process that they are SubjectS, what information there is in Coast Guard files that indicates that they may have committed unlawful conduct, and who provided Such information. 16. Marine Safety Information System, maintained by the Operations Systems Center, U.S. Coast Guard (DOT/CG 588). The purpose of this exemption is to prevent perSons who are the subjects of Criminal investigations from learning too early in the investigative process that they are subjects, what information there is in Coast Guard files that indicates that they may have Committed unlawful conduct, and who provided Such information. These exemptions are justified for the following reasons: 1. From subsection (c)(3), because making available to a record subject the accounting of disclosures from records concerning him/ her would reveal investigative interest by not only DOT but also the recipient agency, thereby permitting the record subject to take appropriate measures to impede the investigation, as by destroying evidence, intimidating potential witnesses, fleeing the area to avoid the thrust of the investigation, etC. 2. From SubSections (d), (e)(4) (G) and (H), (f), and (g), because granting an individual access to investigative records, and granting him/her rights to amend/disagree with that information, interfere with the Overall law enforcement process by revealing a pending Sensitive investigation, possibly identify a confidential source, disclose information that would constitute an unwarranted invaSion of another individual’s personal privacy, reveal a sensitive investigative technique, or constitute a potential danger to the health or Safety of law enforcement personnel. B. The following Systems of records are exempt from Subsections (c)(3) (ACCounting of Certain Disclosures) and (d) (ACCeSS to Records) of 5 U.S.C. 552a, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(2): 1. General Air Transportation Records On Individuals, maintained by various Offices in the Federal Aviation Administration (DOT/ FAA 847). 2. Investigative Records System, maintained by the ASSistant Inspector General for Investigations in the Office of the Inspector General (DOT/OST 100). These exemptions are justified for the following reaSons: 1. From SubSection (c)(3), because making available to a record Subject the accounting of disclosures from records Concerning him/ her would reveal investigative interest by not only DOT but also the recipient agency, thereby permitting the record subject to take appropriate measures to impede the investigation, as by destroying evidence, intimidating potential witnesses, fleeing the area to avoid the thrust of the investigation, etC. 2. From SubSection (d), because granting an individual access to investigative records could interfere with the Overall law enforcement process by revealing a pending SenSitive investigation, possibly identify a confidential Source, disclose information that would constitute an unwarranted invasion of another individual’s personal privacy, reveal a Sensitive investigative technique, Or ConStitute a potential danger to the health Or Safety of law enforcement personnel. C. The System of records known as the Alaska Railroad Examination of Operating Personnel, maintained by the Alaska Railroad, Federal Railroad Administration (DOT/ FRA 100), is exempt from the provisions of SubSection (d) of 5 U.S.C. 552a. The release of these records would compromise their value as impartial measurement Standards for appointment and promotion within the Federal Service. D. Those portions of the following Systems of records consisting of investigatory material Compiled for the purpose of determining Suitability, eligibility, or qualifications for Federal civilian employment, military Serv

ice, or access to classified information or used to determine potential for promotion in the armed Services, are exempt from Sections (c)(3) (Accounting of Certain Disclosures), (d) (Access to Records), (e)(4) (G), (H), and (I) (Agency Requirements), and (f) (Agency Rules) of 5 U.S.C. 552a to the extent that disclosure of Such material would reveal the identity of a Source who provided information to the Government under an express or, prior to September 27, 1975, an implied promise of Confidentiality (5 U.S.C. 552a(k) (5) and (7)): 1. Investigative Records System, maintained by the ASSistant Inspector General for Investigations in the Office of the Inspector General (DOT/OST 100). 2. Intelligence and Security Investigative Case System (DOT/CG 611), maintained by the Office of Operations, U.S. Coast Guard. 3. Officer Selection and Appointment System (DOT/CG 625), maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 4. Official Officer Service Records (DOT/CG 626), maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 5. Enlisted Recruiting Selection Record System maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 6. Officer, Enlisted, and Recruiting Selection Test Files (DOT/CG 628), maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 7. Enlisted Personnel Record System, (DOT/CG 629), maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 8. Coast Guard Personnel Security Program (DOT/CG 633), maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 9. Official Coast Guard Reserve Service Record System (DOT/CG 676), maintained by the Office of Reserve, U.S. Coast Guard. 10. Investigative Record System, maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration at FAA Regional and Center Air Transportation Security Divisions; the Investigations and Security Division, Aeronautical Center; and Office of Investigations and SeCurity, Headquarters, Washington, D.C. (DOT/FAA 815). 11. Military Training and Education Records (DOT/CG 622), maintained by the Office of PerSonnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 12. Files pursuant to Suitability for employment with National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT/NHTSA—457) containing confidential investigatory report.S. The purpose of these exemptions is to prevent disclosure of the identities of Sources who provide information to the government Concerning the Suitability, eligibility, or qualifications of individuals for Federal civilian employment, contracts, access to clasSified information, or appointment Or promotion in the armed Services, and who are expressly or, prior to September 27, 1975, implied promised confidentiality (5 U.S.C. 552a(k) (5) and (7)). E. Those portions of the following Systems of records consisting of testing or examination material used Solely to determine individual qualifications for appointment or promotion in the Federal Service are exempt from SubSections (c)(3) (Accounting of Certain Disclosures), (d) (Access to Records), (e)(4) (G), (H) and (I) (Agency Requirements), and (f) (Agency Rules) of 5 U.S.C. 552a: 1. Officer, Enlisted and Recruiting Selection Test Files (DOT/CG 628), maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 2. Official Coast Guard Reserve Service Record System (DOT/CG 676), maintained by the Office of Reserve, U.S. Coast Guard. 3. Military Training and Education Records (DOT/CG 622), maintained by the Office of Personnel, U.S. Coast Guard. 4. Reference Files (DOT/NHTSA 457), maintained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration personnel offices to determine fitness for employment prior to hiring. The purpose of these exemptions is to preServe the value of these records as impartial measurement Standards for appointment and promotion within the Federal Service. F. Those portions of the following Systems of records which consist of information properly classified in the interest of national defense or foreign policy in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1) are exempt from Sections (c)(3) (ACCounting of Certain Disclosures), (d) (Access to Records), (e)(4) (G), (H) and (I) (Agency Requirements), and (f) (Agency Rules) of 5 U.S.C. 552a: 1. Investigative Record System maintained by the ASSistant Inspector General for Investigations in the Office of the Inspector General (DOT/OST 100). 2. Personnel Security Records System, maintained by the Office of Investigations and Security, Office of the Secretary (DOT/ OST 016). 3. Civil Aviation Security System (DOT/ FAA 813), maintained by the Office of Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation AdminiStration. 4. Joint Maritime Intelligence Element (JMIE) Support System, maintained by the Operations Systems Center, US Coast Guard (DOT/CG 642). The purpose of these exemptions is to prevent the disclosure of material authorized to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1) and 552a(k)(1). G. Those portions of the following Systems of records which consist of information properly classified in the interest of national defense or foreign policy in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552a(b)(1) are exempt from SubSections (c)(3) (Accounting of Certain Disclosures) and (d) (Access to Records) of 5 U.S.C. 552a:

1. Investigative Record System (DOT/FAA 815) maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration at the Office of Civil Aviation Security in Washington, DC; the FAA regional Civil Aviation Security Divisions; the Civil Aviation Security Division at the Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; the FAA Civil Aviation Security Staff at the FAA Technical Center in Atlantic City, New Jersey; and the various Federal Records Centers located throughout the Country.

The purpose of these exemptions is to prevent the disclosure of material authorized to be kept Secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1) and 552a(k)(1).

[45 F.R. 8993, Feb. 11, 1980, as amended at 58 FR 67697, Dec. 22, 1993; 59 FR 13662, Mar. 23, 1994; 60 FR 43983, Aug. 24, 1995. Redesignated at 62 FR 23667, May 1, 1997, as amended at 63 F.R. 2172, Jan. 14, 1998; 63 FR 4197, Jan. 28, 1998]

PART || –PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS

Sec. 11.101 To what does this policy apply? 11.102 DefinitionS. 11.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research Conducted or Supported by any Federal Department or Agency. 11.104–11.106 [Reserved] 11.107 IRB Membership. 11.108 IRB functions and operations. 11.109 IRB review of research. 11.110 Expedited review procedures for cer– tain kinds of research involving no more than minimal risk, and for minor changes in approved research. 11.111 Criteria for IRB approval of research. 11.112 Review by institution. 11.113 Suspension or termination of IRB approval of research. 11.114 Cooperative research. 11.115 IRB records. 11.116 General requirements for informed COnSent. 11.117 Documentation of informed consent. 11.118 Applications and proposals lacking definite plans for involvement of human SubjectS. 11.119 Research undertaken without the intention of involving human subjects. 11.120 Evaluation and disposition of applications and proposals for research to be conducted or Supported by a Federal Department Or Agency. 11.121 [Reserved] 11.122 USe of Federal fundS. 11.123 Early termination of research Support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 11.124 Conditions.

AUTHORITY: 5 U.S.C. 301; 42 U.S.C. 300V-1(b).

SOURCE: 56 FR 28012, 28023, June 18, 1991, unless otherwise noted.

§ 11.101 To what does this policy apply? (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, this policy applies to all research involving human Subjects conducted, supported or otherwise subject to regulation by any federal department or agency which takes appropriate administrative action to make the policy applicable to such research. This includes research Conducted by federal civilian employees or military personnel, except that each department or agency head may adopt Such procedural modifications as may be appropriate from an administrative standpoint. It also includes research Conducted, supported, or otherwise subject to regulation by the federal government Outside the United States. (1) Research that is conducted or Supported by a federal department or agency, whether or not it is regulated as defined in § 11.102(e), must comply with all Sections of this policy. (2) Research that is neither Conducted nor Supported by a federal department or agency but is subject to regulation as defined in § 11.102(e) must be reviewed and approved, in compliance with $11.101, § 11.102, and $11.107 through $11.117 of this policy, by an institutional review board (IRB) that operates in accordance with the pertinent requirements of this policy. (b) Unless otherwise required by department Or agency heads, research activities in which the Only involvement of human Subjects will be in one or more of the following categories are exempt from this policy: (1) Research Conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices, Such as (i) research on regular and Special education instructional Strategies, Or (ii) research. On the effectiveness of or the Comparison among instructional techniques, curricula, or classroom management methods. (2) Research involving the use of eduCational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), Survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior, unless:

(i) Information obtained is recorded in Such a manner that human subjects can be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects; and (ii) Any disclosure of the human subjects’ responses outside the research could reasonably place the subjects at risk of criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the subjects’ financial Standing, employability, or reputation. (3) Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures, or obserVation of public behavior that is not exempt under paragraph (b)(2) of this Section, if: (i) The human subjects are elected or appointed public officials or candidates for public office; or (ii) federal statute(s) require(s) without exception that the confidentiality of the personally identifiable information will be maintained throughout the research and thereafter. (4) Research, involving the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, pathological specimens, or diagnostic Specimens, if these sources are publicly available or if the information is recorded by the investigator in such a manner that subjects cannot be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects. (5) Research and demonstration projects which are conducted by or Subject to the approval of department or agency heads, and which are designed to Study, evaluate, or otherwise examIIle: (i) Public benefit or service programs; (ii) procedures for obtaining benefits or services under those programs; (iii) possible changes in or alternatives to those programs Or procedures; Or (iv) possible changes in methods or levels of payment for benefits or Services under those programs. (6) Taste and food quality evaluation and consumer acceptance Studies, (i) if wholesome foods without additives are Consumed Or (ii) if a food is COnsumed that Contains a food ingredient at or below the level and for a use found to be safe, or agricultural chemical or environmental contaminant at Or below the level found to be safe, by the Food and Drug Administration or approved by the Environmental Protection

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