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ing the last 5 years this increase has amounted to 20 Po Crowding resulting from failure to complete this part of the installation has caused improper location of some Army Map Service operations and has thus interfered with the efficient operation of the mapping and intelligence programs. Space made available in the existing buildings of the Army Map Service base plant facility through the relocation of activities in the new building will allow for relief of crowding and for more efficient operation of existing activities. The space released will be utilized for improvement of production and library operations and not for bulk storage purposes. Only shelf stocks of end products and operating stocks ..} supplies are held in Army Map Service base-plant facilities. Bulk map paper stocks are stored in Government warehouses in various parts of the country. Bulk map stocks are stored overseas and in the GSA warehouse at Franconia, Va. The operations concerned with production of plastic relief maps are planned for relocation in the proposed building. This will not result in any increase in the Army Map Service inplant production capacity. The techniques for this production were developed principally by Army Map Service and there is no comparable facility in commercial industry in the United States. The operation of the basic Defense libraries of mapping and related data, are of such nature that commercial contracting for the services is not feasible. These activities cannot be located in space detached from the base plant operation since all of the analysis of data and production planning resulting therefrom depend upon access to the libraries. An efficient base-plant facility is essential to the coordination of the efforts of military units, field offices, cooperating foreign mapping agencies, and commercial contract facilities in the accomplishment of the worldwide mapping, geodesy and intelligence requirements. The completion of the proposed building and the resultant elimination of crowding will increase the efficiency of the Army Map Service base-plant operation. Mr. GAv IN. What page is it? Mr. KELLEHER. That is on page 33. The CILAIRMAN. All right, without objection, it is approved. Mr. SMART. You are skipping those Capehart projects. Mr. KELLEHER. Mr. Chairman, do you wish to go by the bill or by the book? The book— The CHAIRMAN. I am going by the bill. We go by the bill. Mr. KELLEHER. You see, you will miss some Capehart housing that Way. The CHAIRMAN. We will take that up later on. Mr. KELLEHER. All right, sir. The CHAIRMAN. It is all written out later on in the bill. Mr. HARDY. If you follow that, that is all right. If I follow the bill, Mr. Chairman, I don't see a thing in the world except dollars down there, and if you follow the sheets The CHAIRMAN. Wait one minute, now. The Capehart houses are all written on page Mr. KELLEHER. Page 9, Mr. Chairman. Mr. HARDY. Are you going to take that all up at one time? The CHAIRMAN. We are going to take that all up at one time.

Mr. Hardy. So then we will have to go back through all these sheets and take a look at them.

Mr. BATES. I wonder if we can get a justification, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. RIVERS. You will let him ask a question?
The CHAIRMAN. It all depends on what you ask.
Mr. BATES. Could we have a justification?
Mr. GAVIN. Page 33.
The CHAIRMAN. Page 33. Army Map Service.
Mr. Hardy. So now we are skipping page 34.

Mr. BATES. Are we all through with 33, Mr. Chairman, or should we get a justification for it?

Mr. Hardy. Get a justification.
Mr. SMART. What is the justification for it, Bill?
The CHAIRMAN. Fort Eustis, Va.

Mr. BATES. You want to tell us about the Map Service, General? What is wrong with the one you have and when was it built

General SHULER. Sir, this building is required to supplement-not to replace but to supplement existing Army Map Service base-plant facilities, to provide adequate physical space for technical operations currently carried on within the Army Map Service and does not reflect any initiation or expansion of inplant production capacity. This building will be utilized for housing portions of the basic Department of Defense collection of topographic maps, geodetic data, engineer intelligence data and related material, and for the production of threedimensional plastic relief maps for military planning.

The requirement for additional physical space in the Army Map Service base plant derives principally from the fact that as the Army Map Service carries out its mission for world-wide surveying and mapping, and as it continues to gather source data, the libraries are growing rapidly, despite careful and continuous screening for elimination of obsolete or unnecessary materials.

This building is needed, sir, to get the payoff from the many years of worldwide surveys that have been made, so we can accurately map certain areas of the world.

Mr. BATEs. Now, when you remap an area, what do you do with the old maps? Store them or get rid of them!

General SHULER. As I just stated, we are conscientiously trying to weed out any obsolete materials. That is what we are trying to do, sir. So the answer is we get rid of them unless it has some good use.

Mr. BATES. Are you finally going to wind up with twice as many maps as you have today?

General SHULER. We are going to wind up with more maps than we have today because we have taken on more areas. That is the reason.

The CHAIRMAN. May I say a very interesting article appeared in the paper a few days ago about this service being carried on in Africa right now. General SHULER. Right, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. And it is highly important work. This is most important work. And one of the most fascinating stories growing out of World War II was the capture of a great many maps in some cave in Germany and what great benefit—it is highly important.

Mr. BATEs. I don't object to it, Mr. Chairman. I think we should have it. I think we went into Iwo Jima with Russian maps of 1895. The CHAIRMAN. We must try to bring them up to date. We must have a larger building to take care of the increased need. Mr. BATEs. You established a good record. The CHAIRMAN. Exactly. Take the next item. It is approved. Fort Eustis, Transportation Corps. Mr. KELLEHER. (reading): Transportation Corps. Fort Eustis, Virginia: Operational and training facilities, administrative facilities, troop housing, and utilities, $3,634,000. It is page 38 in the back, and the items are as follows: Taxiway, $46,000. Access aprons and facilities, $138,000. Training command headquarters building, $744,000. Three enlisted men's barracks, 326-man, $1,960,000. Battalion mess building, $335,000. Battalion administration and supply building, $241,000. Heating plant, $170,000. And 223 Capehart houses that are new. There are 412 Wherry there, that have been acquired. General SHULER. Fort Eustis, Va.; Transportation installation located 17 miles south of Newport News; initially occupied in 1918; designated “permanent.” Mission: Fort Eustis is designated by the Department of Army as a permanent post of the United States Army ransportation Corps for use as a ło Training Command. The specific mission of the post is the organization and training of Transportation Corps units and individuals of all categories, responsible for logistic support of the Transportation School, the Transportation Research and Engineering Command, and the satellite post of Fort Story, Va. Total cost (based on price when acquired), $57,859,145. Cost of improvements (permanent and other), $57,093,481. Cost of land (8,348 acres), $765,664. Present strength: Military, 10,369; civilian employees, 2,658. t * items requested for fiscal year 1959 authorization ($3,634,000, otal): Taxiway (RW). Access aprons and facilities. Training command headquarters building. Three enlisted men's barracks (326-man). Battalion mess building. Battalion administration and supply building. Heating plant. Two-hundred and twenty-three family quarters (Capehart). Detailed justification follows: Taxiway (RW) ($460,000): This item is required to provide an *cess taxiway from the existing helicopter operational area to the field maintenance hangar, presently under construction. Requirements for future development of the heliport-airfield area necessitated rositing the field maintenance hangar, subsequent to final authorization. As a result of this action insufficient funds were available to provide this item in the present construction. Taxiway is necessary to move nonflyable rotary-wing (helicopters) aircraft from helicopter landing pads and operational area to the field maintenance hangar. Without this taxiway, maintenance of helicopters assigned this station will be seriously impaired. The training program for maintenance will deteriorate. Hazards to personnel and craft will be increased. Access aprons and facilities ($138,000): Project is required to complete the access aprons and facilities for the field maintenance hangar presently under construction. The washing area with a waste treatment plant is necessary to clean aircraft for maintenance inspection and flying efficiency. A waste treatment plant to process effluent from the washing area is required to prevent pollution. The treated shoulders are necessary to eliminate dirt and gravel from damaging aircraft. Twenty cargo helicopters are presently operating from a small congested paved area located 2 miles from the airfield—heliport area. Failure to provide this item will be detrimental to the aviation train*H. assigned this station. raining command headquarters building ($744,000): There is a compelling need for a structure to house the Transportation training Command Headquarters, with adequate administrative facilities to support a training command and station echelon. This building is required to improve and expedite staff coordination, reduce the cost of maintenance and utilities and reduce administrative personnel by eliminating the duplication of effort required by use of the present facilities. The Office of the Commanding General and General Staff agencies presently occupy 16 semipermanent type buildings, with a total of 42,257 square feet of space, widely dispersed throughout the post. This arrangement requires duplication ...} administrative effort and delay in staff coordination and a lesser degree of unit integrity. Present facilities will revert to their original design for use as barracks, unit administration and support buildings until the post is further developed under the installation master plan. If this facility is not provided the command will continue to use obsolete facilities, maintenance costs of the 16 buildings will continue to increase, and duplication of effort for administrative personnel will continue. Annual savings of $58,000 can be realized by operating in 1 building. By far the most important advantage of a single permanent headquarters building is the intangible of better and faster staff coordination. Three enlisted men barracks without mess (326-man) ($1,960,000): This }}". is required to replace existing semipermanent (World War II mobilization type) barracks which are beyond the life expectancy of 15 years. Existing barracks have substandard heating and ventilation which is detrimental to health of occupants, day rooms are nonexistent for off-duty recreation, and buildings are in a state of general deterioration. Maintenance costs will continue to increase annually until permanent structures are constructed. To date, approximately 50 percent of the planned peacetime enlisted strength for the post are billeted in permanent living accommodations. These facilities have greatly improved efficiency in the unit and organizational operations. Requested project is a segment of the overall plan to construct 12 additional 326-man permanent type barracks to meet installation requirements to house all enlisted men in permanent barracks. Existing barracks Nos. S-2304 through S-2307, S-2300 through S-2320 and S-2401 will be demolished to make the area avail

able for construction of this project. Elimination of this item will necessitate continued use of World War II barracks, which are detrimental to troop welfare and morale, at increased maintenance costs.

Battalion mess ($335,000): This item is required to support 3 enlisted men barracks in this program.

Battalion administration and supply building ($241,000): This item is required to support the 3 enlisted men barracks in this program.

Heating plant ($170,000): This item is required to suppÌy heat and hot water for barracks, battalion mess and battalion administration and supply buildings in this program. Fuel will be coal.

Two hundred and twenty-three family quarters (Capehart) ($0): This project is required to provide an increment of the permanent family housing facilities for officer and enlisted personnel assigned to this station. In addition to existing permanent facilities there are 177 substandard units located on the post which are currently occupied. These substandard units are World War II barracks, dayrooms, supply and administration buildings and hospital wards that have been converted and are presently scheduled for disposal prior to July 1960. Although the total population of the communities within 30minute commuting radius of Fort Eustis exceeds 50,000, it includes many small towns where rental housing does not exist. The few rental units in Williamsburg are restricted to personnel in high income brackets. Newport News is a highly industralized area that is expanding rapidly, and the supply of rental housing has not kept pace with the demand. Number of units:

Requested by Army: 223.
Approved by OSD: 223.
Estimated cost : $3,679,500.

Authorization: Public Law 1020, 84th Congress.
Current assets:
Public quarters

127 Wherry

412 Existing Capehart

600 Proposed Capehart..

223 Community support

1, 054 Total.--Requirements (based on long-range troop strength): Officers and upper-grade enlisted men.

3, 604 Lower grade enlisted..

374 Essential civilians.


2, 416


Total.-----The construction of this project will enable the Department of the Army to provide 70 percent of the maximum gross housing requirement based on the long-range troop forecast. The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, Fort Eustis is approved.

Mr. BATES. Mr. Chairman, I just wonder if we will look at that last item.

What do you get, 10 million B. t. u.'s out of that plant for $170,000? I remember the other figure was considerably higher than that, back here somewhere, wasn't it?

General SHULER. Which one was that?

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