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The CHAIRMAN. I am glad to hear Mrs. St. George raise that point. We prepared a brief, and I could not appear in person before the Appropriations Committee, but I did prepare a brief and ask Mr. Brooks—because we were having a hearing on the reorganization program. I had Mr. Brooks appear before the committee to make a threepronged fight, to restore the cut from 925,000 to a minimum of 900,000; and to maintain the 400,000 National Guard and 300,000 reservists. Now, I understand the Appropriations Committee is going to make money available for the National Guard and for the reservists. But they have refused to make money sufficient to authorize a minimum of 900,000. Now, we are going to take the fight to the floor. , I hope the House—and it is going to be fought in the full Appropriations Committee. I don’t know whether we will win. You always bear in mind that the true soldier fights when his battalions are weak. Any soldier can fight when his battalions are strong. We must make a fight, and I hope we will win the fight. Because the facts and circumstances and the military responsibility does not warrant in this critical era in which we are living a reduction of the Army, of some 30,000. Now, I am disturbed about that. But I am also disturbed Mr. Secretary, about additional rumors that might happen in the days in front of us. Mr. Rivers. When the Congress is out of session. The CHAIRMAN. So I want you to know as far as I am concerned and as far as Mrs. St. George and practically every member of this committee is concerned, we are going to make a fight, what we consider to be right and proper for the personnel strength of the Army. Secretary SHORT. That is most reassuring, Mr. Chairman, and you certainly have my blessing. The &. It is going to be fought all over the floor of the House. It is not overwhelmingly in favor of this reduction. Mr. BECKER. Mr. Chairman— The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Becker. Mr. BECKER. On this same point—I agree with you and Mrs. St. George on the cut. Getting back to the National Guard and Reserves, while you say we are for 400,000 for the National Guard and 300,000 for the Reserves, and the Appropriations Committee is going to appropriate money for it, despite that, we read in the papers that they are not going to spend the appropriation. The CHAIRMAN. We will cross one bridge at a time. Mr. KITCHIN. We will have quite a fight on that question, too. Mr. HEss. Mr. Secretary, I am disturbed, as Mr. Rivers is, on this happening in New Jersey. Last Friday, this committee stamped its stamp of approval on the full Nike sites surrounding my city of Cincinnati. At that time, the Department of the Army gave me a release which I could release to the city, which assured the people of the safety factors that were taken, that there was no danger at all. Now, here yesterday we had this terrible explosion.
Secretary SHORT. No one was killed off the reservation or outside the base.
Mr. Hess. I understand. But from the articles in the papers, some of the missiles-the warheads fell in various areas around there. Fortunately, nobody was killed. But I hope a complete investigation will be made and a statement will be issued, because I know exactly how these people feel in the vicinity of these proposed sites.
Secretary SHORT. Oh, I can assure the gentleman that it will be most carefully investigated.
The CHAIRMAN. Of course, accidents are liable to occur anywhere, and you are liable to have it somewhere else. But these cities must be defended. You can't abandon defense because an accident happens.
But at the same time, I know the Department will take every precaution to lessen the likelihood of accident.
Now, Mr. Secretary, before you leave the witness stand, I want to compliment you and Secretary Brucker on having detailed General Shuler to handle this bill before the committee.
I want to at the very outset say that I have had occasion to examine this Army phase of the bill, and I am deeply impressed with the way the information is set out in regard to each item of the bill.
It is so complete-it furnishes the committee with detailed information, and it will save a great many questions and give the information that is absolutely necessary.
As General Shuler is in charge of this bill, I am going to say that you have it in the hands of a most skilled, qualified officer in preparation and presenting the bill.
Secretary Short. I concur.
Secretary Short. Yes. I concur most heartily and enthusiastically in what you said about General Shuler. Unfortunately, we are going to lose him over in the Pentagon soon. He will be going to the Mediterranean area, in charge of all public construction. It extends clear to Pakistan.
The CHAIRMAN. I don't know who will take his place, but whoever it is I hope he will have as a guideline the manner in which the general has prepared these books and get the information to the committee, to help us reach a decision.
Mr. RIVERS. And we hope you will give him another star, too, because he certainly earned it.
The CHAIRMAN. Thank you, Mr. Secretary.
Mr. Chairman, you have been very gracious and kind, in your remarks, as all members of this committee.
I am going to take advantage of this opportunity for just a minute, to say to you, not only as a former member of your distinguished committee and as a Member of Congress, or even as an Assistant Secretary of the Army, but just as a friend and a fellow American, I am hoping that the press and the Members of Congress and certainly the Army, should get busy and try to tell the American people and make them fully realize the great significance of the breakthrough that the
Army made just a few days ago when we recovered this huge nose cone intact, which was fired by the Jupiter.
It absolutely demonstrated and proved we have the propulsion, we have the guidance, to shoot a missile 1,600 miles and then bring from outer space down through the earth atmosphere the cone
Mr. RIVERS. And you got the brains, too.
Secretary SHORT. Now, we proved the propulsion, the guidance, and the ability to recover the nose cone, and to hit within the target area.
Mr. RIVERS. The guidance is one of the most significant things, Mr. Secretary
The CHAIRMAN. That accomplishment, to my mind, is far more important than satellites.
Mr. RIVERS. Yes, it is.
Secretary SHORT. And I hope we won't knock ourselves out by our own profligacy and by spending ourselves into bankruptcy in sending up a sputnik or a satellite in outer space that doesn't particularly hurt or harm anybody, that we will not waste hundreds of millions of dollars by taking it out of our conventional forces and our conventional weapons and particularly of rockets and missiles that we have already proved and demonstrated.
The CHAIRMAN. I will say, Mr. Secretary, that in our hearing along in January and February on the missile phase, it was developed that in all probability we could have sent up a satellite.
Secretary SHORT. No doubt about it.
The CHAIRMAN. Probably before Russia did. But we felt it more important to concentrate on the weapon phase, and the recent accomplishment of the Jupiter demonstrates the soundness of that conclusion.
Secretary SHORT. Absolutely.
I just want to comment on that, Mr. Secretary. I am glad you said that, because every time a sputnik is up, the newspapers and the commentators have a week of this sputnik.
Secretary SHORT. Yes.
Mr. BECKER. A whole week of it. And your accomplishment, that you just mentioned—nobody is more qualified than you, sir, that I know. That goes off the front page, goes off the paper, in 24 hours.
Secretary SHORT. That is right.
Mr. BECKER. And the accomplishment that you mentioned, that is so important, and the people not being told that through the communications of the country. Secretary SHORT. And some people, if they had their way,
would do away with Jupiter.
The CHAIRMAN. Thank you, Mr. Secretary. It is a pleasure to have had you before the committee.
Secretary SHORT. Thank you.
The CHAIRMAN. And before you leave, I want to say-you said in the last statement that some people might want to do away with Jupiter—that the Jupiter also has many friends in this committee.
Secretary SHORT. Thank you.
The CHAIRMAN. Now, Mr. Secretary, of course it will be a pleasure for you to stay while General Shuler is testifying, but if you have any other obligations, why the committee will excuse you, with the thanks of the committee.
But we will have General Shuler now to go right into the bill. But if you don't care to stay, you can leave.
Secretary SHORT. Well, I am going to stick around a while, if you don't mind.
The CHAIRMAN. All right.
Secretary SHORT. But I am just going to be a member of the audience.
The CHAIRMAN. Now, members of the committee, the next witness is Brig. Gen. William R. Shuler, Chief of the Construction Division of the Department of the Army.
Now, General Shuler, you have a prepared statement and I trust the members will accord you the privilege to deliver it without interruption.
General SHULER. Mr. Chairman, may I say before I start on my statement that I most humbly thank the chairman and the committee for the remarks you so kindly made.
I want to tell you that I have two objectives here, sir. The first is to give the committee frank and truthful and full answers to their questions, and if I can't do it I will get the answers for the committee.
The second is to get all my projects through this committee and get them approved, sir. [Laughter.]
The CHAIRMAN. All right, General.
General SHULER. The Department of the Army is requesting $347,028,000 in new authorization for military public works in title I of the bill now under consideration by the committee.
Of this total $322,028,000 is for specific projects, and $25 million is for general authorization for unforeseen urgent projects when qualified under certain stipulated conditions.
Of the defined unclassified projects $111,491,000 is requested for the continental United States and $9,416,000 for overseas areas—including Alaska, Hawaii, and the Caribbean.
Of the total request $201,121,000 is for classified construction projects.
The Army is requesting amendments to Public Law 209, 83d Congress, Public Laws 161 and 968, 84th Congress, and Public Law 85–241, 85th Congress, for deficiencies in fiscal year 1954, 1956, 1957, and 1958 authorizations.
These additional requirements have been brought about in large part by the general rise in construction cost indexes throughout the world.
I will cover this request for amendments to the previous public laws when sections 105, 106, 107, and 108 are discussed.
Before proceeding to a detailed review of the proposed Army authorization, I feel it would be helpful to outline the content of section 101 of the bill by broad categories, to discuss certain aspects thereof, and to review the authorization and fiscal position of the Army's military construction program.
There are nine broad construction categories into which our requested facilities fall.
The first category, “Operational and training facilities,” includes paving, control towers, and lighting facilities for air fields; fuel storage and dispensing facilities; communication buildings; aviation operations buildings; academic buildings; and guided missile traini facilities. This category totals $28,228,000, distributed $27,038,000 in the continental United States, and $1,190,000 overseas. “Maintenance facilities” includes buildings for maintenance of all types of equipment and plant used by the Army—such as aircraft, missiles, motor vehicles, communication and electronic devices. This category totals $12,933,000; $12,061,000 in the continental United States and $872,000 overseas. Included in this category are the maintenance and logistical support facilities for our Air Defense installations in the continental United States totaling $6,311,000. “Research, development and test facilities” include requirements in the amount of $9,931,000 to support the Army's research and development programs, particularly in the field of guided missiles. In this connection, and to emphasize our responsibilities for construction support of research and development activities, I invite your attention to a classified project in section 102 of this title. This will provide special missile research and test facilities, both in CONUS and overseas, for a weapon development program of national priority. Additionally, as accelerated and unforeseen requirements arise, research and development projects would be authorized under section 103 of this title, which I will discuss subsequently. “Supply facilities” include $3,950,000. Aircraft parts storage buildings and an ammunition storage igloo in the CONUS for a total of $167,000; and an increment of a logistic complex in Hawaii, and facilities in France for a total of $3,783,000. “Hospital and medical facilities” total $6,713,000 and include $6,488,000 for 2 permanent hospitals, alterations to another hospital and 2 dispensaries in the continental United States, and $225,000 for medical facilities overseas. The new hospitals in this group are at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., and Fort McClellan, Ala., and are required to replace World War If out. moded hospitals which have long ago exceeded their normal life expectancy. ‘Administrative facilities” consist of structures necessary for the administration of battalion and larger units. The major nonstandard structures under this category are the Ordnance Tank and Automotive Command Headquarters, the Missions Engineering Buildi to support our guided missile research program at Redstone Arsen Ala., and the Cartographic Engineering Building for the Army Map Service. The total amount requested is $10,334,000, $9,554,000 in the continental United States and $780,000 overseas. “Housing and community facilities” include barracks and bachelor officer quarters, family housing, service facilities and morale, welfare, and recreational facilities. The total amount requested is $43,963,000, divided $42,882,000 in CONUS, and $1,081,000 overseas. Beginning with fiscal year 1954 the total requirement for permament long-range EM barracks was 460,000 spaces. The assets at that time were 181,000 spaces. By the end of fiscal year 1958, approximately 66,130 more spaces will have been constructed or wińbounder construction.