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Available funds und Van-Years 1969 and Estintos. 1970 and 191

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Actual

tinated : Budget Estimate 1969

Available, 1970 : 1911
Item

:Van- :
:Man- :

:ManAmount :Years: Amount : Years; Amount : Years Statistical Reporting Service:

:
:

:
:

: Salaries and Expenses... :$14,843,036:1,275:$16,527,800:1, 321:$17,749,800:1,411 Obligations under other USDA :

:

: appropriations :

:

: Agricultural Stabilization :

: and Conservation Service, : for special data on feed grain programs, castor beans, wheat sorghum, wool: and mohair...

162,957: 17: 141,100: 14: 142,100: 14 Consumer and Marketing Service, for milk price data in selected states.. : 28,100: 3: 26,900:

26,900: Economic Research Service, : for fertilizer practices, : farm population, cotton,

: and crop land data...... 78,000: 7: 332,000: : 332,000: 31 Federal Crop Insurance Cor-: poration, for acreage yield and production data, : 130,000: 12: 145,000:

145,000: 13 National Agricultural Library, services relative:

: to the Pesticides Documentation Bulletin.....

11,554:

10,000 1: 10,000: 1 Washington Data Processing : work for: Agricultural Research

: Service.....

136,498:

6: 167,000 : 6: 175,000: 6 Consumer and Marketing Service..... 569,234: 21 500,000:

19:

524,000: 19 Economic Research Service. : 437,68

424,000: 16: Whabe, 000: Foreign Agricultural

:

: Service...

130,802: 6: 165,000: 6: 173,000: 6 National Agricultural Library....

129,045: 6: 157,000: 6: 165,000: 6 orrice of Management

: Services...

80,748:
95,500: 4: 100,000:

4 Office of Plant and Operations..

124,803:
6: 105,000:

110,000: 4 Research Program Develop- :

: ment and Evaluation Start: 133,699: 6: 180,000:

7:

189,000: 7 Soil Conservation Service.....

65,107 : 3: 126,500:

5: 130,500: 5

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Actual

Estimated :Budget Estimate

1969 : Available, 1970: 1971 Item

:Man

:Man- :

:Van: Amount :Years : Amount :Years: Amount :Years Agricultural Stabili- :

:

: zation and Conservation :

:
Service...

:
40,000: 2:

42,000:

2 Rural Electrification

: Administration

76,000: 3: 80,000: 3 Other Agencies..

127.702: 6: 108,000: 4: 112.300: Total, other USDA appropriations.

2.345,893: 131 : 2,799,000: 143: 2,899,800: 143 Total, Agricultural Appropriation Bill, 17,188,929: 1,406:

19,324,800:1,464: 20,649,600:1,554 Other Funds : Agency for International Development: Training of foreign participants.....

40,077:

39,000:

39,000: 2 Technical consultation.. 27,169:

25,000:

25,000: 1 Special projects training to improve and : expand agricultural production statistics and price supporting services..

124,134: 5: 12,900: 5: 13.900: 5. Total, Agency for In- !

ternational Development: 191, 380: 8: 198.900: 8: 198,900: 8 Department of Labor, for surveys of hired farm labor: wages paid and hours worked : 244,672:

190,000:

190,000: 17 Bureau of Census, Department: of Commerce, for assistance: on a census of Agriculture. : 53,917 : 5: 63,275: 6: 63,275: 6 Department of Commerce, for : work on a world census and : crop reports.....

14,200: 1: 14,200: 1 Federal Judicial Center,

: relative to a study of case: workloads.....

25,000: 3: Cooperative crop reporting : service, Pennsylvania State: Department of Agriculture..: 28,000:

28,000: 3: 28,000: 3 Washington State University,: for data on nursery and greenhouse products....... 20,542: Miscellaneous reimbursements: 17, 112:

13,425: 1: 13,425 1 Washington Data Processing :

: work for Forest Service.....

172,818:

23,300: 8: 223,600: 8 Dept. of Defense.

269,686:

491,100: 19:

514,800: 19 Department of Healthi, 5 Education and Welfare

115,512:
50,000: 2: 52,000:

2 D. C. Covernment...

50,000: Department of Trangportation......

22,169:

64,000: 2: 67,000: 2 Department of Labor.

2,987:
15,000:

16,000:
Equal Employment Opportur
nity Commission.....

15,000:

16,000: (Continued on next page)

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Actual

: Estimated : Budget Estimate : 1969 :Available, 1910

1971
Item

Man- :
:Man- :

ManAmount :Years : Amoumt :Years; Amount :Years Veterans Administration

13,532: : 20,000: l: 21,000: 1 Other Departments

15,809: 1: 45,900: 2: 48,100: 2 Funds for work under coop

:

: erative agreements.. 12,017: 1: 15,000: 1:

15,000: 1

: Total, Other Funds ...... : 1.230,153: 65: 1,462,100: 24: 1.481, 300:

: Total, Statistical Reporting : Service.

18.419.082: 1,471; 20,786,900:1,538: 22,130,900:1,625

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1970

1971 Project

1969 :lestimated): Incroues :(ostinsted) 1. Crop and 11vestock estimates : $14,071,659: $15,500,300:+$1,169,000(1): -16,909,300 2. Statistical research and service ........

659,500: 727,500:

+53,000(2):

780,500 Unobligated balance ...

111,877: Total available or estimate : 14,843,036: 16,5211:00: +1,222,000 : 17.749,800 Proposed supplemental for pay

: costs ...

: -1,116,000: Transfered to GSA

+9,964:

+1,000: Total, appropriation

: 14,65,000: 15,412,500:

:

:

INCREASES

(1) An increase of $1,169,000 for the crop and livestock ontingtos consisting of:

(a) Ad increase of $1.050,000 for multi-free livestock surveys ($250,000 availablo 19 1970. Need for Increaso: The Incrone requested vould provide for the expansion of the

multi-frame ramling program to a total of 16 limportant livestock statas. Such an expansion would be an important factor in the Agency's cantiouing offorts to Improve the accuracy and dependability of National and state livestock estimates. Congress provided runde in 1970 to initiate the program of multi-free livestock surveys. Primary emphasis is placed on cattle and bog. sound management practice dictates that the total 11vestock multi-free supling program be put into operation in successive stops over time. Statas other than the 16 programmed will be included in later years.

Current plans are to expand to a fully operational program in all States by 1976 subject to the availability of runds.

The livestock industry has experienced dramatic changes in recent years. 'The accelerated trend toward greater specialization and increased size of operation requires increasingly larger outlays of commercial credit. This emphasizes the importance of dependable, reliable data regarding livestock numbers and prospective production.

The Department is aware of the critical demand for improved accuracy of livestock estimates. This became acutely evident in early 1967 due to the necessary 2 percent upward revision of cattle estimates, following the 1964 Census of Agriculture. The revision was within the normal range that might be expected using current methods. However, the industry insists this degree of accuracy 18 no longer satisfactory and more reliable estimates are needed. This can only be accomplished by newer, more accurate sampling and estimating procedures. The expansion of the program to include the 16 States is an essential step toward the correction of a serious problem in estimating cattle and hog numbers.

Plan of work: The 16 States which would be included in the fiscal year 1971

program are: California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Chio, South Dakota, Tennessee, Wisconsin and Wyoming. On January 1, 1969, these States accounted for 53 percent of all cattle in the United States and 81 percent of all hoge. They constitute the minimal first stage in the program.

(b) An increase of $39,000 for probability surveys of farm grain stocks ($103,500 available in 1970).

Need for Increase: The increase requested would supplement funds provided in the

riscal year 1970 for the initiation of probability surveys of farm grain stocks in the 12 North Central States. mis will enable the on-farm component of total grain stocks, in these important grain stock States, to be estimated on the basis of probability samples for each quarterly date. The 12 North Central States usually account for nearly 50 percent of the farm stored barley, about 67 percent of the wheat, over 80 percent of the soybeans, sorghum grain and rye, over 90 percent of the corn and oats and virtually all of the flaxseed. Probability surveys are necessary to increase the accuracy of the farm grain stocks estimates. Due to changes in farm sizes and marketing practices, the reliability of estimates based on current methods is no longer acceptable in major grain storage States.

It is extremely important that quarterly farm grain stocks estimates with known statistical reliability be available. Combined with the off-farm stocks estimate, they complete the supply picture. This information along with accurate, complete, and timely information on prospective production, prices,

and sales make up the overall information needs for effective competition. (c) An increase of $80,000 for preparatory work on proposed farm operator expenditures survey No funds available in 170).

Hood for Increase: The finds requested would allow preparations for farm operator

expenditure surveys to be made. Such surveys would be used to update both the commodity coverage and the weighting factors used in computing the Index of Prices Paid by Farmers. The Index measures change in the prices of goods and services bought by farmers. To accurately provide this measure, both the commodity coverage and the weighting factors for each commodity must be representative of the buying practices of farmers. Because of the rapidly changing buying practices of farmers, the commodity coverage and associated weighting factors soon become obsolete and must be updated. This requires periodic surveys of farmers' buying habits to ascertain the commodities that are important in their purchases, and the relative volume of each purchased. Data generated by these surveys have uses beyond revision of the weights for the Index. Agriculture

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