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FIRST THREE BOOKES,
ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR.
By the kindness of Mr. Henry Ellis, of the British Museum, the Editor is enabled, in addition to the fruits of his own researches, to enrich the following masterly performance of his author with some of those elucidations, which his frequent imitation of the Classics and his perpetual allusions to temporary and local circumstances have rendered indispensable to a full comprehension of the spirit and beauty of his satire. Mr. Ellis has had it in contemplation to publish an edition of the Satires, fully illustrated: which design, it is to be hoped, he will find leisure to accomplish. In the mean time he has had the goodness to allow the Editor to select such notes from his papers, as might appear most necessary : and he has also furnished him with Warton's notes on his author, contained in a few of the first sheets of the fourth volume of his History of English Poetry, which had passed the press before the death of the learned critic. Mr. Ellis's notes are marked E, and those of Mr. Warton W. For the rest the Editor is responsible.
Those obsolete words, which rarely occur in the Satires, are explained in the Notes. The following are such as repeatedly occur. For the rest, the Glossary to the Whole Works may be consulted.
Albe, or albee-albeit, allhough.
DEFIANCE TO ENVY.
Nay; let the prouder Pines of Ida feare
Whose swelling graines are like be gald' aloné,
With the deep furrowes of the thunder-stone.
Let high attemps dread envy and ill tongues,
And cow'rdly shrink for fear of causelesse wrongs.
So adders shroud themselves in fayrest leaves :
whilere-just now, a little while ago. Shakespeare uses erewhile in this sense Else your memory is bad, going o'er it EREWHILE.
Love's LABOUR Lost. A. iv. Sc. I. Raleigh uses the word as Hall does.
- are like be galdi. e, are like to be fretted, marked, or torn. So in Book IV. Sat. 5.
With some GAL'D trunk, ballac'd with straw and stone. And in the conclusion to Book III.
Hold out, ye guiltie and ye GALLED hides. 3 So golden Mazor'wont suspicion breed
of deadly Hemlock's poison'd potion. Mazor, or mazer, is explained in the old dictionaries to be a standing-cup to drink in, commonly made of maeser, a Dutch word for maple. The contrast of the poet then is, between a cup usually made of maple, and the same cup made of gold.
Nor the low bush feares climbing yvy-twine:
Nor baser deed dreads envy and ill tongues,
Nor shrinks so soone for feare of causelesse wrongs.
That envy should accost my muse and mee,
For this so rude and recklesse* poesie.
(Tho now those bays and that aspired thought,
In carelesse rage she sets at worse than nought.)
And hopen now to shoulder from above
The eagle from the stayrs of friendly Jove.
To lead sad Pluto captive with my song,
To grace the triumphs he obscur'd so long.
And by some strange inchanted speare and shield,
Vanquisht their foe, and wan’ the doubtfull field.
And somewhat say, as more unworthy done,
Worthy of brasse, and boary marble-stone. • recklesse-careless, or severe.
kestrels—a species of hawk: from the French quergelle, cercelle : these from the Latin circulus ; so called from the shape or disposition of its tail. 6 weeter-wetter.
wan-won. • Stories of ladies, and adueni'rous konights. A pointed allusion to the finished and descriptive poetry of Spenser. E.
Then might vaine envy waste her duller wing,
But now such lowly Satyres here I sing,
Not worth our Muse, not worth their envying.
in fickle censure lies.
And they and it, in varying readers' will.
And show his rougher and his hairy hide,
Tho mine be smooth, and deckt in carelesse pride.
To sound our love, and to our song accord,
Wearying eccho with one changelesse word.
Praising it by the story, or the frame,
Or want of use, or skilfull maker's name.
Awayting for their trustie Umpire's doome,
Faulted in as false, by him that's overcome.
• Song for sung: thus spelt for the sake of the rhime. E. This conformity of the orthography to the rhime is very frequent. Indeed the orthography, in cur author's days, was regulated by no fixed principles. There is no kind of conformity, in this respect, between the first edition of the Satires printed in 1597, and the subsequent editions of 1599, and 1602. I have followed, with very few exceptions, that of the first edition : from which edition I have also corrected several gross mistakes which had crept into all that followed. to steere-a young
bullock. "faulted-blamed, found fault with,