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letter, which is still extant in the library of the duke of Saxe-Gotha.

Wansleb left Alexandria in the beginning of 1665, and arrived at Leghorn; but durst not return to his own country, because duke Ernest was greatly displeased with his conduct, in neglecting the chief object of his embassy, and employing in an improper manner the sums he had received., He went therefore to Rome, where he abjured Lutheranism, and entered into the order of St. Dominic in 1666. In 1670, he was sent to Paris, where being introduced to Colbert, he was commissioned by that minister to return to the East, and to purchase manuscripts and medals for the king's library. He arrived at Cairo in 1672, continued in Egypt near two years, and in that time sent to France 334 manuscripts, Arabic, Turkish, and Persic. The Mahometans growing jealous of this commerce which Wansleb carried on, he removed from Egypt to Constantinople, and had promised to go from that place in search of manuscripts to mount Athos; but excused himself on pretence that Leo Allatiu's had taken away the best for the use of the Vatican. He was preparing to set out for Ethiopia, when he was recalled to France by Colbert; who, it seems, had just reason to be displeased with his conduct, as Ernest had been before him. He arrived at Paris in April 1676, and might have been advanced not only to the royal professorship of Oriental languages, but even to a bishopric, if his irregular life and manners had not stood in his way. He lived neglected for two or three years, and then died in June 1679.

His publications are, 1.“Relazione dello stato presente dell'Egitto, 1671,12mo. This is said to be an abridged account of Egypt, which had been sent by him in several letters to duke Ernest; and Ludolf has related, that the

Jacobines, whom he employed to translate it into Italian, · have deviated from the original in several places. 2. “ Nouvelle Relation en forme de Journal d'un Voyage fait en Egypte en 1672 et 1673,” 1676, 12mo. 3. “ Histoire de l'Eglise d'Alexandrie fondée par S. Marc, que nous appellons celles des Jacobites -Coptes d'Egypte, écrite au Caire même en 1672 et 1673. 1677," 12mo. '

. WARBURTON (John), a beraldic writer and antiquary, was the son of Benjamin Warburton, of Bury in Lancashire,

Niceron, vol. XXVI. --Lobo's Voyage D'Abyss. vol. 1.-Mosheim. Moreri.

Vol. XXXI.


by Mary, his wife, eldest daughter, and at length beiress of Michael Buxton, of Buxton, in Derbyshire. He was born Feb. 28, 1681-2. According to Mr. Grose, he received no education, and was originally an exciseman ; Mr. Grose adds that he was ignorant not only, of the Latin, but of his native language, and so far from understanding mathematics, he did not even understand guaging, which,“ like navigation, as practised by our ordinary seamen, consists only in multiplying and dividing certain numbers, or writing by an instrument, the rationale of both which they are totally ignorant of.” It appears from Mr. Brooke Somerset's notes, that Toms, who owed his rise to him, told that gentleman that he had great natural abilities, but no education. Grose observes, that “his life was one continued scene of squabbles and disputes with his brethren, by whom he was despised and detested.” Toms remarks, that “though his conduct was faulty, yet he was extremely illused, especially by the younger Anstis, who was of a violent tyrannical disposition,” and there seems reason to suspect that his quarrelsome disposition, rather than his incapacity, has occasioned many of the discreditable reports which have accompanied his name. As a collector of antiquities, he appears to have been indefatigable.

The first appearance he made in public was in 1716, when he published his map of Northumberland. In 1719 he was elected a fellow both of the Royal and Antiquary societies, and could not then, we presume, have been thought the ignoramus which he has since been represented. He remained a member of the Society of Antiquaries to the last, but was ejected from the Royal in June 1757, in consequence of not having made his annual payments for a great number of years. In June 1720 he was created Somerset herald, and appears to have been constantly at variance with the superiors of the college. In 1722-3 he published in four closely printed 4to pages, “A List of the Nobility and Gentry of the counties of Middle. sex, Essex, and Hertford, who have subscribed, and ordered their coats of arms to be inscribed on a new map of those counties, which is now making by John Warburton, esq.” In August 1728, he gave notice, that “he keeps a register of lands, houses, &c. wbich are to be bought, sold, or mortgaged, in England, Scotland, or Wales, and if required, directs surveys thereof 'to be made : also solicits grants of arms, and performs all other matters relating to the office of a herald. For which purpose daily attendance is given at his chambers in the Heralds' office, near Doctors Commons, London. He answers letters post-paid, and advertises, if required.” This quackery did not probably raise him very high in the opinion of his brethren. In 1749, he published a map of Middlesex on two sheets of imperial atlas, with the arms of the nobility and gentry on the borders. But the earl marshal, supposing these to be fictitious, by his warrant commanded him not to take in any subscriptions for arms, nor advertise or dispose of any maps, till the right of such person respectively to such arms were first proved, to the satisfaction of one of the kings of arms. In his book of “ London and Middlesex illustrated," after observing the above injunction of the earl marshal, he subjoins, “ which person's (Anstis) partiality being well known to this author, he thought it best to have another arbitrator joined with him, and therefore made choice of the impartial public, rather than submit his performance wholly to the determination of a person so notoriously remarkable for knowing nothing at all of the matter." After censuring the notion, that trade and gentility are incompatible, as a doctrine fitted only for a despotic government, and judiciously remarking the moral impossibility there would soon be of proviug descents and arms for want of visitations, he returns to attack the beads of the college, by saying, that such proofs are obstructed by the exorbitant and unjustifiable fees of three heralds, called kings at arms, who receive each 301. for every new grant. In his “ London and Middlesex illustrated,” he gave the names, residences, genealogy, and coat-armour of the nobility, principal, merchants, and other eminent families, emblazoned in their proper colours, with references to authorities.

In 1753, Mr. Warburton, published - Vallum Romanum, or the History and Antiquities of the Roman Wall, commonly called the Picts Wall, in Cumberland and Northumberland,” with plates and maps, 4to. These, with some prints, are the whole of his publications, but he had an amazing collection of MSS. books, prints, &c. relating to the history and antiquities of England, which were dis. persed by auction after his death. He had also, bot unfortunately lost, a large collection of old dramas, of which a catalogue, with remarks, appears in the Gentleman's Magazine for September 1815.

Mr. Warburton died at his apartments in the college of arms, May 11, 1759, aged seventy-eight, and was buried on the 17th in the south aisle of St. Bennet's church, Paul's Wharf. A peculiar circumstance attended his funeral. Having a great abhorrence to the idea of worms crawling upon him when dead, he ordered that his body should be inclosed in two cuffins, one of lead, the other of oak: the first he directed should be filled with green broom, hather, or ling. 'In compliance with his desire, a quantity, brought from Epping forest, was stuffed ex, tremely close round his body. This fermenting, burst the coffin, and retarded the funeral, until part of it was taken out. • Mr. Warburton married twice : one of bis wives was a widow with children, for he married her son, when a minor, to one of his daughters. Amelia, another, married Oct. 23, 1750, to captain John Elphinston, afterwards viceadmiral and commander-in-chief of the Russian fleet, who died very greatly respected by the laté empress, Catherine IL who created him knight of the order of St. George: he was deservedly honoured and beloved by all who knew him. This gallant officer died in November 1789, at Cronstat, after a short illness. By his last wife, our author had John Warburton, esq. . who resided many years in Dublin, and was pursuivant to the court of exchequer in Ireland : he married, in 1756, Ann-Catherine, daughter of the rev. Edward-Rowe Mores, rector of Tunstal in Kent, and sister of Edward-Rowe Mores, esq. M. A. and F. R. and A.S., so well known for his skill in antiquity, and the large collections of choice MSS. and books he left at his death, which were sold by Mr. Paterson in 1779. This Mr. Warburton, leaving Dublin, became one of the exons belonging to his majesty's yeomen of the guard at St. James's. Mr. Noble says, that going into France since the troubles in that kinge dom, he was one of the few English who fell victims to the sanguinary temper of the usurpers, being guillotined for a pretended sedition, by order of the national convention committee at Lyons, in December 1793; but a correspond. ent in the Gentleman's Magazine says that the Mr. Warburton, who was guillotined, was the nephew and not the son of the herald.?

WARBURTON (WILLIAM), an English prelate of great abilities and eminence, was born at Newark-upon-Trent,

I Noble's Coll. of Arms.-Nichols's Bowyer.

er was b of the Sphe famous Chester,

in the county of Nottingham, Dec. 24, 1698. His father was George Warburton, an attorney and town-clerk of the place in which this his eldest son received his birth and education. His mother was Elizabeth, the daughter of William Hobinan, an alderman of the same town; and his parents were inarried about 1696. The family of Dr. Warburton came originally from the county of Chester, where his great-grandfather resided. His grandfather, William Warburton, a royalist during the rebellion, was the first that settled at Newark, where he practised the law, and was coroner of the county of Nottingham. George Warburton, the father, died about 1706, leaving his widow and five children, two sons and three daughters, of which the second son, George, died young; but, of the daughters, one survived her brother. The bishop received the early part of his education under Mr. Twells, whose son afterwards married his sister Elizabeth ; but he was prin. cipally trained under Mr. Wright, then master of Okebamschool in Rutlandshire, and afterwards vicar of Cainpden in Gloucestershire. Here he continued till the beginning of 1714, when his cousin Mr. William Warburton being made head - master of Newark-school, he returned to bis native place, and was for a short time under the care of that learned gentleman. During his stay at school, he did not distinguish hiniself by any extraordinary efforts of genius or application, yet is supposed to have acquired a competent knowledge of Greek and Latin. His original designation was to the same profession as that of bis father and grandfather; and he was accordingly placed clerk to Mr. Kirke, an attorney at East Markham in Nottinghamshire, with whom he continued till April 1719, when he was qualified to engage in business upon his own account. He was then admitted to one of the courts at Westminster, and for some years continued the employment of an attorney and solicitor at the place of his birth. The success he met with as a man of business was probably not great. It was certainly insufficient to induce him to devote the rest of his life to it: and it is probable, that his want of encouragement might tempt him to turn his thoughts towards a profession in which his literary acquisitions would be more valuable, and in which he might more easily pursue the bent of his inclination. He appears to have brought from school more learning than was requisite for a practising lawyer. This might rather impede than forward his pro

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