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Eton, and went thence to Oxford about the same time that Gray removed to Cambridge. Each of them carried with him the reputation of an excellent classical scholar; and Mr. Mason was told, what he seems unwilling to allow, that Mr. West's genius was reckoned the more brilliant of the two. In April 1738, Mr. West left Christchurch for the Inner Temple; but, according to his own account, in a let. ter to Walpole, he had no great relish for the study of the law, and had some thoughts of exchanging that profession for the army. When Gray returned from bis travels in 1741, he found his friend West oppressed by sickness, and a load of family misfortunes, which had already too far af. fected a body originally weak and delicate. West died June 1, 1742, in the twenty-sixth year of his age. What remains to give an idea of his talents, may be found in lord Orford's Works, and Mason's Life of Gray.'

WEST (THOMAS), the ingenious author of “ The His. tory of Furness,” published in 1774, 4to, and the “ Guide to the Lakes,” is supposed to have bad the chief part of his education in the Roman catholic religion on the continent, where he afterwards presided as a professor in some of the branches of natural philosophy. He belonged to the society of the Jesuits at the time of their suppression, and afterwards officiated as a secular priest. He had seen many parts of Europe, and considered what was extraordinary in them with a curious eye. Having, in the latter part of his life, much leisure time, he frequently accom: panied genteel parties on the tour of the lakes; and after he had formed the design of drawing up his guide, which is said to have been suggested to him by Dr. Brownrigg (See BROWNRIGG), besides consulting the most esteemed authors on the subject (as Messrs. Gray, Young, Pennant, &c.) he took several journeys on purpose to examine the lakes, and to collect such information concerning them from the neighbouring gentlemen,' as he thought necessary to complete the work, and make it truly deserving the title. He resided at Ulverston, where he was respected as a worthy and ingenious man; and died July 10, 1779, at the ancient seat of the Stricklands, at Sizergh, in Westmorland, in the sixty-tbird year of his age; and, according to his own request, was interred in the vault of the Stricklands, in Kendal church. Among Cole's MSS. in the British Mu

1 Biog. Dram.--Lord Orford's Works, vol. II.-Mason's Life of Gray.-Gent. Mag. vol. LXXII,

seum is a letter from him to col. Townley, giving an account of some bodies found buried at Gogmagog hills, near Cambridge. In the 6 Arcbæologia, vol. V. is by him “ An account of Antiquities discovered at Lancaster.")

WESTFIELD (THOMAS), a native of Ely, was educated in Jesus-college, in Cambridge, where he was scholar and fellow some time; but, appearing in public, was, first, assistant to Dr. Nicolas Felton, at St. Mary-le-bow, London, and then presented to this church'; and soon after to St. Bartholomew's, London; made archdeacon of St. Alban's; and at length advanced to the see of Bristol, as one of those persons whom his majesty found best qualified for so great a place, for soundness of judgment and unblameableness of conversation, for which he had before preferred Dr. Prideaux to the see of Worcester, Dr. Winniff to Lincoln, Dr. Brownrig to Exeter, and Dr. King to London, He was offered the same see in 1616, as a maintenance, but he then refused it; but, having now gotten some wealth, he accepted it,' that he might adorn it with hospitality out of his own estate. He was much reverenced and respected by the earl of Holland, and other noblemen, before the troubles came on; but was as much contemned, when the bishops grew out of favour ; being disturbed in his devotion, wronged of his dues, and looked upon now as a formalist, though he was esteemed not long before one of the most devout and powerful preachers in the kingdom; but this we may suppose not to be done by the parliament's authority; because we find an order of theirs, dated May 13, 1643, commanding his tenants, as bishop of Bristol, to pay him the rents, and suffer him to pass safely with his family to Bristol, being himself of great age, and a person of great learning and merit. He was afterwards ejected, and died June 25, 1644. He preached the first Latin sermon at the erection of Sion-college; and, though he printed nothing in his life-time, yet two little volumes of his sermons were published after his death, entitled, “ England's Face with Israel's Glass ;" containing eight sermons upon Psalm cvi. 19, 20, &c. and “The white robe or Surplice vindicated, in several Sermons;" the first printed in 1646, the other in 1660. He was buried in Bristol cathedral near Dr. Paul Bush, the first bishop, and has a stone with an epitaph over him. ? ..

I Gent. Mag. LXXXII.-Gough's Topog.-Cole's MS Athenæ in Brit. Mus.

2 Lloyd's Memoirs, fol.-Walker's Sufferings.--Cole's MS Athenæ.-Lysons' Euvirons.

WESTON (ELIZABETH JANE), a learned lady of the sixteenth century, was born about the beginning of the reign of Elizabeth, and is supposed by Dr. Fuller to have been a branch of the ancient family of the Westons, of Sutton, in Surrey. She appears to have left England at an early age, and to have settled at Prague, in Bohemia, where she married one John Leon, who is said to have resived there in the emperor's service. She was skilled in the languages, particularly in the Latin, in which she wrote with elegance and correctness. She was greatly esteemed by learned foreigners. She is commended by Scaliger, and complimented by Nicholas May in a Latio epigram. She is placed by Mr. Evelyn, in his “ Numismata,” ainong learned women; and by Philips among female poets. She is ranked by Farnaby with sir Thomas More, and the best Latin poets of the sixteenth century. She translated several of the fables of Æsop into Latin verse. She also wrote a Latin poem in praise of typography, with many poems and epistles, on different subjects, in the same language, which were collected and published. She was living in 1605, as appears from an epistle written by her, and dated Prague, in that year. The only work we can point out of hers, as published, is, “ Parthenico Elizabethæ Joannæ Westoniæ, virginis nobilissimæ, poetriæ forentissimæ, line guarum plurimarum peritissimæ, libri tres, opera et studio G. Mart. à Baldhoven, Sil. collectus, et nunc denuo amicis desiderantibus communicatus,” Pragæ, typis Pauli Sissii, 12mo, without date, but probably about 1606.'

WESTON(STEPHEN), bishop of Exeter, was born at Farnborough, in Berkshire, in 1665, and educated at Eton, where he was admitted into King's college, Cambridge, in 1682. There he took his degrees of B. A. in 1686, and of M. A. in 1690, and was elected a fellow both of his college, and of Eton. He was for some time an assistant, and then under-master of Eton school. He was afterwards vicar of Maple-Durham, in Oxfordshire, and collated to a stall in Ely in 1715. He was also archdeacon of Cornwall. Having been at school and college with sir Robert Walpole, and, as some say, his tutor at one or other, he was supposed to have owed his farther preferment to that minister, and bis conduct did honour to his patronage. He was consecrated bishop of Exeter, Dec. 28, 1724, and dying Jan. 16, 1741-2, aged seventy-seven, was buried in his own cathedral. Bishop Sherlock published, in 1749, 2 volumes of his sermons, several of which the author had himself prepared for the press. “ The style of these discourses,”?. says the editor, “ is strong and expressive; but the best Greek and Roman writers were so familiar to the author, that it leads him frequently into their inanner of construction and expression, which will require, sometimes, the attention of the English reader.”

| Ballard's British Ladies.--Fuller's Worthies.

The son of bishop Weston, styled from his being a privy counsellor, the RIGHT HON. EDWARD WESTON, was born and educated at Eton, and afterwards studied and took his degrees at King's college, Cambridge. His destination was to public life, at the commencement of which be became secretary to lord Townshend at Hanover during the king's residence there in 1729, and continued several years in the office of lord Harrington, as his secretary. He was also transmitter of the state papers, and one of the clerks of the signet. In 1741 he was appointed gazetteer; and in 1746, when he was secretary to lord Harrington, lord lieutenant of Ireland, he became a privy-counsellor of that kingdom. Our authorities do not give the date of his death, but it happened in the early part of the present reign. In 1753 he published a pamphlet on the memorable Jew bill; in 1735, “ The Country Gentleman's advice to his Son;" and in 1756, “A Letter to the right rev. the lord bishop of London,” on the earthquake at Lisbon, and the character of the times. He published also “ Family Dis. courses, by a country gentleman,” re-published in 1776 by his son, Charles, under the title of “ Family Discourses, by the late right hon. Edward Weston," a name, we are properly told, “very eminently distinguished for abilities and virtue, and most highly honoured throughout the whole course of life, by the friendship and esteem of the best aod greatest men of his time." He left two sons, Charles, a clergyman, who died in Oct. 1801,, and the rev. Stephen Weston, now living, well known as one of the most profound scholars, and what seldom can be said of men of that character, one of the first wits of the age.

WETENHALL (EDWARD), a learned and pious prelate, was born at Lichfield, Oct. 7, 1636. He was educated at Westminster school under the celebrated Dr. Busby, and

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was admitted a king's scholar in 1651, and went to Trinity college, Cambridge, on being elected a scholar on the foundation. In 1660 he removed from Cambridge to Oxford, and was made chaplain of Lincoln college, and afterwards became minister of Longcomb, in Oxfordshire, and then canon residentiary of Exeter, to which he was collated June 11, 1667, being then only master of arts. While here he was appointed master of a public school.

In 1672 he was invited into Ireland by Michael Boyle, then archbishop of Dublin, took his degree of D. D. in Dublin university, became master of a great school, curate of St. Werburgh's parish, and afterwards chanter of Christ Church. In 1678 he was promoted to the bishopric of Cork and Ross, and in April 1699 was translated to the see of Kilmore and Ardagh. While bishop of Cork and Ross he suffered much by the tyranny of the Irish, from 1688 until the settlement under king William. He repaired at his own expence the ruinous episcopal houses both of Cork and Kilmore, and rebuilt the cathedral church of Ardagh, which was quite demolished. He died in Lon. don, Nov. 12, 1713, and was buried in Westminster-abbey, where is an inscription to his memory.

Bishop Wetenhall appears to have been a zealous, but not a bigotted supporter of the church. He says in his will that “ he dies a protestant, of the church of England and Ireland, which he judges to be the purest church in the , world, and to come nearest to the apostolical institution ;

although he declares his belief that there are divers points which might be altered for the better, both in her articles, liturgy, and discipline; but especially in the conditions of clerical communion.” Besides various single sermons on . important topics suited to the state of the times in which he lived, he wrote, 1.“ A method and order for Private Devotion," Lond. 1666, 12mo. 2.“ The Catechism of the Church of England, with marginal notes," ibid. !678, 8vo. 3. “ Of Gifts and Offices in the public worship of God," ibid, and Dublin, 1678, 8vo. 4." The Protestant Peacemaker," ibid. 1682, 4to, with a postscript, and notes on Mr. Baxter's, and some other late writings for peace. Baxter answered what related to himself in this postscript. 5. “ A judgment of the Comet, which became first generally visible at Dublin, Dec. 13, 1680,” ibid. 1682, 8vo. 6. “ Hexapla Jacobæa; a specimen of loyalty towards his present majesty James II. in six pieces," Dublin, 1686,

Vol. XXXI.

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