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Section 600—Incidental Construction
Section 600A–Piling


Construction Requirements Section 601—Structural Concrete


Construction Requirements Section 601A—Prestressed Concrete Structures


Construction Requirements Section 602—Reinforcing Steel


Construction Requirements Section 603—Pipe Culverts and Storm Drains


Construction Requirements Section 604—Manholes, Inlets and Catch Basins


Construction Requirements Section 605— Underdrains


Construction Requirements Section 606—Guard Rail


Construction Requirements Section 607—Fences, Gates and Cattle Guards


Construction Requirements Section 608—Sidewalks


Construction Requirements Section 609—Curbing


Construction Requirements Section 610—Stone Masonry Structures


Construction Requirements Section 611—Steel Structures


Construction Requirements Section 612—Bridge Railing


Construction Requirements Section 613— Timber Structures


Construction Requirements
Section 614–Damp-Proofing

Construction Requirements

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352 353 353

Section 615—Waterproofing


Construction Requirements Section 616—Water Stops


Construction Requirements Section 617—Structural-Plate Pipe, Pipe-arches,

and Arches


Construction Requirements
Section 618—Cleaning and Reconditioning Existing

Drainage Structures


Construction Requirements Section 619-Loose Riprap


Construction Requirements Section 620—Special Rock Embankment


Construction Requirements Section 621—Corrugated Metal Spillways


Construction Requirements Section 622—Paved Waterways


Construction Requirements
Section 623—Monuments, Markers, and Guide Posts


Construction Requirements
Section 624—Topsoiling
Section 625—Turf Establishment
Section 626—Furnish and Plant Trees, Shrubs,

Vines and Groundcovers
Section 627–Lawn Irrigation System
Section 628—Sprigging
Section 629—Sodding
Sections 630 through 699 Reserved.

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371 377 382 385

Section 700—Materials Details

Section 701-Hydraulic Cement
Section 702-Bituminous Materials
Section 703—Aggregates
Section 704—Masonry Units
Section 705-Joint Materials
Section 706—Concrete, Clay and Fiber Pipe
Section 707—Metal Pipe
Section 708—Paints
Section 709—Reinforcing Steel and Wire Rope

389 389 389 392 400 400 404 405 408 415 417

Section 710-Fence and Guard Rail
Section 711–Concrete Curing Materials and

Section 712_Miscellaneous
Section 713—Roadside Improvement Materials
Section 714—Irrigation System Materials
Section 715—Piling
Section 716—Material for Timber Structures
Section 717—Structural Metal

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Section 100



101.01 Abbreviations. Wherever the following abbreviations are used in these specifications or on the plans, they are to be construed the same as the respective expressions represented :

AAN-American Association of Nurserymen.
AAR—Association of American Railroads.
AASHO—American Association of State Highway Offi-

AGC-Associated General Contractors of America.
AIA-American Institute of Architects.
ARA—American Railway Association.
AREA-American Railway Engineering Association.
ASCE-American Society of Civil Engineers.
ASLA—American Society of Landscape Architects.
ASME-American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
ASTM-American Society for Testing and Materials.
AWPA-American Wood-Preserver's Association.
AWWA-American Water Works Association.
AWS-American Welding Society.
BPR—Bureau of Public Roads, The Federal Highway Ad-

ministration, Department of Transportation. FHWA—The Federal Highway Administration. FPR—Federal Procurement Regulations System. FSS_Federal Specifications and Standards. GSA—General Services Administration. SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers. USASI–United States of America Standards Institute.

101.02 Definitions. Wherever in these specifications or in other contract documents the following terms or pronouns in place of them are used, the intent and meaning shall be interpreted as follows: Administrator.—The Federal Highway

Federal Highway Administrator, The Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.

Advertisement.—The public announcement, as required by law, inviting bids for work to be performed or materials to be furnished.

Award.—The written acceptance by the Government of a bid.

Bid.The offer of a bidder, on prescribed forms to perform the work and to furnish the labor and materials at the price quoted.

Bid forms.—The approved forms on which the Government requires bids to be prepared and submitted for the work.

Bid guarantee.—The security furnished with a bid to guarantee that the bidder will enter into the contract if his bid is accepted.

Bid schedule.—The prepared schedule included with the bid forms, containing the estimated quantities of pay items for which unit bid prices are invited.

Bidder.An individual, partnership, joint venture, or corporation submitting a bid for the advertised work.

Bridge.-A structure, including supports, erected over a depression or an obstruction, as water, highway, or railway, and having a track or passageway for carrying traffic or other moving loads and having a length measured along the center of roadway of more than 20 feet between undercopings of abutments or extreme ends of openings for multiple boxes.

Bridge length.The length of a bridge structure is the over-all length measured along the line of survey stationing back to back of backwalls of abutments, if present, otherwise end to end of the bridge floor; but in no case less than the total clear opening of the structure.

Bridge roadway width.The clear width measured at right angles to the longitudinal centerline of the bridge between the bottom of curbs or, if curbs are not used, between the inner faces of bridge parapet or railing.

Calendar day.Every day shown on the calendar.

Change order.-A written order issued by the Engineer to the Contractor, covering changes within the scope of the contract and establishing the basis of payment and time adjustments for the work affected by the changes.

Contract.The written agreement between the Government and the Contractor setting forth the obligations of the parties thereunder, including, but not limited to, the performance of the work, the furnishing of labor and materials, and the basis of payment.

The contract includes all documents and Standard Forms included or referred to in the Invitation for Bids; also other documents issued subsequently to provide for completion of the work in an acceptable manner.

Contract item (pay item).-A specifically described unit of work for which a price is provided in the contract.

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