Knowledge and Postmodernism in Historical Perspective

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Joyce Oldham Appleby, Professor of History Joyce Appleby, Elizabeth Covington, David Hoyt, Allison Sneider, Michael Latham
Psychology Press, 1996 - Philosophy - 559 pages
Knowledge and Postmodernism in Historical Perspective offers answers to the questions, what is postmodernism? and what exactly are the characteristics of the modernism that postmodernism supercedes? This reader chronicles the western engagement with the nature of knowledge during the past four centuries while providing the historical context for the postmodernist thought of Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Richard Rorty and Hayden White, and the challenges their ideas have posed to our conventional ways of thinking, writing and knowing. From the science of things to the science of human beings to the grand social theorizing associated with Adam Smith, Alexis de Tocqueville, Karl Marx and Max Weber, Knowledge and Postmodernism in Historical Perspective presents readings from the succession of thinkers whose writings helped define modern sensibilities by analyzing the human capacity for generating knowledge. The volume follows the knowledge-generating project of the modern age as it blossoms in the Enlightenment and bears fruit in the nineteenth century. The writings included reveal the linkages between science, the history of science, hermeneutics, anthropology, sociology, linguistics and philosophy from Francis Bacon's call for experimental engagement with nature in the seventeenth century to Jurgen Habermas' recent analysis of the civil society spawned by the Enlightenment. --From publisher's description.

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Contents

FRANCIS BACON
29
RENÉ DESCARTES
41
JOHN LOCKE
50
ADAM SMITH
61
DAVID HUME
73
IMMANUEL KANT
105
ERNST CASSIRER
123
Introduction
137
RUTH BENEDICT
279
CLAUDE LÉVISTRAUSS
296
CLIFFORD GEERTZ
309
MAX HORKHEIMER AND THEODOR ADORNO
324
THOMAS KUHN
338
ALASDAIR MACINTYRE
356
PAUL RICOEUR
368
The Deſconstruction of Modernity
385

ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE
145
KARL MARX
164
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE
189
MAX WEBER
213
NORMAN BIRNBAUM
245
JOHN DEWEY
265
HAYDEN WHITE
393
MICHEL FOUCAULT
408
Introduction
489
Suggestions for further Reading
555
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About the author (1996)

Joyce Appleby, Elizabeth Covington, David Hoyt, MichaelLatham and Allison Sneider are all in the History department at the University of California, Los Angeles. Joyce Appleby's most recent publications include Tellingthe Truth about History (1994) and Liberalism andRepublicanism in the Historical Imagination.

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