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drew towards the shore, entered a creek, and land. ed near some old palisades, which served us tor fire-wood, it being a cold night in October. we stayed till day, when one of the company found the place in which we were to be Cooper's Creek, a little above Philadelphia; which in reality we perceived the moment we were out of the creek. We arrived on Sunday about eight or nine o'clock in the morning, and landed on Market-street wharf.
I have entered into the particulars of my voyage, and I shall in like manuer describe iny first entrance into this city, that you may be able to compare beginnings so little auspicious, with the figure I have since made.
On my arrival at Philadelphia I was in my working dress, my best clothes being to come by
I was covered with dirt; my pockets were filled shirts and stockings; I was unacquainted with a single soul in the place, and knew not where to seek for a lodging. Fatigued with walking, rowing, and having passed the night without sleep, I was extremely hungry, and all my money consisted of a Dutch doliar, and about a shilling's worth of coppers, which I gave to the boatmen for my passage.
As I had assisted them in rowing, they refused it at first; but I insisted on their taking it. A man is sometimes more generous when he has little, than when he has much money; probably because, in the first case, he is desirous of concealing his poverty.
I walked towards the top of the street, looking eagerly on both sides, till I came to Market-street, wl.-re met a child with a loaf of bread. Often had I made my dinner on dry bread. I enquired where he had bought it, and went straight to the baker's shop which he pointed out to me, I asked
for some biscuits, expecting to find such as we had at Boston; but they made, it seems, none of that sort at Philadelphia. I then asked for a three. penny loaf. The made no loaves of that price.Finding myself ignorant of the prices, as well as of the different kiuds of bread, i desired him to let me have three penny-worth of bread of some kind or other. He gave me three large rolls. I was surprized at receiving so much: I took them, however, and having no room for them in my pockets, I walked on with a roll under each arm, tating the third. In this manner I went through Marketstreet to Fourth-street, and passed the house of Mr. Read, the father of my future wise. She was standing at the door, observed me, and thought, with reason, that I made a very singular and grotesque appearance.
I then turned the corner, and went through Chesnut-street, eating my roll all the way; and having made this round, I found myself again on Market-street wharf, near the boat in which I had arrived. I stepped into it to take a draught of the river water; and finding myself satisfied with my first roll, I gave the other two to a woman and her child, who had come down the river with us in the boat, and was waiting to continue her journey. Thus refreshed, I regained the street, which was now full of well dressed people, all going the same way. I joined them, and was thus led to a large Quakers' meeting-house near the market-place. I sat down with the rest, and after looking round me for some time, hearing nothing said, and being drowsy from my last night's labor and want of rest, I fell into a sound sleep. In this state I continued till the assembly dispersed, when one of the congregation had the goodness to wake me. This
was consequently the first house I entered, or in which I slept, at Philadelphia.
I began again to walk along the street by the river side ; and looking attentively in the face of every one I mel, I at length perceived a young quaker, whose countenance pleased me.
I accosted him, and begged him to inform me where a stranger' might find a lodging. We were then near the sign of the Three Mariners. They receive travellers here, said he, but it is not a house that bears a good character; if you will go with me, I will shew you a better one.
He conducted me to the Crooked Billet, in Water-street. There I ordered something for dinner, and during my meal a number of curious questions were put to me; my youth and appearance exciting the suspicion of my being a runaway. After dinner my drowsiness returned, and I threw myself on a bed without taking off my clothes, and slept till six o'clock in the evening, when I was called to supiper. I after. wards went to bed at a very early hour, and did not awake till the next morning.
As soon as I got up I put myself in as decent a trim as I could, and went to the house of Andrew Bradford, the printer. I found his father in he shop, whom I had seen at New York. Having travelled on horseback, he had arrived at Philadelphia before me. He introduced me to his son, who received me with civility, and gave me some breakfast; but told me he had no occasion for a journey. man, having lately procured one. He added, that there was another printer newly settled in town, of the name of Keimer, who might perhaps employ me; and that in case of a refusal, I should be wel. come to lodge at his honse, and he would give me a little work now and then, till something better should offer.
The old man offered to introduce me to the new printer. When we were at his house," Neighbor," said he,
“I bring you a young man in the printing business ; perhaps you may have need of his sero vices.”
Keimer asked me some questions, put a composing stick in my hand to see how I could work, and then said, that at present he had nothing for me to do, but that he should soon be able to employ me. At the same time taking old Bradford for an inhabitant of the town well-disposed towards him, he communicated his project to him, and the prospect he had of success. Bradford was careful not to discover that he was the father of the other printer; and from what Keimer had said, that he hoped shortly to be in possession of the greater part of the business of the town, led him by artful questions, and by starting some difficulties, to disclose all his views, what his hopes were founded upon, and how he intended to proceed. I was present, and heard it all. I instantly saw that one of the two was a cunning old fox, and the other a perfect novice. Bradford left me with Keiner, who was strangely surprized when I informed him who the old man was.
I found Keimer's printing materials to consist of an old damaged press, and a small cast of worn-out English letters, with which he was himself at work upon an elegy on Aquila Rose, whom I have mentioned above as an ingenious young man, and of an excellent character, highly esteemed in the 'town, secretary to the assembly, and a very tolerable poet. Keimer also made verses, but they were indifferent
He could not be said to write in verse, for his method was to set the lines as they flowed from his muse ; and as he worked without copy, had
but one set of letter-cases, and the elegy would probably occupy all his type, it was impossible for any one to assist him. I endeavored to put his press
in order, which he had not yet used, and of which indeed he understood nothing: and having promised to come and work off his elegy as soon as it should be ready, I returned to the house of Bradford, who
gave me some trifle to do for the present, for which I had my board and lodging.
In a few days Keimer sent for me to print off his elegy. He had now procured another set of lettercases, and had a pamphlet to reprint, upon which he set me to work.
The two Philadelphia printers appeared destitute of every qualification necessary in their profession. Bradford had been brought up to it, and was very illerate. Keimer, though he understood a little of the business, was merely a compositor, and wholly incapable of working at the press. He had been one of the French prophets, and knew how to imi. tate their supernatural agitations. At the time of our first acquaintance he professed no particular religion, but a little of all upon occasion. He was totally ignorant of the world, and a great knave at heart, as I had afterwards an opportunity of experiencing
Keimer could not endure that, working with him, I should lodge at Bradford's. He had indeed a house, it was unfurnished ; so that he could not take wie in. He procured me a lodging at Mr. Kead's, his landlord, whom I have already mentioned. My trunk and effects being now arrived, I thought of making in the eyes of Miss Read, a more respectable appearance than when chance exhibited me to her view, eating my roll and wandering in the streets.