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lid - dy tid - dy, dol. Hente arose his nickname of ‘Tiddy-doll the streets : some they smote and buffetIn llogarth's print of the execution of ted, and some they threw in the channell: the 'Idle 'Prentice,' at Tyburn, Tiddy- for which, the lord maior sent some of doll is seen holding up a gingerbread cake the Englishmen to prison, as Stephen with his left hand, his right being within Studley, Skinner, Stevenson, Bets, and his coat, and addressing the mob in his other. usual way :- Mary, Mary,' &c. His “ Then suddenly rose a secret rumour, costume agrees with the aforesaid de- and no man could tell how it began, that scription. For many years, (and perhaps on May-day next following, the citie at present,) allusions were made to his would slay all the aliens : insoinuch that name, as thus :
—You are so fine, (to a divers strangers fled out of the citie. person dressed out of character,) you look “This rumour came to the knowledge of like Tiddy-doll. You are as tawdry as the kings councell: whereupon the lord Tiddy-doil
. You are quite Tiddy-doll,' cardinall sent for the maior, and other of &c.—Soon after the late lord Coventry the councell of the citie, giving them to occupied the house, corner of Engine- understand what hee had heard. street, Piccadilly, (built by sir Henry “ The lord maior (as one ignorant of the Hunlocke, Bart., on the site of a large matter) told the cardinall, that he doubted ancient inn, called the Greyhound ;) he not so to governe the citie, but as peace being annoyed with the unceasing up- should be observed. roar, night and day, during the fair, (the “ The cardinall willed him so to doe, whole month of May,) procured, I know and to take good heed, that if any riotous not by what means, the entire abolition attempt were intended, he should by good of this festival of misrule' and dis- policy prevent it. order.”
“The maior comming from the cardiThe engraving here given is from an nals house, about foure of the clocke in old print of Tiddy-doll ; it is presumed, the afternoone on May eve, sent for his that the readers of the Every-Day Book brethren to the Guild-hall, yet was it alwill look at it with interest.
most seven of the clocke before the assembly was set. Vpon conference had of the
matter, some thought it necessary, that a In the reign of king Henry VIII., a
substantial watch should be set of honest great jealousy arose in the citizens of citizens, which might withstand the evill London towards foreign artificers, who doers, if they went about any misrule. were then called “ strangers.” By the Other were of contrary opinion, as rather interference of Dr. Standish, in a Spital thinking it best, that every man should be sermon, at Easter, this was fomented commanded to shut in his doores, and to into so great rancour, that it violently keepe his servants within. Before 8 of broke forth in the manner hereafter re the clock, master recorder was sent to the lated by Stow, and occasioned the name cardinall, with these opinions : who hearof “Evil May-day” to the first of May, ing the same, allowed the latter. And then whereon the tumult happened. It the recorder, and sir Thomas More, late appears then from him that:
under-sherifte of London, and now of the i The 28th day of April, 1517, divers kings councell, came backe againe to the yong-men of the citie picked quarels with Guild-hall, halfe an houre before nine of certaine strangers, as they passed along the check, and there shewed the pleasure
of the kings councell: whereupon every spoyled : and if they had found Mewtas, alderman sent to his ward, that no man they would have stricken off his head. (after nine of the clocke) should stir out “Some ran to Blanchapleton, and there of his house, but keepe bis doores shut,
the strangers houses, and spoiled and his servants within, untill nine of the them. Thus they continued till 3 a clocke clocke in the morning.
in the morning, at which time, they be“After this commandement was given, gan to withdraw: but by the way they in the evening, as sir Iohn Mundy, alder were taken by the maior and other, and man, came from his ward; hee found two sent to the Tower, Newgate and Countyoung-men in Cheape, playing at the ers, to the number of 300. The cardinal] bucklers, and a great many of young-men was advertised by sir Thomas Parre, looking on them, for the command seem- whom in all haste he sent to Richmond, ed to bee scarcely published; he com to informe the king : who immediately manded them to leave off; and because sent to understand the state of the city, one of them asked him why, hee would and was truely informed. Sir Roger have him sent to the counter. But the Cholmeley Lievienant of the Tower, durprentices resisted the alderman, taking ing the time of this business, shot off certhe young-man from him, and cryed taine peeces of ordnance against the city, prentices, prentices, clubs, clubs; then but did no great hurt. About five of the out at every doore came clubs and other clock in the morning, the earles of Shrewsweapons, so that the alderman was bury and Surrey, Thomas Dockery, lord forced to flight. Then more people arose prior of saint lohns, George Nevill, lord out of every quarter, and forth came Aburgaveny, and other, came to London servingmen, watermen, courtiers, and with such powers as they could make, so other, so that by eleven of the clocke, did the innes of court; but before they there were in Cheape, 6 or 7 hundred, came, the business was done, as ye have and out of Pauls church-yard came about heard. 300. From all places they gathered to “Then were the prisoners examined, and gether, and brake up the Counter, took the sermon of doctor Bell called to reout the prisoners, which had been com- membrance, and hee sent to the Tower. mitted thither by the lord maior, for hurt- A commission of oyer and determiner ing the strangers : also they went to New- was directed to the duke of Norfolke, and gate, and tooke out Studley and Bets, other lords, for punishment of this insurcommitted thither for the like cause. The rection. The second of May, the commaior and sheriffes were present, and missioners, with the lord maior, aldermen, made proclamation in the kings name, and iustices, went to the Guildhall, where but nothing was obeyed.
many of the offenders were indicted, “Being thus gathered into severall heaps, whereupon they were arraigned, and they ran thorow saint Nicholas shambles, pleaded not guilty, having day given them and at saint Martins gate, there met with till the 4. of May. them sir Thomas More, and other, desir "On which day, the lord maior, the duke ing them to goe to their lodgings. of Norfolke, the earle of Surrey and
“As they were thus intreating, and had other, caine to sit in the Guildhall. The almost perswaded the people to depart, duke of Norfolke entred the city with one they within saint Martins threw out stones thousand three hundred men, and the and bats, so that they hurt divers honest prisoners were brought through the streets persons, which were with sir Thomas tyed in ropes, some men, some lads but of More, perswading the rebellious rout to thirteen or foureteere yeeres old, to the
Insomuch as at length, one Ni- number of 278 persons. That day lohn cholas Dennis, a serjeant at arms, being Lincolne and divers other were indicted, there sore hurt, cryed in a fury, Downe and the next day thirteen were adjudged with them: and then all the unruly per- to be drawne, hanged, and quartered : sons ran to the doores and windowes of for execution whereof, ten payre of galthe houses within St. Martins, and spoil- lowes were set up in divers places of the ed all that they found. After that they city, as at Aldgate, Blanchapleton, Grasseran into Cornehill, and so on to a house street, Leaden-hall, before either of the east of Leadenhal, called the Green-gate, counters, at Newgate, saint Martins, at where dwelt one Mewtas a Piccard or Aldersgate and Bishopgate. And these Frenchman, within whose house dwelled gallowes were set upon wheels, to bee redivers French men, whom they likewise moved from street to street, and from
doore to dnore, whereas the prisoners Drury-lane, to commemorate his daughwere to be executed.
ter's good fortune, who being married to “On the seventh of May, Iohn Lincoln, general Monk, while a private gentleone Shirwin, and two brethren, named man, became duchess of Albemarle, by Betts, with divers other were adjudged to his being raised to the dukedom after the dye. They were on the hurdles drawne Restoration. The May-pole is only mer.to the standard in Cheape, and first was tioned here on account of its origin. It Lincolne executed : and as the other had appears, from a trial at bar on actior. the ropes about their neckes, there came of trespass, that the name of this “smith” a commandement from the king, to respit was John Clarges, that he was a farrier in the execution, and then were the prisoners the Savoy, and farrier to colonel Monk, Sent againe to prison, and the armed men and that the farrier's daughter, Anne, was fent away out of the citie.
first married in the church of St. Laurence “On the thirteenth of May, the king Pountney to Thomas Ratford, son of came to Westminster-hall, and with him Thomas Ratford, late a farrier, servant to the lord cardinall, the dukes of Norfolke, prince Charles, and resident in the Mews. and Suffolke, the earles of Shrewsbury, She had a daughter, who was born in Essex, Wiltshire, and Surrey, with many 1634, and died in 1638. Her husband lords and other of the kings councell; the and she “lived at the Three Spanish lord maior of London, aldermen and other Gipsies in the New Exchange, and sold chiefe citizens, were there in their best wash-balls, powder, gloves, and such liveries, by nine of the clocke in the things, and she taught girls plain work. morning. Then came in the prisoners, About 1647, she, being a sempstress to bound in ropes in a ranke one after an- colonel Monk, used to carry him linen." other, in their shirts, and every one had In 1648, her father and mother died. In a halter about his necke, being in number 1649, she and her husband “ fell out, and 400 men, and 11 women.
parted.” But no certificate from any “When they were thus come before the parish register appears reciting his burial. kings presence, the cardinall laid sore to In 1652, she was married in the church the maior and aldermen their negligence, of St. George, Southwark, to general and to the prisoners he delared how justlý George Monk ;” and, in the following they had deserved to dye. Then all the year, was delivered of a son, Christopher prisoners together cryed to the king for (afterward the second and last duke of mercy, and there with the lords besought Albemarle abovementioned), who “ his grace of pardon: at whose request, suckled by Honour Mills, who sold apthe king pardoned them all. The gene- ples, herbs, oysters," &c. One of the rall pardon being pronounced, all the pri- plaintiff's witnesses swore, that “ a little soners shouted at once, and cast their before the sickness, Thomas Ratford dehalters towards the roofe of the hall. The manded and received of him the sum of prisoners being dismissed, the gallowes twenty shillings; that his wife saw Ratwere taken downe, and the citizens tooke ford again after the sickness, and a second more heed to their servants : keeping (for time after the duke and duchess of Albeever after) as on that night, a strong marle were dead.” A woman swore, that watch in Armour, in remembrance of she saw him on “ the day his wife (then Evill May-day.
called duchess of Albemarle) was put into “These great Mayings and Maygames her coffin, which was after the death of made by the governours and masters of the duke,” her second husband, who died this city, with the triumphant setting up Jan. 3, 1669-70. And a third witness of a great shaft (a principall May-pole in swore, that he saw Ratford about July Cornehill, before the parish of saint An- 1660. In opposition to this evidence it drew) therefore called Vndershaft, by was alleged, that “all along, during the meane of that insurrection of youths, lives of duke George and duke Christoagainst aliens on May-day, 1517. the ó pher, this matter was never questioned" of Henry the eighth, have not been so --that the latter was universally received freely used as before.”
as only son of the former—and that “this matter had been thrice before tried at the bar of the King's Bench, and the defend
ant had had three verdicts." The verdict There was formerly a May-pole put up on the trial was in favour of sir Walter by a "smith " at the north end of little Clarges, a grandson of the farrier, who
was knighted when his daughter, from and was ancestor to the baronets of ths the selling of wash-balls, became duchess name.* of Albemarle. This sir Walter Clarges was created a baronet October 30, 1674,
Here they are! The sweeps are is always the tallest of the party, and come! Here is the garland and the lord selected from some other profession to and lady! Poor fellows! this is their play this distinguished character: he great festival. Their garland is a large wears a huge cocked hat, fringed with cone of holly and ivy framed upon hoops, yellow or red feathers, or laced with gold which gradually diminishes in size to an paper : his coat is between that of the apex, whereon is sometimes a floral full court dress, and the laced coat of the crown, knots of ribbons, or bunches of footman of quality; in the breast he carflowers; its sides are decorated in likeries an immense bunch of flowers; his manner; and within it is a man who waistcoat is embroidered ; his frill is walks wholly unseen, and hence the gar- enormous; his “shorts” are satin, with land has the semblance of a moving hil- paste knee-buckles; his stockings silk lock of evergreens. The chimney-sweep- with figured clocks; his shoes are dancers' jackets and hats are bedizened with ing pumps, with large tawdry buckles; gilt embossed paper; sometimes they his hair is powdered, with a bag and rowear coronals of flowers in their heads; sette ; he carries in his right hand a high their black faces and legs are grotesquely cane with a shining metal knob, and in coloured with Dutch-pink; their shovels his left a handkerchief held by one corare scored with this crimson pigment, ner, and of a colour once white.
His interlaced with white chalk. Their lord lady is sometimes a strapping girl, though and lady are magnificent indeed; the lord usually a boy in female attire, indescriba
bly flaunty and gaudy; her head in full imagines "all the blood of all the Howdress; in her right hand a brass ladle, in ards” in another; he conceives no degraher left a handkerchief like to my lord's. dation by supping with them in public When the garland stops, my lord and at “Bartlemy Fair.” Kind feelings and lady exhibit their graces in a minuet de honesty make poets and philosophers. la cour, or some other grave movement; Listen to what Élia says: in a minute or two they quicken into a “I have a kindly yearning toward these dance, which enables my lord to picture dim specks--poor blotsinnocent blackhis conceptions of elegance; the curvilinear elevation of his arm, with his cane “I reverence these young Africans of between his finger and thumb, is a courtly our own growth — these almost clergy grace, corresponding with the stiff thrown- imps, who sport their cloth without asback position of his head, and the strait sumption; and from their little pulpits fall of the handkerchief in the other hand. (the tops of chimnies), in the nipping My lady answers these inviting positions air of a December morning, preach a by equal dignity; they twirl and whirl in lesson of patience to mankind. sight of each other, though on opposite “ When a child, what a mysterious sides of the dancing garland, to the con- pleasure it was to witness their operatinued clatter of the shovel and brush tion! to see a chit no bigger than one's. held by each capering member of the self enter, one knew not by what process, sooty tribe. The dance concluded, my into what seemed the fauces Averni-tó lord and my lady interchange a bow and pursue him in imagination, as he went a curtsy; my lord flings up his cane- sounding on through so many dark, stifling arm, displaces his magnificent hat with caveros, horrid shades !—to shudder with the other hand, and courteously bends, the idea that ' now, surely, he must be with imploring looks, to spectators at the lost for ever-to revive at hearing his adjacent windows or in the street; the feeble shout of discovered day-light-and little sootikins hold up their shovels, my then (O, fulness of delight) running out lady with outstretched arm presents the of doors, to come just in time to see the bowl of her ladle, and “ the smallest do- sable phenomenon emerge in safety, the nations are thankfully received” by all brandished weapon of his art victorious the sable fraternity. This is the chimney.. like some flag waved over a conquered sweepers' London pageant on May-day citadel! I seem to remember having 1825; but for the first time, there was been told, that a bad sweep was once left this year added a clown, a-la-Grimaldi, in a stack with his brush, to indicate 'to one or two of the sweeping proces- which 'way the wind blew. It was an sions ; he grimaces with all his might, awful spectacle certainly ; not much unwalks before Jack-in-the-green on his like the old stage direction in Macbeth, hands or his feet, as may be most con where the . Apparition of a child crowned venient, and practises every antic and with a tree in his hand rises.' trick that his ingenuity can devise, to “ Reader, if thou meetest one of these promote the interest of his party. small gentry in thy early rambles, it is
It is understood, however, that the good to give him a penny. It is better offerings on the festival are not exclu- to give him two-pence. If it be starving sively appropriated to the receivers; weather, and to the proper troubles of masters share a certain portion of their his hard occupation, a pair of kibed heels apprentices' profits from the holiday ; (no unusual accompaniment) be superothers take the whole of the first two added, the demand on thy humanity will days' receipts, and leave to the worn-out, surely rise to a tester. helpless objects, by whom they profit all “I am by nature extremely susceptible the year round, no more than the scanty of street affronts; the jeers and taunts of gleanings of the third day's performance. the populace; the low-bred triumph they
display over the casual trip, or splashed ELIA, AND JEM WHITE'S FEAST TO THE stocking, of a gentleman. Yet can I en
dure the jocularity of a young sweep with ELIA, the noble heart of Elia, responds something more than forgiveness. --In to these humble claimants upon humani- the last winter but one, pacing along ty; they cry and have none to help them; Cheapside with my accustomed precipihe is happy that a personal misfortune to tation when I walk westward, a treachehimself can make one of them laugh; he rous slide brought me upon my back in