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tion to the virgin, by using the words Ave chargers, who rode forward to clear the Maria.
way, accompanied by such a flourish of There is another story in the “Golden trumpets and kettle-drums, that it looked Legend” of “ another knyght." "He had at first like any thing but a peaceable or a fayre place bisyde the hye waye religious proceeding. This martial array where moche people passed, whome he was followed by a bareheaded priest, on robbed," and so he did all his life; yet a white mule, bearing the host in a gold he had “a good custom” of saluting the cup, at the sight of which every body fell virgin every day, by saying Ave Maria, upon their knees. The pope used forand so he went on committing highway merly to ride upon the white mule himrobberies, and saluting the virgin day by self, and all the cardinals used to follow day, tili his people having put “a holy him in their magnificent robes of state, man” in bodily fear and robbed him, mounted either on mules or horses; and the said “holy man desired to be as the Eminentissimi are, for the most brought before their master,the knight, and part, not very eminent horsemen, they seeing him, required him to summon all were generally fastened on, lest they his attendants, which the knight did; should tumble off. This cavalcade must but the “holy man objected that one have been a very entertaining sight. of them was not present. Then the knight Pius VI., who was a very handsome perceived that his chamberlain was not man, kept up this custom, but the (then) there, and called for him; and when the present pope (Pius VII.) is far too'infirm holy man saw the chamberlain, he con for such an enterprise ; so he followed the jured him to declare who he was, and the man on the white mule, in a state coach; chamberlain being so enforced answered, at the very sight of which, we seemed to “I am no man, but am a devil in the form have made a jump back of two hundred of a man;" and he acknowledged that he years at least. It was a huge machine, had abided with the knight fourteen years, composed almost entirely of plate-glass, and watched him night and day, hoping fixed in a ponderous carved and gilt the knight might leave off saying the frame, through which was distinctly visisalutation Ave Maria, that so he might ble the person of the venerable old pope, strangle bim, “and brynge him to hell,” dressed in robes of white and silver, and because of his evil life; but, because there incessantly giving his benediction to the passed no day without the knight saying people, by a twirl of three fingers ; which Ave Maria, the devil could not have him are typical of the Father, the Son, and for all his long waiting. Then the the Holy Ghost; the last being represented knight fell down at the feet of the holy by the little finger. On the gilded back man, and demanded pardon of his sins, of this vehicle, the only part that was not and the “holy man
commanded the made of glass, was a picture of the pope devil to depart; wherefore says the in his chair of state, and the virgin Mary “Golden Legend," " let us pray to the at his feet. This extraordinary machine gloryous virgyn Mary, that she kepe us was drawn by six black horses, with from the devyll.”
superb harness of crimson velvet and The festival of the annunciation is kept Id; the coachm or rather postillions, at Rome by sumptuous shows. The author were dressed in coats of silver stuff, with of “Rome in the nineteenth Century' re crimson velvet breeches, and full botlates the pope's proceedings on the occa- tomed wigs well powdered, without hats. sion : “We drove through streets lined Three coaches, scarcely less antiquely with expecting crowds, and windows superb, followed with the assistant carhung with crimson and yellow silk dra- dinals, and the rest of the train. In the peries, and occupied by females in their inside of the church, the usual tiresome most gorgeous attire, till we made a stop ceremonies went on that take place when near the church before which the pope's the pope is present. He is seated on a horse-guards, in their splendid full-dress throne, or chair of state; the cardinals, uniforms, were stationed to keep the in succession, approach and kiss his hand, ground; all of whom, both officers and retire one step, and make three bows or men, wore in their caps a sprig of myrtle, nods, one to him in front, and one on the as a sign of rejoicing. After waiting a right hand, and another on the left; short time, the procession appeared, which are intended for him (as the perheaded by another detachment of the sonification of the Father,) and for the guards, mounted on prancing black Son, and for the Holy Ghost, on either
Oxford Term ends.
side of him; and all the cardinals having gone through these motions, and the
Marigold. Calendula Officinalis. inferior priests having kissed his toe
Annunciation of V. Mary. that is, the cross, embroidered on his shoe-high mass begins. kneels during the elevation of the host,
March 26. prays in silence before the high altar, gets up and sits down, reads something out of a great book which they bring to
St. Ludger, Bp. of Munster, A. D. 809. him, with a lighted taper held beside it;
St. Braulio, Bp. of Saragossa, A. D
646. and, having gone through many more such ceremonies, finally ends as he began, with giving his benediction with three Now in many situations may be heard fingers, all the way he goes out. During the cuckoo. Its distant note intimating all the time of this high mass, the pope's dislike to human approach, comes upon military band, stationed on the platform the ear as a soft welcome from a shy in front of the church, played so many stranger :clamorous martial airs, that it effectually Hail, beauteous stranger of the grove, put to fight any ideas of religious so
Thou messenger of spring ! lemnity
How heaven repairs thy rural seat, In England, Lady Day is only remem And woods thy welcome sing. bered as the first quarter-day in the year, What time the daisy decks the green and is therefore only kept by tenants who
Thy certain voice we hear; truly pay rent to their landlords. A few Hast thou a star to guide thy path, years ago a country gentleman wrote a Or mark the rolling year? letter to a lady of rank in town, and sent Delightful visitant! with thee it through the general post with the fol
I hail the time of flowers, lowing address :
And hear the sounds of music sweet “To
From birds among the bowers. “ The 25th of March,
The school-boy wandering thro’ the wood “Foley-place, London."
To pull the primrose gay,
Starts—the new voice of spriug to hear The postman duly delivered the letter at
And imitates thy lay. the house of Lady Day for whom it was intended.
Soon as the pea puts on its bloom,
Thou fliest thy vocal vale,
An annual guest in other lands,
Another spring to hail.
Sweet bird, thy bower is ever green, 1688. Parochial charity schools, for the education of the children of poor per- Thou hast no sorrow in thy song,
Thy sky is ever clear; sons, were instituted in London and its
No winter in thy year! vicinity. 1748. A fire broke out at one o'clock 0! could I fly, I'd fly with thee ;
We'd make with social wing in the morning in 'Change-alley, Corn. Our annual visit o'er the globe, hill, London, which raged for ten hours,
Companions of the spring. Logan. consuming all the buildings in 'Changealley and Birchin-lane ; and in Cornbill, from 'Change-alley to St. Michael's-alley, including several celebrated taverns and Lurid Henbane. Hyoscyamus Scopolia. coffee-houses, and many valuable shops,
Dedicated to St. Braulio including five booksellers. There were eighty houses destroyed by this confla
March 27. gration.
1809. Anna Seward, the friend of Dr. St. John of Egypt, Hermit, A. D. 394. Darwin, and recollected for her life of
St. Rupert, or Robert, Bp. of Saltzhim, and for her poetry and correspond bourg. ence, died in the bishop's palace at
St. John of Egypt
Was a hermit, inured to obedience by rather than vigorous.
an ancient holy anchoret, “ who made
aim water a dry stick for a whole year, as Butler, by “the lustre of his miracles,
Palm Sunday. This is the first Sunday before Easter, palms were consecrated by the priest, and is sometimes called Passion Sunday. and after they were used they were preIt is denominated Palm Sunday, because served to be burned for holy ashes, to lay on this day the Roman catholic church on the heads of the people on Ash Wedordains boughs or branches of palm trees nesday in the following year, as beforeto be carried in procession, in imitation mentioned (see p. 261,) on that day. of those strewed before Crist when he On Palm Sunday, the palm flowers and rudc into Jerusalem. In this monkish leaves to be consecrated by the officiating procession the host was carried upon an prelate or priest were laid upon the high ass, branches and flowers were strewed · altar, and those for the poor laity being on the road, the richest cloths were laid placed upon the south step of the altai, down, and others were hung up. The ihe priest arrayed in a red cope pro
ceeded to consecrate them by a prayer, and the people strewing palms before it. commencing “I conjure thee, thou crea- Googe's Naogeorgus says :ture of flowers and branches, in the name of God the Father," &c. This was to
A woodden Asse they have, and displace the devil or his influences, if he
Image great that on him rides,
But underneath the Asse's feete or they lurked or were hidden in or about
a table broad there slides, the “creature of flowers and branches."
Being borne on wheeles, which ready drest, Then followed a prayer wherein he said,
and al things meete therfore, with crosses, “ We humbly beseech thee The Asse is brought abroad and set that thy truth may + sanctify this crea
before the churche's doore : ture of flowers and branches, and slips The people all do come, and bowes of palms or boughs of trees, which we offer,
of trees and Palmes they bere, &c. Then the “ creature of flowers and Which things against the tempest great branches " was fumed with smoke of
the Parson conjures there, frankincense from the censers, and there
And straytwayes downe before the Asse, were other prayers with crossings, and
upon his face he lies,
Whome there an other Priest doth strike they were sprinkled with holy water with
with rodde of largest sise : this supplication : “ Bless + and sanc
He rising up, two lubbours great tify + these branches of palms, and other
upon their faces fall, trees and flowers," &c. Then the sacrists
In straunge attire, and lothsomely, distributed the palms to the abbots, priors,
with filthie tune, they ball : and nobler persons, and the flowers and Who, when againe they risen are, leaves to the others. When this was
with stretching out their hande, done the procession moved, and after They poynt unto the wooden knight, wards made a stand while two priests
and, singing as they stande,
Declare that that is he that came brought a Pascal in which the crucifix
into the worlde to save, was laid ; afterwards the banner and
Aud to redeeme such as in him cross-bearers filed off to the right and to
their hope assured have: the left, and the boys and monks of the
And even the same that long agone, convent arranged themselves, and, after
while in the streate he roade, a short service, the priests with the tomb, The people mette, and Olive-bowes headed by the banner and cross, passed
so thicke before him stroade between the monks, who knelt as they This being soung, the people cast passed. When they came to the city
the braunches as they passe, gates they divided again on two sides, Some part upon the Image, and and the shrine being put on a table, was
some part upon the Asse : covered with cloth. Above the entrance
Before whose feete a wondrous heape of the gates, in a place handsomely pre
of bowes and braunches ly :
This done, into the Church he strayght pared with hangings, were boys with
is drawne full solemly : other singers whom the chanter had ap
The shaven Priestes before them marche, pointed, and these sang, “Gloria, Laus,"
the people follow fast, Glory, praise," &c. After having made
Still striving who shall gather first a procession through the city, they re
the bowes that downe are turned to the convent-gate, where the For falsely they beleeve that these shrine was laid on the table and covered
have force and vertue great, with cloth, and a religious service was Against the rage of winter stormes performed. The monks then returned to
and thunders flashing heate. the church, and stood before the crucifix In some place wealthie citizens, uncovered, while mass was performed ;
and men of sober chere,
For no small summe doe hire this Asse and after they had communicated, the
with them about to bere, deacon first and the rest afterwards, they
And manerly they use the same, offered their palms and flowers, at the
not suffering any by altar.*
To touch this Asse, nor to presume It was also an old Roman catholic cus
unto his presence ny: tom on Palm Sunday, to draw about the For they suppose that in this thing, lown a wooden ass with a figure on it,
they Christ do lightly serve, representing Christ riding into Jerusalem, And well of him accepted are,
and great rewardes deserve. * Fosbroke's British Monach.
Brand's Pop. Lutiq. &c.
When the wooden ass had performed
in the church procession, the boys hired man for playing the prophet on Palm hini :
Sunday. Though Roman catholic ceremoThe Sexten pleasde with price, and looking nies were generally disused under Henry well no harme be done :
VIII., yet he declared that the bearing of They take the Asse, and through the streets palms on Palm Sunday was to be conand crooked lanes they rone,
tinued and not cast away; and it appears, Whereas they common verses sing, that they were borne in England until according to the guise,
the second year of Edward VI. The people giving money, breade, *Stowe's Chronicle," by Howes, the pracand egges of largest sise.
tice is said to have been discontinued in of this their gaines they are compelde
1548.* the maister halfe to give,
It was likewise a Roman catholic cusLeast he alone without his portion
tom to resort to our lady of Nantsof the Asse should live.
well,” at Little Conan, in Cornwall, with On the Romish processioning on Palm a cross of palm ; and the people, after Sunday, it is observed by an old writer making the priest a present, were allowed that, “Among X thousand, scarce one to throw the cross into the well; if it knew what this meant.
They have their
swam, the thrower was to outlive the laudable dumme ceremonies, with Lentin year ; if it sunk, he was not. crosse and Uptide crosse, and these two
Recently, it is related, that on the Samust justle til lent break his necke. Then turday before Palm Sunday, the boys of cakes must be caste out of the steple, that the grammar-school at Lanark, according al the boyes in the parish must lie scam
to ancient usage, parade the streets with bling together by the eares, tyl al the a palm, or, its substitute, a large tree of parish falleth a laughyng. But, lorde, the willow kind, salix cufrea, in blossom, what asses-play made they of it in great ornamented with daffodils, mezereon, and cathedral churches and abbies. One box-tree. This day there is called Palm comes forth in his albe and his long stole Saturday, and the custom is supposed to (for so they call their girde that they put be “ a popish relic of very ancient standabout theyr neckes,) thys must be leashe ing." I 'Mr. Douce, in a manuscript note, wise, as hunters weares their hornes.- cited by Mr. Ellis, says “ I have someThis solempne Syre played Christe's part, where met with a proverbial saying, that he a God's name. Then another companye that hath not a palm in his hand on Palm of singers, chyldren and al, song, in prick- Sunday, must have his hand cut off.” song, the Jewe's parl—and the Deacon
According to Stowe, in the week before read the middel text. The Prest at the Easter, there were great shows in London Alter al this while, because it was tediouse for going to the woods, and fetching into to be unoccupyed, made Crosses of Palme the king's house a twisted tree, or withe ; to set upon your doors, and to beare in and the like into the house of every man your purses, to chace away the Divel."*
of note or consequence. Dr. Fulke, opposing the Catholics, ob Palm Sunday remains in the English serves on their carrying of the host on calendars. It is still customary with Palm Sunday,—“It is pretty sport, that men and boys to go a palming in London you make the priests carry this idol to early on Palm Sunday morning ; that supply the room of the ass on which Christ is, by gathering branches of the willow or did ride. Thus you turn the holy mys- sallow with their grey shining velvettery of Christ's riding to Jerusalem to a looking buds, from those trees in the viciMay-game and pagent-play." In the nity of the metropolis : they come home accounts of St. Andrew Hubbard's pa- with slips in their hats, and sticking in the rish, there are Palm Sunday charges for the breast button holes of their coats, and a following items : In 1520, eightpence for sprig in the mouth, bearing the the hire of an angel. In 1535-7, an- branches in their hands. other eightpence for a priest and a child remains among the ignorant from poor that played as a messenger: in that year neighbourhoods, but there is still to be the angel was hired for fourpence. By found a basket woman or two at Coventthe churchwardens of St. Mary-at-hill
, in garden, and in the chief markets with 1451, fourpence was paid to one Lore- this “ palm,” as they call it, on the Satur
* From a “Dialogue, concerning the chyefest ceremonyes by the Impes of As...Chrisi, 1354," 12mo Quoted by Brand
+ Carew, + Sinclair's Statist. Acc.