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carved and gilt figures in a praying or supplicatory attitude, are fixed on each side of the seat of the throne, they may be supposed to be interceding for the mercy or safety of the monarch : their
tod eyes are rubies, their drop ear-rings cornelian, and their hair the light feather of the peacock.
The chattah, or umbrella, which oversnadows the throne, is an emblem or representation of regal authority and power.
De 73 It is not to be doubted, that the caparisons of the elephants would equal in splendour the richness of the carriage, but one only of the elephants belonging to the carriage was captured; the caparisons for both are presumed to have escaped with the other animal. It is imagined that the necks of these ponderous beings bore their drivers, with small hooked spears to guide them, and that the cortège combined all the great officers of state, priests, and attendants, male and female, besides the imperial body - guard mounted on eighty white elephants.
WA Among his innumerable titles, the emperor of the Burmans styles himself “king of the white elephant.” Xacca, the founder of Indian idolatry, is affirmed by the Brahmins to have gone through a metampsychosis eighty thousand times, his soul having passed into that number of brutes; that the last was in a white elephant, and that after these changes he was received into the company of the gods, and is now a pagod.
This carriage was taken with the workmen who built it, and all their accounts. From these it appeared, that it had been three years in building, that the gems were supplied from the king's treasury, or by contribution from the various states, and that the workmen were remunerated by the government. Independent of these items, the expenses were stated in the accounts to have been twenty-five thousand rupees, (three thousand one hundred and twenty-five pounds.) The stones are not less in number than twenty thousand, which its reputed value at Tavoy was a lac of rupees, twelve thousand five hundred pounds.
Ax ENLARGED VIEW OP It was in August, 1824, that the expedition was placed under the command of lieutenant-colonel Miles, C. B., a dis
The Tee, tinguished officer in his majesty's service. It comprised his majesty's 89th regiment, The ornament surmounting the roof of 7th Madras infantry, some artillery, and the Burmese State Carriage.
other native troops, amounting in the Burmah is the designation of an active whole to about one thousand men. The and vigorous race, originally inhabiting naval force, under the command of cap- the line of mountains, separating the great tain Hardy, consisted of the Teignmouth, peninsula, stretching from the confines of Mercury, Thetis, Panang cruiser Jesse, Tartary to the Indian Ocean, and consiwith three gun boats, three Malay prows, dered, by many, the Golden Chersonesus of and two row boats. The expedition sail- the ancients. From their heights and ed from Rangoon on the 26th of August, native fastnesses, this people have sucand proceeded up the Tavoy river, which cessively fixed their yoke upon the entire is full of shoals and natural difficulties. peninsula of Aracan, and after seizing On the 9th of September, Tavoy, a place successively the separate states and kingof considerable strength, with ten thou- doms of Ava, Pegue, &c., have condensed sand fighting men, and many mounted their conquests into one powerful state, guns, surrendered to the expedition. The called the Burmah empire, from their own viceroy of the province, his son, and other original name. This great Hindoo-Chipersons of consequence, were among the nese country, has gone on extending itself prisoners, and colonel Miles states in his on every possible occasion. They subdespatch, that, with the spoil, he took dued Assam, a fertile province of such “a new state carriage for the king of extent, as to include an area of sixty Ava, with one elephant only.” This is thousand square miles, inhabited by a the carriage now described. After subse- warlike people who had stood many quent successes the expedition returned powerful contests with neighbouring to Rangoon, whither the carriage was also states. On one occasion, Mohammed Shar, conveyed; from thence, it was forwarded emperor of Hindostan, attempted to conto Calcutta, and there sold for the benefit quer Assam 'with one hundred thousand of the captors.
The purchaser, judging cavalry; the Assamese annihilated them. that it would prove an attractive object of The subjugation of such a nation, and curiosity in Europe, forwarded it to Lon- constant aggressions, have perfected the don, by the Cornwall
, captain Brooks, Burmese in every species of attack and and it was immediately conveyed to the defence: their stockade system, in a mounEgyptian-hall for exhibition. It is not tainous country, closely intersected with too much to say that it is a curiosity. nullahs, or thick reedy jungles, sometimes A people emerging from the bosom of a thirty feet in height, has attained the remote region, wherein they had been highest perfection. Besides Aracan, they concealed until captain Symes's embassy, have conquered part of Siam, so that on and struggling in full confidence against all sides the Burmese territory appears to British tactics, must, in every point of rest upon natural barriers, which might view, be interesting subjects of inquiry. seem to prescribe limits to its progress, The Burmese state carriage, setting aside and ensure repose and security to its granits attractions as a novelty, is a remark- deur. Towards the east, immense deserts able object for a contemplative eye. divide its boundaries from China; on the
south, it has extended itself to the ocean;
on the north, it rests upon the high mounUnlike Asiatics in general, the Bur- tains of Tartary, dividing it from Tibet ; mese are a powerful, athletic, and intelli on the west, a great and almost impassgent men. They inhabit a fine country, able tract of jungle wood, marshes, and rich in rivers and harbours. It unites the alluvial swamps of the great river Houghly, British possessions in India with the im- or the Ganges, has, till now, interposed mense Chinese empire. By incessant en- boundaries between itself and the British croachments on surrounding petty states, possessions. Beyond this latter bounthey have swallowed them up in one vast dary and skirting of Assam is the district empire. Their jealousy, at the prepon- of Chittagong, the point whence originderance of our eastern power, has been ated the contest between the Burmese manifested on many occasions. They and the British. aided the Mahratta confederacy; and if The Burmese population is estimated the promptness of the marquis of Hastings at from seventeen to nineteen millions had not deprived them of their allies of people, lively, industrious, energetic, before they were prepared for action, a further advanced in civilization than most diversion would doubtless hare then been of the eastern nations, frank and candid, made by them on our eastern frontier. and destitute of that pusillanimity which
characterises the Hindoos, and of that re- denomination of the four weeks précedvengeful malignity which is a leading ing the celebration of his birthday. In trait in the Malay character. Some are the Romish church this season of preparaeven powerful logicians, and take delight tion for Christmas is a time of penance in investigating new subjects, be they ever and devotion. It consists of four weeks, so abstruse. Their learning is confined to or at least four Sundays, which commence the male sex, and the boys are taught by from the Sunday nearest to St. Andrew's the priests. Females are denied educa- day, whether before or after it: anciently tion, except in the higher classes. Their it was kept as a rigorous fast.* books are numerous, and written in a In the church of England it comflowing and elegant style, and much inge- mences at the same period. In 1825, St. nuity is manifested in the construction of Andrew's day being a fixed festival on their stories.
the 30th of November, and happening on The monarch is arbitrary. He is the a Wednesday, the nearest Sunday to it, sole lord and proprietor of life and pro- being the 27th of November, was the first perty in his dominions; his word is ab- Sunday in Advent; in 1826, St. Andrew's solute law. Every male above a certain day happening on a Thursday, the nearest age is a soldier, the property of the sove- Sunday to it is on the 3d of December, reign, and liable to be called into service and, therefore, the first Sunday in Advent. at any moment.
The country presents a rich and beautiful appearance, and, if cultivated, would be one of the finest in the world,
New Annual Literature. Captain Cox says, “wherever I have landed, I have met with security and abundance, the houses and farmyards put me The literary character and high emin mind of the habitations of our little bellishment of the German almanacs, farmers in England."
have occasioned an annual publication of beautifully printed works for presents
at this season. The Amulet, for 1826, is There is a variety of other information of this order. Its purpose is to blend concerning this extraordinary race, in the religious instruction with literary amuseinteresting memoir which may be obtain ment. Messrs. W. L. Bowles, Milman, ed at the rooms in Piccadilly. These Bowring, Montgomery, Bernard Barton, were formerly occupied by « Bullock's Conder, Clare, T. C. Croker, Dr. Anster, Museum." Mr. Bullock, however, re Mrs. Hofland, &c.; and, indeed, indivitired to Mexico, to form a museum in that duals of various denominations, are concountry for the instruction of its native tributors of sixty original essays and population; and Mr. George Lackington poems to this elegant volume, which is purchased the premises in order to let embellished by highly finished engravings such portions as individuals may require, from designs by Martin, Westall, Brooke, from time to time, for purposes of exhi- and other painters of talent. Mr. Marbition, or as rooms for the display and in's two subjects are engraved by himself sale of works in the fine arts, and other in his own peculiarly effective manner. articles of refinement. Mr. Day's “ Exhi. Hence, while the Amulet aims to inculcate bition of the Moses of the Vatican," and the fitness of Christian precepts, and the other casts from Michael Angelo, with beauty of the Christian character, it is a numerous subjects in sculpture and paint specimen of the progress of elegant literaing, of eminent talent, remains under ture and fine art. the same roof with the Burmese carriage, to charm every eye that can be delighted by magnificent objects.
The Amulet contains a descriptive poem, wherein the meaning of the word advent
is exemplified; it commences on the next Advent.
page. This term denotes the coming of the Saviour. In ecclesiastical language it is the
* Butler on the Fasts.
THE RUSTIC FUNERAL.
A Poetical Sketch.
By John HOLLAND.
"Twas Christmas and the morning of that day,
pauper's coffin unattended borne,
Nor could I keep the unavailing wish
Variegated Stapelia. Stapelia variegata.
the public, that after the letters are placed
by the compositors, and enclosed in what St. Saturninus, Bp. 'A. D. 257. St. Rad- is called the form, little more remains for bod, Bp. A. D. 918.
man to do, than to attend upon, and
watch this unconscious agent in its operaCHRONOLOGY.
tions. The machine is then merely supInvention of Printing by Steam. plied with paper: itself places the form, The Times journal of Tuesday, Novem- inks it, adjusts the paper to the form ber the 29th, 1814, was the first newspaper newly inked, stamps the sheet, and gives printed by steam. To the editor of the it forth to the hands of the attendant, at Every-Duy Book the application of ma the same time withdrawing the form for chinery, through this power, to the pro
a fresh coat of ink, which itself again disduction of a newspaper seemed so preg- tributes, to meet the ensuing sheet now nant with advantages to the world, that he dvancing for impression; and the whole purchased The Times of that morning, of these complicated acts is performed within an hour of its appearance,
with such a velocity and simultaneousness curiosity," and here transcribes from it of movement, that no less than eleven the words wherein it announced and de- hundred sheets are impressed in one hour. scribed the mode by which its fitness for “That the completion of an invention publication was on that day effected. of this kind, not the effect of chance, but
The Times introduces the subject, the result of mechanical combinations through its “leading article,” thus : methodically arranged in the mind of the “ London, Tuesday, November 29, structions and much delay, may be readily
artist, should be attended with many ob1814.
admitted. Our share in this event has, “Our journal of this day presents to indeed, only been the application of the the public the practical result of the discovery, under an agreement with the greatest improvement connected with Patentees, to our own particular business; printing, since the discovery of the art yet few can conceive,-even with this itself. The reader of this paragraph now limited interest,—the various disappointholds in his hand, one of the many thou ments and deep anxiety to which we have sand impressions of The Times newspa- for a long course of time been subjected. per, which were taken off last night by a “Of the person who made this discomechanical apparatus. A system of ma very we have but little to add. Sir chinery almost organic has been devised Christopher Wren's noblest monument and arranged, which, while it relieves the is to be found in the building which he human frame of its most laborious efforts erected; so is the best tribute of praise, in printing, far exceeds all human powers which we are capable of offering to the in rapidity and despatch. That the mag- inventor of the Printing Machine, comnitude of the invention may be justly prised in the preceding description, which appreciated by its effects, we shall inform we have feebly sketched, of the powers
and utility of his invention. It must suffice to say farther, that he is a Saxon
# The Amulet.