« PreviousContinue »
him to Valerian as an angel, and from said, leaving the way dry for seven days, that time she received “angels' visits." Tiamely, the day of his martyrdom, and
the other six following days.”* Though “ travellers see strange sights,” no modern
tourist has related this annual miracle, Trumpet-flowered Wood Sorrel.
which is still performed by the sea in the
neighbourhood of Rome, on the days Dedicated to St. Cecilia.
aforesaid, as duly and truly as the annual liquefaction of the blood of St. Januarius at Naples~"or, if not, why not ?"
Protestants, in London, are reminded of November 23.
St. Clement's apocryphal death by his St. Clement, Pope, A. D. 100. St. Am
anchor being the weathercock that “lurus philochius, Bp. of Iconium, A. D. 394.
and turns,” to every wind, on the steeple St. Tron, A. D. 693. St. Daniel, Bp. in the Strand. It denotes the efflux of time
of the parish church of St. Clement Danes A. D. 545.
as a minute-hand upon the clock; it deSt. Clement.
notes the limits of the parish as a mark
upon the boundary stones; it graces the This saint is in the church of England beadles' staves; and on the breasts of the calendar and the almanacs.
charity children is, in the eyes of the Clement was a follower and coadjutor parishioners, “ a badge of honour." of the apostle Paul, who, writing to the Philippians, (iv. 3.) requires them to be mindful of the flock and their teachers,
It appears from a state proclamation, and distinguishes Clement by name
dated July 22, 1540, that children were “help those women which laboured with accustomed to be decked, and go about me in the gospel, and with Clement also, on St. Clement's day in procession. From and with other my fellow-labourers.”
an ancient custom of going about on the The Romish writers contend for the direct night of this festival to beg drink to make papal succession from the apostles, and call merry with, a pot was formerly marked Clement a pope; but in the uninterrupted against the 23d of November upon the succession they claim for the pontiffs of old clog-almanacs.f their hierarchy, they fail in establishing
St. Clement is the patron of blacksmiths. as indisputable whether he was the first, His quality in this respect is not noticed second, or third pope; the name itself by Brand, or other observers of our anwas not devised until centuries afterwards. cient customs, nor do they mention any Some of them say he was martyred, others observances by that trade in commemcontend that he died a natural death. oration of his festival
But the following The advocates for his martyrdom assign communications will show the estimation him an anchor as a symbol of distinction, wherein he is held among the “cunning because they allege that he was thrown workmen in iron." into the sea with an anchor about his To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. neck. It is further alleged that two of
Chancery-lane, Nov. 19, 1825. his disciples desirous of recovering his re
Sir, mains, assembled a multitude and prayed for the discovery, and, as usual, there was
As secretary of the “ Benevolent Insti
tution of Smiths," I take the liberty of a miracle. “Immediately the sea retired
jogging your memory. for the space of three miles, or a league, not forget our St. Clement, (Nov. 23,) in
I hope you will in such sort that they could go into it for all that space as upon the dry land; and I was a child, an old man went about in
your interesting Every Day Book. When they found in it a chapel, or little church, the trade, reciting the following ode on made by the hands of angels; and within sinithery, which, I believe, is very old. the church a chest of stone, in which was
If you think it worthy a place in your the body of St. Clement, and by it the work, it will much oblige me and our anchor with which he had been cast into trade'; for it is now quite forgot, with
This miracle did not happen many good customs of hospitality of the only that year in which the holy pope died, but it happened also every year, and the sea retired itself three miles, as was
olden days which are no more. I hope a story of St. Dunstan, the smith, with you will cull your flowers of antiquity, and his tongs, pinching the devil by the nose, collect all you can for our trade; there is &c
An Ode on Smithery, 1610.
The smith at night, and soon as he doth rise,
his shirt sleeves, and to work he goes :
A working smith all other trades excels,
I hope you will polish up for insertion. manners; for the same reason, his sugges. I will call for the old copy at your office: tion to " polish up" has been declined. I should have sent it sooner, but could The homeliness of those who preceded not find it, and the trouble it has cost me him is not discreditable to him, or any of has made it valuable.
the brethren of his trade. They are daily I reinain, &c. increasing in respectability, and ought to
J. Johnson. be a thriving branch. Compared with 7, Hi'l-street,
those who lived before them, they have Southwark,
extraordinary means of becoming ac
quainted with the principles of their varied The editor has given the “ode" without manufacture, by becoming members of Mr. Johnson's alterations and additions, the Mechanics' Institution. Many blackbecause its original state is better suited smiths have already joined that society. to convey a notion of his predecessors' A diligent and good hand who knows
more than his fellows, will be the best Arabia ; through Asia, Africa, and America ; workman, and get the most money; and through the city of Pongrove ; through the frugality abroad, and economy at home, town of Tipmingo; and all the northern parts will secure his independence. Attend- of Scotland, I arrived in London on the ance at the Mechanics' Institution will twenty-third of November, and came down to teach these things : and St. Clement can
his majesty's dockyard, at Woolwich, to ser not be better honoured than by observing I found them all hard at work, and wish to
how all the gentlemen Vulcans came on there. them.
leave them well on the twenty-fourth.” ST. CLEMENT, at Woolwich. R. R. obligingly communicates with The mate then subjoins : his name, the following account of an “ Come all you Vulcans stout and strong, annual ceremony on the evening of St. Unto St. Clem we do belong, Clement's day, by the blacksmiths' ap
I know this house is well prepared prentices of the dockyard there.
With plenty of money and good strong beer,
And we must drink before we part, (For the Every-Day Book.)
All for to cheer each merry heart. One of the senior apprentices being
Come all you Vulcans, strong and stout, chosen to serve as old Clen, (so called by
Unto St. Clem I pray turn out; them,) is attired in a great coat, having
For now St. Clem's going round the town, his head covered with an vakham wig,
His coach and six goes merrily round.
Huzza,-a,-a.' face masked, and a long white beard flowing therefrom ; thus attired, he seats After having gone round the town and himself in a large wooden chair, chiefly collected a pretty decent sum, they retire covered with a sort of stuff called buntin, to some public house, where they enjoy as with a crown and anchor, made of wood, good a supper as the money collected will on the top, and around it, four transpar.
R. R. encies, representing “ the blacksmiths' arms,
," "anchor smiths at work," “ Britannia with her anchor,” and “Mount Etna." He has before him a wooden Convex Wood Sorrel. O.ralis converula: anvil, and in his hands a pair of tongs
Dedicated to St. Clement, and wooden hammer whichi, in general, he makes good use of whilst reciting his speech. A mate, also masked, attends November 24. him with a wooden sledge-hammer; he St. John of the Cross, A. D. 1591.
St. is also surrounded by a number of other attendants, some of whom carry torches,
Chrysogonus. Sts. Flora and Mary,
St. Cianan, or Kenan, Bp. banners, flags, &c.; others battle-axes,
of Duleek, in Ireland, A. D. 489. tomahawkes, and other accoutrements of This procession, headed by a drum
London in November. and fife, and six men with old Clem
In the already cited“ Mirror of the mounted on their shoulders, proceed round Months,” there is a feeling account of the town, stopping and refreshing at neariy certain days in the metropolis, at this every public house, (which, by the by, season, which every one who has sojournare pretty numerous,) not forgetting to
ed in “ that overgrown place” will' immecall on the blacksmiths and officers of the diately recognize to be " quite correct.”. dockyard : there the money-box is pretty “Now the atmosphere of London befreely handed, after old Clem and his mate gins to thicken over head, and assume its have recited their speeches, which com
natural appearance, preparatory to its bemence by the mate calling for order, with coming, about Christmas time, that 'pal“ Gentlemen all, attention give,
pable obscure,' which is one of its proudAud wish St. Clem, long, long to live.” est boasts; and which, among its other Old Clem then recites the following merits, may reckon that of engendering speech :
those far-famed fogs, of which every body “ I am the real St. Clement, the first has heard, but to which no one has ever founder of brass, iron, and steel, from the ore.
done justice. A London fog, in NovemI have been to Mount Etna, where the god ber, is a thing for which I have a sort of Vulcan first built bis forge, and forged the natural affection-to say nothing of an
and thunderbolts for the god acquired one-the result of a hackneyJupiter. I have been through the deserts of coach adventure, in which the fait part of
the fare threw herself into my arms for å side saddle, who, to his astonishment, protection, amidst the pleasing horrors of presented a pistol, and demanded his an overthrow.
inoney. In amazement he asked her “ As an affair of mere breath, there is what she meant, and received his answer something tangible in a London fog. In from a genteel looking man, who coming the evanescent air of Italy, a man might to him on horseback, said he was a brute as well not breathe at all, for any thing to deny the lady's request, and enforced he knows of the matter. But in a well- this conviction by telling him that if he mixed metropolitan fog, there is some did not gratify her desire immediately he thing substantial and satisfying. You can would shoot him through the head. The feel what you breathe, and see it too. It butcher could not resist an invitation to is like breathing water,-as we may sup- be gallant, when supported by such argupose the fishes to do. And then the taste ments, and he placed six guineas and his of it, when dashed with a due seasoning watch in her hands.* of seacoal smoke, is far from insipid. It is also meat and drink at the same time: something between egg-flip and omelette soufflée, but much more digestible than Starry Stapelia. Stapetin radiata. either. Not that I would recommend it Dedicated to St. John of the Cross. medicinally, especially to persons of queasy stomachs, delicate nerves, and afflicted with bile. But for persons of a good ro
November 25. bust habit of body, and not dainty withal, St. Catharine, 3d Cent. St. Erasmus, or (which such, by the by, never are,) there
Elme. is nothing better in its way. And it wraps you all round like a cloak, too-a patent
St. Catharine. water-proof one, which no rain ever pene This saint is in the church of England trated.' No-I maintain that a real Lon- calendar, and the almanacs. It is doubtdon fog is a thing not to be sneezed at
ful whether she ever existed; yet in massif you help it. Mem. As many spurious books and breviaries, we find her praved imitations of the above are abroad, -such to and honoured by hymns, with stories as Scotch mists, and the like,—which are
of her miracles so wonderfully apocryphal no less deleterious than disagreeable, – that even cardinal Baronius' blushes for please to ask for the true London parti- the threadbare legends. In Alban Butcular,' - as manufactured by Thames, ler's memoirs of this saint, it may be disCoalgas, Smoke, Steam, & Co. No others covered by a scrutinizing eye, that while are genuine."
her popularity seems to force him to relate particulars concerning her, he leaves
himself room to disavow them; but this Water-proof Boots and Shoes.
is hardly fair, for the great body of readTake one pound of drying (boiled lin ers of his “ Lives of the Saints," are too seed) oil, two ounces of yellow wax, two confiding to criticise hidden meanings. ounces of spirits of turpentine, and one “ From this martyr's uncommon erudiof Burgundy pitch, melted carefully over tion," he says, “and the extraordinary a slow fire. With this composition new spirit of piety by which she sanctified her shoes and boots are to be rubbed in the learning, and the use she made of it, she sun, or at a distance from the fire, with a is chosen, in the schools, the patroness small bit of sponge, as often as they be- and model of christian philosophers." come dry, until they are fully saturated; According to his authorities she was bethe leather then is impervious to wet, the headed under the emperor Maxentius, or shoes and boots last much longer, acquire Maximinus II. He adds, “ She is said softness and pliability, and thus pre- first to have been put upon an engine pared, are the most effectual preservatives made of four wheels joined together, and against cold.
stuck with sharp pointed spikes, that
when the wheels were moved her body A Notable Woman.
might be torn to pieces. The acts add,
that at the first stirring of the terrible On the 24th of November, 1735, a engine, the cords with which the martyr butcher near Rumford, in Essex, was Tode up to by a women well mounted on
• Gentleman's Magazine.