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November 16. was in agitation, there was a remarkable
cavalcade in London on this day. The St. Edmund, Abp. of Canterbury, A. D. following account of it was drawn up at
1242. St. Eucherius, Bp. of Lyons, the time:4. D. 460.
“ The bells generally about the town Stourbridge Fair.
began to ring at three o'clock in the
morning. At the approach of evening, A correspondent in the subjoin note mentions a singular character, which
all things being in readiness, the solemn should be taken into the particulars con
procession began, setting forth from
Moor-gate, and so passed first to Aldgate, cerning this fair related at page 1300.
and from thence through Leadenhall(For the Every-Day Book.) street, by the Royal Exchange, through Mr. Editor,
Cheapside, and so to Temple-bar, in the
ensuing order, viz. In addition to your account of Stour “ 1. Six whifflers, to clear the way, in bridge fair I send you the following, re- pioneers' caps, and red waistcoats. lated to me by an individual of great “ 2. A bellman ringing, and with a loud veracity,who attended the fairs in 1766 and but dolesome voice, crying out all the way, 1767.
. remember justice Godfrey.' Exclusive of the servants in red coats “ 3. A dead body, representing justice there was also another person dressed in Godfrey, in a decent black habil, carried similar clothing, with a string over his before a jesuit in black, on horseback, in shoulders, from whence were suspended like manner as he was carried by the quantities of spigots and fossetts, and assassins to Primrose-hill. also round each arm many more were “4. A priest, in a surplice, with a fastened. He was called “ Lord of the cope embroidered with dead bones, skeleTap," and his duty consisted in visiting tons, sculls, and the like, giving pardons all the booths in which ale was sold, to very plentifully to all those that should determine whether it was fit and proper murder protestants, and proclaiming it beverage for the persons attending the meritorious. fairs.
“5. A priest in black, alone, with a In the account published at Cambridge great silver cross. in 1806, as given in your excellent mis “6. Four carmelites, in white and cellany, no notice is taken of this person- black babits. age, and it may therefore be presumed the “7. Four grey-fryars, in the proper office had been discontinued.
habits of their order. J. N
“ 8. Six jesuits, with bloody daggers. November 16, 1825.
9. A concert of wind music. “ 10. Four bishops, in purple, and lawn sleeves, with a golden cross on their
breast, and crosier staves in their hands. African Hemp. Sansciviera Guineam. “ 11. Four other bishops, in pontifiDedicated to St. Edmund.
calibus, with surplices and rich embroidered copes, and golden mitres on their
heads. November 17.
“ 12. Six cardinals, in scarlet robes St. Gregory Thaumaturgus, Bp. A. D. 270. St. Dionysius, Abp. of Alexan
“ 13. The pope's doctor, (sir George dria, A. D. 265. St. Gregory, Bp. of Wakeman, the queen's physician,) with Tours, A. D. 596. St. Hugh, Bp. of jesuit's powder in one hand, and an urinal Lincoln, A. D. 1200. St. Anian, or
in the other. Agnan, Bp. A. D. 453.
“14. Two priests in surplices, with
two golden crosses. Queen Elizabeth's Accession.
pope, in a lofty glorious This day was formerly noted in the pageant, representing a chair of state, almanacs as the anniversary of queen covered with scarlet, richly embroidered Elizabeth's accession to the throne, in the and fringed, and bedecked with golden year 1558. In 1679, while the bill for balls and crosses. At his feet a cushion excluding the duke of York, afterwards of state, and two boys in surplices, with James II., from the throne of England, white silk banners, and bloody crucifixes
and daggers, with an incense pot before
People. them, censing his holiness, who was
“Cease, cease, thou Norfolk cardinal, arrayed in a splendid scarlet gown, lined
See yonder stands queen Bess, through with ermine, and richly daubed Who sav'd our souls from popish thrall, with gold and silver lace; on his head a 0! queen Bess, queen Bess, queen Bess. triple crown of gold, and a glorious collar of gold and precious stones, St. Peter's “Your popish plot and Smithfield threat keys, a number of beads, agnus deis, and
We do not fear at all ; other catholic trumpery. At his back,
For lo ! beneath queen Bess's feet his holiness's privy councillor, (the degra
You fall, you fall, you fall ! ded seraphim, anglice, the devil,) fre “ 'Tis true, our king's on t'other side, quently caressing, hugging, and whisper Looking tow'rds Whitehall, ing him, and ofttimes instructing him But could we bring him round about, aloud, to destroy his majesty, to forge He'd counterplot you all. a protestant plot, and to fire the city
“ Then down with James and set up Charles again;' to which purpose he held an in
On good queen Bess's side, fernal torch in his hand.
That all true commons, lords, and earls, “ The whole procession was attended May wish him a fruitful bride. with 150 flambeaux and lights, by order; but so many more came in voluntarily
“ Now God preserve great Charles our king that there was some thousands.
And eke all honest men ; “ Never were the balconies, windows, And traitors all to justice bring,
Amen, amen, amen. and houses more numerously lined, or the streets closer thronged with multi “Then having entertained the thronging tudes of people, all expressing their ab- spectators for some time with the ingehorrence of popery, with continual shouts
nious fireworks, a vast bonfire being and exclamations, so that it is modestly prepared just over against the Inner Temcomputed that, in the whole progress, ple Gate, his holiness, after some complithere could not be fewer than 200,000 ments and reluctances, was decently spectators.
toppled from all his grandeur into the “ Thus, with a slow and solemn state impartial flames; the crafty devil leaving they proceeded to Temple-bar; where, his infallibilityship in the lurch, and with innumerable swarms, the houses laughing as heartily at his deserved ignoseemed to be converted into heaps of minious end as subtle jesuits do at the men, and women, and children; for whose ruin of bigotted lay-catholics whom diversion there were provided great variety themselves have drawn in; or as creof excellent fireworks.
dulous Coleman's abettors did, when, with “Temple-bar being, since its rebuilding, pretences of a reprieve at the last gasp, adorned with four stately statues, viz. they made him vomit up his soul with a those of queen Elizabeth and king James lie, and sealed up his dangerous chops on the inward, or eastern side, fronting with a flatter. This justice was attended the city, and those of king Charles I. and with a prodigious shout, that might be king Charles II. on the outside, facing heard far beyond Somerset-house, (where towards Westminster; and the statue of the queen resided,) and it was believed the queen Elizabeth, in regard to the day, echo, by continual reverberations, before having on a crown of gilded laurel, and it ceased, reached Scotland, [the duke in her band a golden shield, with this was then there,] France, and even Rome motto inscribed,—Tl.e Protestant Reli- itself, damping them withal with a dreadgion and Magna Charta,' and flam- ful astonishment." beauxs placed before it; the pope being These particulars, from a tract in lord brought up near thereunto, the following Somers's collection, are related in the song (alluding to the posture of those “Gentleman's Magazine " for 1740; and statues) was sung in parts, between the writer adds, that “the place of one representing the English cardinal, prompter-general, Mr. North insinuates, (Howard,) and others acting the people. was filled by lord Shaftesbury."
To talk of popish ire,
Tree Stramony. Datura arborea,
Dedicated to St. Gregory.
November 18. that thus bound our view in, to spy be
yond them, as if through network, the The Dedication of the Churches of Sts. sky-pointing spire of the distant village
Peter, and Paul, at Rome. Sts. Al- church, rising from behind the old yewphæus, and Zachæus ; also Romanus, tree that darkens its portal ; and the trim and Barulas. St. Odo, Abbot of
parsonage beside it, its ivy-grown winCluni, A. D. 942. St. Hilda, or Hild, dows glittering perhaps in the early sun! Abbess, A. D. 680.
Oh, none but those who will see the The “ Mirror of the Months,” a good that is in every thing, know how pleasing volume published in the au- very few evils there are without some of tumn of 1825, and devoted to the service it attendant on them, and yet how much of the year, points to the appearance of good there is unmixed with any evil. of nature at this time :—“The last storm “ But though the least pleasant sight of autumn, or the first of winter, (call it connected with the coming on of winter in which you will) has strewed the bosom of this month is to see the leaves that have the all-receiving earth with the few leaves so gladdened the groves all the summer that were still clinging, though dead, to loog, falling every where around us, the already sapless branches; and now withered and dead, -that sight is acall stand bare once more, spreading out companied by another which is too often their innumerable ramifications against overlooked. Though most of the leaves the cold grey sky, as if sketched there for fall in winter, and the stems and branches a study by the pencil of your only suc- which they beautified stand bare, many of cessful drawing-mistress-nature. them remain all the year round, and look
“Of all the numerous changes that are brighter and fresher now than they did in perpetually taking place in the general spring, in virtue of the contrasts that are appearance of rural scenery during the every where about them. Indeed the year, there is none so striking as this cultivation of evergreens has become so which is attendant on the falling of the general with us of late years, that the leaves; and there is none in which the home enclosures about our country unpleasing effects so greatly predominate dwellings, from the proudest down to over the pleasing ones. To say truth, a even the poorest, are seldom to be seen grove denuded of its late gorgeous attire, without a plentiful supply, which we and instead of bowing majestically before now, in this month, first begin to observe, the winds, standing erect and motionless and acknowledge the value of. It must while they are blowing through it, is 'a be a poor plot of garden-ground indeed sorry sight,' and one upon which we will that does not now boast its clumps not dwell. But even this sad conse of winter-blowing laurestinus; its trim quence of the coming on of winter (sad holly bushes, bright with their scarlet in most of its mere visible effects,) is not berries; or its tall spruce firs, shooting entirely without redeeming accompani- up their pyramid of feathery branches ments; for in most cases it lays open to beside the low ivy-grown porch. Of this our view objects that we are glad to see last-named profuse ornamentor of whatagain, if it be but in virtue of their asso ever is permitted to afford it support, ciation with past years; and in many (the ivy) we now too every where percases it opens vistas into sweet distances ceive the beautifully picturesque effects: that we had almost forgotten, and brings though there is one effect of it also perinto view objects that we may have been ceived about this time, which I cannot sighing for the sight of all the summer persuade myself to be reconciled to: I long. Suppose, for example, that the mean where the trunk of a tall tree is summer view from the windows of a fa- bound about with ivy almost to its top, vourite sleeping-room is bounded by a which during the summer has scarcely screen of shrubs, shelving upwards from been distinguished as a separate growth, the turf, and terminating in a little copse but which now, when the other leaves of limes, beeches, and sycamores ; the are fallen, and the outspread branches prettiest boundary that can greet the stand bare, offers to the eye, not a con. morning glance when the shutters are trast, but a contradiction. But let us not opened, and the sun slants gaily in at dwell on any thing in disfavour of ivy, them, as if glad to be again admitted. which is one of the prime boasts of the How pleasant is it, when (as now) the village scenery of our island, and which winds of winter have stripped the branches even at this season of the year offers pic
tures to the eye that cannot be paralleled shot him to death with arrows. The elsewhere. Perhaps as a single object of place where Edmund was interred had sight, there is nothing which gives so the name of St. Edmund's Bury, but is much innocent pleasure to so many per now generally called Bury. Canute the sons as an English village church, when Great built a stately church over his the ivy has held undisputed possession of grave, and greatly enlarged the town it for many years, and has hung its fantastic banners all around it. There is a charm about an object of this kind, which Red Stapelia. Stapelia rufa. it is as difficult to resist as to explain.” Dedicated to St. Edmund, King.
November 21. Curly Passion-flower. Passiflora serrata.
The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Dedicated to the Churches of Sts. Peter
Mary. St. Columban, Abbot, A. D. and Paul.
615. St. Gelasius, Pope, A. D. 496.
Ghost of an Arm Chair.
A lady assured the editor of the “ PeSt. Elizabeth, of Hungary, A. D. 1231.
rennial Calendar," of the truth of the St. Pontian, Pope, A. D. 230.
She had ordered ar. following story: St.
armed chair which stood in her room to Barlaam.
be sent to a sick friend, and thought it
had been sent conformably to her orders. Apple-fruited Passion-flower. Passiflora Waking, however, in the night, and lookmaliformis.
ing by the light of the night-lamp at the Dedicated to St. Elizabeth. furniture in her room, she cast her eyes
on the place where the said chair used to
stand, and saw it, as she thought, in its November 20.
place. She at first expressed herself to St. Edmund, King and Martyr, A. D. 870. her husband as being vexed that the chair
St. Humbert, Bp. of the East Angles, had not been sent; but, as he protested A. D. 855. St. Felix, of Valois, A. D.
that it was actually gone, she got out of 1212. St. Bernward, Bp., A. D. 1021. bed to convince herself, and distinctly St. Masentia, 7th Cent.
saw the chair, even on a nearer approach
to it. What now became very remarkSt. Edmund,
able was, that the spotted chair-cover King and Martyr
which was over it, aşsumed an unusual
clearness, and the pattern assumed the This English king and saint is in the appearance of being studded with bright church of England calendar and al stars. She got close to it, and putting
St. Edmund was king of East her hand out to touch it, found her fingers Anglia, which took its name from a peo- go through the spectrum unresisted. Asple called the Angles, who landed on the tonished, she now viewed it as an illusion, eastern coast of Britain, under twelve and presently saw it vanish, by becoming chiefs, the survivor of whom, Uffa, as fainter till it disappeared. Dr. Forster sumed the title of king of the East An- considers this apparition as affording a gles. This kingdom contained Norfolk clue to one mode by which spectra are and Suffolk, with part of Cambridgeshire. introduced, namely, by local association. The chief towns were Norwich, Thetford, The lady had anticipated seeing the chair Ely, and Cambridge. In 867, the Danes in its place, from its always being asso. 'anded in East Anglia, and after ravaging ciated with the rest of the furniture; and different parts of the island, and continu- this anticipation of an image of perceping some time in Northumberland, re tion was the basis of a corresponding turned into East Anglia, committing, in image of spectral illusion. their route, the most horrid barbarities. Edmund the king opposed them ; but his army was defeated at Thetford, and the Largeflowered Wood Sorrel. O.xalis king being taken prisoner, fell a miserable
grandiflor. victim to their barbarity, for they tied Dedicated to the Presentation of the V. him to a tree, as a butt, or mark, and then
November 22. as engaged in music, or listening to it from
celestial performers. Hence the ode for St. Cecily, A. D. 230. St. Theodorus, St. Cecilia's day by Dryden, who was a A. D. 821. Sts. Philemon, and Appia. catholic, concludes by saying,
“ She drew an angel down." calendar, and in the almanacs. Her Formerly, concerts on her festival-day having existed has been doubted, but she were fashionable, and Pope honoured her is a saint of the Romish church, and But- in numbers, though “the numbers came" ler gives her life, wherein he calls her not to him, as to Dryden. The preceding “ the patroness of church music.” He engraving is from a design by M. de Vos, says, that she was married to a nobleman engraved by J. Sadler. Her husband is named Valerian, whorn, with her brother represented, allured by the harmony,enterTibertius, she converted, and with them ing a room, wherein she sits. According she was martyred. Various legends, and to catholic story, he found a young man many pictures and prints, represent her playing on the organ, Cecilia described