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When mother Autumn fills their beaks with corn,
Filch'd from the careless Amalthea's hord;
And how the woods berries and worms provide
Without their pains, when earth has naught beside
To answer their small wants


He says,


Januarp 16.

of the same day, in a country exposed to

such astonishing, and, at times, almost inSt. Marcellus, Pope. St. Macarius the

cessant foods of rain," elder, of Egypt. St. Honoratus. St.

Behold yon bright, ethereal bow,
Fursey. St. Henry, Hermit, &c.

With evanescent beauties glow;
St. Marcellus, Pope.

The spacious arch streams through the sky, According to Butler, he was so strict Deck'd with each tint of nature's dye, in penance, that the Christians disliked Refracted sunbeams, through the shower, him; he was banished by Maxentius, “ for

A humid radiance from it pour ; his severity against a certain apostate;"

Whilst colour into colour fades, and died pope in 310.

With blended lights and softening shades. WINTER RAINBOW in Ireland.

ATHENÆUM. In the first of the “ Letters from the Irish Islands," in 1823, the writer address

“It is a happy effect of extreme mild

ness and moisture of climate, that most of es to his friend, a description of the rainbow on the hills at this season of the year.

our hills (in Ireland) are covered with “ I could wish (provided I could

grass to a considerable height, and afford ensure you one fine day in the course of good pasturage both in suinmer and win

ter. the week) that you were here, to enjoy, in

The grasses most abundant are the rapid succession, and, with all its wild

dogstail, (cynosurus cristatus) several magnificence, the whirlwind, the tempest, fescue, (festuca duriuscula and pratensis,

species of the meadow grass, (poa,) the the ocean's swell, and, as Burns beautifully and particularly the sweet-scented vernal expresses it,

grass, (anthoxanthum odoratum,) which Some gleams of sunshine, 'mid renewing abounds in the dry pastures, and moun

tain sides ; where its withered blossoms, To-day there have been fine bright in- which it is remarkable that the cattle do tervals, and, while returning from a hasty not eat, give a yellowish brown tint to the ride, I have been greatly delighted with whole pasture. Our bog lands are overthe appearance of a rainbow, gradually run with the couch, or fiorin grass, (agrosadvancing before the lowering clouds, tis stolonifera,) several other species of sweeping with majestic stride across the the agrostis, and the aira. This is, introubled ocean, then, as it gained the deed, the country for a botanist; and one beach, and seemed almost within my so indefatigable as yourself, would not grasp, vanishing amid the storm, of which hesitate to venture with us across the rushy it had been the lovely, but treacherous, bog, where you would be so well rewarded forerunner. It is, I suppose, a conse for the labour of springing from one knot quence of our situation, and the close of rushes to another, by meeting with connection between sea and mountain,that the fringed blossoms of the bog.bean, the rainlows here are so frequent, and so (menyanthes trifoliata,) the yellow asphopeculiarly beautiful. Of an amazing del, (narthecium ossi fragum,) the pale bog breadth, and with colours vivid beyond violet, (viola palustris,, both species of the description, I know not whether most to pinguicula, and of the beautiful drosera, admire this aerial phenomenon, when, the English fly-trap, spreading its dewy suspended in the western sky, one end of leaves glistening in the sun. I could also the bow sinks behind the island of Boffin, point out to you, almost hid in the moist while, at the distance of several leagues, recesses of some dripping rock, the pretty the other rests upon the misty hills of miniature fern, (trichomanes TunbridgenEnnis Turc; or when, at a later hour of the sis,) which you may remember showing me day, it has appeared stretched across the for the first time at Tunbridge Wells: the ample sides of Mülbrea, penetrating far osmunda lunaria and regalis are also to be into the deep blue waters that now at found, with other ferns, mosses, and liits base. With feelings of grateful recol- chens, which it is far beyond my botanical lection too, we may hail the repeated visits skill to distiuguish.—The man of science, of this heavenly niessenger, occasionally, to whatever branch of natural history his as often as five or six times in the course attention is directed, will indeed find



never-failing sources of gratification, in When this has gone all round, the con-
exploring paths, hitherto almost untrod- ductor repeats the first speech, and adds
den, in our wild country. Scarcely a the following:
county in England is without its peculiar "In the first corner stands a superb alater-
Flora, almost every hill and every valley
have been subject to repeated, scientific Whose shade, in the dog-days, won't let the
examination; while the productions of sun burn us.'
nature, so bountifully accorded to poor " This couplet having been sent round
Ireland, are either unknown or disre as before, he then adds the following:

"In the second corner grows
A bush which bears a yellow rose :

Would I might my love disclose!' From the many games of forfeits that “ This passes round in like manner : are played in parlours during in-door “In the third corner Jane show'd me much weather, one is presented to the perusal London pride ; of youthful readers from “Winter Even- Let your mouth to your next neighbour's ing Pastimes.

ear be applied, Aunty's Garden.

And quick to his keeping a secret confide." “ The company being all seated in a “ At this period of the game every one circle, the person who is to conduct the must tell his right-hand neighbour some game proposes to the party to repeat, in

secret. turns, the speech he is about to make whole of the former, he concludes thus :

In the fourth round, after repeating the and it is agreed that those who commit any mistake, or substitute one word for "In the fourth corner doth appear another, shall pay a forfeit.

Of amaranthis a crowd ; then commences by saying, distinctly, Each secret whisper'd in the ear I am just coine from my aunt Debo

Must now be told aloud.' rah's garden. Bless me! what a fine “ Those who are unacquainted with this garden is my aunt's garden! In my game occasionally feel not a little embaraunt's garden there are four corners.' rassed at this conclusion, as the secrets The one seated to the player's right is to revealed by their neighbour may be such repeat this, word for word: if his memory as they would not like to be published to fails he pays a forfeit, and gives up his the whole party. Those who are aware turn to his next right-hand neighbour, not of this finesse take care to make their being permitted to correct his mistake. secrets witty, comic, or complimentary.”

The player

This is the eldest of the seasons : he

Moves not like Spring with gradual step, nor grow's

From bud to beauty, but with all his snows
Comes down at once in hoar antiquity.
No rains nor loud proclaiming tempests flee

Before him, nor unto his time belong

The sans of summer, nor the charms of song,
That with May's gentle smiles so well agree.
But he, made perfect in his birthday cloud,

Starts into sudden life with scarce a sound,

And with a tender footstep prints the ground,
As tho' to cheat man's ear; yet while he stays
He seems as 'twere to prompt our merriest lays,
And bid the dance and joke be long and loud.

Literary Pocket Book, 1820.

January 17.

St. Anthony, Patriarch of Monks.

The memoirs of St. Anthony make a St. Anthony, Patriarch of Monks. Sts. distinguished figure in the lives of the

Speusippus, Eleusippus, and Meleusip- saints by Alban Butler, who states the pus. Sts. Sulpicius 1. and II., Abps. particulars to have been extracted from of Bourges. St. Milgithe. St. Nen · The Life of St. Anthony,” compiled by nius, or Nennidhius.

the great St. Athanasius;

a work," says


Butler,“ much commended by St. Gre- thoughts, that by bemudding and disgory Nazianzen, St. Jerom, St. Austin," ordering his intellects he might make &c. This statement by Butler, whose St. Anthony let go his design.” In his biographical labours are estimated by ca first conflict with the devil he was victholics as of the highest order, and the ex- torious, although satan appeared to him traordinary temptations which render the in an alluring shape. Next he came in life of St. Anthony eminently remarkable, the form of a black boy, and was again require at least so much notice of him, as defeated. After that Anthony got into a may enable the general reader to deter- tomb and shut down the top, but the devil mine upon the qualities attributed to hiin, found him out, and, with a great company and the reputation his name has attained of other devils, so beat and bruised him, in consequence.

that in the morning he was discovered by According to Butler, St. Anthony was the person who brought his bread, lying born in 251, at Coma near Heraclea in like a dead man on the ground; whereEgypt, and in that neighbourhood com- upon he took him up and carried him to menced the life of a hermit: he was con- the town church, where many of his tinually assailed by the devil. His only friends sat by him until midnight. Antood was bread with a little salt, he drank thony then coming to himself and seeing nothing but water, never ate before sun- all asleep, caused the person who brought set, sometimes only once in two or four him thither to carry him back privately, days, and lay on a rush mat or on the and again got into the tomb, shutting bare floor. For further solitude he left down the tomb-top as before. Upon this, Coma, and hid himself in an old sepul- the devils being very much exasperated, chre, till, in 285, he withdrew into the de one night, made a noise so dreadful, serts of the mountains, from whence, in that the walls shook. “ They trans305, he descended and founded his first formed themselves into the shapes of monastery. His under garment was sack- all sorts of beasts, lions, bears, leopards, cloth, with a white sheepskin coat and bulls, serpents, asps, scorpions and wolves; girdle. Butler says that he “was taught every one of which moved and acted to apply himself to manual labour by an agreeably to the creatures which they reangel, who appeared, platting mats of palm- presented; the lion roaring and seeming tree leaves, then rising to pray,

and after to make towards him, the bull to butt, the some time sitting down again to work; serpent to creep, and the wolf to run at and who at length said to him, “Do this, him, and so in short all the rest; so that and thou shalt be saved.' The life, at- Anthony was tortured and mangled by tributed by Butler to St. Athanasius, in- them so grievously that his bodily pain forms us that our saint continued in some was greater than before." But, as it were degree to pray whilst he was at work; laughingly, he taunted them, and the dethat he detested the Arians; that he would vils gnashed their teeth. This continued not speak to a heretic unless to exhort him till the roof of his cell opened, a beam of to the true faith ; and that he drove all light shot down, the devils became speechsuch from his mountain, calling them ve- less, Anthony's pain ceased, and the roof nomous serpents. He was very anxious closed again. At one time the devil laid that after his decease he should not be the semblance of a large piece of plate in embalmed, and being one hundred and his way, but Anthony, perceiving the devil five years old, died in 356, having be in the dish, chid it, and the plate disapqueathed one of his sheepskins, with the peared. At another time he saw a quancoat in which he lay, to St. Athanasius.” tity of real gold on the ground, and 10 So far Butler.

show the devil “ that he did not value St. Athanasius, or rather the life of S:, money, he leaped over it as a man in a Anthony before alluded to, which, nor- fright over a fire.” Having secluded himwithstanding Butler's authorities, may be self in an empty castle, some of his acdoubted as the product of Athanasius; quaintance came often to see him, but in but, however that may be, that memoir of vain; he would not let them enter, and St. Anthony is very particular in its ac- they remained whole days and nights count of St. Anthony's warfare with the listening to a tumultuous rout of devils infernal powers. It says that hostilities bawling and wailing within. He lived in commenced when the saint first deter- that state for twenty years, never seeing or mined on hermitizing ; “in short, the de- being seen by any one, till his friends vil raised a great deal of dust in his broke open the door, and “the specta

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tors were in amazement to see his body others he related the practices of the dethat had been so belaboured hy devils, vils, and how they appeared. He said in the same shape in which it was before - that, “ to scare us, they will represent his retirement." By way of a caution to themselves so tall as to touch the ceiling,


and proportionably broad; they oftev pre- ment, as vanquished. Once, when they tend to sing psalmıs and cite the scrip- canie threatening and surrounding me tures, and sometimes while we are read- like soldiers, accoutred and horsed, and ing they echo what we read; sometimes again when they filled the place with they stamp, sometimes they laugh, and wild beasts. and creeping things, I sung sometimes they hiss : but when one re Psalm xix. 8., and they were presently cards wiem not, then they weep and la- routed. Another time, when they ap

dared to say,

peared with a light in the dark, and said, enemy of souls, who seizes on those who * We are come, Anthony, to lend thee our are accountable to him, but cannot reach light,' I prayed, shutting mry eyes, because those who are not persuadable by him." 1 disdained to behold their light, and His biographer declares that the devils presently their light was put out. After fled at his word, as fast as from a whip. this they came and hissed and danced, It appears from lady Morgan, that at but as I prayed, and lay along singing, the confectioners' in Rome, on twelfththey presently began to wail and weep as day, “ saints melt in the mouth, and though they were spent. Once there the temptations of St. Anthony are easily came a devil very tall in appearance, that digested.”

(What wouldst thou have Alban Butler says that there is an exme bestow upon thee?' but I spat upon tant sermon of St. Anthony's wherein he him and endeavoured to beat him, and, extols the efficacy of the sign of the cross great as he was, he disappeared with the for chasing the devil, and lays down rules rest of the devils. Once one of them for the discernment of spirits. There is knocked at the door of my cell, and when reason to believe that he could not read; I opened it I saw a tall figure; and when St. Austin thinks that he did not know I asked him, 'Whoart thou ? he answered, the alphabet. He wore his habit to his 'I am satan; Why do the monks blame dying day, neither washing the dirt off and curse me? I have no longer a place his body, nor so much as his feet, unless or a city, and now the desert is filled with they were wet by chance when he waded monks ; let them not curse one to no through water on a journey. The jesuit purpose. I said to him, “Thou art a liar,' Ribadeneira affirms, that all the world &c. and he disappeared.” A deal more relented and bemoaned his death, for than this he is related to have said by his afterwards there fell no rain from heaven biographer, who affirms that Anthony, for three years." “ having been prevailed upon

to go into

The Engraving of St. ANTHONY cona vessel and pray with the monks, he, and flicting with the DevIL, in the present he only, perceived a wretched and terri- sheet, is after Salvator Rosa. ble stink; the company said there was some salt fish in the vessel, but he perceived another kind of scent, and while Saints' bodies appear, from the Romish he was speaking, a young man that had writers, to have waited undecomposed in a devil, and who had entered before them their graves till their odour of sanctity and hid himself, cried out, and the devil rendered it necessary that their remains was rebuked by St Anthony and came should be sought out; and their bodies out of him, and then they all knew that were sure to be found, after a few centuit was the devil that stunk."_“Wonder- ries of burial, as fresh as if they had been ful as these things are, there are stranger interred a few weeks. Hence it is, that things yet; for once, as he was going to though two centuries elapsed before Anpray, he was in a rapture, and (which is a thony's was looked for, yet his grave was paradox) as soon as he stood up, he saw not only discovered, but his body was himself without himself, as it were in the in the customary preservation. It was air, and some bitter and terrible beings brought to Europe through a miracle. standing by him in the air too, but the One Joceline, who had neglected a pilangels, his guardians, withstood them.” grimage to Jerusalem, was, therefore, “He had also another particular favour, sorely wounded in battle, and carried for for as he was sitting on the mount in a dead into a chapel dedicated to St. Anpraying posture, and perhaps gravelled thony. When he began to revive, a mulwith some doubt relating to himself, in titude of devils appeared to drag him to the night-time, one called to him, and heil and one devil cast a halter about his said, “Anthony, arise, go forth and look ;' neck to strangle him, wherefore St. Anso he went out and saw a certain terrible, thony appeared; the devils flew from him deformed personage standing, and reach- of course, and he commanded Joceline to ing to the clouds, and winged creatures, perform his pilgrimage, and to convey his and him stretching out his hands; and body from the east; whereupon Joceline some of them he saw were stopped by obeyed, and carried it to France. When him, and others were flying beyond him; Patrick wrote, thesaint's beard was shown whereupon the tail one gnashed his teeth, at Cologne, with a part of his hand, and and Anthony perceived that it was the another piece of him was shown at Tour

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