Advaita Worldview, The: God, World, and Humanity
In this book, Anantanand Rambachan offers a fresh and detailed perspective on Advaita Vedanta, Hinduism s most influential and revered religious tradition. Rambachan, who is both a scholar and an Advaitin, attends closely to the Upanisads and authentic commentaries of Sankara to challenge the tradition and to reconsider central aspects of its current teachings. His reconstruction and reinterpretation of Advaita focuses in particular on the nature of brahman, the status of the world in relation to brahman, and the meaning and relevance of liberation.
Rambachan queries contemporary representations of an impersonal brahman and the need for popular, hierarchical distinctions such as those between a higher (para) and lower (apara) brahman. Such distinctions, Rambachan argues, are inconsistent with the non-dual nature of brahman and are unnecessary when brahman s relationship with the world is correctly understood. Questioning Advaita s traditional emphasis on renunciation and world-denial, Rambachan expands the understanding of suffering (duhkha) and liberation (moksa) and addresses socioeconomic as well as gender and caste inequalities. Positing that the world is a celebrative expression of God s fullness, this book advances Advaita as a universal and uninhibited path to a liberated life committed to compassion, equality, and justice.
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1 The Human Problem
2 The Requirements of Discipleship
3 The Nature of the Atman
4 The Source of Valid Knowledge
5 Brahman as the World
6 Brahman as God
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action Advaita tradition Advaita Vedānta Advaitins analogies ānanda argument ātman attainment attributes avidyā awareness becomes BGBh Bhagavadgītā bliss body Br│hadāran│yaka Upanis│ad brah Brahmasūtra BSBh BUBh Chāndogya Upanis│ad chapter commentary creation creator deny describe desire distinction essential nature existence experience finite gain I-thought identify identity ignorance insentient interpretation īśvara jīvanmukta kāma Kat│ha Upanis│ad Kena Upanis│ad knower knowing brahman knowledge of brahman known Kr│s│n│a liberated person limited limitless material cause māyā means of knowledge mental mind moks│a Mun│d│aka Upanis│ad Naciketas name and form Nārada nature of brahman nirgun│a brahman non-different from brahman non-dual object one’s oneself ontological pleasure reality referred relationship ritual sagun│a brahman samādhi Śan¨kara Śan¨kara explains scripture sense organs sorrow śruti student sublation subtle body śūdras suggest Swami Swami Dayananda Saraswati Taittirīya Upanis│ad tat tvam asi teacher teaching texts things tion truth understanding universe upādāna vairāgya valid knowledge Vedānta Vedas verse viveka wealth words world from brahman