People in Space: Policy Perspectives for a "Star Wars" Century

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James Everett Katz
Transaction Publishers - Political Science - 222 pages

U.S. military strategy, particularly the "Star Wars" scenarios, has generated renewed interest in outer space. The implications for the security of nations on Earth and other emerging space policy problems are examined in this volume. People in Space is organized into three sections following an overview by Katz: military activities in space, civilian activities in space, and space as a sociological phenomenon.

The authors treat the human uses of outer space as endeavors wherein ordinary policy and sociological processes take place. They offer perspectives on how space policy ought to be and is being formed. Space policy is a new, often emotionally charged field, laden with conflicting ideas, values, and worldviews.

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Contents

American Space Policy at the Crossroads
9
Military Activities in Space
33
Space and the Preservation of Freedom
35
Space Militarization A Costly Mistake
40
Space Militarization and the Maintenance of Deterrence
44
Space Militarization and International Law
55
Civilian Activities in Space
65
The Space Station Mankinds Permanent Presence in Space
67
The Controversy over Remote Sensing
129
The Moon Treaty Reflections on the Proposed Moon Treaty Space Law and the Future
140
The Sociology of Outer Space
151
Beyond Bureaucratic Policy The Space Flight Movement
153
The Social Forces behind Technological Change and Space Policymaking
164
Extraterrestrial Intelligence The Social Impact of an Idea
178
The Social Psychology of Space Travel
194
Must There Be Space Colonies? A Jurisprudential Drift to Historicism
207

US International Space Activities
82
The Proliferation of Communications Satellites Gold Rush in the Clarke Orbit
98
Underdevelopment via Satellite The Interests of the German Space Industry in Developing Countries and Their Consequences
110
About the Contributors
220
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Page 57 - Council, taking account of the geographical situation and circumstances of each State, shall formulate plans for such reduction for the consideration and action of the several Governments.
Page 208 - Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (Outer Space Treaty); • the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space...
Page 58 - The moon and other celestial bodies shall be used by all States Parties to the Treaty exclusively for peaceful purposes. The establishment of military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of weapons and the conduct of military maneuvers on celestial bodies shall be forbidden.
Page 55 - The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.
Page 40 - We mean to lead it, for the eyes of the world now look into space, to the moon and to the planets beyond, and we have vowed that we shall not see it governed by a hostile flag of conquest, but by a banner of freedom and peace.
Page 56 - The Members of the League recognize that the maintenance of peace requires the reduction of national armaments to the lowest point consistent with 38 THE COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS national safety and the enforcement by common action of international obligations.
Page 58 - States Parties to the Treaty undertake not to place In orbit around the Earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space In any other manner.
Page 57 - The members of the League agree that the manufacture by private enterprise of munitions and implements of war is open to grave objections. The Council shall advise how the evil effects attendant upon such manufacture can be prevented, due regard being had to the necessities of those members of the League which are not able to manufacture the munitions and implements of war necessary for their safety. The members of the League undertake to interchange full and frank information as to the scale of...
Page 83 - Act contains one provision that requires comment. Section 205 authorizes cooperation with other nations and groups of nations in work done pursuant to the Act and in the peaceful application of the results of such work, pursuant to international agreements entered into by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.

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