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command of God, eating of the tions. The whole race of man. forbidden tree, which was to be kind descended from him.a witness for Adam, that he ac- This is revealed to us, and testiknowledged God as his sove- fied by the scriptures. Nor is reign, or a token that he cast it unlawful, where we have off his allegiance. But Christ scripture testimony, to adduce was infinitely holy, and came to other evidence also, for partido the will of his Father, who cular reasons. That mankind is in heaven. God testified of are all of the same species is him that he was his beloved evident from the analogy of naSon, in whom he was well pleas- ture, among other animals, for
the progeny produced by the As Christ and Adam were mixture of animals of different different in every thing which species, will never propagate, respected person and character, which does not hold true of the so they were also in the effects different colors and complexa and consequences which their ions to be found among mandoings had upon others, as will kind, and so proves by analogy, be particularly noticed in its that they are all of the same place. Besides : Adam, in the species, and so derived from matter in which he was the one common head, even Adam. figure of Christ, acted without So Christ also is a Father any regard to those whom his | He is called the everlasting deeds affected in their most in- Father. For unto us a child is teresting concerns. But Christ, born, unto us a son is given, and in what he did, was actuated by i the government shall be upon a spirit of the most wonderful his shoulder, and his name shall love and compassion for those be called Wonderful, Counselwhom his conduct affected. lor, the mighty God, the everNothing can be more remarka- | lasting Father. His seed is also ble than the indifference of the an innumerable company which one, and the benevolence of the | no man can number. Isaiah other, towards those who were | speaks of him as a Father hav. concerned. Our Lord and A-ing a seed, saying, When thou dam differed from each other in shalt make his seed an offering many other respects, which for sin, he shall see his seed. might be mentioned. But suf- All his disciples are the sons ficient notice has been taken of and daughters of the Lord Altheir difference. Let us hasten mighty, because 'they are born to consider,
of incorruptible seed are creaSecondly, some things in ted anew in Christ Jesus, and which Adam was a figure of have his spirit. They derive Christ. Adam was the Father their regeneration, or being of an innumerable progeny, quickened from spiritual death, which were to descend from from him, and from the agency him in his moral likeness ; in of the holy spirit, whom he hath conformity to the universal sent into the world. Christ, course of providence, by which speaking of the new birth says, all creatures propagate their The hour is coming, and now own likeness, not only in body, | is, when the dead shall hear the but in their natures and disposi- | voice of the Son of God; and
Vol. V, No. 3.
they that hear shall live. The cond man is the Lord from Son quickeneth whom he will.-- heaven. As is the earthy, such These are his seed, and they are are they also that are earthly, and like him in their moral charac-| as is the heavenly, such are they ters, as the natural seed of Adam also which are heavenly. This are like their Father. Thus corruptible must put on incora Adam is an image of our Lord, ruption, and this mortal must inasmuch as both are the com- put on immortality. Christ is mon fathers of their respective the first fruits from the grave, seed, who derive their moral and the Apostle argues the cerqualities from them; and so tainty of the resurrection of his are essentially affected by them. I people, from the resurrection of For what is so essential, as the their head. Indeed Christ will moral qualities of a rational and raise the bodies of the wicked immortal being? In evidence also, but not as being their Fa. of this we read, “By one man ther, but their judge and execusin entered into the world, and tioner. They shall come forth death by sin, and so death pass to shame and everlasting con. ed upon all men, for that all tempt to the second death. have sinned.” Thus, sin, or an And, therefore, the Apostle, evil moral character, is the con- when writing to the Corinthi. sequence of Adam's apostacy ans, on the effect of Christ on to his posterity. But Christ the bodies of his people, makes came to save his people from no mention of the resurrection their sins; and from his fulness of the wicked. they have all received, and grace Moreover : Adam was a for grace, even an abundance of figure of Christ, in that the congrace, and so became holy. sequences of what they both They shall be like him, for they did, were to their respective shall see him as he is,
seed, of the most interesting Further: Adam was a figure nature, as to their standing with of Christ, in that his conduct God. By one man came sin affected the natural lives of his into the world. And as Adam seed. And what Christ has introduced sin into the world, done affects the natural lives of and all have sinned, so their his seed, not indeed in the same standing with God is a state of manner; for one renders them condemnation for their sins.mortal, and procures their The wages of sin is death, death death; the other raises them hath passed upon all men, for from the dead, and renders that all have sinned. The them immortal. On this sub- judgment was by one to conject the Apostle writes to the demnation. By the offence of Corinthians. For since by man one judgment came upon all came death, by inan came also men to condemnation. By one the resurrection from the dead ; man's disobedience many were for as 'in Adam all die, so in made sinners. We are not, Christ shall all be made alive. however, to understand by this, Of the body he says, It is sown that men are condemned for a natural body, it is raised a Adam's sin, or that they will at spiritual body. The first man the day of judgment be called to . is of the earth earthy ; the se- 1 answer for it, or be punished as
though that were their sin. They numbers affected by Adam and will be condemned only for their Christ, for surely no more can own sins, yet their sins are the be saved by Christ, than were consequence of Adam's aposta- lost by Adam. The preemi. cy, from whom they have re-nency which the Apostle gives, ceived their natures and moral must therefore respect the effi. propensities. All derived from cacy of Christ in justification, him, are such as the fountain and not in the numbers justified. from which they proceed-mare Therefore, as the numbers are sinful, and hence every one de- not respected, the reasoning of serves death for his own sin.-- the Apostle does not give us All are condemned his whole any information how many will posterity are ruined.--But as be justified; though perhaps Adam ruined all his seed, so the more will be eventually saved free gift through grace by Jesus by Jesus Christ, than will be Christ is much more efficacious finally and forever lost in conseon his people. Their standing quence of Adam's sin. with God is a state of full justi- | Again : Another thing in fication. Not merely in conse- which “the offence" by Adam quence of the atonement of is not as “the free gift" by Jesus Christ, as condemnation came Christ, the Apostle notices in the in consequence of the sin of Ist chap.of his epistle to the Rom. Adam, but by virtue of his atone- and which is this, Christ saves ment and righteousness. Adam his people, after they were ru. could not be the means of con- ined by Adam, and notwithdemnation, only as his seed was standing all the opposing influsinful also. But Christ's atone-ence of the apostacy for their ment is the meritorious ground, destruction; and besides this, he and the only meritorious ground saves them notwithstanding all of the justification of his seed. the many offences that they have And therefore it is written, But themselves committed. Many not as the offence, so also is the of those whom Christ saves are free gift; for if thro' the offence among the number of the chief of one, many be dead, much more of sinners. Their guilt is inthe grace of God, and the gift calculable, and yet Christ's aby grace, which was by one, tonement is sufficient for their Jesus Christ, hath abounded un- pardon; whereas the sin of to many. Here is a vast differ Adam could not bring conence. Adam was but the occa- | demnation upon any that were sion of the condemnation of his themselves righteous. In this posterity, Christ the meritori- respect the difference between ous cause of the justification of them is great, and the preemihis children. Adam's seed are nence is infinitely on the side condemned only for their own of Christ. Adam was in this sins, Christ's are justified, not matter as faint a figure of Christ for their own righteousness at as the brazen serpent on a pole all, but only for the sake of their was, as the type of Christ upon Redeemer. This is one part of the cross. Where sin hath athe superior efficacy of which bounded, grace did much more the Apostle speaks. This su- | abound. And not as by one periority cannot respect the " that sinned so is the gift, for the judgment was by one to con- | teousness of Christ. Whereas demnation, but the free gift is of by the covenant of works, had many offences unto justification. they continued holy, they could
The Apostle also, in this con- have been interested only in their nexion, mentions another thing, own righteousness, as the ground in which Christ as the head of of favor and rewards. Their his spiritual seed is much great- exaltation also will now redound er than Adam, and in which, to to the glory of Christ alone, prevent any mistake, he limits whom the Father delighteth to the effect, and confines it to honor, and who is worthy that those only who have received for his sake, blessings'should be abundant grace and mercy from bestowed with an unsparing Christ. For if by one man's of. hand, upon those whose exaltafence, death reigned by one, | tion is the glory of their Remuch more they which receive deemer. They shall not be reabundance of grace, and of the stored to Eden, but to heaven gift of righteouness, shall reign | itself, where they shall be in in life by one, Jesus Christ. 1 union with their Lord, as the That is, if death reigned by members are united to their means of one man's offence, head. In this respect therefore, much more shall they reign in Christ is vastly superior to A. life by Christ, who have them- dam. selves received from him abun We shall notice one thing dance of grace, and are justified more, in which Adam was a by his righteousness. Those | figure of Christ. As Adam's who have already received grace offence brought condemnation from Christ, have by that an as- on all men, so the atonement of surance of justification thro’ his Christ is abundantly sufficient glorious redemption. Their faith for all : “ God is in Christ re: is the substance of things hoped conciling the world to himself.” for, and the evidence of things Salvation is offered to all : not seen the earnest of their | “ Look unto me all the ends future inheritance in glory, and of the earth and be saved.”an assurance, by way of benefits | And all men without exception already received, that they shall may if they please receive it ; inherit the promises. This “ Whosoever cometh unto me teaches us clearly that the ap. I will in no wise cast out.”— plication of the benefits is only Those who, as Christ's seed, to the spiritual seed of Christ, will follow Christ's steps, as who partake of his spirit.
Adam's seed follow Adam's Again : Another thing in steps, shall share the blessings. which Christ has the preemi | There is no defect or limits in nence over the figure, is the | the atonement, which might glory to which his children shall render it insufficient for the be exalted. They shall rise to salvation of the whole human an unspeakably greater height | race. Those who are lost, are of blessedness and glory, than not lost for want of sufficient that from whence they have fal- atonement, but because they len, thro' the apostacy of Adam. will not come unto Christ that They are interested in an infi- they may have life. " This is nite righteousness, the righ-' the condemnation, that light has
come into the world, and men sons and daughters of the Lord have loved darkness rather than | Almighty. light.” And how shall they es One inference which the A. cape, who neglect this great sal- | postle draws from the considervation.
ations we have noticed, and
which claims the attention of The preceding observations
all who consider themselves of remind us of our vile original ;
the family of Christ, is the basewe are of the first man, who
ness of committing sin, because was of the earth, earthy, deprav
we believe ourselves not under ed, and ruined. Our sinful na
the law, but under grace. “Shall tures, as much as our bodies
we sin because we are not under and souls, are derived from our
law, but under grace? God parents, in a long line of succes.
forbid.” “Shall we continue in sion back to Adam. To this
sin, that grace may abound ? purpose it is written, “Man
God forbid.” Such discover a that is born of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble.
different spirit from the family
to which they pretend to belong, And dost thou open thine eyes
and have reason to regard the upon such an one? Who can
admonition given them in the bring a clean thing out of an
following words : “ Now if any unclean ? Not one.” “Behold
man have not the spirit of I was shapen in iniquity, and in
Christ, he is none of his.", sin did my mother conceive me." All derived from this original is corrupt; and our de
Prospect of the state of Religion pravity is discovered, as soon as
on the Continent of Europe ; we become able to discover our
taken from moral natures.
“ The Religious
Monitor or Scots Presbyterian Therefore we stand in the Magazine," published in Edinmost pressing need of being burg, March, 1803. born again, of incorruptible seed; THE present age has exhibof being quickened and made 1 ited unprecedented and alive in Jesus Christ, that we | eventful vicissitudes. Their promay be translated from the bable influence upon the interfamily of the first man, into that ests of Europe, the balance of of the second from our cor- power, or the fate of nations, now rupt head, to that which is heav- engrosses the attention of polily. Hence Christ calls us to be- ticians and speculatists. Serilieve on him, with the assurance, ous and reflecting minds, at the that with our faith, we shall same time, cannot fail to obhave power to become the sons serve new aspects of the state of of God. We are not debtors religion in the world, and into the flesh, nor to the first man, teresting circumstances, which for that apostacy, by which our seem to forebode to it a more natures are vitiated; but we are extensive reception. It has been infinitely indebted to the se- generally remarked, that, from cond man, through whose be- the consideration of the awful nevolence we may be the chil- convulsions which pernicious dren of God, and enjoy the titles, opinions have fomented abroad, privileges and inheritance of the a greater external reverence has