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even to their dying day, neglect ( They proceed from sin to sin, to honor Christ in the sacrament from one gross violation of their of his holy supper. They will covenant to another.: Do not not hear their brethren of the they like Judas betray. their church, will not subinit to them Lord ? Do they not treat the as Christ has commanded; will blood of the covenant as an unnot so much as worship with holy thing? Can there remain them, nor do the least thing to for them any more sacrifice for maintain the worship and or- sin ? Any thing, but a certain dinances of God among them, fearful looking for of judgment, which they had expressly cove- and fiery indignation, which shall nanted to do. Have not persons devour the adversaries? If ho of this character lied both unto who despised Moses' lawdied God and men ? Do they not without mercy, of how much persist in their wickedness ? Are sorer punishment shall they be they not gone already, or are thought worthy, who thus desthey not going to judgment, la- pise the authority, and tread un den with gross iniquity? With der foot the Son of God? hypocrisys breach of covenant,.. There are other professors malevolence and self-will? Is whogrossly violate their covenant not this really the case with all vows by an omission of the du. those who are withdrawing them- ties of religion. They cast off selves from the Lord's table, on fear and restrain :prayer before the account of some private of God, in the closet and in the fence, or fault in their brethren, family. They in a great meas, which others cannot discover? | ure if not wholly omit fam. Even supposing a brother hath ily government and religion. been faulty, can this warrant They pay no consciencious at others in violating their coven- tention to the bringing up of ant with God and their brethren ? their children in the nurture and Most certainly it cannot...... admonition of the Lord. Thos . Others there are who are guil, these duties were expressly su ty of falsehood, fraud, theft, in, stipulated, in the act of coven temperance, adultery and other anting, and though they are az scandalous conduct, yet when bundantly inculcated in the Dis their brethren in faithfulness to vine oracles, they are not re. God and them, attempt to re- garded. They also too much claim them by the discipline of neglect the assembling of them the gospel, they show themselves together, and other duties selves to be haughty scorners. of religion : especially, the dus They refuse to hear their breth-ties of their particular relations. ren and confess their faults. In- There is yet another sort of stead of this, they hate them, professors, who are gross coves speak all manner of evil against pant breakers, who, notwithstanthem. They forsake their wording, are very zealous in some ship, exhibit a most implacable things. They are very deficient and revengeful spirit, laboring in their atiendance on the public by all means to injure and ruin worship and ordinances in gens, the churches with which they eral, appear to be inordinately have covenanted to walk in attached to the world and things brotherly love, and to build up. I present, are careless and loose
livérs, yet zealous and punctualmost fixed resointions, through to attend the Lord's supper. the grace of God, to keep coveThough they may scarcely benant with him? With what seri, seen at public worship, from one ousness and impartiality should sacrament to another, though they examine themselves, wheththey neglect seasons of worship er they are born of God? Whethpreparatory to the communion, er their hearts are broken for yet they will be sure to attend sin? Whether they are so united upon it. In this they seem to to their Redeemer, by faith and place almost the whole of reli- | love, as that they may expect gion. By this they seem to ex-grace and influence froin him, pect to make an atonement for enabling them to perform their all their other neglects of God covenant vows? Whether they and their duty. Indeed some are really covenant with God in obevery zealous in external acts of dience to his will, for his glory piety, they pray and converse and the good of others? How much about religion, they are cautious should they be of des zealous to hear the word preach-ceiving themselves, and of coveed, do not openly profane the nanting merely because it is cusname or sabbaths of the Lord ; tomary where they reside, or to yet they are not righteous tow- obtain some external privileges ards men, nor consciencious in for themselves or children, or to the performance of relative du- obtain a name, honor or some ties. They are unfaithful, cov.worldly advantage? How should etous, unrighteous and worldly they pray God to search them; minded. Persons of all these to try their heart and their reins, characters are particularly re- and to lead them in the way ever proved by our subject as dealing lasting ?:w! falsely in God's covenant. They Having covenanted with God, are all to be considered as cove- with what vigilance, prayerfulnant breakers, as triflers with Godness, constancy and zeal, should and their own souls, who will fi- they keep covenant with him ? nally be cut asunder and have Having named the name of their portion with hypocrites. Christ, how careful should they It is then that Christians shall be not only to depart from all innot be ashamed when they have iquity, but to shine as lights in respect unto all God's command the world; and to bear much
fruit that they may glorify their V. With what holy fear and father who is in heaven? How trembling, with what caution, should they strive to excel in all self-examination and prayerful- the duties of private and public ness ought persons to covenant life, and to be constantly growing with God? As it is a most sol. in knowledge and in grace? How cmn and interesting transaction, should they add to faith virthe heart should be most deeply tue, knowledge, temperance, paimpressed, and filled with great tience, godliness, brotherly kind. concern to covenant sincerely in ness and charity, that they may the love of God, and in the faith neither be barren nor unfruitful of the gospel ; and also with the in the knowledge of our Lord
Jesus Christ. Doing these things i nipo * Psalm cxix. 6. : they shall never fall; but so an
entrance shall be ministered an- I pretend that this is none of his to them abundantly into the ev-work. And the visitor must acerlasting kingdom of our Lord knowledge, that it is either his and Saviour Jesus Christ. work, or his pleasure ; both of
which are forbidden on God's holy day. The truth is, if you
are clearing your lands, that is An answer to the question, your work ; if you are gathering Is travelling on a journey, on the in your harvest, that is your
Sabbath day, a profaning of holy work, and if you are on a jourtime?
ney, travelling is then your work.
If therefore when the sabbath THE supposition is, that this comes, you keep along on your
1 question is put by those, journey, you do as really continwho believe in the holiness of ue doing your own work, as you the sabbath, and who think there would do at home, if you were is such a thing as profaning it. to pay no attention to the arrival I know that there are some such, of the holy day, but keep on who profess to believe, that for in the same worldly business, in travellers to proceed on their which you had been employed journies upon the sabbath is no all the week. If journeying be breach of it. It is requested that our own work, then it is undoubt. such would candidly attend to edly a profanation of the Lord's the following arguments, which day. will be brought to prove, that II. There is something said, travelling is an actual breach of Exod. xxxiv. 21. about the exsabbath.
| tent of the prohibition contained I. It cannot be denied that in the fourth commandment, travelling on business and to which furnishes an argument make visits to our friends is ei- against the lawfulness of pursu. ther doing our own ways or finding a journey on the sabbath. ing our own pleasure ; both of The passage is as follows, “ Six which are expressly forbidden, days thou shalt work, but on the Isa. Iviii. 13. The command, as it seventh day thou shalt rest ; in was written by the finger of God, earing time and in harvest thou requires, Remember the sabbath shalt rest." Earing time and day to keep it holy, (i. e. devote harvest is the most hurrying it to the immediate service of God season in the year. There is in distinction from attending to then the greatest temptation to the business of this life ; for in do our work on God's holy day. every other sense, every other | The Lord of the sabbath foresaw, day is to be kept holy.) Six days that we, worldly minded creashalt thou labor and do all thý tures, should be under great work ; but the seventh day is the temptation, at such a time, to sabbath of the Lord thy God ; | rob him of his consecrated day ; in it thou shalt not do any work, he therefore explained his own i. e. any of thy work. But who commandment, to mean that we can say, that journeying is not should rest from our work, even any of their work? The wag-in harvest. That was certainly goner, who carries heavy loads as much as to say, we should to and from market, will not ) rest in the most hurrying time in the year, let business drive as country, and where they were much as it would. Will not this all of one religion, that houses express requirement to rest in of worship were placed so near earing time and in harvest, a-l to each other, that the inhabitmount to a command to restants on the extremes would not when we are on a journey? often have to travel more than
III. An argument may be about two miles. From that cirdrawn against pursuing a com- cumstance, this distance might mon journey on the sabbath fromat length come to be called a sabwhat is said in the scripture con- bath day's journey. By hearing cerning a sabbath day's journey. of a sabbath day's journey, we We are informed, Acts i. 12, I learn, that it is lawful to travel that mount Olivet was fiom Je-(to the house of the Lord on his rusalem a sabbath day's journey. holy day; and by finding that a It appears from collating this sabbath day's journey is scarcely passage with Luke xxiv. 50, that two miles, we learn that com. Bethany was on mount Olivet| mon journeying is not sabbath and by turning to John xi. 18, work. Twenty, thirty, or forty you will find its distance from Je-miles will do well for a Monday's rusalem. It was only about fif- or Tuesday's journey, but not teen furlongs, which is hardly for a sabbath day's journey. Your twe miles. A sabbath day's jour. lawful sabbath day's journey is ney then was about two miles. as far as it is from your house to We are not to conclude, that it the meeting-house. : : was right for travellers to move IV. Travelling on the sabbath on their journey, even this small is a very great disturbance to distance. Let them be ever so others. It prevents others from selfish they could not wish for keeping the day holy to the the liberty, to take up their car- Lord. Tavern-keepers and their riages and make all the prepara- families, especially if they live tion necessary to set forward on upon a great road, are almost their journey, and then be oblig- wholly occupied in waiting upon ed to put up again, when they travellers. As they do not know had advanced but fifteen fur- at what hour they will come, they longs. We may infer from the think it will not answer for them short distance, which is in scrip-to attend public worship. The ture called a sabbath day's jour- practice of travelling on the honey, that travelling at all, on ly sabbath almost annihilates the worldly business, was considered distinction between this and othas wholly inadmissible. Why I er days, in houses devoted to the then do we hear any thing said | accommodation , of travellers, about a sabbath day's journey ? where waiting on them and reThis appears to be the probable ceiving their money is the consolution of the difficulty. Be- stant business of the day. If sides the temple, whither the travelling upon the sabbath tends. Jews went up three times a year, to annihilate the day in all pubthere were synagogues, or plac-lic houses, it must be a great ees of worship, scattered all over vil ; for the number of such the holy land. In these they houses, through the land, is not met every sabbath day. It is inconsiderable. ... Jikely, that in that well populated Journeying on the sabbath is a
greater disturbance to others, making a confession of your than laboring in the field. In la- more aggravated sin, and restbor, you may take a field, which ing from your journey immediis out of the sight of your neigh-ately. « Thou hypocrite, first bors; but you cannot pursue cast the beam out of thine own your journey without going along eye, and then shalt thou see the high-way. If you travel clearly to pull the mote out of thirty or forty miles, you will thy brother's eye." perhaps attract the notice of sev. Those, who take the Lord's eral hundred families, whose day for journeying, greatly disattention will be more or less di- turb public worship. Meetingverted from those meditations, houses are commonly built on devotions and employments with great roads. It is a great interwhich we are commanded to fill | ruption to the worship of God's tip holy time. Besides your trav-people, to have a constant stream elling emboldens others to do so, of travellers passing by, some and this makes a continual pas-prancing their horsessome ratsing by of some stranger, and it thing in their carriages, and some is difficult to keep children from driving their lowing herds and gazing at strangers. Your trav-bleating flocks. X
X elling also emboldens others to To what has been said conTake visits and transact their cerning the sin of travelling on ivorldly business, which they the sabbath, there will no doubt think cannot be worse than you be objections brought—such as are doing. And if you should, these : as you are travelling along the 1. When we are on a jourroad, when on a journey of busi-ney, we are away from our fam
ess, or a visiting journey, see | ilies, and we want very much to some of your fellow men pollut- I get home.” ing the sabbath, by transacting 1 - Does your being away from worldly business, or by making your families give you any more visits, how could you consistently right to transgress an express reprove them for the breach of command of God, than though the sabbath, without, at the same you were at home with them? time, reproving yourself? Might If so, when you are from home, they not ask " If we are pol- you may take the Lord's name luting the sabbath, what are you in vain and be guiltless; when doing better? Are we sabbath you are away from your families, breakers for going a mile to visit you need not keep the sixth, a friend, and are you guiltless seventh nor eighth commandfor going forty ? Must we be ments, but may kill, commit reproved for making a bargain adultery and steal. " But we on the sabbath, and you be inno- want to be with our families.” cent for driving your loaded wag- It is agreeable to see men love gon thirty miles towards the their families and to manifest it market? Are you not making either by keeping at home, or bargains all day in your mind returning home as soon as their are you not contriving how to business and duty will permit: dispose of your load ?” I do not But let me ask my brethren; see how you will answer these whether their families lie upon close questions, unless it be by their hearts with so much